in China targets mainly diplomats, foreign expats, tourists as well as locals wishing to improve their English.
The China edition also offers program guides to Radio Beijing
and television, daily exchange rates, and local entertainment schedules.
It has been used as a guide to Chinese government
policy and positions of the Chinese Communist Party
Scholar Falk Hartig describes the newspaper and its various international editions as an "instrument of China's public diplomacy
's editorial policies have been described as slightly more liberal
than other Chinese news outlets.
Its coverage of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests
The newspaper's coverage of the 2002–2004 SARS outbreak
was reported to be more critical, fact-driven, and less laudatory than that of the People's Daily
A 2018 discourse analysis
from Uppsala University
found that prior to Xi Jinping
's accession, many China Daily
articles portrayed their government as a particular kind of democracy, with democratic ideals such as the implementation of universal suffrage (in Hong Kong) and grassroots elections sometimes endorsed. After his accession, articles became more negative in tone toward democracy and shifted focus to portraying the "vices" of democracies in the West, particularly the United States.
Scholars have described China Daily
as effectively controlled by the Propaganda Department of the Chinese Communist Party.
Ideologically, it tends to adopt similar perspectives to the People's Daily
According to its 2014 annual report, China Daily
is formally managed by the State Council Information Office
(SCIO), which was formed from the Propaganda Department in 1991.
The SCIO holds regular meetings with journalists and editors from China Daily
on what they should publish.
A former copy-editor
(or "polisher" as termed at China Daily
) for the newspaper described her role being "to tweak propaganda enough that it read as English, without inadvertently triggering war."
was officially established in June 1981 after a one-month trial.
It was initially led by Jiang Muyue, with Liu Zhunqi as editor in chief.
It was the first national daily English-language newspaper in China after the establishment of the People's Republic in 1949. Its initial circulation was 22,000, which grew to 65,000 by the following year.
By July 1982 the newspaper had plans to publish editions in the United States, the United Kingdom, and tentatively Australia.
Initially, it struggled to find English-speaking journalists.
The paper was a departure from other Chinese newspapers at the time: it was "a Western-style paper", in content, style, and organizational structure.
It began distribution in North America in 1983. It introduced an online edition in 1996 and a Hong Kong edition in 1997. By 2006, it had a reported circulation of 300,000, of which two thirds were in China and one third international. China Daily
registered as a foreign agent
in the United States in 1983.
In 2015, China Daily
published a fake op-ed which they claimed was penned by Peter Hessler
. They combined part of the transcript of an interview he had done with comments from another person interviewed as well as completely fabricated parts and ran it as an op-ed under Hessler’s byline without his knowledge or permission.
The fabricated op-ed contained made up praise for China and misrepresented Hessler’s own words by taking them out of context.
The editorial repeated Chinese Communist Party talking points and China Daily
refused to retract it although it subsequently removed the English language version of the op-ed.
In 2018, the paper fabricated a quote by the mayor of Davos
, Tarzisius Caviezel.
In December 2012, China Daily
launched an Africa edition, published in Nairobi
, the capital of Kenya
This edition is a way to expand the China Daily
readership and boost China's interests in Africa, especially in mining and immigration policies, and prestige.
In addition, the African edition is aimed at both African people and Chinese people who live in Africa.
China Asia Weekly
China Daily Asia Weekly
is a tabloid
-sized pan-Asian edition of the China Daily
. The newspaper launched on 9 December 2010 in Hong Kong.
China Daily Asia Weekly
was initially distributed in Indonesia
, and Japan
. Later, it was expanded to include Australia
, Republic of Korea
, United Arab Emirates
, and Vietnam
China Daily European Weekly
China Daily European Weekly
was launched in December 2010 and is published from London. In 2011, it won the Launch Paper of the Year award presented by the UK's Association of Circulation Executives (ACE); and the International Media Award sponsored by the Plain English Campaign
.[better source needed]
A 2014 audit found that 94% of China Daily European Weekly
copies were being given away.
In 2014, it won the International Newspaper of the Year at the Newspaper Awards.[better source needed]
Hong Kong edition
In 2009, China Daily
was called "the most influential English language national newspaper in China" according to University of St. Thomas
scholar Juan Li.
It is known for original reporting.
In 1982, John Lawrence wrote in The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs
that China Daily
is "essential reading for China watchers". He said that "bias shows through in the selective reporting of events in some countries", but that the paper's coverage of other international news is more evenhanded. Domestic news, he said, was given "wide coverage", but "sometimes in an uncritical way".
In a 2004 journal article, University of Sheffield
professor Lily Chen stated that China Daily
was "essentially a publicly funded government mouthpiece".
Many international observers see it as an official government outlet, though Judy Polumbaum stated in the Berkshire Encyclopedia of China
(2009) that China Daily
"resists definition as a simple mouthpiece" and has a "distinctive, if quixotic, status".
The New York Times
wrote that China Daily
's supplements published in US newspapers "generally offer an informative, if anodyne, view of world affairs refracted through the lens of the Communist Party."
In May 2020, CNN
, Financial Times
, and other media outlets reported that China Daily
censored references to the origin of the COVID-19 pandemic from an opinion piece authored by European Union
In January 2021, China Daily
inaccurately attributed deaths in Norway to the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine
In April 2021, the European External Action Service
published a report that cited China Daily
and other state media outlets for "selective highlighting" of potential vaccine side-effects and "disregarding contextual information or ongoing research" to present Western vaccines as unsafe.
Portrayal of Muslims
A 2019 critical discourse analysis
of China Daily
's coverage of Chinese Muslims
found them to be portrayed as "obedient and dependent Chinese citizens who benefit from the government’s intervention."
In January 2021, a China Daily
article praised a report from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
, stating that government policies in Xinjiang
had "emancipated" the minds of Uyghur
women so that they are "no longer baby-making machines."
The article drew condemnation as being a justification for reproductive policies of Uyghur genocide
and sparked calls for Twitter
to remove links to the article.
Twitter removed a reposting of the China Daily
article by the PRC's official U.S. embassy account and subsequently suspended the account for contravening its stated policy against "dehumanization of a group of people."
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International editions of China Daily
Foreign editors at China Daily describe working life on the newspaper
Other China Daily publications
Last edited on 24 May 2021, at 12:21
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