The Cincinnati Post
was an afternoon daily newspaper published in Cincinnati
, United States. In Northern Kentucky
, it was bundled
inside a local edition called The Kentucky Post
. The Post
was a founding publication and onetime flagship of Scripps-Howard Newspapers, a division of the E. W. Scripps Company
. For much of its history, the Post
was the most widely read paper in the Cincinnati market. Its readership was concentrated on the West Side of Cincinnati, as well as in Northern Kentucky, where it was considered the newspaper of record
began publishing in 1881 and launched its Northern Kentucky edition in 1890. It acquired The Cincinnati Times-Star
in 1958. The Post
ceased publication at the end of 2007, after 30 years in a joint operating agreement
with The Cincinnati Enquirer
The Cincinnati Post
The Kentucky Post
was known throughout its history for investigative journalism
and focus on local coverage,
characteristics common to Scripps papers. As one of the first successful penny presses
outside the East Coast,
was written primarily for blue collar laborers who had no time to read a newspaper in the morning.
Its articles were written to be easily readable.
In its heyday, the paper consistently championed good governance
and labor rights
Though the Post
considered itself politically independent, it historically tended to support progressive politicians relative to the Times-Star
's editorial position became uniformly conservative in the years following its merger with the Times-Star
, according to Stevens (1969).
By the early 1990s, the paper's political stance had become "a grumpily conservative sigh of resentment" according to journalist William Greider
published regular editions on weekday afternoons and a Weekender
edition on Saturday mornings. In keeping with Scripps tradition, the Post
did not publish on Sundays for most of its history.
However, it did publish a Sunday edition from November 30, 1924, to December 18, 1932.
published on schedule from its founding as The Penny Paper
in 1881 until 1967.
From October 30 to November 2, 1967, 300 Newspaper Guild
members struck along with Pressmen and Stereotypers, while Printers were locked out.
The Penny Paper on May 16, 1881.
The Cincinnati Post
began on January 3, 1881, as The Penny Paper
published from a second floor office at Vine and Longworth streets. The publishers, Walter E. Wellman
and his brother Frank,
hoped to emulate the success of the Cleveland Penny Press
By March, they ran out of funds and took an investment from James E. Scripps
and half-brother Edward Willis Scripps
, who ran the Penny Press
They used the funds to purchase a press and move the paper to larger facility on Home Street.
In October, Walter Wellman was framed for blackmail in retaliation for exposés of policy racketeers
and the police.
Wellman fled to Kentucky, where he was unlikely to face extradition, and left the Scripps brothers in charge of operations at "the blackmailing sheet".
The Cincinnati Enquirer
called The Penny Paper
"a fair success" in its first year, estimating the upstart's circulation at about 6,000, fifth in a market served by seven papers in English and five in German.
E. W. Scripps estimated daily circulation at 7,000 in the city and 6,000 in the countryside, before countryside distribution was discontinued to save money.
With an editorial staff that leaned Republican
and included a former minister, The Penny Paper
was seen as "the spokesman and the organ of the religious element of the community", according to Scripps.
When in 1882 the "Boy Preacher" Rev. Thomas Harrison held 13 weeks of camp meetings
in Cincinnati, "the boy preacher and the little Penny [Paper]
were vying with each other and cooperating with each other in the way of saving souls." The paper's circulation quickly quadrupled.
On February 11, 1883,
the paper was given a more distinctive name, The Penny Post
, because "Penny Paper" was "more of a description of the paper than a name". In July, the Scripps family assumed full ownership of the company, with E. W. having a controlling interest.
It was the first paper that he had ever owned.
It became The Evening Post
on October 11, 1883 – though the price would remain at one penny until 1918. On September 2, 1890, it was finally renamed The Cincinnati Post
On September 15, a Kentucky edition debuted with coverage of Covington
, and Ludlow
by a dedicated staff in Covington. One year later, Scripps renamed it The Kentucky Post
and began distributing it as a full-fledged publication wrapped around the Cincinnati paper at no additional charge. The Kentucky Post
soon put its sole rival, The Commonwealth
, out of business.
