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Chang'an Avenue
Chang'an Avenue (simplified Chinese: 长安街; traditional Chinese: 長安街; pinyin: Cháng'ān Jiē), literally "Eternal Peace Street", is a major thoroughfare in Beijing, China.Chang'an is also the old name for Xi'an which was the capital of China during the Western Han dynasty, the Tang dynasty and other periods. The Avenue has also been referred to as the Shili Changjie (simplified Chinese: 十里长街; traditional Chinese: 十里長街; pinyin: Shílǐ Chǎngjiē), meaning the Ten Li Long street, China's No. 1 Avenue and No. 1 Avenue of the Divine Land.[1][2] Chang'an Avenue is a synonym for Beijing and China politics because its political importance.[3]
Chang'an Avenue and Cultural Palace of Nationalities
Chang'an Avenue
Morning traffic around Chang'an Avenue
Chang'an Avenue hosts military parades. Here are armoured fighting vehicles leaving Tian'anmen Square during the 1999 National Day parade.
Chang'an Avenue starts from Dong Dan in the east and ends at Xi Dan in the west. Tiananmen and Tiananmen Square are located at the north and south of the center of the Avenue, respectively. The Avenue consists of two parts, West Chang'an Avenue and East Chang'an Avenue. The extension line extends east-west with Tiananmen Square as the center, extends westward to Shougang area, Yongding River and Western Hills, and extends eastward to Beijing City Sub-center, Grand Canal and Chaobai River.[4] The core area of Chang'an Avenue and its extension is between Guomao Bridge of East Third Ring Road and Xinxing Bridge of West Third Ring Road (including Tiananmen area).[4]
History
The East and West Chang'an Streets were built as part of the Imperial City of Beijing. East Chang'an Street originally ran from the Left Chang'an Gate (on the east side of the square before Tian'anmen gate) to the Dongdan gate, and West Chang'an Street originally ran from the Right Chang'an Gate (on the west side of the same square) to the Xidan gate. The north side of the square, between the two Chang'an Gates, became a road after 1912 and was named "Zhongshan Road", after Sun Yat-sen. In 1940, the Inner City wall was breached at Jianguomen and Fuxingmen respectively, due east and west of the ends of the East and West Chang'an Street. Streets extending from the ends of the two Chang'an Streets were widened to become Jianguomen Inner and Outer Streets and Fuxingmen Inner and Outer Streets. The two Chang'an Streets thus became part of a major thoroughfare into and out of the Inner City, now considered the "extended" Chang'an Avenue. The two Chang'an Gates were demolished in 1952 to expand Tiananmen Square, after which the two Chang'an Streets and Zhongshan Road were joined together and became known as "Chang'an Avenue".
In 2009 the road was widened to 10 lanes, as part of the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.[5]
Significance
Chang'an Avenue is the road directly before Tian'anmen gate and to the north of Tian'anmen Square. Because of its location, Chang'an Avenue has been associated with a number of important events in Chinese history, such as the Tian'anmen Square protests of 1989 (including the famous confrontation of the Tank Man), the May 4th Movement and the funeral procession of Zhou Enlai. During important celebrations in the People's Republic of China, military parades are conducted on Chang'an Avenue, with the procession travelling from East to West along the avenue, passing before Tiananmen gate. For this reason, the avenue is surfaced with reinforced concrete, to prevent tanks and other heavy vehicle from damaging the surface.
Located along Chang'an Avenue and near Tian'anmen Square are the Great Hall of the People, Zhongnanhai, and central government buildings. The National Museum of China, National Centre for the Performing Arts, Wangfujing, Beijing Concert Hall and the headquarters of the central bank of China, the People's Bank of China, and the Cultural Palace of Nationalities are also on Chang'an Avenue. Both the Beijing railway station and Beijing west railway station are located near Chang'an Avenue. Line 1 of the Beijing Subway runs under Chang'an Avenue.[6]
Because of its sensitive location, special regulations apply to Chang'an Avenue. For example, trucks and freight vehicles are banned day and night,[7] and no commercial advertising is allowed on the street.[8]
Sections
Note: This article considers Chang'an Avenue as the major through road from the W. 5th Ring Road through to the E. 5th Ring Road, which defines larger urban Beijing.
See also
History of Beijing
References
  1. ^ 王天淇 (2020-11-07). "长安街沿线环境景观新规施行 建筑应保持原有色调风格"​. 北京日报. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  2. ^ 张芽芽 (2008-08-04). ""神州第一街":长安街" (in Chinese). 新华网. Retrieved April 27, 2009.
  3. ^ 胡佳恒、郑东阳 (2009-1). "中国第一政治地标"大修"" (in Chinese). 凤凰周刊.
  4. ^ a b 北京市人民政府办公厅 (2020-09-05). 北京市长安街及其延长线市容环境景观管理规定 (in Chinese). 北京市 – via Wikisource.
  5. ^ Beijing completes face-lift of main avenue for National Day. Xinhua. August 25, 2009.
  6. ^ Welch, Patricia Bjaaland (2008). Chinese art: a guide to motifs and visual imagery. Tuttle Publishing. p. 270.
  7. ^ The Current Major Traffic Management Measures of Urban Roads Archived July 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Beijing Traffic Management Bureau. May 15, 2009.
  8. ^ Beijing Bans Commercial Ads on Tian'anmen Square, Chang'an Avenue. Xinhua. March 27, 2006
External links
Media related to Chang'an Avenue at Wikimedia Commons
Last edited on 18 April 2021, at 15:48
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