Life and career
Hitchens often referred to Eric simply as 'the commander'. Eric was deployed on HMS Jamaica
, which took part in the sinking of the German battleship Scharnhorst
in the Battle of the North Cape
on 26 December 1943. He paid tribute to his father's contribution to the war: "Sending a Nazi convoy raider to the bottom is a better day's work than any I have ever done." Eric later worked as a bookkeeper for boatbuilders, speedboat-manufacturers, and at a prep school.
Eric's naval career required the family to move from base to base throughout Britain and its dependencies, including to Malta
, where Peter Hitchens was born in Sliema
After attending two independent schools
—Mount House School
, from the age of eight, and the Leys School
—Hitchens was admitted in 1967 to Balliol College, Oxford
, where he read Philosophy, Politics and Economics
and was tutored by Steven Lukes
and Anthony Kenny
. He graduated in 1970 with a third-class degree
In his adolescence, he was "bowled over" by Richard Llewellyn
's How Green Was My Valley
, Arthur Koestler
's Darkness at Noon, Fyodor Dostoyevsky
's Crime and Punishment
, R. H. Tawney
's critique on Religion and the Rise of Capitalism
, and the works of George Orwell
In 1968, he took part in the TV quiz show University Challenge
Hitchens was bisexual
during his younger days, and joked that as he aged, his appearance "declined to the point where only women would go to bed with [him]."
He claimed to have had sexual relations with two male students at Oxford who would later become Tory
ministers during the prime ministership of Margaret Thatcher
, although he would not reveal their names publicly.
Journalistic career in the UK (1971–1981)
Early in his career Hitchens began working as a correspondent for the magazine International Socialism
published by the International Socialists, the forerunners of today's British Socialist Workers Party
. This group was broadly Trotskyist, but differed from more orthodox Trotskyist groups in its refusal to defend communist states as "workers' states
". Their slogan was "Neither Washington nor Moscow but International Socialism".
In 1973 Hitchens went to work for the New Statesman
, where his colleagues included the authors Martin Amis
, whom he had briefly met at Oxford, Julian Barnes
and James Fenton
, with whom he had shared a house in Oxford.
Amis described him at the time as, "handsome, festive [and] gauntly left-wing".
Around that time, the Friday lunches began, which were attended by writers including Clive James
, Ian McEwan
, Kingsley Amis
, Terence Kilmartin
, Robert Conquest
, Al Alvarez
, Peter Porter
, Russell Davies
and Mark Boxer
. At the New Statesman
Hitchens acquired a reputation as a left-winger while working as a war correspondent
from areas of conflict such as Northern Ireland, Libya, and Iraq.
In November 1973, while in Greece, Hitchens reported on the constitutional crisis of the military junta
. It became his first leading article for the New Statesman
In December 1977, Hitchens interviewed Argentine dictator Jorge Rafael Videla
, a conversation he later described as "horrifying".
In 1977, unhappy at the New Statesman
, Hitchens defected to the Daily Express
where he became a foreign correspondent. He returned to the New Statesman
in 1979 where he became foreign editor.
American writings (1981–2011)
He became a media fellow at the Hoover Institution
in September 2008.
, he usually wrote under the news-and-politics column Fighting Words
Hitchens spent part of his early career in journalism as a foreign correspondent in Cyprus
Through his work there he met his first wife Eleni Meleagrou, a Greek Cypriot
, with whom he had two children, Alexander and Sophia. His son, Alexander Meleagrou-Hitchens, born in 1984, has worked as a policy researcher in London. Hitchens continued writing essay-style correspondence pieces from a variety of locales, including Chad
and the Darfur
region of Sudan
In 1991, he received a Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction
Hitchens met Carol Blue in Los Angeles in 1989 and they married in 1991. Hitchens called it love at first sight.
In 1999, Hitchens and Blue, both harsh critics of President Clinton, submitted an affidavit to the trial managers of the Republican Party
in the impeachment of Bill Clinton
. Therein they swore that their then friend Sidney Blumenthal
had described Monica Lewinsky
as a stalker. This allegation contradicted Blumenthal's own sworn deposition in the trial,
and it resulted in a hostile exchange of opinion in the public sphere between Hitchens and Blumenthal. Following the publication of Blumenthal's The Clinton Wars,
Hitchens wrote several pieces in which he accused Blumenthal of manipulating the facts.
The incident ended their friendship and sparked a personal crisis for Hitchens, who was stridently criticised by friends for what they saw as a cynical and ultimately politically futile act.
Before Hitchens's political shift, the American author and polemicist Gore Vidal
was apt to speak of Hitchens as his "dauphin
" or "heir".
In 2010, Hitchens attacked Vidal in a Vanity Fair
piece headlined "Vidal Loco", calling him a "crackpot" for his adoption of 9/11 conspiracy theories
On the back of Hitchens's memoir Hitch-22,
among the praise from notable figures, Vidal's endorsement of Hitchens as his successor is crossed out in red and annotated "NO, C.H." Hitchens's strong advocacy of the war in Iraq gained him a wider readership, and in September 2005 he was named as fifth on the list of the "Top 100 Public Intellectuals
" by Foreign Policy
An online poll ranked the 100 intellectuals, but the magazines noted that the rankings of Hitchens (5), Noam Chomsky
(1), and Abdolkarim Soroush
(15) were partly due to their respective supporters' publicising of the vote. Hitchens later responded to his ranking with a few articles about his status as such.
