en.m.wikipedia.org
Boston Public Library
The Boston Public Library is a municipal public library system in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, founded in 1848.[4] The Boston Public Library is also the Library for the Commonwealth[5] (formerly library of last recourse)[6] of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts; all adult residents of the commonwealth are entitled to borrowing and research privileges, and the library receives state funding. The Boston Public Library contains approximately 24 million volumes,[7] and electronic resources, making it the third-largest public library in the United States behind the federal Library of Congress and the New York Public Library, which is also privately endowed. In fiscal year 2014, the library held more than 10,000 programs, all free to the public, and lent 3.7 million materials.[8]
Boston Public Library
Motto: Omnium Lux Civium (Latin)
"The Light of All People"
CountryUnited States
TypePublic
Established1852
LocationBoston, Massachusetts
Coordinates
42°20′57.55″N​71°4′41.78″W
Branches24
Collection
Size24,079,520
Access and use
Circulation3.69 million (FY 2013)
Population served6,547,629
Other information
Budget$31.2 million, plus $8.2 million from trust fund (2013)[1]
DirectorDavid Leonard, President[2]
Robert E. Gallery, Chairman of the Board[3]
Websitebpl.org
Map
The Chavannes Gallery of the McKim Building, with murals painted by Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
This building was designated as a Boston Landmark by the Boston Landmarks Commission in 2000.

Overview
According to its website, the Boston Public Library has a collection of more than 23.7 million items, which makes it one of the largest municipal public library systems in the United States. The vast majority of the collection – over 22.7 million volumes — is held in the Central Branch research stacks.[9] Between July 2012 and June 2013, the annual circulation of the BPL was 3.69 million.[10] Because of the strength and importance of its research collection, the Boston Public Library is a member of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), a not-for-profit organization comprising the research libraries of North America. The New York Public Library is the only other public library that is a member of the ARL, and it also has a private endowment. The library has established collections of distinction, based on the collection's depth and breadth, including subjects such as Boston history, the Civil War, Irish history, etc. In addition, the library is both a federal and state depository of government documents.
Included in the BPL's research collection are more than 1.7 million rare books and manuscripts. It possesses wide-ranging and important holdings, including medieval manuscripts and incunabula, early editions of William Shakespeare (among which are a number of Shakespeare quartos and the First Folio), the George Ticknor collection of Spanish literature, a major collection of Daniel Defoe, records of colonial Boston, the personal 3,800 volume library of John Adams, the mathematical and astronomical library of Nathaniel Bowditch, important manuscript archives on abolitionism, including the papers of William Lloyd Garrison, and a major collection of materials on the Sacco and Vanzetti case. There are large collections of prints, photographs, postcards, and maps. The library, for example, holds one of the major collections of watercolors and drawings by Thomas Rowlandson. The library has a special strength in music, and holds the archives of the Handel and Haydn Society, scores from the estate of Serge Koussevitzky, and the papers of and grand piano belonging to the important American composer Walter Piston.
For all these reasons, the historian David McCullough has described the Boston Public Library as one of the five most important libraries in the United States, the others being the federal Library of Congress, the New York Public Library, and the university libraries of Harvard and Yale.
History
Founding and expansion
In the mid-19th century, several people were instrumental in the establishment of the Boston Public Library. George Ticknor, a Harvard professor and trustee of the Boston Athenaeum, proposed establishing a public library in Boston beginning as early as 1826. At the time, Ticknor could not generate enough interest.
Bust of George Ticknor
In 1839, Alexandre Vattemare, a Frenchman, suggested that all of Boston's libraries combine into one institution for the benefit of the public.[11] The idea was presented to many Boston libraries, however, most were uninterested in the idea. At Vattemare's urging, Paris sent gifts of books in 1843 and 1847 to assist in establishing a unified public library. Vattemare made yet another gift of books in 1849.
Josiah Quincy, Jr. anonymously donated $5,000 to begin funding a new library. Quincy made the donation while he was mayor of Boston. Indirectly, John Jacob Astor, businessman and philanthropist, also influenced the establishment of a public library in Boston. At the time of his death, Astor bequeathed $400,000 to New York to establish a public library there. Because of the cultural and economic rivalry between Boston and New York, this bequest prompted more discussion of establishing a public library in Boston.[12] In 1848, a statute of the Great and General Court of Massachusetts enabled the creation of the library. The library was officially established in Boston by a city ordinance in 1852.[13] Mayor Benjamin Seaver recommended to the city council that a librarian be appointed. In May 1852 the city council adopted the recommendations of the mayor and Edward Capen was chosen to become Boston Public Library's first librarian.[14]
Eager to support the library, Edward Everett collected documents from both houses of Congress, bound them at his own expense, and offered this collection to help establish the new library. At the time of Everett's donation, George Ticknor became involved in the active planning for the new library.[15] In 1852, financier Joshua Bates gave a gift of $50,000 to establish a library in Boston. After Bates' gift was received, Ticknor made lists of what books to purchase. He traveled extensively to purchase books for the library, visit other libraries, and set up book agencies.[15]
Public Library, Boylston Street, 1858–1895 (demolished 1899).