By the time the local typographical union debuted its own penny paper, the News
, in 1894, the Post
had added such thorough coverage of labor relations that the News
folded within two months.
In 1894, E. W. Scripps and his half-brother, George H. Scripps, organized their various papers into the first modern newspaper chain. In July 1895, it was named the Scripps-McRae League in recognition of Post
general manager Milton A. McRae
, a longtime partner.
By 1903, the Post
boasted of leading all Cincinnati dailies with a sworn daily average circulation of 146,884.
Crusader for reform
The October 23, 1905, issue of the Post
reprinted a speech by War Secretary William Howard Taft
attacking Boss Cox.
From its founding to 1930, the Post
crusaded against bossism
, aligning with the Democratic Party
In 1883, it launched a campaign against Thomas C. Campbell
, a notorious jury fixer. Campbell responded by suing the paper for libel in front of a partially fixed jury. Amid threats from the Cox machine, the Post
hired bodyguards for its editors and managers. Boss Campbell's regime ended with the courthouse riots of 1884
. In 1889, the Post
put the Cincinnati Telegram
, an afternoon competitor once run by Campbell, out of business by secretly financing its unsuccessful move to morning publication.
In 1904 and 1905, the Post
directed its fire against Campbell's protégé, George B. Cox
, exposing graft and lampooning his affiliates with the help of cartoonist Homer Davenport
's afternoon competitor, the Taft
, strongly supported Boss Cox.
In 1904, at President Theodore Roosevelt
's suggestion, the Post
became the first newspaper in the country to endorse William Howard Taft
for president in 1908. Corporate president Milton A. McRae
had long been a supporter of the Cincinnati native, despite the Taft family owning the Times-Star
and generally supporting the Cox machine. McRae secured the help of Times-Star
editor Charles Phelps Taft
in publicizing the editorial. The Post
retracted its endorsement just before the 1908 election
and by 1910 had resumed its attacks on President Taft and the Republican Party.
's frequent reports of collusion would at times decimate advertising revenue. However, the paper always turned a profit because the exposés were immensely popular with readers.
's role in a 1905 Democratic mayoral victory led some advertisers to boycott the paper for up to a decade, and its valuation fell by half.
The paper habitually refused advertisements attacking labor unions, such as those by Postum Cereals
In 1914, the Post
weathered a severe drop in advertising after it exposed a scheme to extend the franchises of the local utilities and sided with striking streetcar
Still, disappointed that the Post
's advertising business always pressured the paper to moderate its investigative reporting, E. W. Scripps founded the Chicago Day Book
in 1911 as an experimental daily paper entirely devoid of advertising. The Day Book
folded in 1917.
In 1924, the Post
was the only Cincinnati daily that endorsed a new municipal charter based on the council–manager
system, nonpartisan elections, and proportional representation
. The enactment of this charter the following year propelled the Charter Committee
to power and led to the demise of political machines in Cincinnati,
ultimately dooming the Cincinnati Subway
that was seen as a product of bossism.
In 1936, the Post
backed the nonpartisan movement as it expanded to the Hamilton County
In 1947, the Post
successfully defended the proportional representation system against a campaign by Charles P. Taft to repeal it.
On October 1, 1935, the Post
's corporate parent, Scripps-Howard Newspapers, entered the radio business by purchasing AM station WFBE 1230. The callsign was changed to WCPO
, for "The Voice of the C
st", and the station switched to a news radio
Initially, the station's main studios were located in David Sinton
while news bulletins originated from a broom closet adjacent to the Post
city room. WCPO-TV
signed on the air on July 26, 1949.
By the late 1940s, sales of The Cincinnati Enquirer
, Cincinnati's remaining morning daily, had increased dramatically, fueled in part by the success of its Sunday morning monopoly; meanwhile, the Post
and especially The Cincinnati Times-Star
faced a declining afternoon market. In 1948 and 1949, lawyers for Scripps-Howard and The Times-Star Company discussed the possibility of jointly publishing a Sunday morning edition called the Times-Post
. The two companies determined that they would be safe from Sherman Act
investigations, which were rare in the newspaper industry; however, they eventually scrapped the idea for fear that the Enquirer
would sue them for any losses. Another factor was the difficulty of establishing a Sunday carrier system.
