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Chittagonian language
This article is about the language of Chittagong. For the city, see Chittagong.
Chittagonian, also known by its endonymChatgaya (Chittagonian: চাটগাঁইয়া Chaţgãia) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Chittagong Division in Bangladesh. It is generally considered to be a nonstandard dialect of Bengali because its speakers identify with Bengali culture and Standard Bengali as literary language,[4] but the two are not mutually intelligible.[5][6] It is estimated (2009) that Chittagonian has 13–16 million speakers, principally in Bangladesh.[7]
Chittagonian
চাটগাঁইয়া
চিটাইঙ্গা
Pronunciation[saŋʈgaiyaŋ]
[siʈaiŋga]
Native toBangladesh
RegionChittagong region
EthnicityBengali
Native speakers
13 million (2006)[1]
to 16 million (2007)[2]
Indo-European
Chittagonian
Language codes
ISO 639-3ctg
ctg
Glottologchit1275
Linguasphere73-DEE-aa
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
  Chittagonian Language speaking area
Classification
Chittagonian is a member of the Bengali-Assamese sub-branch of the Eastern group of Indo-Aryan languages, a branch of the wider Indo-European language family. Its sister languages include Sylheti, Rohingya, Chakma, Assamese, and Bengali. It is derived through an Eastern Middle Indo-Aryan from Old Indo-Aryan, and ultimately from Proto-Indo-European​.​[5]
Phonology
Consonants
LabialDental/
Alveolar
RetroflexPalatalVelarGlottal
Stopvoicelesspʈk
aspiratedt̪ʰʈʰ
voicedbɖɡ
breathyd̪ʱɖʱɡʱ
Affricatevoicelessts
aspiratedtɕʰ
voiced
breathydʑʱ
Fricativevoicelessf~ɸsʃxh
voicedzɣ
Nasalmnŋ
Trill/Tapɾ~rɽ
Approximantlaterall
central(w)(j)
Vowels
FrontCentralBack
Highiu
High-mideo
Low-mid(ɛ)ɔ
Lowæa
Writing system
Historically Perso-Arabic script was used for the writing system. The Bengali-Assamese script is the most common script used nowadays, although the Arabic script remains in use.
See also
References
  1. ^ Chittagonian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007
  3. ^ "Chittagonian written with Arabic script, Naskh variant". ScriptSource. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  4. ^ Masica, Colin (1991). The Indo-Aryan Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 25.
  5. ^ a b "Chittagonian A language of Bangladesh". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  6. ^ Masica, Colin (1991). The Indo-Aryan Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 16. "The dialect of Chittagong, in southeast Bangladesh, is different enough to be considered a separate language."
  7. ^ "Summary by language size". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  8. ^ Hai, Muhammad A. (1965). A study of Chittagong dialect. In Anwar S. Dil (ed.), Studies in Pakistani Linguistics. pp. 17–38.
  9. ^ Moniruzzaman, M. (2007). Dialect of Chittagong. In Morshed, A. K. M.; Language and Literature: Dhaka: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
External links
Chittagonian language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chittagonian language.
Wikivoyage has a phrasebook for Chittagonian.
Last edited on 23 April 2021, at 13:57
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