or Bit Agushi
(also written Bet Agus
) was an ancient Aramaean Syro-Hittite state
, established by Gusi of Yakhan at the beginning of the 9th century BC. It had included the cities of Arpad
, Nampigi (Nampigu) and later on Aleppo
Arpad was the capital of the state-kingdom.
Bit Agusi stretched from the A'zaz
area in the north to Hamath
in the south.
Historical map of the Neo-Hittite states, c. 800 BC with approximate border lines
Decline and fall
Arpad later became a major vassal city of the Kingdom of Urartu
. In 743 BC, during the Urartu-Assyria War
, the Neo-Assyrian
king Tiglath-Pileser III
laid siege to Arpad following the defeat of the Urartian army of Sarduri II
. But the city of Arpad did not surrender easily. It took Tiglath-Pileser three years of siege to conquer Arpad, whereupon he massacred its inhabitants and destroyed the city.
Afterward Arpad served a provincial capital.
The remains of Arpad's walls are still preserved in Tell Rifaat to the height of 8 meters.
A coalition of princes which had been allied to the city was also defeated, including the kings of Kummuh
. Bit Agusi was never repopulated.
- ^ Agusi Arpad, Syria
- ^ Lipinsky, Edward (2000). The Aramaeans: Their Ancient History, Culture, Religion (Peeters) p. 195.
- ^ Lipinsky, 2000, p. 99.
- ^ Healy, Mark (1992). The Ancient Assyrians (Osprey) p. 25.
- ^ Kipfer, Barbara Ann (2000). Encyclopedic Dictionary of Archaeology. p. 626.
- ^ Lipinsky, 2000, p. 529.
Last edited on 19 October 2020, at 11:14
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