Regions with significant populations
Chinese people first arrived in Nicaragua's Caribbean coast in the latter part of the 19th century and most of them settled in cities such as Bluefields
, El Bluff
, Laguna de Perlas
and Puerto Cabezas
The Chinese immigrants dominated the commerce of the main coastal towns on the Caribbean coast prior to 1879. Then in the late 19th century, they began migrating to the Pacific lowlands of the country.
Many Chinese in Nicaragua committed themselves to the commerce
industry and opened businesses
They also dedicated themselves to the candy
, and clothingindustries
. They dominated the commerce of the main coastal towns on the Caribbean coast prior to 1979.
A California Gold Rush handbill listing Nicaragua as a shortcut
Although information about when the Chinese first arrived in Nicaragua is scarce, Fernando Centeno Chiong, a Nicaraguan historian, journalist and university professor of Chinese descent, published an article in La Prensa
about the presence of the Chinese. Chiong wrote that there are some references that exist stating that the Chinese first arrived in Nicaragua in the mid-19th century,
most notably during the California Gold Rush
, in which people from all over the world traveled to California
, tens of thousands of whom travelled by steamboats
operated by the Accessory Transit Company
, whose director was Commodore Cornelius Vanderbilt
The steamboats' course went up the San Juan River
, a site that had been proposed for the Nicaragua Canal
, Chiong wrote:
"...It is possible that between the thousands of passengers who made that passage there were Chinese citizens who remained in Nicaragua, attracted by the natural beauty and the hospitality of a country that continues maintaining those same characteristics to the immigrants of different nationalities that have already made Nicaragua their second mother country."
— Fernando Centeno Chiong
During that time, there were restrictions that prohibited the entrance of Asian citizens in the country,
in spite of which, many of them defied the prohibition and settled in what is thought to have been the first Chinese presence in the Americas
, perhaps before the arrival of these citizens to Peru
Migration to the Pacific Coast
The Chinese had begun heading to the Pacific side of Nicaragua
and therefore started to settle in the cities of Managua
, and Masaya
at the end of the 19th century. The majority of them were men, many of whom converted to Christianity
, and married Nicaraguan women,
introducing the country to last names such as: Lau, Sujo, Chang, Cheng, Siu, Law, Quant, Chow, Chiong, Kuan, Wong, Samqui, Saint and Loyman, all of which represent the descendants
of the first immigrants.
It is approximated that the Taiwanese
are descendants of 15 families.
Also, there are an estimated 7,000 people who speak Chinese
Clubs and associations
Chinese Club and the Chinese Nicaraguan Association
The first club founded for Chinese Nicaraguans, Club Chino
(Chinese Club), was conformed in the South Atlantic region
on Nicaragua's Caribbean coast. It wasn't until the 1940s that the club expanded into the capital city of Managua
, after which the Asociación China Nicaragüense
(Chinese Nicaraguan Association
) was founded and became one of the most active and important associations of Nicaragua, due to the great economic
power that the Chinese represented in the nation.
Chinese Nicaraguan Association after the Sandinista revolution
During the Sandinista revolution
, many Chinese Nicaraguans emigrated
to neighboring countries and the United States, causing the association to be inactive for approximately 10 years. That changed, however, in 1992, after some members approached the Chinese ambassador and expressed to him the importance to celebrate the Republic of China
's Double Tenth Day
Other active clubs/associations include the Club de Jóvenes Chinos de Nicaragua (Club of Chinese Teens of Nicaragua).
Pineda, Baron (October 2001). "The Chinese Creoles of Nicaragua: Identity, Economy, and Revolution in a Caribbean Port City". Journal of Asian American Studies
(3): 209–233. doi
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- ^ www.bvsde.org.ni Archived May 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Los Chinos, ¶-2
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- ^ Greenberg, Amy S. (2005). Manifest manhood and the Antebellum American empire. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-84096-1.
- ^ "Nicaragua: International Religious Freedom Report; Section I. Religious Demography". U.S. State Department. Retrieved 2007-03-26.
- ^ "Embajada de la República de China (Taiwán) en Nicaragua". Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2007-03-26.
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- ^ a b Wong Valle, Michell. "Comunidad China celebra día nacional". La Prensa (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-08-23. Retrieved 2007-08-17.
Last edited on 29 January 2021, at 14:31
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