Hitchens did not leave his position writing for The Nation
until after the 11 September attacks
, stating that he felt the magazine had arrived at a position "that John Ashcroft
is a greater menace than Osama bin Laden
The 11 September attacks "exhilarated" him, bringing into focus "a battle between everything I love and everything I hate" and strengthening his embrace of an interventionist
foreign policy that challenged "fascism with an Islamic face
His numerous editorials in support of the Iraq War
caused some to label him a neoconservative
, although Hitchens insisted he was not "a conservative of any kind", and his friend Ian McEwan
described him as representing the anti-totalitarian
Hitchens recalls in his memoir having been "invited by Bernard-Henri Lévy
to write an essay on political reconsiderations for his magazine La Regle du Jeu
. I gave it the partly ironic title: 'Can One Be a Neoconservative?' Impatient with this, some copy editor put it on the cover as 'How I Became a Neoconservative.' Perhaps this was an instance of the Cartesian principle as opposed to the English empiricist one: It was decided that I evidently was what I apparently only thought." Indeed, in a 2010 BBC interview, he stated that he "still [thought] like a Marxist" and considered himself "a leftist."
In 2007, Hitchens published one of his most controversial articles entitled "Why Women Aren't Funny" in Vanity Fair
. Relying mainly on anecdotal evidence, he argued that there is less societal pressure for women to practice humour and that "women who do it play by men's rules".
Over the following year, Vanity Fair
published several letters that it received, objecting to the tone or premise of the article, as well as a rebuttal by Alessandra Stanley
Amid further criticism, Hitchens reiterated his position in a video and written response.
Hitchens wrote a monthly essay in The Atlantic
and occasionally contributed to other literary journals. One of his books, Unacknowledged Legislation: Writers in the Public Sphere
, collected these works. In Why Orwell Matters
, he defends Orwell's writings against modern critics as relevant today and progressive for his time. In the 2008 book Christopher Hitchens and His Critics: Terror, Iraq, and the Left
, many literary critiques are included of essays and other books of writers, such as David Horowitz
and Edward Said
Hitchens was a visiting professor in the following institutions:
Relationship with his brother
Christopher's only sibling was the journalist and author Peter Hitchens
, who is two years younger. Christopher said in 2005 the main difference between the two is belief in the existence of God.
Peter became a member of the International Socialists
(forerunners of the modern Socialist Workers' Party
) from 1968 to 1975 (beginning at age 17) after Christopher introduced him to them.
The brothers fell out after Peter wrote a 2001 article in The Spectator
which allegedly characterised Christopher as a Stalinist
After the birth of Peter's third child, the brothers were reconciled.
Peter's review of God Is Not Great
led to a public argument between the brothers but no renewed estrangement.
In the review, Peter claimed his brother's book made a number of incorrect assertions.
My own opinion is enough for me, and I claim the right to have it defended against any consensus, any majority, anywhere, anyplace, anytime. And anyone who disagrees with this can pick a number, get in line, and kiss my arse.
In 2009, Hitchens was listed by Forbes
magazine as one of the "25 most influential liberals in the U.S. media".
The same article noted, however, that he would "likely be aghast to find himself on this list", as it reduces his self-styled radicalism to mere liberalism. Hitchens's political perspectives also appear in his wide-ranging writings, which include many dialogues.
He said of Ayn Rand
, "I have always found it quaint, and rather touching, that there is a movement in the US that thinks Americans are not yet selfish enough."
While Hitchens supported Israel's right to exist
, he was critical of the Israeli government
's handling of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
. Having long described himself as a socialist
and a Marxist
, Hitchens began his break from the established political left after what he called the "tepid reaction" of the Western left to the controversy
over The Satanic Verses
, followed by what he saw as the left's embrace of Bill Clinton and the anti-war movement's opposition to NATO intervention in Bosnia and Herzegovina
in the 1990s. He later became a so-called liberal hawk
and supported the War on Terror
, but he had some reservations, such as his characterisation of waterboarding
as torture after voluntarily undergoing the procedure.
In January 2006, he joined four other individuals and four organisations, including the ACLU
, as plaintiffs in a lawsuit, ACLU v. NSA
, challenging Bush's NSA warrantless surveillance
; the lawsuit was filed with the ACLU.
Hitchens was a supporter of the European Union
. In an appearance on C-SPAN in 1993, Hitchens said, "As of 1992, there is now a Euro passport that makes you free to travel within the boundaries of ... member countries, and I've always liked the idea of European unity, and so I held out for a Euro passport. So I travel as a European."
Speaking at the launch of his brother Peter Hitchens
's book, The Abolition of Britain
, at Conway Hall in London, Hitchens denounced the so-called Eurosceptic movement
, describing it as "the British version of fascism". He went on to say, "Scepticism is a title of honour. These people are not sceptical. They're fanatical. They're dogmatic".
Critiques of specific individuals
In response to the comments, writers Nancy Gibbs
and Michael Duffy
published an article in Time
in which, among other things, they refuted Hitchens's suggestion that Graham went into ministry to make money. They argued that during his career Graham "turn[ed] down million-dollar television and Hollywood offers." They also pointed out that having established the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association
in 1950, Graham drew a straight salary, comparable to that of a senior minister, irrespective of the money raised by his meetings.
In 1999, Hitchens wrote a profile of Donald Trump
for The Sunday Herald
. Trump had expressed interest in running in the 2000 U.S. Presidential Election
as a candidate for the Reform Party
. Of Trump, Hitchens said, "Because the man with many monikers in many ways embodies his country and because this election cycle is now so absurd, and so much up for grabs, it is unwise to exclude anything ... The best guess has to be that here's a man who hates to be alone, who needs approval and reinforcement, who talks a better game than he plays, who is crude, hyperactive, emotional and optimistic."
Hitchens had previously written that Trump demonstrated how "nobody is more covetous and greedy than those who have far too much."
Criticism of religion
Hitchens was an antitheist
, and said that a person "could be an atheist
and wish that belief in God were correct", but that "an antitheist, a term I'm trying to get into circulation, is someone who is relieved that there's no evidence for such an assertion."
He often spoke against the Abrahamic religions
. In a 2010 interview at New York Public Library
, Hitchens stated that he was against infant circumcision
. When asked by readers of The Independent
(London) what he considered to be the "axis of evil", Hitchens replied "Christianity, Judaism, Islam – the three leading monotheisms."
