Beheira Governorate
Beheira Governorate (Arabic: محافظة البحيرةMoḥafzet el Beḥēra, IPA: [moˈħɑfzet elbeˈħeːɾæ], "the governorate of the Lake") is a coastal governorate in Egypt. Located in the northern part of the country in the Nile Delta, its capital is Damanhur.
Beheira Governorate


Beheira Governorate subdivisions

Beheira Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 30.61°N 30.43°E
SeatDamanhur (capital)
 • GovernorNadia Ahmed Abdou[2]
 • Total9,826 km2 (3,794 sq mi)
Population (January 2018)
 • Total6,277,000[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.687[4]
Beheira Governorate enjoys an important strategical place, west of the Rosetta branch of the Nile. It comprises four important highways, namely the Cairo-Alexandria desert road, the Cairo agricultural road, the international road and the circular road. Beheira Governorate is also home to a number of the most important Coptic monasteries in Wadi El Natrun (Scetes).[3][5]
Beheira consists of 13 centers and 14 cities, and contains important industries such as cotton, chemicals, carpets, electricity and fishing.
The governorate has a noteworthy number of archaeological sites, inclusively at Abu El Matamir, Abu Hummus, Damanhour, Rashid (Rosetta) and Kafr El Dawwar.[6] Coins, lamps, animal bones and pottery from Roman and Byzantine eras are some of the archaeological finds discovered at Kom El Giza and Kom El Hamam in Beheira.[7]
In 2017, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sissi appointed the first female governor in the country's history, Nadia Ahmed Abdou, for Beheira's Governorate.[8]
The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.[9]
Municipal divisions
The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 6,200,137. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[10][11]
Municipal Divisions
Anglicized nameNative nameArabic transliterationPopulation
(July 2017 Est.)
Abu El Matamirمركز ابو المطاميرAbū al-Maṭāmīr555,471Markaz
Abu Hummusمركز ابوحمصAbū Ḥummuṣ535,823Markaz
El Delengatمركز الدلنجاتAd-Dilinjāt400,570Markaz
Mahmoudiyahمركز المحموديةAl-Maḥmūdiyah281,455Markaz
Rahmaniyaمركز الرحمانيةAr-Raḥmāniyah158,819Markaz
Badrمركز بدرBadr208,542Markaz
Damanhourقسم دمنهورDamanhūr262,505Kism (fully urban)
Damanhourمركز دمنهورDamanhūr548,390Markaz
West Nubariyahقسم غرب النوباريةGharb an-Nūbāriyah118,786Kism (urban and rural parts)
Hosh Essaمركز حوش عيسىḤawsh 'Īsā306,231Markaz
Edkuمركز إدكوIdkū216,892Markaz
Itay El Barudمركز إيتاى البارودItyāy al-Bārūd476,197Markaz
Kafr El Dawwarقسم كفر الدوارKafr ad-Dawwār304,258Kism (urban and rural parts)
Kafr El Dawwarمركز كفر الدوارKafr ad-Dawwār701,199Markaz
Kom Hamadaمركز كوم حمادةKawm Ḥamādah496,752Markaz
Rosettaمركز رشيدRashīd271,947Markaz
Shubrakhitمركز شبراخيتShubrākhīt277,231Markaz
Natrn Valleyمركز وادى النطرونWadi an-Natrun79,069Markaz
According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 19.5%. Out of an estimated 5,804,262 people residing in the governorate, 4,674,346 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 1,129,916 in urban areas.[12]
Cities and towns
Notable people
Industrial zones
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[13][3]
Projects and programs
In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS), under the auspices of USAID, had several water, road, and other projects, going on in several markazes in Beheira Governorate.[14]
In 2018 the governorate council discussed a campaign of mosquito control and animal control to avert the spread of preventable diseases.[15]
  1. ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  3. ^ a b c "El-Beheira Governorate". sis.gov.eg. 24 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  5. ^ "Al-Buḥayrah GOVERNORATE, EGYPT". britannica.
  6. ^ Wilson, Penelope Grigoropoulos, Dimitris (2009). West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh provinces. Excavation memoir. London : Egypt Exploration Society. ISBN 9780856981944. OCLC 690191661.
  7. ^ Bergmann, Marianne; Heinzelmann, Michael. "Schedia Project at Kom El Giza / Kom El Haman" (PDF). archaeologie.uni-koeln.de​. University of Goettingen/Germany at Schedia.
  8. ^ "Egypt's first-ever female governor marches to a different drummer". Al-Monitor. 2017-02-22. Archived from the original on 2017-02-23. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  9. ^ "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  10. ^ "Beheira Governorate Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  11. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  13. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program"(PDF). USAID. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-10-19. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  15. ^ Qassam, Hamdi (19 November 2018). "Secretary General discusses stray dogs and mosquitoes in the lake". Al Masry Al Youm. Archived from the original on 2018-11-20. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
External links
El Watan News of Beheira Governorate
Last edited on 14 January 2021, at 09:40
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.
Privacy policy
Terms of Use
HomeRandomNearbyLog inSettingsDonateAbout WikipediaDisclaimers