On April 26, 1956, Scripps-Howard purchased a 36.5% controlling interest in the Enquirer
for $4,059,000, beating out The Times-Star Company's $2,380,051 and Tribune Publishing
's $15 per share, or $2,238,000.
Then, on July 20, 1958, Scripps also acquired the Times-Star
, merging the afternoon paper with the Post
Only three Times-Star
reporters were retained.
The combined paper operated out of the Cincinnati Times-Star Building
, noted for its Art Deco
architecture. The paper would be published under the name The Cincinnati Post and Times-Star
until December 31, 1974, when it reverted to The Cincinnati Post
published from the Times-Star Building from 1958 to 1984. American Financial
, the Enquirer
's corporate parent, purchased the building in 1975.
circulation peaked in 1961. Combined Cincinnati Post
and Kentucky Post
circulation was 275,000,
including nearly 60,000 for the Kentucky edition alone.
In 1968, the Post
had 50,000 more daily subscriptions than the Enquirer
In the 1960s, the Kentucky Post
dominated the newspaper market in 12 Kentucky counties: Bracken
, and Robertson
With the Times-Star
acquisitions, the Scripps family owned all of Cincinnati's dailies, along with WCPO-AM, WCPO-FM
, and WCPO-TV,
which consistently led local television ratings with Al Schottelkotte
's news reports.
The E. W. Scripps Company operated the Enquirer
at arm's length, even omitting the Scripps lighthouse logo from the Enquirer
's nameplate. Nevertheless, the United States Department of Justice
filed an antitrust suit against the company in 1964.
In 1968, Scripps entered into a consent decree
to sell the Enquirer
. It was sold to Carl Lindner, Jr.
's American Financial Corporation
on February 20, 1971.
Joint operating agreement
On September 22, 1977, the Post
signed a joint operating agreement (JOA) with The Cincinnati Enquirer
For two years, the Post
had secretly negotiated the terms of the JOA with the Enquirer
while securing concessions from labor unions. The two papers petitioned the Justice Department for an antitrust exemption under the Newspaper Preservation Act of 1970
. This was the second JOA application under the Newspaper Preservation Act; the first, involving the Anchorage Daily News
and Anchorage Times
, was summarily approved but already seen as a failure.
At Justice Department hearings, the Post
claimed to be the brink of financial failure, with losses over the previous six years totaling $12 million. Scripps-Howard argued that the JOA would preserve a second editorial voice in Cincinnati, a "no-growth market". However, Post
employees and suburban newspaper publishers accused the Post
of producing artificial losses in an attempt to secure expected profits from a JOA.
Scripps-Howard rejected an informal offer by Larry Flynt
to help fund a takeover of the Post
by its employees instead of signing the JOA. Post
coverage of the proceedings was limited to a single Saturday article, in contrast to multiple reports published in the Enquirer
agreement was approved on November 26, 1979,
taking effect after negotiations and legal battles with unions, including with 131 Post
printers who had been guaranteed jobs for life.
As the more financially sound paper, the Enquirer
received an 80% stake in the business and handled all business functions of both papers, including printing, distribution, and selling advertising.
forwent Sunday publishing, a major advantage the Enquirer
had over the Post
. The Post
eliminated 500 of 600 jobs as a result of the agreement.
On April 10, 2000, the Enquirer
downsized from a traditional 125
-inch-wide (313 mm) broadsheet
format to an 115
-inch-wide (300 mm) format similar to Berliner
. They also began publishing in color every day of the week. Gannett promoted the narrower format as being "easier to handle, hold, and read" but also cited reduced newsprint costs.
Decline and closure
In a pattern seen throughout the industry, the Post
declined severely during the 30-year term of the JOA, particularly during the 1980s.
