The Husainid dynasty
, originally of Cretan Turkish
origin, came to power under Al-Husayn I ibn Ali
on July 15, 1705, replacing the Muradid dynasty
. For most of their rule, the Husainids ruled with the title of Bey
. The Husainids ruled the Beylik of Tunis
under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire
until May 12, 1881, when Muhammad III as-Sadiq
signed the Treaty of Bardo
and the Beylik of Tunis
came under the control of France
as a protectorate
. Following independence
from France on March 20, 1956, the Kingdom of Tunisia
was proclaimed and the Bey Muhammad VIII al-Amin
assumed the title of King. He reigned as such until the Prime Minister Habib Bourguiba
deposed the Husainid dynasty and declared Tunisia a republic on July 25, 1957.
Beys of Tunis (1705–1956) King of Tunisia (1956–1957)
Simplified genealogical tree of the Beys of Tunis. Only the Beys and their direct ancestors are shown.
Lions stairs at the Bardo Palace
"The bey lives in a pretty castle called Bardo, located in the middle of a large plain, three quarters of the north of the city. This castle is very old: Leo Africanus
confirms that, in his time, kings have already make their stay. The wall that surrounds it is well built, and defended by some pieces of cannon placed on the side of the door. The court of the bey is numerous; the officers who compose it are, in general, very honest and very polite towards foreigners. "
- Some royal palaces
View of the Bardo Palace around 1900
Throne room of the Bardo Palace in 1899
Hall of Justice of the Bardo Palace in 1899
Bey bedroom at Ksar Said Palace in 1899
View of a Ksar Said Palace salon in 1899
Hall of Honor of the Rose Palace
The colors of the Bey of Tunis, the red
and the green
which are components of the country's coat of arms. They are also those of the football club of the Stade Tunisien
which was under his patronage.
They are also found in Tunisian pastries
: one, called Bey sigh, is made of pink, green and white marzipan
; the other, called bey's baklawa, is a form of Tunisian baklava
Queen consort of Tunisia
The queen consort of Tunisia (Spouse of Bey of Tunis) is called Lalla Beya
in reference to her husband.
She had little or no role in state affairs and didn't accompany her husband on diplomatic
visits abroad or at official dinners at the palace. Her only concern was the management of the palace and the harem
Last edited on 12 April 2021, at 08:11
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