Claude Joséphine Rose
(French: [klod ʒozefin ʁoz kaʁdinal]
; born 15 April 1938) is a Tunisian-born Italian
film actress who starred in some of the most acclaimed European films of the 1960s and 1970s, mainly Italian or French, but also in many English-language films.
Born and raised in La Goulette
, a neighbourhood of Tunis
, Cardinale won the "Most Beautiful Italian Girl in Tunisia" competition in 1957, the prize being a trip to Italy, which quickly led to film contracts, due above all to the involvement of Franco Cristaldi
, who acted as her mentor for a number of years and later married her. After making her debut in a minor role with Omar Sharif
(1958), Cardinale became one of the best-known actresses in Italy with roles in films such as Rocco and His Brothers
(1960), Girl with a Suitcase
(1962), The Leopard
(1963), and Fellini
From 1963, Cardinale became known in the United States and Britain following her role in The Pink Panther
opposite David Niven
. For several years, she appeared in Hollywood films such as Blindfold
(1965), Lost Command
(1966), The Professionals
(1966), Don't Make Waves
(1967) with Tony Curtis, The Hell with Heroes
(1968), and the Sergio Leone
epic Western Once Upon a Time in the West
(1968), a joint US-Italian production, in which she was praised for her role as a former prostitute opposite Jason Robards
, Charles Bronson
, and Henry Fonda
Jaded with the Hollywood film industry and not wanting to become a cliché, Cardinale returned to Italian and French cinema, and garnered the David di Donatello for Best Actress
award for her roles in Il giorno della civetta
(1968) and as a prostitute alongside Alberto Sordi
in A Girl in Australia
(1971). In 1974, Cardinale met director Pasquale Squitieri
, who would become her partner, and she frequently featured in his films, including I guappi
(1978) and Claretta
(1984), the last of which won her the Nastro d'Argento Award for Best Actress
. In 1982, she starred in Werner Herzog
as the love interest of Klaus Kinski
, who raises the funds to buy a steamship in Peru
. In 2010, Cardinale received the Best Actress Award at the 47th Antalya "Golden Orange" International Film Festival
for her performance as an elderly Italian woman who takes in a young Turkish exchange student in Signora Enrica
Outspoken on women's rights
causes over the years, Cardinale has been a UNESCO
goodwill ambassador for the Defense of Women's Rights since March 2000. In February 2011, the Los Angeles Times Magazine
named Cardinale among the 50 most beautiful women in film history.
Claudia Cardinale was born Claude Joséphine Rose Cardinale in La Goulette
, a neighborhood of Tunis
, French protectorate of Tunisia
, on 15 April 1938.
Her mother, Yolande Greco, was born in Tunisia to Sicilian
emigrants from Trapani
Her maternal grandparents had a small shipbuilding firm in Trapani, but later settled in La Goulette, where a large Italian community existed. Her father, Francesco Cardinale, was a railway worker, born in Gela
Her native languages were French, Tunisian Arabic
, and the Sicilian language
of her parents. She did not learn to speak Italian until she had already begun to be cast for Italian films.
Cardinale was educated at the Saint-Joseph-de-l'Apparition school of Carthage
, which she attended along with her younger sister Blanche.
She then studied at the Paul Cambon School, where she graduated with the intention of becoming a teacher.
As a teenager, she was described as "silent, weird, and wild", and like other girls of her generation, was fascinated by Brigitte Bardot
, who came to prominence in the 1956 film And God Created Woman
, directed by Roger Vadim
Cardinale's first film work was participating, along with classmates, in a short film by French director René Vautier
, Anneaux d'or
, successfully presented at the Berlin Film Festival
. The film made her a minor local celebrity,
and led to her being spotted by Jacques Baratier
, who offered her a minor role in Goha
. She accepted it reluctantly after Baratier explained he wanted a Tunisian actress rather than an Italian to star in the main role opposite the Egyptian actor Omar Sharif
. The appearance nonetheless marked her feature-film debut.
The turning point came in 1957 during the Italian Cinema Week in Tunis, when she won a competition for the "Most Beautiful Italian Girl in Tunisia",
with a trip to the Venice Film Festival
as first prize. After being spotted by several film producers at the event, she was invited to study at the Experimental Cinematography Center
in Rome under Tina Lattanzi
. She attended briefly as, despite her extremely photogenic looks, she had trouble with her acting assignments (partly owing to her difficulties with the Italian language).
