The hunter–gatherer Atfalati
tribe of the Kalapuya
people inhabited the Tualatin Valley prior to the arrival of European–American settlers in the 19th century. They occupied a village near the Beaverton and Fanno creeks called Chakeipi, which meant "place of the beaver", and early white settlers referred to this village as Beaverdam. Lawrence Hall took up the first land claim in 1847 and established a grist mill
. The entry of a railroad in 1868 spurred growth in the small farming communities and led to the town's incorporation in 1893.
According to Oregon Geographic Names
, Beaverton's name is derived from the settlement's proximity to a large body of water resulting from beaver
The area of Tualatin Valley that became Beaverton was originally the home of a Native American tribe known as the Atfalati
, which settlers mispronounced as Tualatin
. The Atfalati population dwindled in the latter part of the 18th century, and the prosperous tribe was no longer dominant in the area by the 19th century when settlers arrived. The tribe named their village Chakeipi, which translates to "place of the beaver,"
which early settlers referred to as "Beaverdam."
Early settlers include the Hall Family from Kentucky
, the Denneys who lived on their claim near present-day Scholls Ferry Road and Hall Blvd, and Orin S. Allen, from western New York.
Lawrence Hall purchased 640 acres (2.6 km2
) in Beaverdam in 1847 and built a grist mill
with his brother near present-day Walker Road.
His was the first land claim in the area. He was soon followed by Thomas Denney in 1848, who came to the area and built its first sawmill. In 1860, a toll plank road
from Portland to Beaverton was completed over a trail called Canyon Road
After the American Civil War
, numerous other settlers, including Joshua Welch, George Betts, Charles Angel, W. P. Watson, and John Henry, laid out what is now known as Beaverton hoping they could bring a railroad to an area once described as, "mostly swamps & marshes connected by beaver dams to create what looked like a huge lake." In 1872, Beaverton's first post office opened in a general store operated by Betts, who also served as the first postmaster of the community. Betts Street, where the current post office now stands, is named in honor of him. In 1893, Beaverton, which by that time had a population of 400, was officially incorporated. Alonzo Cady, a local businessman, served as the first mayor. Many major roads in Beaverton are named for these early settlers.
Beaverton was an early home to automobile dealerships. A Ford Motor Company
dealership was established there in 1915; it was purchased by Guy Carr in 1923 and over the years Carr expanded it into several locations throughout Beaverton. There are still several dealerships near the intersection of Walker and Canyon Roads.
Aerial view of Beaverton in the 1950s
The town's first library
opened in 1925. Originally on the second floor of the Cady building, it has moved repeatedly; in 2000 it was moved to its current location on Hall Boulevard and 5th Street. A branch location was opened for the first time in June 2010, when the Murray-Scholls location opened near the Murrayhill neighborhood. The Beaverton libraries and 15 other local libraries participate in the Washington County Cooperative Library Services
Beaverton Depot for Oregon Electric Railway, c. 1911
This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (July 2009)
The Round in 2009
In December 2004, the city and Washington County announced an "interim plan" which would lead to Beaverton becoming the second-largest city in Oregon, second only to Portland.
The "interim" plan actually covered a period of more than ten years; from the county's perspective,
the plan supported its strategy of having cities and special districts provide urban services. The city of Beaverton also attempted to annex certain businesses, including Nike
, which responded with a legal and lobbying effort to resist the annexation.
The lobbying effort succeeded quickly, with the Oregon Legislative Assembly
enacting Senate Bill 887,
which prohibited Beaverton from annexing Nike without the company's consent. The bill also applied to property owned by Electro Scientific Industries
, Columbia Sportswear
, and Tektronix
, and in August 2008 the Oregon Land Use Board of Appeals ruled that the bill also barred the city from annexing property belonging to Leupold & Stevens. (See below, under Economy.) Beaverton's legal efforts to annex Nike cost the city over one million dollars.
In 2016, Nike unveiled plans to expand its campus by 3.2 million square feet (approximately 3 million square meters) at a projected cost of one billion dollars.
The Oregon State Legislature has also passed legislation which redetermined Washington County's urban growth boundary
to include more development.
In 2018, the Metro Council voted to once again expand the urban growth boundary to include the Cooper Mountain
urban reserve area.
In 2016, voters approved a $35 million bond for a new 75,000-square-foot (7,000 m2
) Public Safety Center built to withstand a major earthquake. It will house the city's Emergency Management and Police Departments.
Construction began in September 2018 and it is expected to open during the summer of 2020.
The city has tried to encourage transit-oriented development
around the city's MAX Light Rail
stations. The Round, a mixed-use development
around Beaverton Central MAX Station
on the site of a former sewer plant
, was announced in 1996.
In 2014, the City of Beaverton moved its city hall into The Beaverton Building, an office building in The Round.
The Round currently consists of 24,000 square foot of retail space with 63 residential condominiums located above.
BG's Food Cartel, Beaverton's first food cart pod, opened in 2018 and has 31 food carts, a speakeasy bar, and an event venue.
A planned arts center at the former site of the Westgate Theater, The Patricia Reser Center for the Arts, was made possible by pledges from the Beaverton Arts Foundation and Pat Reser along with public sources. The groundbreaking was performed on November 13, 2019.
