) or brigade general
is a military rank
used in many countries. It is the lowest ranking general officer
in some countries, usually sitting between the ranks of colonel
and major general
. When appointed to a field command, a brigadier general is typically in command of a brigade
consisting of around 4,000 troops (four battalions
). In some countries a brigadier general is informally designated as a one-star general
In some countries, this rank is given the name of brigadier
, which is usually equivalent to brigadier general
in the armies of nations that use the rank.
The rank can be traced back to the militaries of Europe where a "brigadier general", or simply a "brigadier", would command a brigade in the field. The rank name général de brigade (which translates as "brigade general") was first used in the French revolutionary armies.
In the first quarter of the 20th century, British and Commonwealth
armies used the rank of brigadier general as a temporary appointment, or as an honorary appointment on retirement; in the 1920s this practice changed to the use of brigadier, which was not classed as a general officer.
uses the ranks of both General brigadier
and General de brigada
Air force insignia
This gallery displays Air Force brigadier general insignia if they are different from the Army brigadier general insignia. (They usually are.)
Note that in many Commonwealth countries, the equivalent air force rank is Air Commodore
(and in the Netherlands, it is simply Commodore).
Naval infantry insignia
Brigadier general ranks by country
The rank of brigadier general (with some local variations) is used in the Argentine Air Force
. Unlike other armed forces of the World, the rank of brigadier general
is actually the highest
rank in the Air Force. This is due to the use of the rank of brigadier
and its derivatives to designate all general officers
in the Air Force: brigadier (lowest general officer); brigadier-major (middle); and brigadier-general (highest). The rank of brigadier general is reserved for the Chief General Staff of the Air Force, as well as the Chief of the Joint General Staff if he should be an Air Force officer.
The Argentine Army
does not use the rank of brigadier-general, instead using brigade general
: General de brigada
) which in turn is the lowest general officer before Divisional General (Spanish
: General de Division
) and Lieutenant General (Spanish
: Teniente General
In the Australian Imperial Force
during World War I
, the rank of brigadier general
was always temporary and held only while the officer was posted to a particular task, typically the command of a brigade. (Until 1915, Australian brigades were commanded by colonels.) When posted elsewhere, the rank would be relinquished and the former rank resumed. This policy prevented an accumulation of high-ranking general officers brought about by the relatively high turnover of brigade commanders. Brigadier general
was also used as an honorary rank on retirement.
The rank insignia was like that of the current major general
, but without the star/pip.[note 2]
Brigadier generals wore the same gorget patches
(a line of gold oak leaf embroidery down the centre), cap badge
(crossed sword and baton within a laurel wreath, surmounted by a crown in gold embroidery) and cap visor
(two rows of gold oakleaf embroidery) as other generals.
As in the United Kingdom, the rank was later replaced by colonel commandant in 1922 and brigadier in 1928. However, those holding the rank of brigadier general continued to do so throughout the inter-war period, until the last of them retired or was promoted during the Second World War. A brigadier general was a general officer, but brigadiers were not generals, which is shown by the rank insignia being like that of a colonel, but with an extra (third) star/pip, and a brigadier wore the same gorget patches (scarlet cloth with a line of crimson gimp), cap badge (the Royal Crest in gold embroidery), and cap visor (one row of gold oakleaf embroidery) as a colonel.
Prior to 2001, the Bangladesh Army
rank was known as brigadier
, in conformity with the rank structure of the Commonwealth Nations
. In 2001 the Bangladesh Army introduced the rank of brigadier general
, however "the grade stayed equivalent to brigadier", and although classified as a "one-star rank", a brigadier general is not considered to be a general officer – the lowest ranking general officer is Major General
. Brigadier general is equivalent to commodore of the Bangladesh Navy
and air commodore
of the Bangladesh Air Force
. It is still more popularly called brigadier
The Belgian Army
uses the rank of général de brigade
) and brigadegeneraal
) (Brigade General
). However, in this small military there are no permanent promotions to this rank, and it is only awarded as a temporary promotion to a full colonel who assumes a post requiring the rank, notably in an international context (e.g. as Military Attaché
in a major embassy).