She left at the end of her first term and decided to return home, earning herself a cover story in the popular weekly Epoca
triggered by her unexpected decision to turn her back on a career as a film star.[b]
Back in Tunis, however, Cardinale discovered unexpectedly that she was pregnant, the result of what she later described as a "terrible" relationship with a Frenchman, some 10 years her senior, which began when she was only 17 and lasted for about a year. On this discovery, he wanted her to have an abortion, but she decided to keep the child.
She solved her problems by signing a seven-year exclusive contract with Franco Cristaldi
's production company Vides.[c]
Cristaldi largely managed her early career, and she was married to him from 1966 until 1975.
Although she worked well into her seventh month, Cardinale's pregnancy was kept a tight secret. Tormented by thoughts of suicide, she fell into a state of depression.
When she thought she could no longer hide her condition, she asked Cristaldi to terminate her contract. Understanding her predicament, he sent her to London for the birth, far away from the press. He simply explained that she had gone to England to learn English for a film.
Cristaldi told Cardinale not to reveal her condition as she would be betraying the public and it would put an end to her career. So as to maintain the secret, he drew up a detailed American-style contract covering every little detail of her life, depriving her of any possibility of acting on her own behalf.
Cardinale explained: "I was no longer master of my own body or thoughts. Even talking with a friend about anything that could make me look different from my public image was risky, as if it had been publicized, I would have been in trouble. Everything was in the hands of Vides".
For seven years, Cardinale kept her secret, not only from the public, but also from her own son, Patrick, who grew up in the family with her parents and sister more or less as a brother
until the day Enzo Biagi
, a journalist, discovered the truth. After Cardinale decided to tell him everything, he published her story in Oggi
In 1960, Cardinale starred opposite Marcello Mastroianni in Mauro Bolognini
's Golden Leopard
-winning drama film Il bell'Antonio
The film marked the start of a fruitful partnership. Cardinale stated that her films with Bolognini were among the most joyful of her career, considering him to be "a great director, a man of rare professional capability, great taste and culture. Beyond that, for me personally, a sensitive and sincere friend."
In Bolognini's films, thanks to her aesthetic femininity, Cardinale took roles of manipulative women who lead men to perdition
. During the filming of Il bell'Antonio
, her co-star Marcello Mastroianni fell in love with her, but she rejected him, as she did not take his love seriously, considering him to be one of those actors who cannot help but fall in love with their co-stars.
Mastroianni insisted that his feelings were genuine, even after many years.
The genuine empathy between the two actors proved to be ideal for reproducing the tension between the characters in the film. Cardinale next portrayed Pauline Bonaparte in Abel Gance
's French film Napoleone ad Austerlitz
and after appearing opposite Gassman and Salvatori in the sequel to Big Deal on Madonna Street
, Audace colpo dei soliti ignoti
, she portrayed Ginetta, the fiancée of Spiros Focás
, alongside Salvatori and Alain Delon
in Luchino Visconti
's critically acclaimed Rocco and His Brothers
However, her leading performance in Francesco Maselli
's Silver Spoon Set
gained her most attention during this period.
Francesco Freda felt the film paved her way "to great success", noting the "sweetness of her smile" which struck a chord with the public.
In 1961, Cardinale portrayed a sultry nightclub singer
and young mother in Valerio Zurlini
's Girl with a Suitcase
. As a result of her own experience of early motherhood, Cardinale naturally conveyed the concerns of a teenaged mother, identifying fully with the character of Aida.
Such was her psychological involvement that she needed several months to overcome her apprehensions and prepare for the part.
Zurlini chose her for such a difficult role against everyone's advice, as she was not yet considered a "real" actress, nor was she (yet) one of the most celebrated Italian beauties.
However, he was very close and supportive of Cardinale during the production, and a true friendship developed between the two, based on a deep mutual understanding. Cardinale remarked: "Zurlini was one of those who really love women: he had an almost feminine sensitivity. He could understand me at a glance. He taught me everything, without ever making demands on me. ... He was really very fond of me."
Cardinale was warmly praised by the critics for her performance in Girl with a Suitcase
, Dennis Schwartz considering her to have been at her "charming best".