In debates, Hitchens often posed what has become known as "Hitchens's Challenge": to name at least one moral action that a person without a faith (e.g., an atheist or antitheist) could not possibly perform, and conversely, to name one immoral action that only a person with a faith could perform or has performed in the past.
In his best-seller God Is Not Great
, Hitchens expanded his criticism to include all religions, including those rarely criticised by Western secularists, such as Buddhism
. Hitchens said that organised religion is "the main source of hatred in the world", calling it "[v]iolent, irrational, intolerant, allied to racism, tribalism, and bigotry, invested in ignorance and hostile to free inquiry, contemptuous of women and coercive toward children: [it] ought to have a great deal on its conscience".
In the same work Hitchens says that humanity therefore needs a renewed Enlightenment
The book received mixed responses, ranging from praise in The New York Times
for his "logical flourishes and conundrums"
to accusations of "intellectual and moral shabbiness" in the Financial Times
. God Is Not Great
was nominated for a National Book Award
on 10 October 2007.
That year, Hitchens began a series of written debates on the question "Is Christianity Good for the World?" with Christian theologian and pastor Douglas Wilson
, published in Christianity Today
This exchange eventually became a book with the same title published in 2008. During their promotional tour of the book, they were accompanied by the producer Darren Doane
's film crew. Thence Doane produced the film Collision: Is Christianity GOOD for the World?,
which was released on 27 October 2009. On 4 April 2009, Hitchens debated William Lane Craig
on the existence of God at Biola University
On 19 October 2009, Intelligence Squared
explored the question "Is the Catholic Church a force for good in the world?". John Onaiyekan
and Ann Widdecombe
argued that it was, while Hitchens joined Stephen Fry
in arguing that it was not. The latter side won the debate according to an audience poll.
On 26 November 2010, Hitchens appeared in Toronto, Ontario, at the Munk Debates
, where he debated religion with former British Prime Minister Tony Blair
, a convert to Roman Catholicism
. Blair argued religion is a force for good, while Hitchens argued against that.
Hitchens also debated Larry Taunton, an evangelical Christian friend of his, on "God or no God," and Larry wrote a book about his friendship with Hitchens.
Throughout these debates, Hitchens became known for his persuasive and enthusiastic rhetoric
in public speaking
. "Wit and eloquence", "verbal barbs and linguistic dexterity" and "self-reference, literary engagement and hyperbole" are all elements of his speeches.
The term "hitch-slap" has been used as an informal term among his supporters for a carefully crafted remark designed to humiliate his opponents.
Hitchens's line "one asks wistfully if there is no provision in the procedures of military justice for them to be taken out and shot," condemning the perpetrators of the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse
, was cited by The Humanist
as an example.
A tribute in Politico
stated that this was a trait Hitchens shared with fellow atheist and intellectual, Gore Vidal
Hitchens was raised nominally Christian and attended Christian boarding schools, but from an early age he declined to participate in communal prayers. Later in life, Hitchens discovered that he was of Jewish descent on his mother's side and that his Jewish ancestors were immigrants from Eastern Europe
Hitchens was married twice, first to Eleni Meleagrou,
a Greek Cypriot
, in 1981; the couple had a son Alexander and a daughter Sophia.
In 1991, Hitchens married his second wife, Carol Blue, an American screenwriter,
in a ceremony held at the apartment of Victor Navasky, editor of The Nation.
They had a daughter together, Antonia.
Hitchens considered reading, writing and public speaking not as a job or career but as "what I am, who I am, [and] what I love."
In November 1973, Hitchens's mother committed suicide in Athens
in a pact with her lover, a defrocked clergyman named Timothy Bryan.
The pair overdosed on sleeping pills in adjoining hotel rooms and Bryan slashed his wrists in the bathtub. Hitchens flew alone to Athens to recover his mother's body, initially under the impression that she had been murdered.
Illness and death
Hitchens in November 2010
In June 2010, Hitchens was on tour in New York promoting his memoirs Hitch-22
when he was taken into emergency care suffering from a severe pericardial effusion
. Soon after, he announced he was postponing his tour to undergo treatment for oesophageal cancer
In a Vanity Fair
piece titled "Topic of Cancer",
he stated that he was undergoing treatment for the cancer. He said that he recognised the long-term prognosis was far from positive and he would be a "very lucky person to live another five years".
A heavy smoker and drinker since his teenage years,
Hitchens acknowledged that these habits were likely to have contributed to his illness.
During his illness, Hitchens was under the care of Francis Collins
and was the subject of Collins's new cancer treatment, which maps out the human genome
and selectively targets damaged DNA
Reactions to death
Former British prime minister Tony Blair and Hitchens at the Munk debate on religion, Toronto, November 2010
Former British prime minister Tony Blair
said, "Christopher Hitchens was a complete one-off, an amazing mixture of writer, journalist, polemicist, a unique character. He was fearless in the pursuit of truth and any cause in which he believed. And there was no belief he held that he did not advocate with passion, commitment, and brilliance. He was an extraordinary, compelling, and colourful human being whom it was a privilege to know."
said of Hitchens, "He was a polymath
, a wit, immensely knowledgeable, and a valiant fighter against all tyrants, including imaginary supernatural ones."
Dawkins later described Hitchens as "probably the best orator I've ever heard", and his death "an enormous loss".
American theoretical physicist
and cosmologistLawrence Krauss
said, "Christopher was a beacon of knowledge and light in a world that constantly threatens to extinguish both. He had the courage to accept the world for just what it is and not what he wanted it to be. That's the highest praise, I believe, one can give to any intellect. He understood that the universe doesn't care about our existence or welfare, and he epitomized the realization that our lives have meaning only to the extent that we give them meaning." Bill Maher
paid tribute to Hitchens on his show Real Time with Bill Maher
, saying, "We lost a hero of mine, a friend, and one of the great talk show guests of all time."Salman Rushdie
and English comedian Stephen Fry
paid tribute at the Christopher Hitchens Vanity Fair Memorial 2012.