In 1977, when the agreement was announced, the Post
had a daily circulation of 195,000,
more than the Enquirer
but by September 2003, the Post
's daily circulation had fallen to 42,219, or 23% of the Enquirer
By this time, the Post
had shifted its focus to the Kentucky edition, and sister station WCPO-TV more often partnered with the Enquirer
than with the Post
In January 2004, the Enquirer
informed the Post
of its intention to let the JOA expire on December 31, 2007.
That spring, the Post
ended distribution in the northern suburbs in Butler
counties to concentrate on Hamilton County
and its Northern Kentucky edition. Also that year, political cartoonist Jeff Stahler left the Post
for The Columbus Dispatch
. In June 2005, the Post
closed its Kentucky newsroom and announced early retirement offers to employees in advance of its probable closure. These changes resulted in profits of $23.5 million in 2005 and $20.7 million the following year.
In 2006, the Post
ended its 115-year practice of bundling the Cincinnati Post
inside the Kentucky Post
. By then, the Kentucky paper had eclipsed its Cincinnati counterpart in circulation, despite the Enquirer
limiting distribution to certain parts of three Northern Kentucky counties.
By 2007, the paper employed only 52 newsroom staff,
while its circulation had declined to 27,000,
an estimated four percent of local households.
On July 17, parent company E. W. Scripps confirmed that both The Cincinnati Post
and The Kentucky Post
would cease publication on the day of the JOA's expiration.
published its final print edition on December 31, 2007.
The commemorative "Farewell Edition" led with the headline "-30-
", meaning "the end" in newsroom jargon.
About 30 Enquirer
employees assigned to Post
operations lost their jobs.
At a farewell party in the Post
newsroom, a band played for the first time the "Cincinnati Post March",
which was composed by John N. Klohr
and Frank Simon in 1931 for the paper's 50th anniversary.
WCPO-TV replaced the Post
as sponsor of the local qualification rounds of the Scripps National Spelling Bee
came to an end due to a number of factors, including the end of the joint operating agreement, a 75% decrease in readership, and decreasing advertising revenues.
By the paper's closing, its circulation had fallen to about 25,000 on weekdays and 34,000 on Saturdays, versus the Enquirer
's 195,000 on weekdays and Saturdays and 280,000 on Sundays.
However, some Post
employees faulted the Enquirer
for neglecting its partner, citing empty or outdated newsboxes
and uncooperative subscription agents.
A 2009 study attempted to measure the impact of the Post
's closure on the political process in Northern Kentucky, a traditional stronghold for the paper. It concluded that the closure caused an initial short-term decline in political competition and voter turnout, despite the Post
having low circulation in its final years.
On November 1, 1996, the Post
launched its website, @The Post
. Due to a joint operating agreement
with the Enquirer
, it launched concurrently with the Enquirer
's site, Enquirer.com
. A shared website, GoCincinnati!
displayed classified advertising
and offered dial-up Internet access
subscriptions. Local access numbers were available in cities throughout the country through a network of Gannett publications.
Both papers' home pages moved to a more memorable domain, Cincinnati.com
, on November 1, 1998.
The new brand encompassed about 300 local commercial sites and some community organizations.
The day after the Post
's closure, Scripps launched KYPost.com as a Northern Kentucky news website to compete with Enquirer
sister site NKY.com. A dedicated staff embedded in WCPO-TV
's newsroom supplemented content from WCPO.com.
In 2009, the website had two staff members plus interns.
In 2013, KYPost.com began redirecting visitors to WCPO.com.
Archives of Post
articles can be found in online subscription databases. NewsBank
contains Cincinnati Post
and Kentucky Post
articles from 1882 to 2007.
Until its closure, HighBeam Research
contained 313,031 Cincinnati Post
articles from 1996 to 2007.
The city copy desk in 1907
or 1910. O. O. McIntyre is shown seated at 1 o'clock.