Later in 1961, Cardinale starred as a prostitute opposite Jean-Paul Belmondo
in Bolognini's La Viaccia
. Both Girl with a Suitcase
and La Viaccia
were presented at the 1961 Cannes Film Festival
. At the time, Cardinale was not considered comparable to the two divas of Italian cinema, Sophia Loren
and Gina Lollobrigida
, but several newspapers and magazines including Paris Match
began to consider her to be a credible young rival to Brigitte Bardot.
Cardinale's 1961 appearances also included Henri Verneuil
's French comedy Les Lions sont lâchés
in which she had a cameo role.
The following year, Cardinale starred opposite Jean-Paul Belmondo as Vénus in the 18th-century set adventure Cartouche
, which made her a major star in France.
She also played Angiolina, the romantic interest of Anthony Franciosa
in Bolognini's Senilità
, a character which film writer Jacek Klinowski describes as "a spirited and strikingly beautiful twenty-year-old".
In 1962, Cardinale was interviewed by the writer Alberto Moravia
, who focused exclusively on her sexuality and body image in film, treating her as an object. Cardinale remarked to him: "I used my body as a mask, as a representation of myself".
The interview was published in Esquire
under the title "The Next Goddess of Love". Cardinale was amused to discover that the interview had inspired the writer to publish La dea dell'amore
("Goddess of Love") the following year, in which one of the characters, with her fine physical appearance and natural curves, closely resembled Cardinale.
Just a few years later, she played a similar character in a film based on another novel by Moravia, Time of Indifference
The finest and most prolific year of her career was 1963, when she appeared in a number of leading productions.
She starred alongside Burt Lancaster
's The Leopard
(1963) (Il Gattopardo
), portraying a village girl who married a progressive young aristocrat (Alain Delon), and played a film actress cast by a director (Marcello Mastroianni) in Federico Fellini
. Both films were critically acclaimed and are often cited by critics and scholars as among the greatest films ever made.
She participated in the two films during exactly the same period, frequently moving from one to the other and experiencing the strictly planned approach of Visconti which contrasted strongly with Fellini's much more relaxed style and his almost total reliance on improvisation.
Cardinale remembered Visconti's set as having an almost religious atmosphere, everything focused on the film, far removed the outside world. Visconti needed silence for his work while Fellini preferred noise and confusion.
Prior to this period, Cardinale's own voice had not been used in her Italian films, as it was considered too hoarse, and owing to her French accent, insufficiently Italian.
Not until 8½
was she allowed to use her own voice.
Cardinale explained: "When I arrived for my first movie, I couldn't speak a word. I thought I was on the moon. I couldn't understand what they were talking about. And I was speaking in French; in fact I was dubbed. And Federico Fellini was the first one who used my voice. I think I had a very strange voice."
With her portrayal of Angelica in The Leopard
and her brief appearance as herself in 8½
, Cardinale achieved the definitive status of a top-ranking star.
The same year, Cardinale portrayed a prostitute in La ragazza di Bube
or Bebo's Girl
in which she also used her own voice. For her performance in the film, she received her first Nastro d'Argento for Best Actress
Cardinale acted in her first American film (although it was produced in Italy) when she played Princess Dala, a wealthy aristocratic woman who is the love and jewellery interest of David Niven
in the Cortina d'Ampezzo
-set The Pink Panther
. Cardinale's voice in the film was dubbed by Gale Garnett
, who went uncredited.
Niven raved about working with the actress, telling her, "After spaghetti, you're Italy's happiest invention."
Cardinale with Burt Lancaster and Alain Delon in The Leopard
In 1964, Cardinale starred alongside Rod Steiger
and Shelley Winters
in Francesco Maselli
's Italian-made Time of Indifference
. Thereafter, she spent three years in the United States, where she starred in several Hollywood films. She told of how she benefited from the arrangement, explaining it was an American initiative at a time when they invited all the successful European actresses to perform in their pictures, hoping to create a monopoly. Many suffered from the experience, but she was able to hold her own: "I took care of my own interests, blankly refusing to sign an exclusive contract with Universal Studios
. I only signed for individual films. In the end, everything worked out fine for me.
She first starred in the Henry Hathaway
's Hollywood picture Circus World
(1964) opposite John Wayne
and Rita Hayworth
, playing the daughter of Hayworth, who performs with her as a mother-daughter circus act.