Three weeks before Hitchens's death, George Eaton
of the New Statesman
wrote, "He is determined to ensure that he is not remembered simply as a 'lefty who turned right' or as a contrarian and provocateur. Throughout his career, he has retained a commitment to the Enlightenment values of reason, secularism and pluralism. His targets—Mother Teresa, Bill Clinton, Henry Kissinger, God—are chosen not at random, but rather because they have offended one or more of these principles. The tragedy of Hitchens's illness is that it came at a time when he enjoyed a larger audience than ever. The great polemicist is certain to be remembered, but, as he was increasingly aware, perhaps not as he would like." The Chronicle of Higher Education
asked if Hitchens was the last public intellectual.
Former debate opponent George Galloway
remained scathing of Hitchens' politics, but wrote, "His ditties were witty, his parsing precise and, if you like your men drunk, slurred and slobbering, he could be charming no doubt."
In 2015, an annual prize of $50,000 was established in his honour by The Dennis and Victoria Ross Foundation for "an author or journalist whose work reflects a commitment to free expression and inquiry, a range and depth of intellect, and a willingness to pursue the truth without regard to personal or professional consequence".
Film and television appearances
Christopher Hitchens reading his book Hitch-22 (2010)
- 1984 Cyprus. Quartet. Revised editions as Hostage to History: Cyprus from the Ottomans to Kissinger, 1989 (Farrar, Straus & Giroux) and 1997 (Verso) ISBN 1859841899
- 1987 Imperial Spoils: The Curious Case of the Elgin Marbles, Hill and Wang ISBN 0809041898
- 1988 Blaming the Victims: Spurious Scholarship and the Palestinian Question (contributor; co-editor with Edward Said) Verso, ISBN 0-86091-887-4 Reissued, 2001
- 1988 Prepared for the Worst: Selected Essays and Minority Reports Hill and Wang, ISBN 0809078678
- 1990 The Monarchy: A Critique of Britain's Favorite Fetish, Chatto & Windus Ltd ISBN 9781448155354
- 1990 Blood, Class and Nostalgia: Anglo-American Ironies, Farrar Straus & Giroux (T)(June 1990) ISBN 9780374114435
- 1993 "For the Sake of Argument" Verso ISBN 0860914356
- 1995 The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice, Verso
- 1997 The Parthenon Marbles: The Case for Reunification, Verso ISBN 1786631822
- 1999 No One Left to Lie To: The Values of the Worst Family, original hardcover title: "No One Left to Lie To: The Triangulations of William Jefferson Clinton," Verso
- 2000 Unacknowledged Legislation: Writers in the Public Sphere, Verso
- 2001 The Trial of Henry Kissinger. Verso. ISBN 1859843980
- 2001 Letters to a Young Contrarian, Basic Books
- 2002 Why Orwell Matters also Orwell's Victory, Basic Books, ISBN 0-465-03050-5
- 2003 A Long Short War: The Postponed Liberation of Iraq. Plume/Penguin Group, ISBN 0-452-28498-8
- 2004 Love, Poverty, and War: Journeys and Essays, Thunder's Mouth, Nation Books, ISBN 1-56025-580-3
- 2005 Thomas Jefferson: Author of America, Eminent Lives/Atlas Books/HarperCollins Publishers, ISBN 0-06-059896-4
- 2007 "Thomas Paine's Rights of Man: A Biography ", Atlantic Monthly Press, ISBN 0-87113-955-3
- 2007 God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything, Twelve/Hachette Book Group USA/Warner Books, ISBN 0-446-57980-7 / Published in the UK as God is not Great: The Case Against Religion, Atlantic Books, ISBN 978-1-84354-586-6
- 2007 The Portable Atheist: Essential Readings for the Non-Believer, [Editor] Perseus Publishing. ISBN 978-0-306-81608-6
- 2008 Christopher Hitchens and His Critics: Terror, Iraq and the Left (with Simon Cottee and Thomas Cushman), New York University Press, ISBN 0814716873
- 2008 Is Christianity Good for the World? – A Debate (co-author, with Douglas Wilson), Canon Press, ISBN 1-59128-053-2
- 2010 Hitch-22: A Memoir, Twelve, ISBN 978-0-446-54033-9 OCLC 464590644
- 2011 Arguably: Essays by Christopher Hitchens, Twelve. UK edition as Arguably: Selected Prose, Atlantic, ISBN 1-4555-0277-4 / ISBN 978-1-4555-0277-6
- 2012 Mortality, Twelve, ISBN 1-4555-0275-8 / ISBN 978-1-4555-0275-2. UK edition as Mortality, Atlantic Books, ISBN 1-84887-921-0 / ISBN 978-1-84887-921-8
- 2015 And Yet...: Essays, Simon & Schuster, ISBN 978-1476772066
- ^ Woo, Elaine (15 December 2011). "Christopher Hitchens dies at 62; engaging, enraging author and essayist". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- ^ Taylor, James E. "The New Atheists". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.: "In spite of their different approaches and occupations (only Dennett is a professional philosopher), the New Atheists tend to share a general set of assumptions and viewpoints. These positions constitute the background theoretical framework that is known as the New Atheism. The framework has a metaphysical component, an epistemological component, and an ethical component. ... Hitchens includes chapters entitled "The Metaphysical Claims of Religion are False" and "Arguments from Design," but his more journalistic treatment of the cases for and against God's existence amounts primarily to the claim that the God hypothesis is unnecessary since science can now explain what theism was formerly thought to be required to explain, including phenomena such as the appearance of design in the universe."
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. Thomas Paine's Rights of Man: A Biography.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. Thomas Jefferson: Author of America.
- ^ a b c Hitchens, Christopher. The Portable Atheist: Essential Readings for the Nonbeliever.
- ^ a b c Hitchens, Christopher (May 2007). God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything. ISBN 9780446195348.
- ^ Marr, Andrew (24 June 2002). "Christopher Hitchens on George Orwell". BBC. NetCharles.com. Archived from the original on 17 December 2003. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (2008). Christopher Hitchens and his Critics. New York University Press. p. 264. ISBN 978-0814716878.
