) or center-left politics
), also referred to as moderate-left politics
, are political views that lean to the left-wing
on the left–right political spectrum
, but closer to the centre
than other left-wing politics. Those on the centre-left believe in working within the established systems to improve social justice
The centre-left promotes a degree of social equality that it believes is achievable through promoting equal opportunity
The centre-left emphasizes that the achievement of equality requires personal responsibility in areas in control by the individual person through their abilities and talents as well as social responsibility in areas outside control by the person in their abilities or talents.
The centre-left opposes a wide gap between the rich and the poor and supports moderate measures to reduce the economic gap, such as a progressive income tax
, laws prohibiting child labour
, minimum wage
laws, laws regulating working conditions, limits on working hours and laws to ensure the workers' right to organize.
The centre-left typically claims that complete equality of outcome
is not possible, but instead that equal opportunity improves a degree of equality of outcome in society.
Throughout the world, centre-left groups generally support:
The term may be used to imply positions on the environment
, religion, public morality, etc., but these are usually not the defining characteristics, since centre-right parties may sometimes take similar positions on these issues.
A centre-left party may or may not be more concerned with reducing industrial emissions than a centre-right party
if not explicitly adhering to a green ideology.
In France, during the Second Republic
and the Second Empire
the centre-left was not strong or organised, but became commonly associated with the moderate republicans
' group in Parliament. Finally, in 1871 the Second Empire fell as consequence of the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War
and Adolphe Thiers re-established the centre-left after the foundation of the Third Republic
. This time the centre-left was constituted of moderate republicans, then called "Opportunists
", anti-royalist liberals
and radicals from the Republican Union
. During the Third Republic, the centre-left was led by political and intellectual figures like Jules Dufaure
, Édouard René de Laboulaye
, Charles de Rémusat
, Léon Say
, William Waddington
, Jean Casimir-Perier
, Edmond Henri Adolphe Schérer
and Georges Picot
Despite the rise of centre-left politics in continental Europe, Britain and its colonies, along with the United States, only saw the rise of the centre-left in the late 19th century to the early 20th century. The prevalence of the position occurred mainly due to the rise of socialism
caused Liberals to move away from laissez-faire
policies to more interventionist
policies, which created the New Liberal
List of major centre-left parties in the anglosphere
Current major centre-left parties within the anglosphere
include the following:
- Australia – Labor Party
- Bahamas, The – Progressive Liberal Party
- Bangladesh – Awami League
- Barbados – Labour Party, Democratic Labour Party
- Belize – People's United Party
- Botswana – Umbrella for Democratic Change
- Canada – New Democratic Party, Bloc Québécois, Liberal Party, Green Party
- Ghana – National Democratic Congress
- India – Indian National Congress
- Ireland – Sinn Féin, Labour Party, Green Party, Social Democrats
- Jamaica – People's National Party
- Kenya – National Super Alliance
- Malaysia – People's Justice Party, Democratic Action Party, National Trust Party
- Mauritius – Militant Socialist Movement, Labour Party
- New Zealand – Labour Party
- Nigeria – All Progressives Congress
- Pakistan – Pakistan Peoples Party
- Philippines - Liberal Party
- Seychelles – United Seychelles
- Singapore – Workers' Party
- South Africa – African National Congress
- Sri Lanka – Sri Lanka People's Freedom Alliance, Tamil National Alliance
- Trinidad and Tobago – People's National Movement, United National Congress
- United Kingdom – Labour Party, Liberal Democrats
- United States – Democratic Party (see factions)
- Zambia – Patriotic Front
- Zimbabwe – Movement for Democratic Change
- ^ Oliver H. Woshinsky. Explaining Politics: Culture, Institutions, and Political Behavior. New York: Routledge, 2008, pp. 146.
- ^ a b c Oliver H. Woshinsky. Explaining Politics: Culture, Institutions, and Political Behavior. New York: Routledge, 2008, pp. 143.
- ^ Chris Armstrong. Rethinking Equality: The Challenge of Equal Citizenship. Manchester University Press, 2006, p. 89.
- ^ John W. Cioffi and Martin Höpner (21 April 2006). "Interests, Preferences, and Center-Left Party Politics in Corporate Governance Reform"(PDF). Council for European Studies at Columbia University. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
- ^ Manfred Ertel, Hans-Jürgen Schlamp and Stefan Simons (24 September 2009). "The Credibility Trap – Europe's Center-Left Parties Stuck in a Dead End". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
- ^ John Lloyd (2 October 2009). "Europe's centre-left suffers in the squeezed middle". Financial Times. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
- ^ "Spotlight on pollution and the environment". Workers Power. 8 May 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
- ^ Tierra Curry (6 November 2009). "Dirty Coal Czar Confirmed by Senate". Center for Biological Diversity. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
- ^ Paul W. Schroeder (1996). The Transformation of European Politics, 1763-1848. Claredon. p. 742. ISBN 9780198206545.
- ^ Michael Drolet (11 August 2003). Tocqueville, Democracy and Social Reform. Springer. p. 14. ISBN 9780230509641.
- ^ Alice Primi; Sophie Kerignard; Véronique Fau-Vincenti (2004). 100 fiches d'histoire du XIXe siècle. Bréal.
- ^ Unknown (1993). Léon Say et le centre gauche: 1871-1896 : la grande bourgeoisie libérale dans les débuts de la Troisième République. p. 196.
- ^ Serge Berstein; Pierre Milza (1992). Histoire de l'Europe contemporaine: le XIXe siècle (1815-1919). Hatier.
Last edited on 8 June 2021, at 03:20
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