By the end of the decade, she had returned to making films primarily in Italy, accepting a pay cut, turning her back on Hollywood stardom. Cardinale has further said, "I don't like the star system. I'm a normal person. I like to live in Europe. I mean, I've been going to Hollywood many, many times, but I didn't want to sign a contract."
Filmwriter David Simpson notes that as a result, "Cardinale never achieved the same level of fame as Loren and Gina Lollobrigida", although she appeared in a higher number of decent films.
In 1964, she also played the lead role in The Magnificent Cuckold
, based on the Belgian play Le Cocu magnifique
She was at the height of her sensuality at the time, but later the film only brought back unpleasant memories for her as she experienced little empathy with the director Antonio Pietrangeli
, while the male star Ugo Tognazzi
tried to seduce her.
In 1965, Cardinale appeared in Visconti's Vaghe stelle dell'Orsa
, known as Sandra (Of a Thousand Delights)
in the US and Of These Thousand Pleasures
in the UK, playing a Holocaust
survivor who may have had an incestuous
relationship with her brother.
Later that year, she starred opposite Rock Hudson in Universal Pictures
, the last film to be directed by Philip Dunne
. Filming began on 22 February 1965 on location in Ocala, Florida
. Diane Bond
doubled for Cardinale in the film.
Cardinale became good friends with Hudson, who proved to be very protective of her, knowing her discomfort outside of Italy. While in Hollywood, Cardinale also became friends with Barbra Streisand
, Elliott Gould
, and Steve McQueen
, but she never managed to feel at home there.
By 1966, Cardinale was being cited as the most popular film star in Italy, even more than Mastroianni and Loren. Life
stated that "the Cardinale appeal is a blend of solid simplicity and radiant sensuality. It moves men all over the world to imagine her both as an exciting mistress and wife."
However, following her success in Hollywood, she began to express concerns about the direction of her career. In a July 1966 interview with Life
, she confessed her fear of being over-glamourized and exploited, like Sophia Loren, and although she had several further U.S. films lined up, stated: "If I have to give up the money, I give it up. I do not want to become a cliché."
In 1966, a photograph of Cardinale was featured in the original gatefold artwork to Bob Dylan
's album Blonde on Blonde
(1966), but it was used without Cardinale's permission and removed from later pressings.
That year, she starred in Mark Robson
's war picture Lost Command
for Columbia Pictures
opposite Anthony Quinn
, Alain Delon, and George Segal
. Quinn expressed his love of working with Cardinale, stating that although he adored Cardinale and Loren equally, "I relate easier to Claudia, Sophia creates an impression of something larger than life, something unobtainable. But Claudia – she's not easy, still she's within reach".
She also played a Mexican marquessa in Richard Brooks
' Western The Professionals
, uniting her on screen once again with Burt Lancaster in what she considered to be her best American film.
The following year, she appeared in Una rosa per tutti
(A Rose for Everyone
) and in Alexander Mackendrick
's sex farce Don't Make Waves
opposite Tony Curtis
. Although occasional funny moments were noted, Don't Make Waves
was generally panned by the critics and the lack of chemistry with co-star Curtis was highlighted.Leonard Maltin
, though, described the film as "a gem".
At the beginning of 1967, Cristaldi joined her in the United States. While the two were staying in Atlanta
, he surprised her by taking her to their wedding ceremony which he had arranged without her knowledge. She went ahead with the ceremony, but was concerned about sacrificing the rights she had to her child Patrick. She also realized she was increasingly unable to make decisions about her own life.
The marriage was never made official in Italy.
Cardinale with Alberto Sordi in A Girl in Australia
(1971), which earned her the David di Donatello for Best Actress
In 1970, Cardinale starred opposite Peter McEnery
and Eli Wallach
in Jerzy Skolimowski
's comedy film The Adventures of Gerard
, based on The Exploits of Brigadier Gerard
by Arthur Conan Doyle
In 1971, she formed a duo with Brigitte Bardot in the French Western-comedy The Legend of Frenchie King
, and appeared as a prostitute opposite Alberto Sordi
in Luigi Zampa's comedy A Girl in Australia
. The film, shot on location in February and March 1971, earned Cardinale a Best Actress award
at the David di Donatello Awards
the following year.