Many of the following people started their careers as Post contributors:
Cincinnati Post editors
- Walter E. Wellman (1881)
- Robert B. Ross (1881–1883)
- John H. Ridenour (1883–1886)
- Delos R. Baker (1886–1889)
- L. T. Atwood (1889–1895)
- Charles F. Mosher (1895–1905)
- John Vandercook (1905–1906)
- Harry Brown (1906–1914)
- Victor Morgan (1914–1915)
- Frank W. Rostock (1915–1921)
- Elmer P. Fries (1921–1929)
- Frank W. Rostock (1929–1933)
- Carl Groat (1933–1953)
- Dick Thornburg (1953–1969)
- Walter Friedenberg (1969–1977)
- William R. Burleigh (1977–1983)
- Paul Knue (1983–2001)
- Thomas Consolo (2001–2007)
Kentucky Post editors
- William Purnell Campbell (1891–1904)
- Harry W. Brown (1904–1906)
- Milton J. Bonner (1906–1915)
- Frank Crippen (1915)
- Charles W. Larsh (1916–1918)
- Albert W. Burhman (1918)
- Edward P. Mills (1918–1919)
- Max B. Cook (1919–1921)
- Bruce I. Susong (1921–1931)
- Donald E. Weaver (1931–1936)
- Carl A. Saunders (1936–1962)
- Vance Trimble (1963–1979)
- Paul Knue (1979–1983)
- Judith Clabes (1983–1995)
- Paul Knue (1995–2001)
- Mike Philipps (2001–2007)
Notes and references
- ^ a b c d Rutledge, Mike (December 30, 2007). "A voice is stilled". The Cincinnati Enquirer.
- ^ a b c d Driehaus, Bob (December 31, 2007). "In Cincinnati, a 126-Year-Old Paper Goes to Press for the Last Time". The New York Times. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- ^ a b Paeth, Greg (December 31, 2007). "Loss of a voice: The Post's passing will change the region's media landscape". The Cincinnati Post. E. W. Scripps Company. Archived from the original on January 9, 2009. Retrieved January 11, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
- ^ Chandler, A. B. III; Emerson, Thomas R. (March 24, 1997). "In re: Theodore Steward/City of Walton". Office of the Attorney General of Kentucky. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
- ^ Sewell, Dan (December 31, 2007). "Post newspapers close after 126 years". USA Today. Associated Press.
- ^ a b c d e f g Philipps, Mike (October 29, 2009). "Kentucky Post". The Encyclopedia of Northern Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. pp. 513–515. ISBN 978-0-8131-2565-7 – via Issuu.
- ^ a b c Greider, William (1992). Who Will Tell The People: The Betrayal Of American Democracy. New York City: Simon & Schuster. pp. 291–293. ISBN 0-671-68891-X.
- ^ Crowley, Pat (December 30, 2007). "Post can't be forgotten". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Osborne, Kevin (February 21, 2007). "The Light Dims". Cincinnati CityBeat.
- ^ a b c d Rutledge, Mike (December 30, 2007). "Some little-known facts about the Cincinnati Post". The Cincinnati Enquirer Company. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- ^ "The Cincinnati Post, The Kentucky Post". E. W. Scripps Company. Archived from the original on October 20, 2006.
- ^ Moores, Lew (February 21, 2007). "Cover Story: Why The Post Mattered". Cincinnati CityBeat. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- ^ Collective Bargaining. Thirty-fourth Annual ANG Convention. Ottawa, Ontario: American Newspaper Guild. July 24–28, 1967. p. 12.
- ^ About The penny paper. (Cincinnati Ohio) 1881–1882
- ^ Scripps (1926) and Philipps (2009) give the name of Walter Wellman's brother as Albert, but most sources, including Stevens (1969), give his name as Frank E. Wellman.
- ^ "Penny Paper: It Falls a Victim to the Cunning of Detectives, And Its Editors Arrested on the Charge of Black-Mail". The Cincinnati Enquirer. 39 (281). October 8, 1881. p. 4. ProQuest 888480104.
- ^ "A Word About the Enquirer". The Cincinnati Enquirer. 39 (293). October 20, 1881. p. 4. ProQuest 888489269.
