In 1845, Benjamin Cornelius immigrated to Oregon with his family, traveling with Joseph Meek
. The Cornelius family settled on the Tualatin Plains
, near what is now North Plains
. The same year, Benjamin Q. Tucker
and Solomon Emerick
staked land claims and established farms on the land that would eventually become Cornelius. At that time, the area was called Free Orchards; there was no actual community, but the name referred to the orchards on the 107 acres (0.43 km2
) of land.
Church in the city on South Beech Street
The new railroad was approaching Free Orchards in 1871, and Cornelius saw an opportunity to benefit from the new railroad. He left his farm and built a new house, a warehouse, and a store in Free Orchards. The warehouse and store were located right next to the railroad, and so became natural places for local farmers to trade and store their goods. Cornelius also built a creamery to process milk, and two sawmills to supply lumber for the growing community. In addition, he helped to build the first frame schoolhouse and the Methodist Church.
In 1893, Free Orchards was incorporated and renamed "Cornelius", to honor the man who spent many years helping build the community. Though Holladay's plan to make Free Orchards into the county seat never materialized, Cornelius survives today as an agricultural town and, increasingly, as a suburb of Portland
. The Cornelius Public Library
was founded in 1912.
As of the census
of 2010, there were 11,869 people, 3,339 households, and 2,666 families living in the city. The population density
was 5,905.0 inhabitants per square mile (2,279.9/km2
). There were 3,499 housing units at an average density of 1,740.8 per square mile (672.1/km2
). The racial makeup of the city was 64.0% White
, 1.2% African American
, 1.3% Native American
, 2.2% Asian
, 0.1% Pacific Islander
, 27.2% from other races
, and 4.0% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 50.1% of the population.
There were 3,339 households, of which 51.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples
living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 20.2% were non-families. 14.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.51 and the average family size was 3.88.
The median age in the city was 30.4 years. 32.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.6% were from 25 to 44; 20.5% were from 45 to 64; and 6.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.1% male and 48.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,652 people, 2,880 households, and 2,246 families living in the city. The population density was 5,095.9 people per square mile (1,971.8/km2
). There were 3,003 housing units at an average density of 1,585.5 per square mile (613.5/km2
). The racial makeup of the city was 37.39% White, 0.76% African American, 1.24% Native American, 1.04% Asian, 0.28% Pacific Islander, 24.32% from other races, and 3.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 68.61% of the population.
There were 2,880 households, out of which 45.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.0% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.31 and the average family size was 3.64.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 32.5% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $45,959, and the median income for a family was $49,456. Males had a median income of $32,164 versus $25,207 for females. The per capita income
for the city was $15,290. About 10.8% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
Presidential election results
Since 2008, Cornelius has towards the Democratic Party
, in line with Washington County as a whole. Previously, it was more competitive; in 2000, Democrat Al Gore
won the city by just two votes and in 2004 it voted for Republican President George W. Bush
. Since Barack Obama
's 2008 victory, Democrats have consistently won Cornelius by double digits.
In 1851, the Cornelius Elementary School District 2 was founded.
The Cornelius district was dissolved in 1960, with the western parts of the enrollment area going to the Forest Grove district
and the eastern part going to the Hillsboro districts
There are few private schools in the Cornelius area. Swallowtail School moved from Hillsboro in July 2016, occupying the former Emmaus Christian School building.
- ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- ^ a b c d e f g h "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "Cornelius (city) Quck Facts". US Census Bureau. US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 27 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- ^ Bloom, Deborah (May 28, 2012). "Cornelius Library celebrates 100 years of service". The Oregonian. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- ^ Haugen, Stephanie (June 27, 2014). "County deputies take over in Cornelius". Hillsboro Tribune. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- ^ "Elections Archive". Washington County, Oregon. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
- ^ Benson, Robert L. (October 19, 1976). "Historic Potpourri: Courthouse fire destroys school records in '20s". Hillsboro Argus. p. 10.
- ^ "Board To Mull Land Shift". The Oregonian. October 20, 1960. p. 18.
- ^ "Swallowtail Moving to our New Campus". swallowtailschool.org. July 1, 2016.
- ^ TriMet line 57 map and schedule
Last edited on 7 February 2021, at 09:14
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