In 1972, Cardinale appeared in Marco Ferreri
, which was screened at the 22nd Berlin International Film Festival
. She also featured in La Scoumoune
with Jean-Paul Belmondo and Michel Constantin
After a role as a Russian aristocrat opposite Oliver Reed
in One Russian Summer
(1973), set in prerevolutionary Russia, Cardinale starred opposite Franco Nero
in I guappi
(1974), a historical drama film
" and "noir
Cardinale and the director Pasquale Squitieri
met for the first time on set, and he soon became her husband.
In 1975, Cardinale played the daughter of a political exile (Adolfo Celi
) in Mauro Bolognini
's Libera, My Love
, a character who becomes "increasingly incensed by the fascist government of Italy and makes a number of bold and very personal gestures against it".
Later that year she appeared in the comedies The Immortal Bachelor
with Vittorio Gassman and Qui comincia l'avventura
with Monica Vitti
. Vitti's biographer noted how Cardinale and Vitti stood out as the female duo in a predominantly masculine cast.
In 1976, Cardinale appeared in the sex comedy Il comune senso del pudore
, which was directed and written by Alberto Sordi, who also co-starred.
The following year, she had a biblical role as the adulteress
in the Jesus of Nazareth
miniseries, which featured Robert Powell
, Anne Bancroft
as Mary Magdalene
, and Ernest Borgnine
as Cornelius the Centurion
Cardinale starred in her husband's Il prefetto di ferro
, which tells the story of Cesare Mori
), an Italian prefect that before and during the Fascist period
was best known as "the Iron Prefect". The film shared the 1978 David di Donatello for Best Film award with In nome del Papa Re
In 1978, Cardinale appeared in Damiano Damiani
's political thriller, Goodbye & Amen – L'uomo della CIA
, and again featured alongside Gemma in her husband's gangster picture, Corleone
, set in 1950s Sicily.
After a role in another Squitieri film in 1978, L'arma
, Cardinale portrayed Eleana, a Greek "gutsy brothel madame" and the girlfriend of Telly Savalas
in George P. Cosmatos
's adventure war film, Escape to Athena
The film, shot on location in Rhodes
, was poorly received; it holds a 32% "rotten" rating on Rotten Tomatoes
as of July 2015.
After a role in Si salvi chi vuole
(1980), and a smaller part in Peter Zinner
's The Salamander
opposite Franco Nero, Anthony Quinn, and Christopher Lee
Cardinale played the love interest of Marcello Mastroianni in Liliana Cavani
's war picture The Skin
, a film which also reunited her with Burt Lancaster. The Skin
was entered into the 1981 Cannes Film Festival
In 1982, Cardinale appeared in Werner Herzog's Fitzcarraldo
, playing a successful brothel owner who funds Klaus Kinski's purchase of an old steamship in South America. The film, inspired by the story of Peruvian rubber baron Carlos Fermín Fitzcarrald
, was shot on location in Brazil and Peru. The film was critically acclaimed, with Vincent Canby
of The New York Times
calling it "a fine, quirky, fascinating movie" and a "stunning spectacle", comparing the dynamic between Kinski and Cardinale to Katharine Hepburn
and Humphrey Bogart
in John Huston
's The African Queen
. He pointed out that although Cardinale's screen time in the film was unfortunately not substantial, she set its comic tone; he praised the way she managed to turn Kinski, renowned for his volatile temperament and portrayals of megalomaniacs and criminals into a "genuinely charming screen presence", adding a new dimension to his acting career.
Later that year, Cardinale played opposite Pierre Mondy
in the sex farce Le Cadeau
, a role which biographers Lancia and Minelli say was played with a "mature charm and expressiveness".
In 1986, Cardinale was involved in the making of two films for television. In Comencini's La storia
(from Elsa Morante
's novel), Cardinale portrayed a widow raising a son during World War II. In her husband's Naso di Cane
, a miniseries, Enrico Lancia and Roberto Poppi praised her for her "light comic touch".
In 1987, Cardinale starred opposite Peter Coyote
, Greta Scacchi
, and Jamie Lee Curtis
in Diane Kurys
's film A Man in Love
(Un homme amoureux
), Kurys's first English-language feature. It was entered into the 1987 Cannes Film Festival
Cardinale's performance as Scacchi's cancer-stricken mother was praised by critics, with Desson Howe
of The Washington Post
highlighting the "warm and radiant" elements that she brought to the role,
and Hal Hinson
, also of The Post
, comparing Scacchi to having "the same kind of sensuality that Cardinale brought to her earlier roles".
