In this Spanish name
, the first or paternal surname
and the second or maternal family name is Navarro
While Arias Navarro was a moderate leader in the last phase of Francoism and the beginning of the transition to democracy
, he was in fact a hard-line politician who had been involved in the White Terror
, signing thousands of death warrants at the time of the dismantling of the Spanish Republic
Arias Navarro and Franco in 1975
Arias Navarro was born in Madrid
on 11 December 1908. He served in the Ministry of Justice since 1929 as attorney
Arias was close to the right-wing sectors and joined the Francoist side during the Spanish Civil War
. He was public prosecutor in the trials set up by the Francoists in Málaga
after the conquest of the city
. There, he earned the nickname the "Butcher of Málaga" (Carnicero de Málaga
for his role in the imposition of the death penalty to true or perceived sympathizers of the Republicans,
In one of the harshest repressions following the Francoist victory, an estimated total of 17,000 people summarily executed.
He married María de la Luz del Valle y Menéndez, without issue.
After serving in various positions, including Mayor of Madrid
from 1965 to June 1973, Arias became Minister of Government (Minister of the Interior) in June 1973. After the assassination of Prime Minister (Presidente del Gobierno
) Luis Carrero Blanco
he was appointed his successor on 31 December 1973, a position he continued to hold after the death of Franco. Arias Navarro had the support of the Franco family, most notably Carmen Polo
, and retained the post during the transition to democracy
. However, the garroting
of the Catalan
anarchist Salvador Puig Antich
in March 1974 had already shown his aversion to political liberalization, while other events, including the executions in September 1974, the organization of the Green March
in November 1975 by King Hassan II of Morocco
, and the illness and death of Franco (which Arias announced on television), displayed his weaknesses and further eroded his authority.
Franco's successor as head of state, King Juan Carlos I
, continued his appointment, so that it was his government (which included Manuel Fraga Iribarne
and José María de Areilza
) that instituted the first reforms, however unwillingly. He tried to continue Franco's late policies, opposing any change. After a lengthy power struggle, Juan Carlos forced his resignation on 1 July 1976.
The next day, the King granted him the hereditary title of marqués de Arias Navarro
: Marquis of Arias Navarro), together with the dignity Grande de España
(English: Grandee of Spain). Since he had no heirs, his title became extinct after he died.
Arias was succeeded by Adolfo Suárez
, named general secretary of the Francoist official party Movimiento Nacional
in December 1975. In June 1977, during the first free general elections
held since 1936, Arias joined the Alianza Popular
, a right-wing party created by Manuel Fraga. He then led the Búnker
group of hard-liners opposed to any reforms, along with the leader of the Francoist party Fuerza Nueva
, Blas Piñar
. Arias, however, never again occupied a relevant position in the later Spanish government.
Both left and extreme right attacked him, calling him by the nickname "The Old Pusillanimous
Spain and Portugal
Ingersoll went on to add that Spain wanted Washington to support Spain in the event of war, precisely at a time when the US was renegotiating the status of its military bases, and Arias wanted Washington to support Spain's future membership of NATO
- ^ Ignacio Fontes; Manuel Ángel Menéndez: El parlamento de papel: La mirada gráfica, el enfoque literario, 2004, p. 126
- ^ Beevor, Antony (2006). The Battle for Spain. Penguin. p. 560. ISBN 9781101201206.
- ^ Thomas, Hugh (1976). Historia de la Guerra Civil Española. p. 636. ISBN 9780375755156.
- ^ "Málaga XX, Historia de un siglo: La Segunda República y la Guerra Civil". Diario Sur (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- ^ Picón, José Luis (18 August 2008). "El "holocausto de Málaga"". Málaga Hoy (in Spanish). Joly Digital. Archived from the original on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- ^ Martín, Lucas (23 July 2008). "San Rafael: la mayor fosa del país". La Opinión de Málaga (in Spanish). Editorial Prensa Ibérica. Archived from the original on 8 December 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- ^ Díaz, Arturo (4 October 2007). "Málaga, 1937". Publico (in Spanish). Display Connectors, S.L. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- ^ "Carlos Arias Navarro, 1. marqués de Arias Navarro". Geneall. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- ^ "Carios Arias Navarro falleció ayer a los 80 años". El País (in Spanish). Madrid: Prisa. 28 November 1989. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- ^ "Arias Navarro, enterrado en El Pardo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid: Prisa. 29 November 1989. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- ^ El País 3 November 2008
Last edited on 20 March 2021, at 09:47
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