- ^ a b Hitchens, Christopher. "The Revenge of Karl Marx". The Atlantic.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. "Lenin's Moscow". Marxists Internet Archive. International Socialism.
- ^ a b "Great Lives, Series 10, Leon Trotsky". BBC Radio 4. BBC.
- ^ "Christopher Hitchens: 6 influential books". The Week.
- ^ Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World and Brave New World Revisited. p. vii.
- ^ Buckley, Christopher. "Postscript: Christopher Hitchens, 1949-2011". The New Yorker. Condé Nast.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. "The Permanent Adolescent". The Atlantic.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. And Yet...: Essays.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. "Joyce in Bloom". Vanity Fair. Condé Nast.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. Hitch 22: A Memoir.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. "THE WILDE SIDE". Vanity Fair. Condé Nast.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. "The Cruiser". London Review of Books.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. "Israel Shahak, 1933-2001". The Nation.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (2011). Hitch-22: A Memoir. Twelve. p. 198. ISBN 978-0446540346.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. "A Man of Incessant Labor". Washington Examiner.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. "My Friend Edward". The Guardian.
- ^ Alter, Alexandra (11 May 2010). "A Friendship for the Pages". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- ^ Saad, Gad (17 December 2011). "Christopher Hitchens: The Personification of Intellectual Courage". Psychology Today. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (2005). Letters to a Young Contrarian. Basic Books. pp. 55, 57. ISBN 0-465-03033-5. I am [not a] part of the generalised agnosticism of our culture. I am not even an atheist so much as I am an anti-theist... all religions are versions of the same untruth... the influence of churches, and the effect of religious belief, is positively harmful... cradle-to-grave divine supervision; a permanent surveillance and monitoring... I am [not] privy to the secrets of the universe or its creator... even [the best of the theisms] are complicit in this quiet and irrational authoritarianism.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (20 October 2003). "Mommie Dearest". Slate. Archived from the original on 12 October 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
- ^ McGrattan, Cillian (2016). The Politics of Trauma and Peace-Building: Lessons from Northern Ireland. Abingdon: Routledge. p. 2. ISBN 978-1138775183.
- ^ a b c d Wilby, Peter (16 December 2011). "Christopher Hitchens obituary". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 September 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019. Hitchens was ... a liberal studies professor at the New School in New York and, for a time, visiting professor at Berkeley in California
- ^ a b Hitchens, Christopher (2 June 2010). "The Commander: My Father, Eric Hitchens". Slate.com. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
- ^ a b c d Walsh, John (27 May 2010). "Hitch-22: a memoir by Christopher Hitchens". The Independent. Archived from the original on 30 May 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
- ^ a b c d e Gordon, Meryl (8 May 2007). "The Boy Can't Help It". NYMag.com. Archived from the original on 1 October 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- ^ Tracy, Marc (19 December 2011). "On Christopher Hitchens's Jewishness". Tablet Magazine. Archived from the original on 28 May 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- ^ Barber, Lynn (14 April 2002). "Look who's talking". The Observer. Archived from the original on 31 December 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2005.
- ^ Yglesias, Matthew (20 October 2003). "The Commander: My Father, Eric Hitchens". Slate. Archived from the original on 16 August 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
- ^ "Hitchens, death and the Malta connection". Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- ^ a b c d Barber, Lynn (14 April 2002). "Look who's talking". The Observer. Archived from the original on 10 April 2019. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- ^ "Obituary: Christopher Hitchens". BBC. 16 December 2011. Archived from the original on 27 July 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
- ^ Morrison, Blake (29 May 2010). "I contain multitudes". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- ^ Simon Cottee; Thomas Cushman, eds. (2008). Christopher Hitchens and His Critics : Terror, Iraq, and the Left. New York, London: New York University Press. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-8147-1686-1. OCLC 183392372.
- ^ Robinson, Peter (15 September 2007). "You said you wanted a revolution: 1968 and the Counter-Counterculture (Peter Robinson interview with William Buckley Jr and Christopher Hitchens)". web.archive.org. Hoover Institution. Archived from the original on 15 September 2007. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- ^ a b Aitkenhead, Decca (21 May 2010). "Christopher Hitchens: 'I was right and they were wrong'". Decca Aitkenhead. The Guardian. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (25 April 2005). "Long Live Labor – Why I'm for Tony Blair". Slate. Archived from the original on 31 August 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- ^ Hithens, Christopher (1 January 2005). "Heaven on Earth – Interview with Christopher Hitchens". PBS. Archived from the original on 12 June 2006. Retrieved 1 January 2006.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (1 April 1972). "International Socialism: Christopher Hitchens "Workers' Self Management in Algeria" (1st series)". Encyclopedia of Trotskyism. p. 33. Archived from the original on 16 July 2018. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- ^ a b Farndale, Nigel (2 June 2010). "An audience with Christopher Hitchens". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 25 September 2019. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
- ^ a b c d Eaton, George (2 January 2012). "Christopher Hitchens: the New Statesman years". The New Statesman. Archived from the original on 23 April 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- ^ Martin Amis (2010). Experience. Random House. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-4464-0145-3.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (17 October 2006). "Kissinger Declassified". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on 19 April 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- ^ Navasky, Victor (21 December 2011). "Remembering Hitchens". The Nation. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- ^ Lamb, Brian (17 October 1993). "For the Sake of Argument by Christopher Hitchens". Archived from the original on 17 November 2010. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- ^ a b Southan, Rhys (November 2001). "Free Radical". Reason. Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
- ^ "Christopher Hitchens". The Atlantic. 1 January 2003. Archived from the original on 6 May 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- ^ Raz, Guy (21 June 2006). "Christopher Hitchens, Literary Agent Provocateur". National Public Radio. Archived from the original on 1 January 2012. Retrieved 10 June 2008.
- ^ a b Parker, Ian (16 October 2006). "He Knew He Was Right". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 7 April 2008. Retrieved 10 June 2007.
