TANU and its successor CCM have ruled Tanzania uninterruptedly since independence. The party has been described as authoritarian
Since the creation of a multi-party system, CCM has won the past six general elections in 1995
. Jakaya Kikwete
, its presidential candidate in 2005, won by a landslide
, receiving more than 80% of the popular vote. In the 2010 election, it won 186 of the 239 constituencies
, continuing to hold an outright majority in the National Assembly
TANU/CCM has dominated the politics of Tanzania
since the independence of Tanganyika in 1961. Due to the merger with the ASP, from 1977 it has also been the ruling party in Zanzibar, though there its grip on power has been more contested by the Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo
From its formation until 1992, it was the only legally permitted party in the country. Every five years, its national chairman was automatically elected to a five-year term as president; he was confirmed in office via a referendum. At the same time, voters were presented with two CCM candidates for the National Assembly
or Bunge. This changed on July 1, 1992, when amendments to the Constitution and a number of laws permitting and regulating the formation and operations of more than one political party were enacted by the National Assembly.
- Increased productivity which would boost the country's revenue
- Increased employment and improved management
- Acquisition of new and modern technology
- Increased and expanded local and international markets for our products, and;
- Improved and strengthened private sector serving as the engine of the national economy while the government sharpens its focus on provision of social services, infrastructure, security and governance of the state.
Similarly, the CCM's major foreign policy focus is economic diplomacy within the international system, and peaceful coexistence with neighbors.
The CCM has a leading role in society.
The party has won all presidential elections
at both the national level and in Zanzibar at the autonomous level under the multi-party system: 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. It also dominates the legislature.
On 31 October 2010, Jakaya Kikwete was reelected president with 62.8% of the vote, while CCM obtained 186 out of the 239 directly elected seats.
On 30 October 2015 John Magufuli
of CCM won the election with 58.46% of the vote.
Top place for a chairman remains vacant following the death of former chairman John Magufuli who was elected as a Party Chairman on July 23, 2016 and took over for Jakaya Kikwete, who had been serving since November 2012.
- Chairman: Samia Suluhu Hassan
John Pombe Magufuli, the National Chairman and the president of United Republic of Tanzania until his death in 2021
- Vice Chairman Zanzibar: Ali Mohamed Shein
- Vice Chairman Mainland: Philip Mangula
- Secretary General: Daniel Chongolo
- Deputy Secretary General Zanzibar: Dr Abdalla Juma
- Deputy Secretary General Mainland: Catherine Mndeme
- Secretary for Organisation: Perreira Ame Silima
Abdulrahaman Kinana, former Secretary General for the Chama Cha Mapinduzi
- Secretary for Party Ideology and Publicity: Shaka Hamdu Shaka
- Secretary for Party Affairs and International Relations: Rtd Colonel Ngemela Lubinga
- Secretary for Economic Affairs and Finance: Dr Frank George Haule Hawassi
CCM Headquarters in the capital, Dodoma
A mural of the party's candidates in the southern Tanzanian town of Lindi
National Vice Chairman (Mainland)
National Vice Chairman (Zanzibar)
- ^ "Kikwete deplores divisive politics". Daily News (Tanzania). 4 February 2013. Archived from the original on 7 February 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- ^ "How Tanzania Got To This Point". Vice News. 2 November 2020.
- ^ "In 2018, authorities in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’s largest city, announced the creation of an anti-gay surveillance team with Magufuli’s support. Early in his tenure, as part of his campaign against “immoral behaviors,” Magufuli championed the decades-old rule that permanently expels school girls who get pregnant."
- ^ O'Gorman, Melanie (26 April 2012). "Why the CCM won't lose: the roots of single-party dominance in Tanzania". Journal of Contemporary African Studies. 30 (2): 313–333. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.410.9369. doi:10.1080/02589001.2012.669566. S2CID 17134713.
- ^ Manson, Katrina (30 September 2013). "Three issues loom over Tanzania's political scene". Financial Times. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
- ^ Cheeseman, Nic; Matfess, Hilary; Amani, Alitalali (2021). "Tanzania: The Roots of Repression". Journal of Democracy. 32 (2): 77–89. doi:10.1353/jod.2021.0020. ISSN 1086-3214.
- ^ Dagne, Ted (31 August 2011). "Tanzania: Background and Current Conditions" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- ^ O'Gorman, Melanie (2012). "Why the CCM won't lose: The roots of single-party dominance in Tanzania". Journal of Contemporary African Studies. 30 (2): 313–333. doi:10.1080/02589001.2012.669566. S2CID 17134713.
- ^ "Decisions of the Council" (PDF). Socialist International. February 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
Last edited on 21 August 2021, at 19:06
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