A close vowel
, also known as a high vowel
(in U.S. terminology
), is any in a class of vowel
sounds used in many spoken languages
. The defining characteristic of a close vowel is that the tongue is positioned as close as possible to the roof of the mouth as it can be without creating a constriction. A constriction would produce a sound that would be classified as a consonant
is recommended by the International Phonetic Association
. Close vowels are often referred to as "high" vowels, as in the Americanist phonetic tradition, because the tongue is positioned high in the mouth during articulation.
(IPA letters for rounded vowels
are ambiguous as to whether the rounding is protrusion or compression. However, transcription of the world's languages tends to pattern as above.)
There also are close vowels that don't have dedicated symbols in the IPA:
Other close vowels can be indicated with diacritics of relative articulation
applied to letters for neighboring vowels, such as ⟨i̠⟩ or ⟨ɪ̝⟩ for a close near-front unrounded vowel.
- ^ "VOWEL QUALITY". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
- ^ Ottenheimer, Harriet (2011). The Anthropology of Language: An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology Workbook/Reader. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning. p. 44. ISBN 9781111828851.
Last edited on 9 March 2021, at 12:35
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