- ^ "Christopher Hitchens – Contributing Editor". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on 22 December 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- ^ Noah, Timothy (9 January 2002). "Meritocracy's lab rat". Slate. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- ^ a b Hitchens, Christopher (1 September 2010). "Topic of Cancer". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on 17 December 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- ^ Morrow, Julian (Producer) (7 June 2010). Christopher Hitchens: "Hitch-22" (Interview) (Audio-visual recording). Sydney Writer's Festival, Sydney, Australia: ABC. Archived from the original on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 6 August 2016. Julian Morrow: "How do you identify yourself now?" Christopher Hitchens: "Anglo-American. I mean I didn't move to the United States until I was about 30, so it would be silly to say I'd left everything behind." Audience member:"If you had to give up one, which passport would it be? The British or the American?" Christopher Hitchens: "That's a waste of a question." Audience member:<embarrassed groan> Christopher Hitchens:<adamantly>"Anglo-American"
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (18 December 2009). "Christopher Hitchens on Sarah Palin: 'A Disgraceful Opportunist and Moral Coward'". PoliticalArticles.NET. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- ^ "Fighting Words". Slate. Archived from the original on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- ^ Christie, Heather (30 April 2009). "At the ROM: Three New Commandments". She Does The City. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (September 2006). "Childhood's End". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on 12 April 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (7 November 2005). "Realism in Sudan". Slate. Archived from the original on 26 August 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2006.
- ^ "Detailed Biographical Information – Christopher Hitchens". Lannan Foundation. Archived from the original on 14 November 2004. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- ^ Blue, Carol (15 October 2012). "An afterword to the life of Christopher Hitchens – Late Night Live – ABC Radio National (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Radio National. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- ^ a b Marshall, Joshua Micah (9 February 1999). "Salon Newsreal | Stalking Sidney Blumenthal". Salon.com. Archived from the original on 7 January 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (July–August 2003). "Thinking Like an Apparatchik". The Atlantic Monthly. 292 (1): 129–42. Archived from the original on 17 February 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- ^ Werth, Andrew (January–February 2004). "Hitchens on Books". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on 26 June 2009. Retrieved 17 February 2009.
- ^ Banville, John (3 March 2001). "Gore should be so lucky". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 6 January 2009. Retrieved 17 February 2009.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (February 2010). "Vidal Loco". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- ^ Youde, Kate (7 February 2010). "Hitchens attacks Gore Vidal for being a 'crackpot'". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2009.
- ^ "Top 100 Public Intellectuals Results". The Foreign Policy Group. 15 May 2008. Archived from the original on 11 June 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2006.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (24 May 2008). "How to be a public intellectual". Prospect. Archived from the original on 21 February 2019. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (7 October 2009). "The Plight of the Public Intellectual". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
- ^ Chomsky, Noam (15 October 2001). "Reply to Hitchens's Rejoinder". The Nation. Archived from the original on 14 June 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2005.
- ^ Eaton, George (12 July 2010). "Interview: Christopher Hitchens". The New Statesman. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
- ^ Paxman, Jeremy (10 August 2010). "Paxman meets Hitchens". BBC newsnight. Two. Archived from the original on 15 June 2017. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
- ^ "Why Women Aren't Funny". Archived from the original on 22 March 2019. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
- ^ "Who Says Women Aren't Funny?". Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
- ^ "Christopher Hitchens: Why Women Still Aren't Funny | Vanity Fair". 3 March 2008. Archived from the original on 18 January 2019. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (3 March 2008). "Why Women Still Don't Get It". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
- ^ "2007 National Magazine Award Winners Announced". Magazine Publishers of America. 1 May 2007. Archived from the original on 14 January 2009. Retrieved 1 June 2007.
- ^ "National Magazine Awards Winners and Finalists". Magazine Publishers of America. 16 December 2008. Archived from the original on 28 July 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
- ^ "Christopher Hitchens Wins National Magazine Award for Columns About Cancer". Vanity Fair. 10 May 2011. Archived from the original on 5 August 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
- ^ "2011 National Magazine Awards Winners and Finalists". Magazine Publishers of America. 9 May 2011. Archived from the original on 1 July 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- ^ a b "Secular Coalition for America Advisory Board Biography". Secular.org. Archived from the original on 3 November 2011. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
- ^ Weiner, Juli (6 December 2011). "Asteroid Named for Christopher Hitchens". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
- ^ "Authors – Christopher Hitchens". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- ^ "In Depth with Christopher Hitchens". BookTV. 28 August 2007. Event occurs at 1:13:03-1:13:59. C-SPAN. Archived from the original on 5 April 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2016. I don't know where to begin as to say which was the most influential author. I can remember the dystopian writers of Aldous Huxley...Arthur Koestler...[on-screen list as follows] George Eliot, George Orwell, Martin Amis, Ian McEwan, Salmon Rushdie, Colm Tóibín, Karl Marx, Richard Dawkins, P.G. Woodhouse, Evelyn Waugh, Paul Scott (novelist), James Fenton, James Joyce, [and Hitchens mentions] Conor Cruise O'Brien's 'Writers and Politics' I read in 1967 ... I remember thinking very, very distinctly that, I'd like to be able to write like that and on topics of that sort.
- ^ "In Depth with Christopher Hitchens". BookTV. 28 August 2007. Event occurs at 1:36:00–1:37:00. C-SPAN. Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2019. I think there are certain authors of whom one should have all of their books ... George Orwell, most of Marcel Proust, most of James Joyce, not all of P. G. Woodhouse ... Karl Marx, Leon Trotsky, Vladimir Nabokov...Salmon Rushdie, Martin and Kingsley Amis, Ian McEwan
- ^ "In Depth with Christopher Hitchens". BookTV. 28 August 2007. Event occurs at 1:38:54–1:39:12. C-SPAN. Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2019. [On screen] People Who Have Inspired Christopher Hitchens: Richard Llewellyn, Arthur Koestler, Albert Camus, George Orwell, Karl Marx, Oscar Wilde, Wilfred Owen
- ^ a b c "Christopher Hitchens/Biography". The Atlantic. The Atlantic Monthly Group. 2003. Archived from the original on 17 February 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2019. He has also taught as a visiting professor at the University of California, Berkeley; the University of Pittsburgh; and the New School of Social Research
- ^ a b "Christopher Hitchens". Simon & Schuster. Simon & Schuster, Inc. Archived from the original on 22 June 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019. A visiting professor of liberal studies at the New School in New York City, he was also the I.F. Stone professor at the Graduate School of Journalism at the University of California, Berkeley.