To house the collection, a former schoolhouse located on Mason Street was selected as the library's first home. On March 20, 1854, the Reading Room of the Boston Public Library officially opened to the public. The circulation department opened on May 2, 1854.
Reading Room in 1871 at the first Boylston Street building, the library's location between 1858 and 1895.
The opening day collection of 16,000 volumes fit in the Mason Street building, but it quickly became obvious that its quarters were inadequate. So in December 1854, the library's commissioners authorized the library to move to a new building on Boylston Street. Designed by Charles Kirk Kirby to hold 240,000 volumes, the imposing Italianate edifice opened in 1858. Eventually the library outgrew that building as well; in 1878, an examining committee recommended replacing it with a new one at another location.
By 1880, the Massachusetts legislature authorized construction of an even grander library building. A site selected was in Back Bay on Copley Square, the prominent corner of Boylston Street and Dartmouth Street, opposite Richardson's Trinity Church and near the first Boston Museum of Fine Arts. After several years of debate over the selection of the architects and architectural style for the new library, in 1887 the prestigious New York firm of McKim, Mead, and White was chosen to design the new library. In 1888, Charles Follen McKim proposed a Renaissance style design based on the Bibliotheque Ste-Geneviève in Paris. The trustees of the library approved, and construction commenced. The vast new reading room was called Bates Hall.
In 1870, the library opened the East Boston branch, the first branch library in the United States. With the aim of increasing its reach throughout the city and providing services to residents everywhere, the library opened 21 more branches in Boston neighborhoods between 1872 and 1900.[16]
In 1972, the Johnson building opened at the central Copley Square location, adjacent to the McKim building. The addition was designed by American architect Philip Johnson. In 1986, the National Park Service designated the McKim building as a National Historic Landmark.[16]
Recent history
Logo used until 2017
As of 2006, the Library has had staffing and funding levels for conservation below that of its peers: the BPL's staff of two full-time conservators is significantly less than the thirty-five employed at the New York Public Library. Many colonial records and John Adams manuscripts are brittle, decaying, and so in need of attention that the Library's acting Keeper of Rare Books and Manuscripts said that "they are falling apart."[17]
In 2011, the library completed a strategic plan, the BPL Compass, which featured eight community-identified "Principles for Excellence". The principles in the plan and all of the related outcomes were the result of a two-year community engagement process for which Boston Public Library received national recognition.[18]
In fiscal year 2012, the city of Boston spent 1.26% ($27,836,648) of its budget on the library, or $43.74 per person.[19]
In 2013, the library unveiled its Collections of Distinction, an initial group of 18 collections that represent the most outstanding, expansive, and renowned of its holdings. Boston Public Library gives priority to Collections of Distinction with respect to public access, acquisition, digitization, preservation, and staff development.[20]
In fall 2013, the city, in coordination with the library, began a renovation of the Central Library's Johnson building.[21] In February 2015, the first phase of renovation opened on the Johnson building's second floor, including the new Children's Library, Teen Central, a community reading area, and the Adult Reference area. The renovated second floor cost a total of $18 million. The second phase of the Johnson building renovations opened in the summer 2016 and included the first floor, mezzanine, and exterior.[22]
In 2017 the Boston Public Library received joint awards from both the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the American Library Association (ALA) for the Central Library Renovation of its Johnson Building, and for the East Boston Branch.[23]
In 2017, the library had 3,818,883 visitors to all locations; 4,933,786 items borrowed; and 9,839,461 visits to its website. The library also gained 82,911 new library card holders.[24]
In 2019 supporters of the library established a new philanthropic fund: The Fund for the Boston Public Library, announced by Mayor Martin J. Walsh. It began with a $2.8 million investment by "Bank of America Charitable Foundation, Barr Foundation, The Boston Foundation, Liberty Mutual Foundation, State Street Foundation, Inc. and an anonymous donor."
