A bibliographic database
is a database
of bibliographic records
, an organized digital collection of references to published literature, including journal
articles, conference proceedings
, reports, government and legal publications, patents
, etc. In contrast to library catalogue
entries, a large proportion of the bibliographic records in bibliographic databases describe articles, conference papers, etc., rather than complete monographs
, and they generally contain very rich subject descriptions in the form of keywords
, subject classification terms, or abstracts
Prior to the mid-20th century, individuals searching for published literature had to rely on printed bibliographic indexes
, generated manually from index cards
. "During the early 1960s computers were used to digitize text for the first time; the purpose was to reduce the cost and time required to publish two American abstracting journals, the Index Medicus
of the National Library of Medicine
and the Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA). By the late 1960s such bodies of digitized alphanumeric information, known as bibliographic and numeric databases, constituted a new type of information resource.
Online interactive retrieval became commercially viable in the early 1970s over private telecommunications networks. The first services offered a few databases of indexes and abstracts of scholarly literature. These databases contained bibliographic descriptions of journal articles that were searchable by keywords in author and title, and sometimes by journal name or subject heading. The user interfaces were crude, the access was expensive, and searching was done by librarians on behalf of 'end users'.
- ^ Feather, John; Sturges, Paul, eds. (2003). International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science (Second ed.). London: Routledge. p. 127. ISBN 0-415-25901-0.
- ^ Kusserow, Arne; Groppe, Sven (2014). "Getting Indexed by Bibliographic Databases in the Area of Computer Science". Open Journal of Web Technologies. 1 (2). doi:10.19210/OJWT_2014v1i2n02_Kusserow. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- ^ Reitz, Joan M. (2004). "bibliographic database". Dictionary for Library and Information Science. Westport, Connecticut: Libraries Unlimited. p. 70. ISBN 1-59158-075-7.
- ^ Price, Gary. "Impactstory Announces Beta Release of "Get The Research" Search Engine". LJ infoDOCKET. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
- ^ "information processing". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- ^ Borgman, Christine L. (2007). Scholarship in the Digital Age: Information, Infrastructure, and the Internet. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. pp. 89–90. ISBN 978-0-262-02619-2.
Last edited on 21 February 2021, at 02:10
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