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Council of Ministers of Saudi Arabia
The Saudi Council of Ministers (Arabic: مجلس الوزراء السعودي‎‎ Majlis al-Wuzarā' as-Su‘ūdī) is the cabinet of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is led by the King who is Prime Minister. The council consists of the King, the Crown Prince, and cabinet ministers. The Crown Prince is also First Deputy Prime Minister and Vice President of the Council of Ministers. Since 2015, there are 23 ministers with portfolio and seven ministers of state, two of whom have special responsibilities. All members of the council are appointed by royal decree.[1]
The Council of Ministers was established by King Abdulaziz in 1953. It is responsible for "drafting and overseeing the implementation of the internal, external, financial, economic, educational and defense policies, and general affairs of the state."[1] Legislation must be ratified by royal decree and be found to be fully compatible with the kingdom's interpretation of Shari'a law. It meets every Tuesday and is chaired by the King in his capacity as Prime Minister or one of his deputies.[2][3]
The present law governing the form and function of the Council of Ministers was issued by King Fahd in 1993 CE/1414 AH.[1] Among others, it stipulates that every member of the Council must be "a Saudi national by birth and descent; well-known for righteousness and capability;" and "not previously convicted for a crime of immorality or dishonor."[1]
In the early hours of 29 April 2015, King Salman issued 25 royal decrees which included a cabinet reshuffle. This included the removal of his brother Muqrin bin Abdulaziz as Crown Prince and appointment of his nephew Muhammad bin Nayef. The king appointed his son Mohammed bin Salman as Deputy Crown Prince.[4][5]
Members of the Council of Ministers
Saudi Council of Ministers[2]
PortfolioMinisterSince
Prime MinisterKing Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud2015
First Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Defense
Mohammad bin Salman2017 (FDPM)
2015 (Defence Minister)
Minister of the National GuardAbdullah bin Bandar bin Abdulaziz Al Saud2018[6]
Minister of InteriorAbdulaziz bin Saud Al Saud2017
Minister of Foreign AffairsFaisal bin Farhan Al Saud2019
Minister of Islamic Affairs, Dawah and GuidanceAbdullatif bin Abdulaziz Al Ash-Shaikh2018
Minister of EducationHamad Al Sheikh2018[6]
Minister of JusticeWaleed bin Mohammad Al Samaani2015
Minister of EnergyAbdulaziz bin Salman Al Saud2019
Minister of Industry and Mineral ResourcesBandar bin Ibrahim al-Khorayef2019[7]
Minister of TransportSaleh bin Nasser Al-Jasser2017
Minister of Commerce and InvestmentMajid bin Abdullah Al Qasabii2016
Minister of Economy and PlanningMohammed al-Tuwaijri2017
Minister of HealthTawfig AlRabiah2016
Minister of MediaMajid bin Abdullah Al Qasabii2020
Minister of FinanceMohammed Al-Jadaan2016
Minister of CultureBadr bin Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Farhan Al Saud2018
Minister of Environment, Water and AgricultureAbdurrahman Abdul Mohsen Al-Fadli2016
Minister of Hajj and UmrahMuhammad Saleh Benten2016
Minister of Communication and Information TechnologyAbdullah bin Amer Al-Sawahah2017
Minister of Municipal and Rural AffairsMajed bin Abdullah Al Hogail2020
Minister of Labor and Social DevelopmentAhmad bin Sulaiman Alrajhi2018
Minister of StateAbdulaziz bin Abdullah Al Saud2015
Minister of State for Foreign AffairsAdel al-Jubeir1997
Minister of StateMuttlab bin Abdullah Al Nafissa1995
Minister of State for Gulf AffairsThamer al-Sabhan2017
Minister of State for Shura AffairsMohammad bin Faisal Abu Saq2014
Minister of StateEssam bin Saad bin Saeed2015
Minister of StateMohammad bin Abdulmalik Al AsShaikh2015
Minister of StateKhalid bin Abdulrahman Al Eissa2015
Minister of StateMusaad bin Mohammed Al Aiban1995
Minister of StateFahad bin Abdullah Almubarak2018
Minister of StateIbrahim bin Abdulaziz Al-Assaf2019
CSPA and CEDA
On 29 January 2015, King Salman bin Abdulaziz ordered major changes to his government including a cabinet shuffle. Amongst a wide range of decrees and in a bid to streamline decision-making and make the government more efficient, the king abolished 12 public bodies - namely, the Higher Committee for Education Policy, Higher Committee for Administrative Organization, Civil Service Council, Higher Commission of King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Council of Higher Education and Universities, Supreme Council for Education, Supreme Council for Petroleum and Minerals, Supreme Economic Council, National Security Council, Supreme Council of King Abdullah City for Atomic and Renewable Energy, Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs, and the Supreme Council for Disabled Affairs - responsible for drawing up policies in fields ranging from energy to education. To eliminate redundancies, King Salman replaced them with two new councils linked to the Council of Ministers: the Council for Security and Political Affairs (CSPA) headed by Crown Prince Mohammad bin Nayef, and the Council of Economic and Development Affairs (CEDA) headed by Deputy Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman.[8][9][10]
See also
Saudi Arabia portal
Politics of Saudi Arabia
References
  1. ^ a b c d "The Law of the Council of Ministers". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington, DC. Archived from the original on 12 June 2010. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Biographies of Ministers". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington, DC. Archived from the original on 16 June 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
  3. ^ "Saudi Arabia Government". The Saudi Network. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
  4. ^ "عام / أوامر ملكية وكالة الأنباء السعودية".
  5. ^ "عام / أوامر ملكية إضافة أولى وكالة الأنباء السعودية".
  6. ^ a b "Saudi Arabia's King Salman appoints new foreign minister in sweeping Cabinet reshuffle". Arab News. 27 December 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  7. ^ "Saudi Arabia sets up new Ministry of Industry and Mineral Resources". Alarabiya. 30 August 2019. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Saudi Arabia - Government - King Salman reorganizes Cabinet - Trade Bridge Consultants". Archived from the original on 25 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  9. ^​http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/PreparingSaudiFuture.pdf
  10. ^ Omran, Ahmed Al; Said, Summer (29 January 2015). "Saudi King Shuffles Cabinet, But Leaves Oil Minister". The Wall Street Journal.
External links
Last edited on 4 April 2021, at 16:50
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