Central Library
The Boston Central Library is located in Copley Square in Boston's Back Bay neighborhood. The central library consists of the McKim Building and Johnson Building, which are attached and interconnected with interior passageways. The central library as a whole with the two buildings combined contains 930,000 square feet (86,000 m2) of space and houses 21 million items in its collections as of 2015.[25]
McKim building
McKim Building, Copley Square, Boston, 2005
Reading Room at McKim Building in 2013
Main article: Boston Public Library, McKim Building
The McKim building houses the BPL's research collection.[25]
Johnson building
Johnson Building, Boylston St. near Copley Square, Boston, 2008
Designed by Philip Johnson, this late modernist addition (which somewhat anticipated postmodernist architecture) was built in 1967–1971 and opened in 1972. The Johnson building reflects similar proportions, and is built of the same pink Milford granite as the McKim building. Critics have likened it to a mausoleum, citing the small percentage of windows to relieve the massive walls in its exterior façade.
Upon opening, the Johnson building became the home for the BPL's main circulating collection, which includes works in many languages. It also serves as headquarters for the Boston Public Library's 24 branch libraries.[16]
As noted above, in 2013, the library began a major renovation project on the Johnson building. The first phase of the renovation opened in February 2015. The second phase included renovations to the building's first floor, mezzanine, and exterior, and opened in the summer 2016.[22] The $78 million renovation includes a new business innovation center and business library, a radio broadcasting studio for WGBH (FM), a 3D printer, and a café.[26]
Current services
Public programs
The Boston Public Library hosts thousands of free public programs each year, including Author Talks, Local and Family History lectures, the Lowell Lecture Series, Concerts in the Courtyard, and art and history exhibitions.[27][28] The Boston Public Library also offers many daily events for children, teens, adults, and seniors, including story times, therapy dog story times,[29] book discussions, film showings, ESL conversation groups, and research and technology classes.[30][31][32]
Computers and Internet access
The Boston Public Library offers desktop computers with pay-for-print services for public use and free wireless internet at the Central Library all 24 branches for anyone who has a wireless-enabled mobile device and a library card. Plug-in Ethernet access is also available in the McKim building's Bates Hall and the Honan-Allston Branch's Adult Reading Room for up to 2 hours. Library-card holders can also borrow laptops for in-library use for 2 hours at any location.[31][33][34]
Digital services
The library offers a variety of digital services and collections. The online catalog, also available for mobile devices, allows users to browse and place holds on materials including books, audiobooks, DVDs, and CDs. Users can also download ebooks, e-audiobooks, music, and video through BPL's OverDrive site and check out Zinio magazines for the computer, tablet, or smartphone. Library card holders and e-card holders can also stream movies, television shows, music, and audiobooks through Hoopla Streaming Media.[35]
Many of the Boston Public Library's collections are available to the public online, including rare books and manuscripts, the anti-slavery manuscript collection, historical children's books, the John Adams Library, historic maps from the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center, historical images, prints, and photographs, sound archives, and silent films.[31][36] Many of the library's digitized works can be found either through the Boston Public Library Flickr page[37] or through their collections on the Digital Commonwealth.[38]
List of databases
As of August 2017, the library arranges for its patrons access to digital content from several providers:
List of databases[39]
TitleParent companySubsidiary
17th & 18th Century Burney Collection NewspapersCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
18th Century Collections OnlineCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
19th Century Collections OnlineCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
19th Century US NewspapersCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Academic OneFileCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
American Doctoral DissertationsEBSCO Industries
American MusicAlexander Street Press
AP ImagesEBSCO Industries
Archive FinderCambridge Information GroupProQuest
Archives UnboundCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Art Full TextEBSCO Industries
Art Index RetrospectiveEBSCO Industries
Art Museum Image GalleryEBSCO Industries
Arts:SearchCambridge Information GroupProQuest
Asian American DramaAlexander Street Press
AtoZdatabasesDatabaseUSA.com[40]
Audio Drama: The L.A. Theatre Works CollectionAlexander Street Press
Avery Index to Architectural PeriodicalsEBSCO Industries
Biography and Genealogy Master IndexCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Biography in ContextCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Black Drama, Second EditionAlexander Street Press
Boston GlobeCambridge Information GroupProQuest
Boston Herald, 2004-2011Cengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Britannica Learning ZoneEncyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
Britannica LibraryEncyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
Britannica School EditionEncyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
Britannica Spanish Reference CenterEncyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
British Library NewspapersCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
British Literary Manuscripts OnlineCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Business & IndustryCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Business and Management PracticesCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Business CollectionCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Career TransitionsCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Children's ReferenceCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Classical Music LibraryAlexander Street Press
Classical Scores LibraryAlexander Street Press
CongressionalCambridge Information GroupProQuest
Contemporary World MusicAlexander Street Press
Credo ReferenceCredo Reference Ltd.
