The first house in England that was classified as a bungalow was built in 1869.
In America it was initially used as a vacation architecture, and was most popular between 1900 and 1918,
especially with the Arts and Crafts movement
The bungalow style house in Bangladesh, locally known as Banglaghar.
Colonial-era style Bungalow in Allahabad
Bungalows are very convenient for the homeowner in that all living areas are on a single-story and there are no stairs
between living areas. A bungalow is well suited to persons with impaired mobility, such as the elderly or those in wheelchairs.
Neighborhoods of only bungalows offer more privacy than similar neighborhoods with two-story houses. As bungalows are one or one and a half stories, strategically planted trees and shrubs are usually sufficient to block the view of neighbors. With two-story houses, the extra height requires much taller trees to accomplish the same, and it may not be practical to place such tall trees close to the building to obscure the view from the second floor of the next door neighbor. Bungalows provide cost-effective residences. On the other hand, even closely spaced bungalows make for quite low-density neighborhoods, contributing to urban sprawl
. In Australia, bungalows have broad verandas
to shade the interior from intense sun. But as a result they are often excessively dark inside, requiring artificial light even in daytime.
Cost and space considerations
On a per unit area basis (e.g. per square meter or per square foot), bungalows are more expensive to construct than two-storey houses, because a larger foundation and roof area is required for the same living area. The larger foundation will often translate into larger lot size requirements, as well. Due to this, bungalows are typically fully detached from other buildings and do not share a common foundation or party wall.
Although the 'footprint' of a bungalow is often a simple rectangle, any foundation is theoretically possible. For bungalows with brick walls
, the windows are often positioned high, and are close to the roof. This architectural technique avoids the need for special arches
to support the brick wall above the windows. However, in two-storey houses, there is no choice but to continue the brick wall above the window.
A California bungalow-inspired style house in the Sydney suburb of Lindfield
From about 1908 to the 1930s, the California Bungalow
style was very popular in Australia with a rise of interest in single-family homes and planned urban communities.
The style first saw widespread use in the suburbs of Sydney
It then spread throughout the Australian states and New Zealand.
In rural Bangladesh, the concept is often called Bangla ghar ("Bengali Style House") and remain popular. Today's main construction material is corrugated steel sheets or red clay tiles, while past generations used wood, bamboo, and khar straw. This straw was used to form roofs, keeping the house cooler during hot summer days.
Canada uses the definition of a bungalow to mean a single-family dwelling that is one storey high.
A modern Indian bungalow in an affluent area near Bangalore
In India, the term bungalow
refers to any single-family unit, as opposed to an apartment building
, which is the norm for Indian middle-class
city living. The normal custom for an Indian bungalow is one story,
but as time progressed many families built larger two-story houses to accommodate humans and pets. The area with bungalows built in 1920s–1930s in New Delhi
is now known as Lutyens' Bungalow Zone
and is an architectural heritage area. In Bandra
, a suburb of India's commercial capital Mumbai
, numerous colonial-era bungalows exist; they are threatened by removal and replacement of ongoing development.
In a separate usage, the dak bungalows
formerly used by the British mail service have been adapted for use as centers of local government or as rural hostels.
Pattumalay Tea Bungalow otherwise called as Silky Bungalow; Pattu means Silk in Tamil, since mulberry was the crop here and silk was produced till 1931, then pioneer B.M. Mar started planting tea here who was the founder of Pattumalay Estate.
HML Bungalow in Fort Kochi is originally built during 1700 when the Dutch captured the territory from the Portuguese.
Manale Tea Bungalow, one of the oldest bungalows in Munnar, Kerala where pioneer Baron von Rosenberg lived here between 1879 and 1904, who was the founder of Lockhart Estate.
The bungalow is the most common type of house built in the Irish countryside. During the Celtic Tiger
years of the late 20th century, single-storey bungalows declined as a type of new construction, and residents built more two-storey or dormer bungalows.
There was a trend in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland of people moving into rural areas and buying their own plots of land. Often these plots were large, so a one-storey bungalow was quite practical, particularly for retirees.
In Germany a bungalow refers to a single storey house with a flat roof. This building style was most popular during the 1960s. The two criteria are mentioned in contemporary literature e.g. Landhaus und Bungalow by Klara Trost (1961).
Singapore and Malaysia
In Singapore and Malaysia, the term bungalow
is sometimes used to refer to a house that was built during the colonial era. The structures were constructed "from the early 19th century until the end of World War II."
They were built by the British to house their "military officers, High Court judges and other members of the colonial society's great and good."
At present, there is still a high demand for colonial-era bungalows in Singapore and Malaysia. Most of the units are used as residences. Over the years, some have been transformed into offices, hotels, galleries, spas and restaurants.