- ^ a b Winternitz, Felix; Bellman, Sacha DeVroomen (November 18, 2008). Insiders' Guide to Cincinnati (7th ed.). Globe Pequot Press. p. 381. ISBN 978-0-7627-4180-9. ISSN 1527-1188. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- ^ a b Scripps 1926, pp. 177–178.
- ^ "The Revival in Cincinnati: The Results of the Religious Awakening Started by the 'Boy Preacher'". The New York Times. April 18, 1882.
- ^ Stevens 1969, pp. 211–212.
- ^ McRae 1924, pp. 64–65.
- ^ a b Baldasty 1999, pp. 83–84.
- ^ Haarmayer, H. O. (August 5, 1903). "In Cincinnati". Printers' Ink. 45: 34 – via Google Books.
- ^ a b c McRae 1924, pp. 41–45.
- ^ McRae 1924, pp. 72–73.
- ^ Miller, Zane L. (2000). Boss Cox's Cincinnati: Urban Politics in the Progressive Era. Ohio State University Press. pp. 183–187. ISBN 9780814208618 – via Google Books.
- ^ Stevens 1969, pp. 213–215.
- ^ McRae 1924, pp. 53–57.
- ^ a b Stoltzfus, Duane C. S. (2007). Freedom from Advertising: E.W. Scripps's Chicago Experiment. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. pp. 1–5. ISBN 978-0-252-03115-1 – via Google Books.
- ^ a b Stevens 1969, pp. 215–216.
- ^ Russell, Charles Edward (May 1914). "How Business Controls News". Pearson's Magazine. 31 (6): 552–554 – via Google Books.
- ^ Hawkins, Andrew J. (August 10, 2016). "Train to Nowhere". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved May 20, 2018.
- ^ "Cincinnati to Vote on PR; Issue on Keeping Voting System Overshadows Council Race". The New York Times. November 2, 1947. p. 4.
- ^ Federal Writers' Project, ed. (1938). They Built A City: 150 Years of Industrial Cincinnati. The Cincinnati Post. p. 354.
- ^ Martini, Michael A. (2011). Cincinnati Radio. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-7385-8864-3.
- ^ Wood, Mary (July 1990). "Mort's Machine". Cincinnati. CM Media. 23 (10): 33 – via Google Books.
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- ^ Taft 1960, pp. 261–263.
- ^ "36% of Cincinnati Enquirer Stock Sold to Affiliate of Scripps Chain; Chicago Investment House Accepts Its Offer of $4,059,000 for Debentures—Two Other Papers Also Bid". The New York Times. Associated Press. April 27, 1956.
- ^ Taft 1960, pp. 270–274.
- ^ "The Press: Death of the Times-Star". Time. August 4, 1958. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- ^ "Cincinnati Times-Star Is Sold And Merged With Scripps' Post". The New York Times. Associated Press. July 21, 1958.
- ^ a b Andrew, Karen (January 16, 2003). "Obituary: Reds writer Earl Lawson, 79". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- ^ a b Suess, Jeff (January 13, 2013). "Did you know? Times-Star Building is news icon". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Dillehay, Whayne (October 1978). "How To Succeed In Newspapering Without Really Trying". Cincinnati. Greater Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce. 12 (1): 77–81, 123–127.
- ^ Murtha, Lisa (November 8, 2014). "Scripps: Once, They Bought Ink by the Barrel". Cincinnati. Emmis Communications. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- ^ Horstman, Barry M. (March 22, 1999). "Al Schottelkotte: He set the pace for TV news". The Cincinnati Post. Archived from the original on March 11, 2007.
- ^ "Newspapers: Separation in Cincinnati". Time. October 11, 1968. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- ^ Clark, Paul (December 28, 2007). "Post won PM market before decline". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- ^ "Scripps O.K.'s Sale of Enquirer Control". Chicago Tribune. 124 (31). United Press International. February 20, 1971. p. 2:7.
- ^ a b c Peale, Cliff (January 17, 2004). "Post pact will expire". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- ^ Barnett, Stephen Roger (December 14, 1978). Local Monopoly in the Newspaper Industry: Some Skepticism About Its Economic Inevitability and Governmental Embrace. Symposium on Media Concentration. Washington, D.C.: Federal Trade Commission (published 1979). p. 513 – via HathiTrust.