Criminal Justice CollectionCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Culinary Arts CollectionCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Dance in VideoAlexander Street Press
DemographicsNow: Business and PeopleCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Economist Historical ArchiveCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Educator's Reference CompleteCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Environmental Studies and Policy CollectionCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Expanded Academic ASAPCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Financial Times Historical ArchiveCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Gale CoursesCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Gale Directory LibraryCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Gale NewsvaultCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Gale Virtual Reference LibraryCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Gardening, Landscape, and Horticulture CollectionCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Garland Encyclopedia of World Music OnlineAlexander Street Press
General OneFileCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Global Issues In ContextCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Health & Wellness Resource CenterCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Health Reference Center AcademicCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
HeritageQuest OnlineCambridge Information GroupProQuest
Hoopla Streaming MediaMidwest Tape, LLC[41]
Hospitality, Tourism, and Leisure CollectionCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Index to Early American PeriodicalsComputer Indexed Systems[42]
Index to English Literary PeriodicalsComputer Indexed Systems
Infotrac Junior EditionCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Infotrac NewsstandCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Infotrac Student EditionCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Irish TimesCambridge Information GroupProQuest
Jazz Music LibraryAlexander Street Press
Jewish AdvocateCambridge Information GroupProQuest
JSTORIthaka Harbors
Kids InfoBitsCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Latino LiteratureAlexander Street Press
LearningExpress LibraryEBSCO Industries
Library, Information Science & Technology AbstractsEBSCO Industries
Listener History ArchiveCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Literature Criticism OnlineCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Literature Resource CenterCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Little PimCreative Empire, LLCMango Languages
Lynda.comMicrosoft Corporation
Making of the Modern WorldCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Mango LanguagesCreative Empire, LLC
Massachusetts Driving Permit Practice TestsElegant E-Learning, IncDriving-Tests.org
Mergent Archives - Historical Annual Report CollectionLondon Stock Exchange GroupMergent, Inc.
Mergent EventsDataLondon Stock Exchange GroupMergent, Inc.
Mergent IntellectLondon Stock Exchange GroupMergent, Inc.
Mergent OnlineLondon Stock Exchange GroupMergent, Inc.
Modern Language Association (MLA) International BibliographyCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Morningstar Investment Research CenterMorningstar, Inc.
Music & Performing ArtsAlexander Street Press
National Geographic Virtual LibraryCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
The New York Times (1851-2013)Cambridge Information GroupProQuest
The New York Times (1985–Present)Cengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Newspaper ArchiveHeritage Microfilm, Inc.
North American Indian DramaAlexander Street Press
North American Women's DramaAlexander Street Press
NoveList K-8 PlusEBSCO Industries
NoveList PlusEBSCO Industries
Nursing & Allied Health CollectionCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
OmniFile Full Text SelectEBSCO Industries
Opera in VideoAlexander Street Press
OverDrive eBooks, Audio Books, and MusicRakuten, Inc.OverDrive, Inc.[41]
Oxford Art OnlineUniversity of OxfordOxford University Press
Oxford English DictionaryUniversity of OxfordOxford University Press
Oxford Music OnlineUniversity of OxfordOxford University Press
Physical Therapy and Sports Medicine CollectionCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Popular Music LibraryAlexander Street Press
PressReaderNewspaperDirect Inc.
Primary SourcesCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Readers' Guide RetrospectiveEBSCO Industries
RISM International Inventory of Musical SourcesEBSCO Industries
Sabin Americana, 1500–1926Cengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Science in ContextCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Slavery and Anti-SlaveryCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Slavery in America and the WorldWilliam S. Hein & Co., Inc.HeinOnline
Small Business CollectionCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Smithsonian Collections OnlineCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Smithsonian Global SoundAlexander Street Press
Statistical Abstract of the U.S.Cambridge Information GroupProQuest
Statistical InsightCambridge Information GroupProQuest
Sunday Times (London) Digital ArchiveCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
TablebaseCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Theatre in VideoAlexander Street Press
Times (London) Digital ArchiveCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Twentieth Century North American DramaAlexander Street Press
US History in ContextCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Value LineValue Line, Inc.