In the post-colonial period, the term bungalow
has been adapted and used to refer to any stand-alone residence, regardless of size, architectural style, or era in which it was built. Calling a house a bungalow often carries with it connotations of the price and status of the residence, and thus the wealth of its owner. Local real estate lingo commonly includes the word "bungalow" when referring to residences that are more normally described as "detached", "single-family homes", or even "mansions" in other countries. The pervasiveness of the word in the local jargon has resulted in bungalow
being imported into the Malay language
as the word banglo
with the same meaning.
In South Africa, the term bungalow
refers to a single storey, detached house. It may be implied that it is a temporary residence, such as a holiday home or student housing. This is because a single storey house is usually referred to by making reference to the number of rooms or construction material. For example, "a 3 bedroom house" or "brick house" implies that it is a bungalow.
Bungalow in Britain
The first two bungalows in England were built in Westgate-on-Sea
in 1869 or 1870. A bungalow was a prefabricated single-storey building used as a seaside holiday home. Manufacturers included Boulton & Paul Ltd
, who made corrugated iron bungalows as advertised in their 1889 catalogue, which were erected by their men on the purchaser's light brickwork foundation.
Examples include Woodhall Spa Cottage Museum
and Castle Bungalow at Peppercombe
, North Devon, owned by the Landmark Trust
; it was built by Boulton and Paul in the 1920s. Construction of this type of bungalow peaked towards the end of the decade, to be replaced by brick construction.
Bungalows became popular in the United Kingdom between the two World Wars and very large numbers were built, particularly in coastal resorts, giving rise to the pejorative adjective, "bungaloid", first found in the Daily Express
from 1927: "Hideous allotments
and bungaloid growth make the approaches to any city repulsive".
Many villages and seaside resorts have large estates of 1960s bungalows, usually occupied by retired people. The typical 1930s bungalow is square in plan, with those of the 1960s more likely to be oblong. It is rare for the term "bungalow" to be used in British English
to denote a dwelling having other than a single storey, in which case "chalet bungalow", (see below) is used.
Although stylistically related to others, the special characteristic of the Airplane Bungalow
was its single room on a second story, surrounded by windows, designed as a sleeping room in summer weather with all-around access to breezes. This variant developed in California in the 1910s, had appeared in El Paso, Texas
by April 1916, and became most prevalent in the western half of the U.S., and southwestern and western Canada.
American Craftsman bungalow
The American Craftsman
bungalow typified the styles of the American Arts and Crafts movement
, with common features usually including low-pitched roof lines on a gabled or hipped roof, deeply overhanging eaves, exposed rafters or decorative brackets under the eaves, and a front porch or veranda beneath an extension of the main roof.
A special use of the term bungalow
developed in the greater New York City area, between the 1930s and 1970s, to denote a cluster of small rental summer homes, usually in the Catskill Mountains
in the area known as the Borscht Belt
. First- and second-generation Jewish-American
families were especially likely to rent such houses. The old bungalow colonies continue to exist in the Catskills, and are occupied today chiefly by Hasidic Jews
The California bungalow
was a widely popular 11
-story variation on the bungalow in the United States from 1910 to 1925. It was also widely popular in Australia within the period 1910–1940.
A bungalow with loft has a second-story loft
. The loft may be extra space over the garage. It is often space to the side of a great room
with a vaulted ceiling
area. The building is still classified and marketed as a bungalow with loft because the main living areas of the house are on one floor. All the convenience of single-floor living still applies and the loft is not expected to be accessed on a daily basis.
Some have extra bedrooms in the loft or attic area. Such buildings are really one-and-a-half stories and not bungalows, and are referred to in British English
as "chalet bungalows" or as "dormer bungalows". "Chalet bungalow" is also used in British English for where the area enclosed within pitched roof contains rooms, even if this comprises a large part of the living area and is fully integrated into the fabric of the property.
True bungalows do not use the attic. Because the attic is not used, the roof pitch can be quite shallow, constrained only by snow
A 1925 Chicago bungalow
The majority of Chicago
bungalows were built between 1910 and 1940. They were typically constructed of brick (some including decorative accents), with one-and-a-half stories and a full basement. With more than 80,000 bungalows, the style represents nearly one-third of Chicago's single-family housing stock.
One primary difference between the Chicago bungalow and other types is that the gables
are parallel to the street, rather than perpendicular. Like many other local houses, Chicago bungalows are relatively narrow,
being an average of 20 feet (6.1 m) wide on a standard 24-foot (7.3 m) or 25-foot (7.6 m) wide city lot. Their veranda (porch) may either be open or partially enclosed (if enclosed, it may further be used to extend the interior rooms).
