: استان بوشهر
, Ostān-e Būshehr
) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran
. It is in the south of the country, with a long coastline onto the Persian Gulf
. Its center is Bushehr
, the provincial capital. The province has ten counties: Asaluyeh
. In 2011, the province had a population of approximately 1 million people.
The province was put as part of Region 2
upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions
solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22, 2014.
The Greeks knew of Bushehr by Mezambria during the battles of Nearchus
. A French excavating team however in 1913 determined the origin of Bushehr to date back to the Elamite Empire
. A city there, known as Lyan
, contained a temple that was designed to protect the compound from naval attacks. Its remains can still be seen today 10 kilometers south of the present city of Bushehr.
Marco Polo describes this region as part of the Persian province of Shabankareh
. It contains the village of Saba, Iran
where are buried (he was told) the three Magi
which visited the Christ
A key turning point in the history of Bor event of significance is known to have taken place in this region until the arrival of the European colonialists in the 16th century.
, invaded the city of Bushehr in 1506 and remained there until Shah Abbas Safavi
defeated and liberated the Persian Gulf region of their presence. By 1734, Bushehr had once again risen to prominence due to Nader Shah
of the Afsharid dynasty
, and his military policies in The Persian Gulf.
Map of the Bushehr Region in the Early 1750s
Bushehr was selected by Nader to be the central base of Nader's Naval fleet in the Persian Gulf. He thus changed the name of the city to Bandar e Naderiyeh
(Nader's Port). He hired an Englishman by the name of John Elton
to help build his fleet. Dutch accounts report his naval fleet to have amounted to 8000-10000 personnel as well as several ship construction installations.
After Nader's death, the Dutch
continued to have good commercial relations in Bushehr, until the British made their debut in Bushehr in 1763 by a contract they signed with Karim Khan
of the Zand dynasty
. By then, the city of Bushehr had become Iran's major port city in the Persian Gulf
. By the Qajar era, Britain
, and the Ottomans
had diplomatic and commercial offices there, with Britain steadily gaining a foothold in the area. Close to 100 British ships are reported to have docked at the port city every year during the Qajar era.
2013 Bushehr earthquake
The coast in Bushehr by the Persian Gulf.
Aside from the revived port city of Bushehr
, which is the second main naval port of Iran after Bandar Abbas
, Bushehr also has come back recently in the spotlight for three main reasons:
Kharg Island (Khark Island)
During the Iran-Iraq war, Iran's major petroleum exporting ports in Khuzestan sustained damages so severe that a second port in Kharg Island
was selected to carry on the major responsibility of Iran's petroleum exports, though even Kharg was not immune from Iraqi air raids.
Bushehr Nuclear Reactor
The Bushehr Light water PWR Nuclear Reactor
, designed by Siemens AG
, built by the Russians, is Iran's first Nuclear Power Plant reactor.
The industrial corridor of Assalouyeh
As many as 70,000 foreign engineers and technicians are currently working in this industrial zone 270 kilometers south of the provincial capital. This zone is where the nearby famous South Pars Gas field is located, where Iran has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in infrastructure. The South Pars Gas field is the world's largest natural gas field.
Colleges and universities
Some attractions of Bushehr
Despite its unique potentials, Bushehr remains to be developed for absorbing tourists and seriously lacks the necessary investment for tourism. The city of Bushehr has 3-star hotels, an airport, and modern amenities. The Cultural heritage Organization of Iran lists up to 45 sites of historical and cultural significance in the province. Some are listed below:
- Persian Gulf Beach(Bushehr)
- Deje Borazjan
- Kakhe tauke (borazjan)
- Shahzade Ebrahim (Shazabreim)
- Qal'eh Holandiha (The Dutch Castle)
- Mabad Poseidon, (Poseidon's temple)
- Gurestan Bastani (the ancient cemetery)
- Imamzadeh Mir Mohammed Hanifeh
- Aramgah (tomb of) Haj Mohammed Ibrahim Esfahani
- The Old Church of Kharg Island
- Qavam water reservoir
- Qazi House
- Maqbareh (tomb of) the English General
- Shaykh Sadoon Mosque
- The Holy Christ Church
- House of Raies Ali Delvari
- House of Malik
- The ancient site of Ray-Shahr which is located 8 km south of Bushehr.
- Tomb of Abdul mohaymrn
- House Darya Baygui
- House of Dehdashti
- Castle of Khormuj
Bushehr has been home to some famous poets. Among them are Faiez Dashti (Dashtestani) (1830-1919) and Manouchehr Atashi
. Faiez poems, and Dashti(or Dashtestani) literature in general, resemble Baba Taher
's works. Sadeq Chubak
and Najaf Daryabandari
are among the most prominent writers in the literature of Bushehr.
- ^ a b همشهری آنلاین-استانهای کشور به ۵ منطقه تقسیم شدند
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-19. Retrieved 2013-07-26.
- ^ http://samad.ostb.ir/?part=menu&inc=menu&id=169
- ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- ^ Iran quake kills 37, injures more than 850
- ^ "'Scariest Man On The Planet' to fight 'Iranian Hulk' in MMA debut". talksport. 22 November 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- ^ "178kg monster is an absolute weapon". news.com.au. 23 November 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- ^ "همه چیز درباره چهره شاخص این روزهای فضای مجازی". tasnimnews.com. Tasnimnews. 31 May 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
Last edited on 30 March 2021, at 19:46
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