Vocations and Careers CollectionCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
World History in ContextCengage Learning, Inc.Gale
Zinio Digital MagazinesZinio LLC
Digital partners
Boston Public Library has two digital partners-in-residence at the Central Library in Copley Square. The first is Internet Archive, a nonprofit digital library that offers permanent access to historical collections in digital format for researchers, historians, and the general public. The Digital Public Library of America provides access to digital content from American libraries, archives, museums, and historical societies.[43]
Branch library system
In the latter half of the 19th century, the library worked vigorously to develop and expand its branch library system. Viewed as a means to extend its presence throughout the city, the branch system evolved from an idea in 1867 to a reality in 1870, when the first branch library in the United States was opened in East Boston. The library currently has 24 branches serving diverse populations in the city's neighborhoods.[44]
Faneuil Branch, Brighton, 2010
Brighton
Honan-Allston Branch, 2009
East Boston Branch, 2008
Orient Heights Branch, 2011
Roslindale Branch, 2008
Roslindale
Roslindale Branch, 4238 Washington St., Roslindale. "Library service has been provided to Roslindale since 1898. At that time, a book delivery station was located in a drugstore at the corner of Washington and Ashland Streets. ... In 1900 the library was moved to the Old Taft's Tavern building. In 1918, having outgrown its quarters, the library moved to the Municipal Building at the Corner of Washington Street and Cummins Highway. When the municipal facility became outmoded plans were made to move the library again. At the corner of Washington and Poplar Streets was a fire house which was torn down for the new library site. In 1961, a semi-circular building with huge glass windows, topped with a low blue dome, was designed by Isidor Richmond and Carny Goldberg."[45][69]
Egleston Square, 2011
Gallery
See also
Notes
  1. ^ "Summary Budget" (PDF). City of Boston. 2012. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
  2. ^ "BPL - Management Staff". Bpl.org. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  3. ^ "BPL - Trustees". Bpl.org. Retrieved 2015-02-11.
  4. ^ Wayne A. Wiegand; Donald G. Davis (1994). Encyclopedia of Library History. Taylor & Francis. pp. 85–. ISBN 978-0-8240-5787-9.
  5. ^ "Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners Legislative Agenda". Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners. Archived from the original on 14 September 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  6. ^ Declared in 1970 by law. Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 78, Section 19C, paragraph 4
  7. ^ "BPL By the Numbers: FY2014" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-04-12. Retrieved 2014-10-15.
  8. ^ "BPL - BP by the Numbers". Bpl.org. Archived from the original on 2014-12-02. Retrieved 2014-10-15.
  9. ^ "The Boston Public Library Fact Sheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-09-02. Retrieved 2014-06-24.
  10. ^ "The Boston Public Library". Archived from the original on 2014-12-02. Retrieved 2014-01-01.
  11. ^ McCrann, Grace-Ellen (2005): "Contemporary Forces That Supported the Founding of the Boston Public Library." Public Libraries, Vol. 44, no. 4, July/August 2005.
  12. ^ McCrann, Grace-Ellen (2005): "Contemporary Forces That Supported the Founding of the Boston Public Library." Public Libraries, Vol. 44, no. 4, July/August 2005.
  13. ^ For context, see: List of libraries in 19th-century Boston, Massachusetts
  14. ^ International Dictionary of Library Histories, Volume 1
  15. ^ a b McCrann 2005.
  16. ^ a b c "BPL - History and Description". Archived from the original on 2014-06-26. Retrieved 2014-06-24.
  17. ^ MacQuarrie, Brian (2006-10-06). "Library lacks means to repair old tomes". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on March 22, 2007. Retrieved 2006-10-06.
  18. ^ "Compass Strategic Plan". BPL. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  19. ^ July 1, 2012 through June 30, 2013; cf. Commonwealth of Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners (2014). "FY2012 Municipal Pie Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-28. Retrieved 2014-06-24.
  20. ^ "Collections of Distinction". BPL. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  21. ^ "BPL - Central Library Renovation Fact Sheet" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-06-24.
