Cosigüina - Wikipedia
Cosigüina
Cosigüina (also spelt Cosegüina) is a stratovolcano located in the western part of Nicaragua. It forms a large peninsula extending into the Gulf of Fonseca. The summit is truncated by a large caldera, 2 x 2.4 km in diameter and 500 m deep, holding a substantial crater lake (Laguna Cosigüina). This cone has grown within an earlier caldera, forming a somma volcano. The earlier caldera rim is still exposed on the north side, but has been buried by the younger cone elsewhere.
Cosigüina
Cosigüina
Location in Nicaragua
Highest point
Elevation872 m (2,861 ft) [1]
Coordinates12°59′N 87°34′W[1]
Geography
LocationChinandega Department, Nicaragua
Geology
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruptionAugust 1859
Volcan Cosigüina crater lake, 2009
Activity
The volcano last erupted in 1859, but its most famous activity occurred on January 20, 1835,[2] when it produced the largest historical eruption in Nicaragua. Ash from the 1835 eruption has been found in Mexico, Costa Rica, and Jamaica. According to an analysis by Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature, the 1835 eruption caused a temporary decrease in the average land temperature of Earth of about 0.75 degrees C.[3]
It has not erupted since 1859, only an instant in terms of geological time. An earthquake swarm was measured near Cosigüina in 2002, indicating that tectonic forces are still active in the region although the volcano is somewhat isolated from the line of more recently active Central American volcanoes to the northwest and southeast. The only indicators of hydrothermal activity at the volcano are intermittently observed gas bubbles in Laguna Cosigüina and a hot spring along the eastern flank of the volcano. The fairly uniform vegetation cover on the volcano's sides also attests to a general lack of gas emissions or “hot spots” on the 872-meter-high cone.
See also
List of volcanoes in Nicaragua
References
  1. ^ a b "Cosigüina". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2008-09-07.
  2. ^ Penland, Paige R.; Chandler, Gary; Prado, Liza (2006). Lonely Planet Nicaragua & El Salvador (Illustrated ed.). Lonely Planet. p. 189. ISBN 978-1-74104-758-5.
  3. ^ Berkeley Earth Releases New AnalysisArchived 2012-10-21 at the Wayback Machine, 29 July 2012
Notes
External links
Media related to Cosigüina at Wikimedia Commons
Last edited on 28 November 2019, at 19:23
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