Byzacena - Wikipedia
Byzacena
Byzacena (or Byzacium) (Ancient Greek: Βυζάκιον, Byzakion)[1] was a Late Roman province in the central part of Roman North Africa, which is now roughly Tunisia, split off from Africa Proconsularis.
Provincia Byzacena
ἐπαρχία Βυζακινῆς
Province of the Byzantine Empire
c. 293–698

Map of Roman Africa and Egypt; Byzacena shown in top right.
CapitalHadrumetum
Historical eraAntiquity
• Division by Diocletian
c. 293
698
Preceded bySucceeded by
Rashidun Caliphate
Today part of
 Tunisia
History
At the end of the 3rd century AD, the Roman emperor Diocletian divided the great Roman province of Africa Proconsularis into three smaller provinces: Zeugitana in the north, still governed by a proconsul and referred to as Proconsularis; Byzacena to its adjacent south, and Tripolitania to its adjacent south, roughly corresponding to southeast Tunisia and northwest Libya. Byzacena corresponded roughly to eastern Tunisia or the modern Tunisian region of Sahel.
Hadrumetum (modern Sousse) became the capital of the newly made province, whose governor had the rank of consularis. At this period the Metropolitan Archbishopric of Byzacena was, after the great metropolis Carthage, the most important city in Roman (North) Africa west of Egypt and its Patriarch of Alexandria.
Episcopal sees
Ancient episcopal sees of Byzacena listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees:[2]
Abaradira
Abari
Abidda (ruins of Ksour-Abbeda)
Acholla (Henchir-El-Alia)
Aeliae (Henchir-Mraba? Henchir-Merelma)
Africa (Mahdia)
Afufenia
Aggar
Aggersel (Abd-Er-Rahman-El-Garis? Tacrouna?)
Ammaedara (Haïdra)
Amudarsa (in the plain of Saïda)
Ancusa
Aquae Albae in Byzacena (in Gabès Governorate)
Aquae in Byzacena (in Gabès Governorate)
Aquae Regiae (Henchir-Baboucha?)
Aurusuliana (in the territory of Henchir-Guennara)
Ausafa
Autenti
Auzegera
Bahanna (Henchir-Nebahna, ruins at Dhorbania?)[3]
Bararus (Henchir-Ronga, Rougga)
Bassiana
Bavagaliana
Bennefa (Oglet-Khefifa)
Bladia (Henchir-Baldia?)
Buleliana
Cabarasussi (Drâa-Bellouan)
Carcabia
Cariana
Cebarades
Cenculiana
Cercina (Kerkennah Islands)
Cibaliana
Cillium alias Colonia Cillilana (Kasserine)
Crepedula
Cufruta
Chusira (Kessera)
Decoriana
Dices (Henchir-Sidi-Salah, Sadic?)
Dionysiana
Drua (Henchir-Bou-Driès)
Dura (Titular See)
Edistiana
Egnatia
Febiana
Feradi Maius (Henchir-El-Ferada?)
Feradi Minus
Filaca
Fissiana (in the plain of Foussana?)
Foratiana
Forontoniana (​Henchir-Bir-El-Menadka​?)
Gaguari
Garriana (Henchir-El-Garra)
Gemellae in Byzacena (Sidi-Aïch)
Germaniciana (ruins of Ksour-El-Maïeta? Melloul? ruins of Hadjeh-El-Aïoun?)
Gratiana
Gubaliana (ruins of Djebeliana? ruins of Henchir-Goubel?)
Gummi in Byzacena (Henchir-Gelama?, Henchir-El-Senem)
Gurza (Kalâa Kebira)
Hadrumetum (Sousse), the Metropolitan Archbishopric
Hermiana
Hierpiniana
Hirina
Horrea Coelia (Hergla)
Iubaltiana (at Kairouan)
Iunca in Byzacena (Ounga)
Leptiminus
Limisa (Henchir-Boudja)
Macon
Macriana Maior
Macriana Minor
Mactaris
Madarsuma (Henchir-Bou-Doukhane?)
Maraguia (ruins of Ksar-Margui?)
Marazanae (Henchir-Guennara)
Marazanae Regiae
Masclianae (ruins of Hadjeb-El-Aioun?)
Materiana
Maximiana in Byzacena (near Sousse)
Mediana (Bishopric)
Menefessi (Henchir-Djemmiah)
Mibiarca
Midica (near Sfax)
Mididi (Henchir-Medded, Midid)
Mimiana
Mozotcori
Munatiana
Mutia (Henchir-El-Gheria, Henchir-Furna)
Muzuca in Byzacena (Henchir-Besra)
Nara (Bir El Hafey)
Nationa
Nepte (Nafta)
Octaba
Octabia
Pederodiana (Oum-Federa, Fodra?)
Precausa
Praesidium (Somâa)
Putia in Byzacena (Bir-Abdallah?)
Quaestoriana
Rufiniana
Ruspae
Rusticiana
Sassura (Henchir Es-Zaouadi)
Scebatiana
Segermes
Selendeta
Septimunicia (ruins of Oglet-El-Metnem? Henchir-El-Bliaa?)
Severiana
Sufes
Sufetula
Suliana
Sullectum (Salacia)
Tabalta (Henchir-Gourghebi?)
Tagarbala (Bordj-Tamra, Tamera)
Tagaria
Tagase
Talaptula
Tamalluma (Oasis of Telmin)
Tamata
Tamazeni
Tambeae (in the region of Aïn-Beida and Henchir-Baboucha)
Tanudaia
Taparura
Taraqua (Ksour-El-Khaoua?)
Tarasa in Byzacena (near Djebel-Trozza?)
Temuniana (Henchir-Temounia?)
Tetci
Thagamuta (in the plain of Guemouda?)
Thala
Thapsus
Thasbalta (in the valley of Segui?)
Thelepte
Thenae (Thyna)
Theuzi
Thiges (Bordj-Gourbata)
Thucca Terenbenthina (Henchir Dougga)
Thysdrus
Tigias (Henchir-Taus, in the oasis of Kriz)
Tiguala
Trofimiana
Tubulbaca (Teboulba?)
Turrisblanda
Turres in Byzacena (ruins of Tamarza? ruins of Msilica?)
Turris Tamalleni (ruins of Oum-Es-Samâa)
Tusuros
Unizibira (Henchir-Zembra?)
Usula
Uzita
Valentiniana
Vartana (Srâa-Ouartane)
Vassinassa
Vegesela in Byzacena (Henchir-Recba)
Vibiana
Vicus Aterii (Bir el Ater)
Victoriana
Vicus Augusti (ruins of Sidi El Hani, Henchir-Sabra?)
Vita (ruins of Beni-Derraj?)
Zella (see) (Zaouila, suburb of Mahdia? ruins of Zellez?)

See also
References
  1. ^ Procopius, History of the Wars, §4.12
  2. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", pp. 819-1013
  3. ^ located at Latitude: 36.19392 - Longitude: 10.02064.
Sources and external links
Last edited on 20 February 2021, at 17:36
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