en.m.wikipedia.org
Cross of Naval Merit
  (Redirected from Crosses of Naval Merit)
The Cross of Naval Merit (Spanish: Cruces del Mérito Naval) is a Spanish military award for gallantry or merit in war or peace. Awarded to members of the Spanish Naval Forces, Guardia Civil or civilians.
Cross of Naval Merit

Template of the Cross Naval Merit Decorations
TypeDecoration of merit (formerly order of merit)
(formerly Order of Naval Merit)
Presented bySpain
EligibilityMilitary personnel, Guardia Civil, civilian personnel
StatusCurrently awarded
Established3 August 1866
Precedence
Next (higher)Medalla Naval
EquivalentCross of Military Merit
Cross of Aeronautical Merit
Next (lower)Distinguished Service Award
(Without Insignia)
Mention in Dispatches
(Without Insignia)[1]
Royal and Military Order of St Hermenegild[2]
History and Attribution
Grand Cross of the spanish Cruz del Mérito Naval. Type shown, as distintivo blanco, was awarded 1939-75 as lowest class to staff grade officers.
Distintivo rojo, here shown in the type 1922, was the highest class.
Established on 3 August 1866 by Queen Isabella II as the Order of Naval Merit (Spanish: Orden del Mérito Naval) and amended many times (in 1918, 1926, 1931, 1938, 1942, 1976, 1995, 2003 and 2007). During the Spanish Civil War it was recognized by both sides of the conflict. Awarded originally in four classes, nowadays it lost the rank of an order of merit and the classes were reduced to two and the number of categories extended to four.
According to the current regulations the decoration is conferred in the following classes:
The categories are as follows:
Multiple awards of each class and each category to the same individual are possible.
Insignia and Ribbons
The decoration has the form of a Greek cross with the arms enameled red in the Red Decoration category and white in the remaining categories. The Blue Decoration and Yellow Decoration badges have additional narrow bars in blue or yellow across the lower and lateral arms. The upper arm is surmounted by a Spanish royal crown and has a tablet to engrave the date of bestowal. The round central shield of the obverse bears the coat of arms of Castile, León, Aragon, Navarre and Granada (until 2003 only alternate coats of arms of Castile and León); in the middle there is a blue oval shield (escutcheon) of the House of Bourbon-Anjou. On the reverse there are letters "MM" (Mérito Militar) on red background. The cross is worn on a ribbon on the left side of chest. Each subsequent award is denoted by a bar with the date of bestowal on the ribbon.
The Grand Cross has the same form as the cross described above but is worn on a sash over the right shoulder.
The star added to the class of Grand Cross is gilt, eight-pointed, with the cross superimposed on it; currently between the arms of the cross there are alternate towers (Castile) and lions (León).


Grand Cross - Red Decoration


Grand Cross - Blue Decoration


Grand Cross - Yellow Decoration


Grand Cross - White Decoration


Cross - Red Decoration


Cross - Blue Decoration


Cross - Yellow Decoration


Cross- White Decoration
References
  1. ^ Royal Decree 1040/2003, 1 August, Military Rewards Regulations. BOE (03/09/05) (in Spanish). Accessed December 25, 2012.
  2. ^ Defence Ministry Order /3594/2003, of December 10, by that approved rules for ordinary processing and concession of the Crosses of the Military, Naval and Aeronautical Merit, with white badge, and of the honorific mentions, the delegation of competitions in this matter, and use of representative decorations of rewards.. BOE (03/12/23). (in Spanish) Accessed December 25, 2012.
External links
See also
Last edited on 14 December 2020, at 23:48
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.
Privacy policy
Terms of Use
Desktop
HomeRandomNearbyLog inSettingsDonateAbout WikipediaDisclaimers
LanguageWatchEdit