After a role in the comedy, Blu elettrico
(1988), Cardinale portrayed Yolande de Polastron
, a favourite of Marie Antionette
's, in the two-part film La Révolution française
in 1989. Made to celebrate the bicentennial anniversary of the French Revolution
, the 360-minute Robert Enrico
and Richard T. Heffron
film was an international production, boasting a cast which included Klaus Maria Brandauer
, Jane Seymour
and Peter Ustinov
Cardinale in 1995
In 1990, Cardinale starred opposite Bruno Cremer
in Squitieri's Atto di dolore
, and appeared in the Morocco-set Soviet-Italian production, La battaglia dei tre tamburi di fuoco
In 1991, Cardinale featured alongside Richard Berry
and Omar Sharif in Henri Verneuil
(meaning "mother"), a film about the struggles of an Armenian family that emigrates to Marseilles
in France from Turkey after the Armenian Genocide
of 1915. Such was the success of the film that Verneuil made a sequel the following year, 588, rue Paradis
, also featuring the cast. Cardinale was praised by critics for her role as the mother; the Armenian General Benevolent Union
of America noted the "flawless performance of these intrepid actors, especially of Claudia Cardinale".
In 1993, Cardinale won the Leone d'oro alla carriera award at the Venice Film Festival, in which she was honoured along with Roman Polanski, Robert De Niro, and Steven Spielberg. Cardinale agreed to reunite with Blake Edwards, Herbert Lom
, and Burt Kwouk
to celebrate the 30th anniversary of The Pink Panther
by making Son of the Pink Panther
. It was Edward's last film, but was a critical and commercial failure, with critics despairing at the "painfully unfunny script" and the performance of Roberto Benigni
as Clouseau, which earned him the Razzie Award
for Worst New Star
. As of July 2015, it has a rating of just 6% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 34 reviews.
In 1994, Cardinale had a role in Charlotte Dubreuil
's Elles ne pensent qu'à ça...
, and the following year appeared in the French TV serial 10-07: L'affaire Zeus
In 1997, Cardinale featured in the British-Italian television drama miniseries Nostromo
, directed by Alastair Reid
and produced by Fernando Ghia
of Pixit Productions, a co-production with Radiotelevisione Italiana
, Televisión Española
, and WGBH Boston
It is described as "an adaptation of Joseph Conrad
's epic story Nostromo of political upheaval, greed, and romance in turn-of-the-20th-century South America."
Cardinale and the cast were nominated for an ALMA Award
for Outstanding Latino/a Cast in a Made-for-Television Movie or Mini-Series. Later in 1997, Cardinale appeared in the films Sous les pieds des femmes
and her husband's Stupor Mundi
, in which she portrayed Constance of Aragon
In 1998, Cardinale portrayed the mother of Lola Naymark
in the French picture Riches, belles, etc.
, a wealthy baroness who leaves her hotel to her daughter to care for during her absence.
The following year, Cardinale played the peasant mother of two children who are members of Carmine Crocco
's (Enrico Lo Verso
's) army during the Garibaldi
era, in Cristaldi's historical film Li chiamarono... briganti!
. Poorly received, the film was boycotted, and the producers have since refused to assign the broadcasting rights.
Cardinale at the Women's World Awards in 2009
In 2000, Cardinale embarked on her stage career, starring in Maurizio Scaparro
's stage production of La Venexiana
, adapted by René de Ceccatty
, at the Théâtre du Rond-Point
She also appeared in her husband's television film, Élisabeth - Ils sont tous nos enfants
. Two years later, Cardinale went on a theatrical tour of Italy, performing in Luigi Pirandello
's Come tu mi vuoi
, which Squitieri directed. She appeared as what Roger Ebert described as a "faded countess" opposite Jeremy Irons
in Claude Lelouch
's thriller film And Now... Ladies and Gentlemen
portraying a character who spends her time in Fez, Morocco
, with handsome gigolos
The film was screened out of competition at the 2002 Cannes Film Festival
. And Now... Ladies and Gentlemen
received mixed reviews; A. O. Scott of The New York Times
dismissed it as "sublimely silly", but praised the "impeccable CinemaScope
compositions" and the "lush, suave score" by Michel Legrand
In 2005, Cardinale appeared in a Philippe Adrien
stage production of Tennessee Williams
's Sweet Bird of Youth
, and in the 2006/2007 season also featured in another Williams play, The Glass Menagerie
, directed by Andrea Liberovici
, in which she played the character of Amanda.
