This article is about a short summary of a piece of work. For the print-on-demand publisher, see Blurb, Inc.
is a short promotional
piece accompanying a piece of creative work. It may be written by the author or publisher or quote praise from others. Blurbs were originally printed on the back or rear dust jacket
of a book, and are now found on web portals
and news websites
. A blurb may introduce a newspaper or a book.
The original blurb
Gelett Burgess circa 1910
In the US, the history of the blurb is said to begin with Walt Whitman
's collection, Leaves of Grass
. In response to the publication of the first edition in 1855, Ralph Waldo Emerson
had sent Whitman a congratulatory letter, including the phrase "I greet you at the beginning of a great career": the following year, Whitman had these words stamped in gold leaf on the spine of the second edition.
The word blurb
was coined in 1907 by American humorist Gelett Burgess
His short 1906 book Are You a Bromide?
was presented in a limited edition to an annual trade association dinner. The custom at such events was to have a dust jacket
promoting the work and with, as Burgess' publisher B. W. Huebsch
described it, "the picture of a damsel—languishing, heroic, or coquettish—anyhow, a damsel on the jacket of every novel".
In this case, the jacket proclaimed "YES, this is a 'BLURB'!" and the picture was of a (fictitious) young woman "Miss Belinda Blurb" shown calling out, described as "in the act of blurbing." The name and term stuck for any publisher's contents on a book's back cover, even after the picture was dropped and only the text remained.
In Germany, the blurb is regarded to have been invented by Karl Robert Langewiesche
around 1902. In German bibliographic usage, it is usually located on the second page of the book underneath the half title
, or on the dust cover.
A blurb on a book can be any combination of quotes from the work, the author, the publisher, reviews or fans, a summary of the plot, a biography of the author or simply claims about the importance of the work.
In the 1980s, Spy
ran a regular feature called "Logrolling
in Our Time" which exposed writers who wrote blurbs for one another's books.
Prominent writers can receive large volumes of blurb requests from aspiring authors. This has led some writers to turn down such requests as a matter of policy. For example, Gary Shteyngart
announced in The New Yorker
that he would no longer write blurbs, except for certain writers with whom he had a professional or personal connection. Neil Gaiman
reports that "Every now and again, I stop doing blurbs.... The hiatus lasts for a year or two, and then I feel guilty or someone asks me at the right time, and I relent." Jacob M. Appel
reports that he received fifteen to twenty blurb requests per week and tackles "as many as I can."
Movie blurbs are part of the promotional campaign
for films, and usually consist of positive, colorful extracts from published reviews.
Movie blurbs have often been faulted for taking words out of context
. The New York Times
reported that "the blurbing game is also evolving as newspaper film critics disappear and studios become more comfortable quoting Internet bloggers and movie Web sites in their ads, a practice that still leaves plenty of potential for filmgoers to be bamboozled. Luckily for consumers, there is a cavalry: blurb watchdog sites have sprung up and the number of Web sites that aggregate reviews by established critics is steadily climbing. ... Helping to keep studios in line these days are watchdog sites like eFilmCritic.com and The Blurbs, a Web column for Gelf
magazine written by Carl Bialik of The Wall Street Journal
wrote in an "Explainer" column: "How much latitude do movie studios have in writing blurbs? A fair amount. There's no official check on running a misleading movie blurb, aside from the usual laws against false advertising. Studios do have to submit advertising materials like newspaper ads and trailers to the Motion Picture Association of America for approval. But the MPAA reviews the ads for their tone and content, not for the accuracy of their citations. ... As a courtesy, studios will often run the new, condensed quote by the critic before sending it to print."
Many examples exist of blurb used in marketing a film being traceable directly back to the film's marketing team.
References and sources
- ^ Dwyer, Colin (27 September 2015). "The Curious Case Of The Book Blurb (And Why It Exists)". NPR. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- ^ The Cambridge Encyclopedia of The English Language. Ed. David Crystal. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. p. 132. ISBN 0521401798
- ^ "Spy: The Funny Years". Variety. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- ^ Shteyngart, Gary. "An Open Letter from Gary Shteyngart". The New Yorker.
- ^ "American Gods Blog, Post 36".
- ^ Writers's Voice, Oct 2015
- ^ Reiner, L. (1996). "Why Movie Blurbs Avoid Newspapers." Editor & Publisher: The Fourth Estate, 129, 123.
- ^ Bialik, Carl (January 6, 2008). "The Best Worst Blurbs of 2007: The 10 most egregious misquotes, blurb whores, and other movie-ad sins of 2007". Gelf Magazine. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
- ^ Sancton, Julian (March 19, 2010). "Good Blurbs from Bad Reviews: Repo Men, The Bounty Hunter, Diary of a Wimpy Kid". Vanity Fair. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
- ^ McGlone, Matthew S. (2005). "Contextomy: The Art of Quoting Out of Context." Media Culture, & Society, Vol. 27, No. 4, 511-522.
- ^ Barnes, Brooks (June 6, 2009). "Hollywood's Blurb Search Reaches the Blogosphere". The New York Times. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
- ^ Beam, Chris (Nov 25, 2009). "'(Best) Film Ever!!!' How Do Movie Blurbs Work?". Slate. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
- ^ Silver, James (3 October 2005). "How to flog a turkey". Guardian Unlimited. London. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
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Last edited on 31 May 2021, at 04:07
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