The rank of brigadier general is known in Burma
as bo hmu gyoke
and is often the deputy commander of one of Burma's Regional Military Commands
, commander of the light infantry division (LID) or Military Operation Commands. In civil service, a brigadier general often holds the office of deputy minister or director general of certain ministries.
In the Canadian Forces
, the rank of brigadier-general
in French) is a rank for members who wear army or air force uniform, equal to a commodore for those in navy uniform. A brigadier-general is the lowest rank of general officer
. A brigadier-general is senior to a colonel or naval captain
, and junior to a major-general
The rank title brigadier-general
is still used notwithstanding that brigades in the army are now commanded by colonels. Until the late 1990s brigades were commanded by brigadier-generals. In the air force context, brigadier-generals used to command air force groups
until these bodies were abolished in the late 1990s.
The rank insignia for a brigadier-general on air force uniforms is a single wide braid on the cuff, as well as a single silver maple leaf beneath crossed sabre and baton, all surmounted by St. Edward's Crown
, worn on the shoulder straps
of the service dress jacket, and on slip-ons on other uniforms. The rank insignia on army uniforms is a gold maple leaf beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by St. Edward's Crown, on the shoulder straps. On the visor of the service cap are two rows of gold oak leaves; the air force wedge cap features silver braid on the edges of the ear flaps. The cap insignia for a general officer is a modified version of the Canadian Forces insignia. Army brigadier-generals wear gorget patches
on the collar of the service uniform tunic.
Brigadier-generals are initially addressed verbally as "General" and name; thereafter by subordinates as "Sir" or "Ma'am" in English or mon général
in French. They are normally entitled to staff cars
Chinese rank of (Da-Xiao 大校) or Senior Colonel is a direct equivalent of a brigadier. It ranks above colonel (Shang-Xiao 上校) and below major general (Shao-Jiang 少将). A brigadier is commonly in command of a division (Shi 师) or a brigade (Lv 旅). Divisional commanders are seldom general officers.
Denmark, a NATO member, has for many years been following NATO standards and adapting its rank system to closely relate. As in the armies of most other NATO nations, brigadier general is the lowest of the general ranks, usually a brigade commander.
France uses the rank of "brigade general" (général de brigade
). The rank contrasts with the French sub-officer
rank of brigadier
. As with all French general officers, a French brigade general is titled "general" without any implication that he is an army general
; for instance General Charles de Gaulle
never rose higher than brigade general.
Until 1793, the rank of brigadier des armées
("brigadier of the armies") existed in the French Army
, which could be described as a senior colonel or junior brigade commander. The normal brigade command rank was maréchal de camp
(literally "field marshal", which in other militaries is a more senior rank). When rank insignia were introduced, brigadier des armées
wore one star and a maréchal de camp
wore two stars. During the French Revolution
, the revolutionaries' drive to rationalise the state led to a change in the system of ranks. The rank of brigadier des armées
was abolished and the normal brigade command rank, maréchal de camp
, was replaced by brigade general. The rank of brigade general inherited the two stars of the rank of maréchal de camp
, explaining the absence since 1793 of a French rank with only one star.
Nowadays, a French général de brigade
generally commands a brigade, which currently is the biggest permanent formation in the French Army. The rank can also be awarded in an honorary fashion to retiring colonels. The insignia are two stars, worn on the shoulder or at the sleeve of the uniform, depending on the order of dress. Two different kepis
are issued : the service kepi sports the two stars, while the formal kepi features a large band of oak leaves (the kepi of a division general has two smaller such bands).
The equivalent modern German
OF6-rank is Brigadegeneral
. The concept of a brigadier general rank is relatively new, as prior to 1945 the lowest German general officer OF6-rank was Generalmajor
, which was often considered equivalent to brigadier general in other armies.
In Hungary the brigadier general is a relatively new military rank used from 1992. The army and the air force insignia are not different.
The equivalent rank for brigadier general in the Iranian army and air force is called sar-tip
. In Persian the word tip
means brigade, and sar
means head or commander. After 1987 the rank sar-tip dovom
(second brigadier general
) was introduced between sar-tip
(colonel or literally head of regiment). There is no equivalent for sar-tip dovom
in other countries. The rank above sar-tip
. Lashgar means division so, sar-lashgar
means divisional general (major general).