As of January 2020
, Beaverton covers a total area of 19.7 square miles (51 km2
), all of it land except for small creeks, ponds, and lakes.
The city is located along the eastern edge of the Tualatin Valley
just west of the Tualatin Mountains
. It is bordered by Portland to the east, Hillsboro to the west, and Tigard to the south. Much of the remaining area surrounding Beaverton in the north and southwest constitutes unincorporated Washington County land.
The elevation within city limits ranges from as high as 698.2 feet (212.8 m) above sea level to as low as 131.7 feet (40.1 m) above sea level. The city averages at 189 feet (58 m) above sea level.
The city of Beaverton is divided into 13 neighborhoods: Central Beaverton, Denney Whitford, Raleigh West, Five Oaks, Triple Creek, Greenway, Highland, Neighbors Southwest, Sexton Mountain, South Beaverton, Vose, West Beaverton, and West Slope. Each neighborhood runs a Neighborhood Association Committee (NAC) to discuss neighborhood affairs, with the exception of Five Oaks and Triple Creek, and Denney Whitford and Raleigh West each sharing a NAC.
As of 2020 the median income for a household in the city was $38,261, and the median income for a family was $71,806.
Males had a median income of $41,683 versus $31,204 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,419. About 5.0% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census
of 2010, there were 89,803 people, 37,213 households, and 21,915 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,794.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,851.2/km2
). There were 39,500 housing units at an average density of 2,108.9 per square mile (814.3/km2
). The racial makeup of the city was 73.0% White
, 2.6% African American
, 0.6% Native American
, 10.5% Asian
, 0.5% Pacific Islander
, 8.2% from other races
, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 16.3% of the population.
There were 37,213 households, of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.1% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.03.
The median age in the city was 34.7 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 33% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 10.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.
Reser's Fine Foods
, processor and distributor of fresh prepared foods, has headquartered in Beaverton since 1960. Leupold & Stevens
, maker of rifle scopes and other specialty optics, has been located on property adjacent to the City of Beaverton since 1968. The Beaverton City Council annexed that property in May 2005, and Leupold & Stevens
challenged that annexation. The company eventually won the legal fight in 2009 with the city, thus the company was de-annexed from the city.
Beaverton is home to the world headquarters of Nike, Inc.
Its headquarters are located on an unincorporated area
inside, but excluded from, Beaverton city limits.
According to the City's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,
the largest employers in the city are:
In 2014, the Beaverton–Aloha Little League Intermediate baseball team won the state tournament and traveled to Nogales, Arizona to play in the regional tournament, where they accumulated a 2–2 record.
In 2006, the Murrayhill Little League baseball team qualified for the 2006 Little League World Series
, the first Oregon team in 48 years to go that far. Murrayhill advanced to the semi-finals before losing; the third-place game was rained out and not rescheduled. In addition, a Junior Softball team from Beaverton went to 2006 World Series in Kirkland, Washington
, ending in sixth place.
In 2002, Beaverton's Little League Softball team took second place to Waco, Texas, in the Little League Softball World Series.
In January 2013, Beaverton became the first city in Oregon to have an ice rink dedicated to the sport of curling
, the Evergreen Curling Club.
In January 2017, the Evergreen Curling Club hosted the United States Curling Association
Senior Women's National Championship.
The public schools of Beaverton are part of the Beaverton School District
. There are six public high schools in the district – Aloha High School
, Beaverton High School
, Mountainside High School
, Southridge High School
, Sunset High School
, and Westview High School
. Private schools in the area include German American School
, Holy Trinity School, Jesuit High School
, Saint Cecilia Grade School, Southwest Christian School
, Valley Catholic School
, and WoodHaven School.
Colleges and universities
TriMet buses parked at Beaverton Transit Center
Beaverton is served by transit bus
, commuter rail
, and light rail
services operated by the Portland area's regional transit agency, TriMet. MAX Light Rail
serves the city with seven light rail stations. From west to east, the stations are: Elmonica/Southwest 170th Avenue
, Merlo Road/Southwest 158th Avenue
, Beaverton Creek
, Millikan Way
, Beaverton Central
, Beaverton Transit Center
, and Sunset Transit Center
The MAX Blue Line
serves all seven stations while the MAX Red Line
serves Beaverton Transit Center and Sunset Transit Center.
Beaverton Transit Center is TriMet's busiest transit center.
In addition to MAX, it serves as a transfer point for numerous bus routes on the west side and as the northern terminus of WES Commuter Rail
which connects to Wilsonville
, the second station southbound on WES, is also located in Beaverton. Intercity bus services
operating in Beaverton include POINT
and Red Electric
interurban lines once served the city in the early 20th century. In the 1940s, Tualatin Valley Stages
, a division of Portland Stages, Inc., provided limited bus transit service connecting the city with downtown Portland
operating later as a separate company, Tualatin Valley Buses, Inc., through the 1960s. This was one of four privately owned bus companies serving the Portland metropolitan area
which became collectively known as the "Blue Bus" lines
. All four companies were replaced in 1970 by TriMet, a then-new regional transit authority,
which expanded bus service to cover more areas of Beaverton.
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Last edited on 9 June 2021, at 13:59
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