The overwater bungalow is a form of, mainly high end, tourist accommodation inspired by the traditional stilt houses
of South Asia and the Pacific. The first overwater bungalows were constructed on the French Polynesian
island of Ra’iātea in 1967 by three American hotel owners, Jay Carlisle, Donald McCallum and Hugh Kelley.
They had wanted to attract tourists to Ra’iātea
, and to their hotel, but the island had no real beaches and so to overcome this handicap they decided to build hotel rooms directly on the water using large wooden poles. These structures they called overwater bungalows and they were an immediate success.
By the seventies tourism to French Polynesia and the Pacific Islands in general was booming and overwater bungalows, sometimes by then called water villas, became synonymous with the region, particularly for honeymoons and romantic getaways. Soon this new tradition spread to many other parts of Asia, The Maldives
being the best example, and other parts of the world including, in the last twenty years, many parts of the Caribbean
. The first overwater bungalow resort in Mexico opened in 2016.
Their proliferation would have been much greater but for the fact that overwater bungalows need certain conditions to be structurally viable, i.e. that the water surrounding them be consistently very calm. Ideally the type of water that can be found in the lagoons
of The Maldives or Bora Bora
or, at the very least, that of an extremely sheltered bay
. Therefore, despite their popularity, they still remain something of a touristic novelty.
A raised bungalow is one in which the basement
is partially above ground. The benefit is that more light can enter the basement with above ground windows in the basement. A raised bungalow typically has a foyer
at ground level that is halfway between the first floor and the basement. Thus further has the advantage of creating a foyer with a very high ceiling without the expense of raising the roof or creating a skylight. Raised bungalows often have the garage in the basement. Because the basement is not that deep, and the ground must slope downwards away from the building, the slope of the driveway is quite shallow. This avoids the disadvantage of steep driveways found in most other basement garages. Bungalows without basements can still be raised, but the advantages of raising the bungalow are much less.
Ranch bungalow in Palo Alto, California, United States
A ranch bungalow is a bungalow organized so that bedrooms are on one side and "public" areas (kitchen, living/dining/family rooms) are on the other side. If there is an attached garage, the garage is on the public side of the building so that a direct entrance is possible, when this is allowed by legislation. On narrower lots, public areas are at the front of the building and such an organization is typically not called a "ranch bungalow". Such buildings are often smaller and have only two bedrooms in the back as required.
- ^ a b c Powell, Jane (2004). Bungalow Details: Exterior. p. 12. ISBN 978-1-4236-1724-2.
- ^ Online Etymology Dictionary, "bungalow"; Online Etymology Dictionary
- ^ "Benchmark Home Definitions" (PDF). Canadian Real Estate Association. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- ^ Desai, Miki; Desai, Madhavi. "The origin and indigenisation of the Imperial bungalow in India". Architectural Review.
- ^ Stubbs, John H.; Thomson, Robert G. (November 10, 2016). Architectural Conservation in Asia: National Experiences and Practice. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781317406198 – via Google Books.
- ^ Trost, Klara (1961). Landhaus und Bungalow. Frankfurt am Main, West-Germany: Ullstein Fachverlag.
- ^ Davison, Julian (2006). Black and White: The Singapore House 1898–1941. Talisman Publishing Pte Ltd. ISBN 981052739X.
- ^ "Black and whites draw many expats". The Straits Times. 14 October 2011. p. B22.
- ^ "Table Talk: Singapore's This Old House". The New York Times. 23 September 2007. p. 618.
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- ^ Mornement, Adam; Holloway, Simon (2007). Corrugated Iron: Building on the Frontier. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 50. ISBN 9780393732405. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
- ^ OED, "bungaloid"
- ^ The Chicago Bungalow, Chicago Bungalow Association
- ^ Rockett, Darcel (14 January 2019). "'These Homes Represented the American Ideal': How Chicago Bungalow Owners Cherish – and Renovate – Their Historic Houses". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
- ^ The Chicago Bungalow, Field Guide to Chicago Area Buildings
- ^ "Milwaukee Bungalow".
- ^ "The 9 Best Overwater Bungalows in the Caribbean & Mexico". The Haphazard Traveler. 2021-03-07. Retrieved 2021-06-27.
- ^ Kennedy, Barbara Noe (17 August 2017). "The tropical overwater bungalow — long a symbol of relaxation and luxury — turns 50". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- ^ "About Dream Over Water". Dream Overwater Bungalows. Retrieved 2020-12-24.
- ^ "HALCYON DAYS : Greene and Greene's Gamble House, the Ultimate Bungalow". Los Angeles Times. November 3, 1985.
King, Anthony D. (1995). The Bungalow: The Production of a Global Culture
(2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195095234
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Last edited on 22 July 2021, at 09:44
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