In 2007, Cardinale appeared in the Aline Issermann
comedy film Cherche fiancé tous frais payés
, opposite Alexandra Lamy
and Bruno Salomone
in a role which Patrick Besson
described as "atrocious".
After a role in the TV movie Hold-up à l'italienne
(2008), the following year Cardinale starred in the critically acclaimed The String
, playing a Tunisian mother who has a tempestuous relationship with her French-educated gay
Michael D. Klemm of cinemaqueer.com reflected on how the film broke many of the taboos with interracial sexuality and homosexuality. He praised Cardinale's "terrific" acting and portrayal of the "overbearing" mother, likening one scene, where she "brings home a nice girl for Malik (Antonin Stahly) to meet", to Harold and Maude
In 2012, Cardinale featured opposite Jeanne Moreau
and Michael Lonsdale
in the final feature film to be directed by Portuguese director Manoel de Oliveira
, Gebo and the Shadow
. Critically acclaimed, it has a rare 100% rating
on Rotten Tomatoes,
and was shown at the 69th Venice International Film Festival
. The Hollywood Reporter
described it as the "ensemble of superb older performers who comprise the remainder of the dramatis personae".
Another excellent film in which Ms. Cardinale acted, released in 2012, was The Artist and the Model
. In this, she starred along with Jean Rochefort
. In 2013, Cardinale starred alongside supporting actresses Patricia Black
and Chloé Cunha in Nadia Szold
's Joy de V.
and had a role in Ernst Gossner
's war drama The Silent Mountain
, a love story set in the Dolomite Mountains
at the outbreak of World War I between Italy and Austria-Hungary in 1915. Gossner described her as "a terrific spirit on the set", and noted that Cardinale told the production team "legendary stories" about Marcello Mastroianni.
In 2014, Cardinale portrayed a "sympathetic Italian chaperone" viscountess in the British period drama film Effie Gray
, which was written by Emma Thompson
and featured Dakota Fanning
in the lead role.
While promoting Effie Gray
, in an interview Cardinale said: "I still continue to work, it's 142 movies now. Usually when you are old you don't work any more, but I still work, which is good.... I've been very lucky because I've had many fantastic directors with me, Fellini, Visconti, Blake Edwards, lots and lots...".
On 11 October 2018 she received the Tabernas de Cine award in the Almería Western Film Festival.
Claudia Cardinale met the Italian film producer Franco Cristaldi
According to Cardinale, the couple had a marriage party but did not marry,
and they became increasingly detached. Cristaldi later married Zeudi Araya
and had no further contractual relationships with Cardinale.
Cardinale lived with Pasquale Squitieri
, an Italian film director, for 42 years, from 1975
until Squitieri died on 18 February 2017, aged 78.
Cardinale has two children: Patrick, who was born illegitimately when she was 19 and later adopted by Cristaldi,
whom she had with Squitieri. Cardinale is fluent in Arabic, French
, and Spanish
Her niece Francesca
is also an actress.
Cardinale is a political liberal
who has supported feminist
and gay causes over the years. Although she lives in Paris, Cardinale is fiercely outspoken about being identified as an Italian. She has been a UNESCO
goodwill ambassador for the Defence of Women's Rights since March 2000,
and was a goodwill ambassador for the UNESCO World Water Day
Cardinale published an autobiography with Anne Mori, Io Claudia, Tu Claudia
, in 1995.
She has been a regular attendee of the Academy Awards. Her awards have included an honorary Golden Lion
at the 1993 Venice Film Festival
, and an Honorary Golden Bear
at the 2002 Berlin Film Festival
. The Los Angeles Times Magazine
, in a February 2011 online feature, named Cardinale among the 50 most beautiful women in film history.
Cardinale said of her acting, "I never felt scandal and confession were necessary to be an actress. I've never revealed my self or even my body in films. Mystery is very important."
In a 2014 interview, she revealed her secret of success: "If you want to practice this craft, you have to have inner strength. Otherwise, you’ll lose your idea of who you are. Every film I make entails becoming a different woman. And in front of a camera, no less! But when I’m finished, I’m me again."
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- ^ Cristaldi offered Cardinale the contract without a screen test. The contract contained many stipulations which Cardinale was expected to adhere to while Cristaldi groomed her.
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