In 1852, several prominent citizens established the "Brooklyn Athenaeum and Reading Room" for the instruction of young men. It was as was the practice in those times, a private, subscription library for members, who were recruited and encouraged by the up-rising mercantile and business class of young men, to continue by constant reading whatever formal education they had received through a university, college, high school/private academy, or trade school. Its collections focused on the liberal arts
and the humanities
such as biography, economics, history, literature, philosophy, and other applications later labeled social studies
Five years later, in 1857, another group of young men, along with businessmen, manufacturers, and merchants, founded the "Brooklyn Mercantile Library Association of the City of Brooklyn", with holdings more pronounced in the business, commercial, economics, mathematical, scientific, and technical fields. The Librarian-in-Charge was Stephen Buttrick Noyes, who later went to the Library of Congress
in 1866 but returned to Brooklyn three years later, in 1869. This collection and the previous one were merged in 1869 and later moved to a headquarters building on Montague Street
. In 1878, the Library Associations were renamed the "Brooklyn Public Library". Stephen Buttrick Noyes commenced developing an extensive catalog for the collections which he completed in 1888.
The first free public library in Brooklyn was that of Pratt Institute
, a collegiate institute founded by Charles Pratt
in 1888. Available not only for its own students and faculty, the library was also open to the general public at that early time.
Brooklyn Public Library's Central Library in January 1941 shortly before it opened.
The first main branch ("central library") moved among various buildings, including a former mansion at 26 Brevoort Place.
Between 1901 and 1923, the famous Scotsman, steel industrialist, financier and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
donated $1.6 million, assisting in the future development and construction of 21 Carnegie Library
additional neighborhood branches.
The Central Library at Grand Army Plaza
in October 2005, during construction of a new entrance plaza and underground auditorium.
There are 60 neighborhood branches throughout the borough, of which many are Carnegie libraries
. The library has four bookmobiles
, including the Kidsmobile, which carries children's materials, and the Bibliobús, which carries a Spanish language collection.
Located at Flatbush Avenue and Eastern Parkway on Grand Army Plaza near the Prospect Heights, Crown Heights, Flatbush, and Park Slope neighborhoods, Brooklyn Public Library's Central Library contains over a million cataloged books, magazines, and multimedia materials.
The Brooklyn Collection holds the manuscripts and archives for the Brooklyn Public Library and is located at the Central Branch.
The Brooklyn Collection holds over a million individual items including Brooklyn Dodgers
memorabilia, a collection for the Brooklyn Eagle
, which Walt Whitman
edited, manuscripts, maps, photographs, and other ephemeral
is a 32-foot (9.8 m)-long, 11.5-foot (3.5 m)-high vehicle housing a mobile library. Carrying up to 6,000 books, the Bookmobile serves communities whose local branches are closed for renovation. The Bookmobile offers many of the services available at other branches.
The Kidsmobile is a smaller, more colorful version of the Bookmobile. During the school year, the Kidsmobile visits schools, day care centers, Head Start
, after-school programs and community events. In the summer, the Kidsmobile also travels to parks and camps. In addition to books, the Kidsmobile offers storytelling
and arts and crafts
The Bibliobús is a mobile Spanish-language library. It brings books and other media to Spanish-speaking communities in Brooklyn. The Bibliobús serves sites such as schools, daycares, community-based organizations, senior centers, nonprofit organizations, and community events.
The Shelby White and Leon Levy Information Commons
opened at Central Library on January 15, 2013. It features an open workspace with 25 computers and seating and outlets for more than 70 laptop users; 7 meeting rooms, including one that doubles as a recording studio; and a 36-seat training lab.
Civil rights support
Brooklyn Public Library's governing board is the board of trustees, consisting of 38 members, all serving in non-salaried positions. The Mayor
and the Brooklyn Borough President
each appoint eleven of the trustees. These appointed trustees elect twelve additional board members to serve.
The mayor, New York City Comptroller
, Speaker of the City Council
and Brooklyn Borough President are ex officio members of the board. All non-ex officio members of the board serve three-year terms.
Linda E. Johnson was named president and CEO on August 16, 2011, after having served as the institution's interim executive director since July 1, 2010. She replaced Dionne Mack-Harvin, who served as executive director from March 2007. Mack-Harvin was the first African American woman to lead a major public library system in New York state.
Previously, Ginnie Cooper had been the executive director of the BPL since January 2003. Other notable executive directors include Kenneth Duchac, who ran the system from 1970 until his retirement in 1986. Duchac is the father of John Doe
, founder and lead singer of seminal 1980s punk
List of directors
- Mary E. Craigie 
- Arthur E. Bostwick (1899–1901) 
- Frank P. Hill (1901–1930) 
- Milton J. Ferguson (1930–1949)
- Francis R. St. John (1949–1963)
- John Ames Humphry (1964–?)
- John C Frantz (?)
- Kenneth Farnham Duchac (1970–1986)
- Larry Brandwein (1987–1994)
- Martin Gomez (1995–2002)
- Ginnie Cooper (2003–2007)
- Dionne Mack-Harvin (2007–2010)
- Linda E. Johnson (2011–present)
Other New York City library systems
- ^ "BKLYN Library". Twitter.
- ^ Chapter 441, Laws of 1892; Chapter 497, Laws of 1897.
- ^ Chapter 606, Laws of 1902.
- ^ "Building of the Day". Brownstoner.
- ^ "Brooklyn's Municipal Library System". New York Times. December 15, 1900.
- ^ Schuessler, Jennifer (February 27, 2020). "Brooklyn Public Library and Brooklyn Historical Society to Merge". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 3, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- ^ "About Brooklyn Collection". Archived from the original on May 24, 2013. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 4, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- ^ "Shelby White and Leon Levy Information Commons". Brooklyn Public Library. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- ^ "Brooklyn Public Library to expand hours of service across borough". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- ^ "Adult Literacy | Brooklyn Public Library". www.bklynlibrary.org. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- ^ Travers, S. "New scrutiny of city's library trustees". City Limits.
- ^ Board of Trustees Archived June 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Our Executive Director Archived June 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Brooklyn PL Director Mack-Harvin Resigns After Three Years; Interim Director to be Named; Board Meeting Tonight Archived 2010-03-07 at the Wayback Machine", by Norman Oder, Library Journal, March 4, 2010.
- ^ "Made Managing Director". Brooklyn Eagle. January 30, 1898. p. 10. Archived from the original on July 1, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
- ^ "New Librarian's Career". Brooklyn Eagle. March 12, 1899. p. 7. Archived from the original on July 1, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
- ^ "Frank P. Hill Will Take Position of Librarian". Brooklyn Eagle. March 26, 1901. p. 2. Archived from the original on July 1, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
- ^ "NAME BROOKLYN LIBRARIAN :Trustees Elect M.J. Ferguson of California to Succeed, Dr. Hill.". New York Times. April 30, 1930 – via ProQuest.
- ^ "BROOKLYN LIBRARY INDUCTS NEW CHIEF :Francis R. St. John Becomes Its Fifth Director -- Staff's Pay Discussed by Mayor". New York Times. May 25, 1949 – via ProQuest.
- ^ 
Last edited on 19 January 2021, at 17:49
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