  22. ^ a b Cook, Greg. "Research: First Look Inside The Boston Library's Astonishing, Colorful Renovation". Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  23. ^ "Mayor Walsh Announces Jamaica Plain Library Grand Opening; New and Ongoing Capital Library Funding", Press Release, Boston Public Library, May 1, 2017; access date 8 September 2019
  24. ^ "BPL - BPL by the Numbers". www.bpl.org. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  25. ^ a b c d "Boston Public Library : Fact Sheet"(PDF). Boston Public Library. Boston Public Library. 17 June 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 October 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  26. ^ Goodwin, Jeremy D. (2016-07-08). "With $78M Renovation, Boston Public Library Aims For Friendlier Vibe". WBUR-FM. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  27. ^ "May Author Talks and Lectures at Boston Public Library Locations" (Press release). Press Room: BPL.org. Boston Public Library. April 23, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  28. ^ "Boston Public Library Celebrates 210 Years of Haitian Independence" (Press release). Press Room: BPL.org. Boston Public Library. May 20, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  29. ^ "BPL - Calendar of Events". www.bpl.org. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
  30. ^ "Lifelong Learning Happens at Boston Public Library" (Press release). Press Room: BPL.org. Boston Public Library. 2013-08-30. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  31. ^ a b c Perille, Gina (2013-12-27). "A New Year of Free Opportunities at Boston Public Library" (Press release). Press Room: BPL.org. Boston Public Library. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  32. ^ "School Vacation Week Programs Await Families at Boston Public Library Locations" (Press release). News & Press Releases: CityofBoston.gov. City of Boston. 2014-02-11. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  33. ^ "Boston Public Library - Computers and Technology". Bpl.org. Retrieved 2014-07-07.
  34. ^ "Dimension Data Brings Historic Boston Public Library Into The Wireless World" (PDF) (Press release). Newsroom.cisco.com: Cisco.com. Cisco. 2003-08-22. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  35. ^ "Boston Public Library Expands Digital Offerings through Free Streaming Media Service" (Press release). Press Room: BPL.org. Boston Public Library. 2014-03-25. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  36. ^ "Boston Public Library - Online Collections". Bpl.org. Retrieved 2014-07-08.
  37. ^ "Boston Public Library". Flickr.
  38. ^ "Boston Public Library". Digital Commonwealth.
  39. ^ Boston Public Library. "Electronic Resources: A-Z List". Archived from the original on August 20, 2017.
  40. ^ "DatabaseUSA.com". Omaha, Nebraska. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  41. ^ a b Data Boston. "MiscSup Gen Library Books: Library Department: BPL Technical Services Office". Open Expenditures. City of Boston. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  42. ^ "Comp-index.com". Indiana: Computer Indexed Systems. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  43. ^ "Boston Public Library Accomplishments - FY14" (PDF). Bpl.org. Retrieved 2014-10-16.
  44. ^ "BPL - Neighborhood Branch Libraries". Bpl.org. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
  45. ^ a b c d e f g h i First Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. 1891; p.29.
  46. ^ "Retrieved 2010-06-08". Bpl.org. 1967-06-01. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  47. ^ Sammarco, Anthony Mitchell, Boston's South End, Arcadia Publishing, 2006. Cf. p.32
  48. ^ "Retrieved 2010-06-08". Bpl.org. 1971-06-07. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  49. ^ "West End Branch". BPL. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  50. ^ "Brighton Branch". BPL. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  51. ^ "Faneuil Branch". BPL. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  52. ^ "Honan-Allston Branch". BPL. Archived from the original on 2013-07-09. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  53. ^ "Charlestown Branch". BPL. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  54. ^ "Adams Street Branch". BPL. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  55. ^ "Codman Branch". BPL. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  56. ^ Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts, 1906
  57. ^ "Fields Corner Branch". BPL. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  58. ^ "Grove Hall Branch". BPL. 2009-04-04. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  59. ^ "Lower Mills Branch". BPL. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  60. ^ Trustees vote yes on library closings. Boston Globe. Apr 10, 2010
  61. ^ "Uphams Corner Branch". BPL. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  62. ^ "East Boston Branch". BPL. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  63. ^ "East Boston Branch". Boston Public Library. Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  64. ^ "Hyde Park Branch". BPL. Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2013-10-15.
  65. ^ "Connolly Branch". BPL. 1940-12-12. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  66. ^ "Jamaica Plain Branch". BPL. 1911-07-24. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  67. ^ Libraries spared from closure, Jamaica Plain Gazette, Apr 16, 2010
  68. ^ "Mattapan Branch". BPL. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  69. ^ "Roslindale Branch". BPL. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  70. ^ "Dudley Branch". BPL. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  71. ^ "Egleston Square Branch". BPL. 1953-07-08. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  72. ^ "Parker Hill Branch". BPL. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  73. ^ "South Boston Branch". BPL. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  74. ^ "West Roxbury Branch". BPL. 1989-09-24. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
Further reading
External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Boston Public Library.
Last edited on 4 May 2021, at 21:29
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