The Iranian Revolutionary Guards also use this rank; the difference is in salutation. One refers an army or air force brigadier general as "amir sar-tip", while a revolutionary guard general is referred to as "sardar sar-tip".
The only branch not using those two ranks is the Iranian Navy
. Instead the equivalents are Daryādār
and Daryādār Do
for the higher and lower rank, respectively, usually translated as Rear Admiral and Rear Admiral 2 (or Flotilla Admiral).
The country is divided into two areas for administrative and operational reasons, and in each area there is an infantry brigade. The two brigade group structure envisages distinct operational areas of responsibility for each of the brigades and is supported in its responsibilities by the Naval Service and Air Corps. Each of the brigade formations and the Air Corps is commanded by a brigadier general, while the Naval Service is commanded by a commodore.
In the Italian Armed Forces
the rank has different denominations. In the Army
, the rank
for combat arms officers is generale di brigata
whilst for the logistics
and technical corps is called brigadier generale
. The rank is also present in the other armed forces, police corps and other services of Italy
, with different denominations, and it is associated with the lowest level within the government top management.
Because no brigadier general rank is used in the armies of various countries including Japan and Taiwan, major general is used as rank for brigade commanders instead. For this reason, the rank designation for a major general in the French Revolutionary System
is brigade general
, also used in other countries like Brazil and Chile. In that sense, Japan and Taiwan use major general as the equivalent of brigadier general.
In the Jordanian military, the rank of brigadier general is known as amid (عميد), and it is higher than colonel (akeed عقيد) and lower than major general (liwa لواء).
, general brigadier
wears the arms of Mexico with one star, and is the rank below general de brigada
who wears as rank insignia the arms of Mexico with two stars.
, Brigadier General (Nepali
: सहायक रथी) is the lowest ranking general officer sitting between Colonel (Nepali
: महासेनानी) and Major General (Nepali
: उप रथी), with one star.
Prior to 2002, the Polish rank of generał brygady
was equivalent to both the ranks of major general and brigadier general.
In the Portuguese Army
and Air Force
is a temporary general rank for the colonels that have to exercise a special command. It is the equivalent of the commodore rank in the Portuguese Navy
The rank was reintroduced in 1999. Before that, simply as brigadeiro
, it existed from 1707 to 1864 and again from 1929 to 1947, not being considered a general rank. From 1947 to 1999, brigadeiro
become the two-star general rank in the Portuguese Army. As two-star rank, it was substituted by the rank of major-general
In the Romanian Army
the general de brigadă
is the lowest rank of general officers, The equivalent in the Navy is contra-amiral
and in the Air-Force general de flotilă aeriană
of brigadier general is known in South Korea
: 준장; hanja
and is a direct equivalent to the United States one-star rank, with very similar insignia. The military of North Korea
does not technically maintain a brigadier general rank, but the rank of senior colonel
) which is above colonel (상좌, sangjwa
) and below major general (소장, Sojang
) is an effective equivalent.
In the Turkish Army
and the Turkish Air Force
, the equivalent rank is tuğgeneral
(the Turkish Navy
equivalent would be tuğamiral
). The name is derived from tugay
, the Turkish word for a brigade. Both tugay and tuğ- as military terms may owe their origins to the older Turkish word tuğ
, meaning horsetail, which was used as a symbol of authority and rank in Ottoman and pre-Ottoman times.
Brigadier-general was formerly a rank or appointment in the British Army
and Royal Marines
, and briefly in the Royal Air Force
. The appointment was abolished in both the Army and the Marines in 1921 and the equivalent rank today is simply Brigadier
- ^ The général de brigade of the French Foreign Legion is the commander of the (entire) Legion.
- ^ Australian Army rank insignia for 2LT, LT, CAPT, LTCOL, COL, BRIG, MAJGEN and GEN use the Order of the Bath star, which is commonly referred to as a "pip".
- ^ Decreto 1428 de 2007 Archived 2009-06-19 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Decreti 1791 de 2000 (septiembre 14)Archived May 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Jesus, Julliane Love De (2016-07-01). "It's official: Dela Rosa is new PNP chief". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
- ^ (Korean) Empas hanja dictionary, Junjang entry
Last edited on 2 April 2021, at 23:10
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.