- ^ Maccabe, Colin (27 February 2011). "The Next Page / A conversation with Christopher Hitchens: How Pittsburgh Made Me". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 22 June 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019. Hitchens [shown in photo above] in 1997, as a visiting professor in the University of Pittsburgh English Department.
- ^ a b Katz, Ian (31 May 2005). "When Christopher met Peter". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 17 May 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
- ^ Jones, Owen (9 September 2015). "Peter Hitchens got me thinking: do lefties always have to turn right in old age?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 July 2019. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
- ^ "O Brother, Where Art Thou?". The Spectator Archive. Archived from the original on 24 December 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
- ^ Katz, Ian (28 October 2006). "War of Words". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 17 March 2007.
- ^ James Macintyre, The Hitchens brothers: Anatomy of a row Archived 29 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine, The Independent, 11 June 2007. Retrieved 11 June 2007.
- ^ Tryhorn, Chris (22 June 2007). "Boris steals Question Time's Hitchens show". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
- ^ "Hitchens vs Hitchens Debate – On God, War, Politics, and Culture". cfimichigan.org. Archived from the original on 16 May 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- ^ Eric Marrapodi (13 October 2010). "Hitchens brothers debate if civilization can survive without God". CNN. Archived from the original on 15 October 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- ^ "Christopher Hitchens remembered at memorial service in NYC". The Washington Post. 20 April 2012. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- ^ The Immortal Rejoinders of Christopher Hitchens. Vanity Fair (videotape). Vanity Fair. 13 January 2014. 2:40 minutes in. Archived from the original on 19 April 2019. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- ^ "The 25 Most Influential Liberals in the US Media". Forbes. 22 January 2009. Archived from the original on 25 November 2009. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
- ^ Dalrymple, Theodore (June–July 2010). "The Brothers Grim". First Things. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
- ^ DAVID MASCIOTRA (1 March 2015). "Libertarianism is for petulant children: Ayn Rand, Rand Paul and the movement's sad "rebellion"". salon.com. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (1 August 2008). "Believe Me, It's Torture". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on 1 September 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2008.
- ^ "Video: On the Waterboard". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on 9 August 2011.
- ^ Lichtblau, Eric (17 January 2006). "Two Groups Planning to Sue Over Federal Eavesdropping". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 31 May 2016. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (16 January 2006). "Statement – Christopher Hitchens, NSA Lawsuit Client". Aclu.org. Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- ^ Hari, Johann (22 September 2004). "Christopher Hitchens: In enemy territory". The Independent. Archived from the original on 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (13 March 2006). "No Sympathy for Slobo". Slate.com. Archived from the original on 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- ^ "Book Excerpt: Hitchen's 'God is Not Great'". Newsweek.com. 21 August 2007. Archived from the original on 4 July 2019. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- ^ Hitchens – For the Sake of Argument (1993) on YouTube
- ^ Christopher Hitchens 1999 Discussing The Abolition of Britain with Peter Hitchens on YouTube
- ^ Crawley, William. "Will & Testament: "A disgustingly evil man ..."". BBC. Archived from the original on 24 February 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (5 December 1999). "Holding the Trump card". The Sunday Herald. Glasgow.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (July 1992). "Billionaire Populism". The Nation. New York.
- ^ Mayer, Andre (14 May 2007). "Nothing sacred – Journalist and provocateur Christopher Hitchens picks a fight with God". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 16 May 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
- ^ "Christopher Hitchens: You ask the questions". The Independent. London. 6 March 2002. Archived from the original on 30 May 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2008.
- ^ "Hitchens' Challenge". Cyber Atheist. Archived from the original on 16 December 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher. "Hitchens Challenge". Youtube. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (1 March 2007). "Free Speech". Onegoodmove. Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2007.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (May 2007). God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything. New York: Twelve Books. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
- ^ Kinsley, Michael (13 May 2007). "In god, Distrust". The New York Times Book Review. Archived from the original on 4 July 2019. Retrieved 1 June 2007.
- ^ Skapinker, Michael (22 June 2007). "Here's the hitch". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 2 July 2007. Retrieved 30 June 2007.
- ^ Italie, Hillel (14 October 2007). "The Associated Press: Hitchens Among Book Award Finalists". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 1 December 2007.
- ^ Staff. "Honorary Associate: Christopher Hitchens". National Secular Society. Archived from the original on 5 June 2019. Retrieved 28 September 2007.
- ^ "Honorary FFRF Board Announced". Archived from the original on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
- ^ Dawkins, Richard (1 October 2013). "The Four Horsemen DVD". Richard Dawkins Foundation. Archived from the original on 11 June 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
- ^ Video on YouTube. Approximately 112 minutes in, Hitchens contends, "The moment where everything went wrong is the moment when the Jewish hellenists were defeated by the Jewish messiahs, the celebration now benignly known as Hanukkah."
- ^ Christopher Hitchens, "Bah, Hanukkah"Archived 22 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Slate, 3 December 2007: "As a consequence of the successful Maccabean revolt against Hellenism, so it is said, a puddle of olive oil that should have lasted only for one day managed to burn for eight days. Wow! Certain proof, not just of an Almighty, but of an Almighty with a special fondness for fundamentalists."
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (8 May 2007). "Is Christianity Good for the World? Christopher Hitchens and Douglas Wilson debate". Christianity Today. Archived from the original on 12 June 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2007.