- ^ "Joint Operation Backed For 2 Cincinnati Papers". The New York Times. Associated Press. November 27, 1979.
- ^ a b c d Driehaus, Bob (February 21, 2007). "Cover Story: The Deal That Changed Everything". Cincinnati CityBeat. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- ^ "News for the New Century". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- ^ Bushee, Ward (April 9, 2000). "Enquirer launches new look". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- ^ "Cincinnati's newspapers" (Adobe Flash). The Cincinnati Enquirer. December 12, 2007. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- ^ Strupp, Joe (January 1, 2005). "Will Cincy Paper Find New Kentucky home?". Editor & Publisher. Duncan McIntosh Company. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- ^ "Newspaper JOA in Cincinnati will not be renewed after 2007" (Press release). E. W. Scripps Company. January 16, 2004. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011.
- ^ a b Schulhofer-Wohl, Sam; Garrido, Miguel (2009). "Do newspapers matter? Evidence from the closure of The Cincinnati Post". Discussion Papers in Economics. Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (236). hdl:10419/59031.
- ^ "Cincinnati Post ceases publication; Ky. Web news site to launch". Cincinnati Business Courier. American City Business Journals. December 31, 2007. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- ^ "Local Post newspapers to fold at end of year". Cincinnati Business Courier. American City Business Journals. July 17, 2007. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- ^ a b Coolidge, Sharon (January 1, 2008). "For Post, one final edition". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- ^ "Enquirer workers to lose jobs in Post closing". Cincinnati Business Courier. American City Business Journals. October 23, 2007. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- ^ Osborne, William (2004). Music in Ohio. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press. pp. 462, 621. ISBN 0-87338-775-9 – via Google Books.
- ^ "WCPO to sponsor local Scripps bee". Cincinnati Business Courier. American City Business Journals. August 16, 2007. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- ^ Brewer, Charles (October 27, 1996). "Most papers tiptoeing onto Internet". The Cincinnati Enquirer.
- ^ "Other U.S. Cities". GoCinci.Net Internet Access. 1997. Archived from the original on June 6, 1997.
- ^ Eckberg, John (November 1, 1998). "GoCincinnati gets a new name". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- ^ "Web site has a new address". The Cincinnati Post. October 31, 1998. Archived from the original on November 23, 2004.
- ^ Malone, Michael (February 22, 2008). "Paper Now a Station Site". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- ^ "Blog draws in readers; boosts KyPost.com's hits" (Press release). Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- ^ kypost.com at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Access World News". NewsBank. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
- ^ "Newspapers" (PDF). Florida A&M University. August 28, 2012. p. 3. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
- ^ "The Cincinnati Post (Cincinnati, OH)". HighBeam Research. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- ^ Clark, Edna Maria (1932). Ohio Art and Artists. Garrett and Massie. p. 292. ISBN 9781404753501.
- ^ Kiesewetter, John (October 2, 2011). "George Clooney tapped Cincinnati roots to make 'Ides of March'". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- ^ "In Schott's Doghouse, He Eats Well". Chicago Tribune. September 20, 1992. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- ^ Edmondson, Robert Edward (1953). I Testify: Amazing memoir-exposure of international secret war-plotting. Bend, Oregon. p. 274. In "Biographical Sketch" (back matter).
- ^ Who's Who in America, 1977–78. News Communications. 1977. p. 1088.
- ^ "Notes on people". Editor & Publisher. Duncan McIntosh Company. 116 (3): 30. 1983.
- ^ Sugie, Miharu (September 25, 2014). "Pulitzer winner counsels students on using media". The Huntington News. Boston, Massachusetts. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- ^ Bird, Rick (December 1, 2004). "WXIX sports anchor quits to write". The Cincinnati Post. Archived from the original on February 13, 2005.
- ^ "Stephanie Jones". United States Department of Transportation. December 10, 2014. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
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