- ^ Guthrie, Stan (6 April 2009). "Hitchens vs. Caig: Round Two". Christianity Today. Archived from the original on 27 July 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2009.
- ^ Kirwan-Taylor, Helen (11 December 2009). "For the sake of argument". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- ^ "Fry & Hitch v the Catholic Church". New Humanist. 20 October 2009. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- ^ "Hitchens apparent winner in religion debate". CBC News. 27 November 2010. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- ^ ""An Evangelical Remembers His Friend Christopher Hitchens," Larry in CNN". 21 January 2019.
- ^ "The Faith of Christopher Hitchens: The Restless Soul of the World's Most Notorious Atheist" – via www.christianbook.com.
- ^ Parker, Ian (16 October 2006). "He knew he was right". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- ^ Sanders, Doug (16 December 2011). "Hitchens cleared space for real debate". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- ^ a b Ellis, Iain (21 January 2015). "Antitheism and the art of the "Hitch Slap"". Pop Matters. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- ^ Kopfstein, Janus (18 December 2011). "A Remembered 'Hitchslap' For The Worst Censors of All, Ourselves". Vice. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- ^ Lock, Anthony (29 June 2012). "Prick the Bubbles, Pass the Mantle: Hitchens as Orwell's Successor". The Humanist. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- ^ Lipinski, Jed; McGeveran, Tom (1 August 2012). "Gore Vidal, gentleman bitch". Politico. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (2010). Hitch-22: A Memoir. Twelve. p. 352. ISBN 978-0-446-54033-9.
- ^ "Karaite FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions About Karaism". Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 1 May 2005. In the Tanakh itself, Jewishness is traced primarily patrilineally. Thus, Dorothy Levin would be considered a Patrilineal Jew and a Levit—that is, a Levite woman. But her children would be considered only gentiles of Jewish descent.
- ^ a b Grimes, William (16 December 2011). "Christopher Hitchens, Polemicist Who Slashed All, Freely, Dies at 62". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
- ^ "In Depth with Christopher Hitchens". BookTV. 28 August 2007. Event occurs at 1:36:59–1:37:20. C-SPAN. Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2019. I like to think that I have a life rather than a job or than a career, and it's all to do with reading and writing: the only two things I was ever any good at—and public speaking, which I can also do. that's how I make my living, but it's also what I am, who I am, what I love.
- ^ "Reliable Source – Christopher Hitchens diagnosed with cancer, cuts short his book tour". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
- ^ Goldberg, Jeffrey (6 August 2010). "Hitchens Talks to Goldblog About Cancer and God". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on 16 August 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
- ^ Video: Christopher Hitchens (14 August 1995) appearance on C-SPAN on YouTube
- ^ Cole, Ethan (29 March 2011). "Atheist Hitchens Credits Evangelical Francis Collins for Cancer Hope". The Christian Post. Archived from the original on 29 December 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011. In an interview with U.K. Telegraph Magazine, Hitchens said that Collins, who was formerly the director of the National Center for Human Genome Research and now serves as director of the National Institutes of Health, is partially responsible for developing a new cancer treatment that maps out the patient's entire genetic make-up and targets damaged DNA.
- ^ "Memorial gatherings and the body of Christ(opher)". Daily Hitchens at Blogspot. 24 December 2011. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
- ^ "Mortality review". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
- ^ Hitchens, Christopher (2012). Mortality. ISBN 978-0-7710-3922-5.
- ^ a b Staff (16 December 2011). "Quotes on the death of pundit Christopher Hitchens". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- ^ D'Addario, Daniel (29 September 2013). "Richard Dawkins: I'm not like Christopher Hitchens!". Salon. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
- ^ Krauss, Lawrence (23 December 2011). "Remembering Christopher Hitchens". richarddawkins.net. Archived from the original on 24 April 2012.
- ^ "Transcript of Lawrence Krauss' tribute to Christopher Hitchens". atheistfoundation.org. 2012. Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
- ^ Real Time with Bill Maher Season 10, episode 1
- ^ Flood, Alison (16 December 2011). "Christopher Hitchens: tributes and reactions". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 April 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- ^ "Christopher Hitchens's Memorial: Sean Penn, Martin Amis, Salman Rushdie, and Others Pay Tribute". Vanity Fair. 20 April 2012. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- ^ Staff (16 December 2011). "Tributes paid to journalist Christopher Hitchens". BBC News. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- ^ Pilkington, Ed (20 April 2012). "Christopher Hitchens' wit and warmth remembered as New York pays tribute". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 5 September 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
- ^ Eaton, George (24 November 2011). "Hitch's Rolls-Royce mind is still purring". The New Statesman. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- ^ Jacoby, Russell (18 December 2011). "Christopher Hitchens: The Last Public Intellectual?". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Archived from the original on 29 September 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
- ^ Galloway, George (19 December 2011). "Let's just hope God is merciful, Chris". Daily Record. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
- ^ "About". DVRF – The Dennis & Victoria Ross Foundation. Archived from the original on 28 November 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
- ^ The Opinions Debate, transmitted by Channel 4 on 28 March 1993 (the eve of the 50th birthday of the then Prime Minister John Major)
- ^ "Diana: The Mourning After". 25 January 1998. Archived from the original on 10 February 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2018 – via www.imdb.com.
- ^ "Texas: America Supersized". 8 August 2004. Archived from the original on 12 February 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2018 – via www.imdb.com.
- ^ Cangialosi, Jason. "Interview with 'Holy Hell' Filmmaker Rafael Antonio Ruiz". Yahoo! Inc. Archived from the original on 30 May 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- ^ "Fighting Words". 25 January 2018. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2018 – via www.imdb.com.
- ^ "ABC Lateline interview: Hitchens stares death in the eye – Part 2". Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- ^ "Gore Vidal: The United States of Amnesia". 1 February 2015. Archived from the original on 30 April 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018 – via www.imdb.com.
Wikinews has news related to:
Last edited on 5 May 2021, at 19:11
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.