has a population of approximately 9,531,712 inhabitants (Female: 47%; Males: 53%) as of 2015. Jordanians (Arabic
) are the citizens of Jordan
, who share a common Levantine Semitic
ancestry. Some 98% percent of Jordanians are Arabs, while the remaining 2% are other ethnic minorities.
Around 2.9 million were non-citizens, a figure including refugees, legal and illegal immigrants.
Jordan's annual population growth rate stood at 2.05% in 2017, with an average of three children per woman. There were 1,977,534 households in Jordan in 2015, with an average of 4.8 persons per household.
The official language
, while English
is the second most widely spoken language by Jordanians. It is also widely used in commerce and government. In 2016, about 84% of Jordan's population live in urban towns and cities.
Many Jordanians and people of Jordanian descent live across the world, mainly in the United States, United Arab Emirates, Canada, France, Sweden and Spain.
In 2016, Jordan was named as the largest refugee hosting country per capita in the world, followed by Turkey, Pakistan and Lebanon.
The kingdom of Jordan hosts refugees mainly from Palestine, Syria, Iraq and many other countries. There are also hundreds of thousands of workers from Egypt, Indonesia and South Asia, who work as domestic and construction workers.
Ethnic and religious groups
Arab Jordanians are either descended from families and clans who were living in the cities and towns in Transjordan
prior to the 1948 war, most notably in the governorates of Jerash
, Al Karak
and some other towns in the country, or from the Palestinian
families who sought refuge in Jordan in different times in the 20th century, mostly during and after the wars of 1948
. Many Christians are natives especially in towns such as Fuhies
, Al Karak
, or have Bedouin origins, and a significant number came in 1948 and 1967 mainly from Jerusalem
, and other Palestinian cities. Along to some other Arab ethnicities, mostly from Syria and Iraq.
The Druze people are believed to constitute about 0.5% of the total population of Jordan, which is around 32,000.
The Druze, who refer to themselves as al-Muwahhideen, or "believers in one God," are concentrated in the rural, mountainous areas west and north of Amman
. Even though the faith originally developed out of Ismaili Islam
do not identify as Muslims
and they do not accept the five pillars of Islam
The other group of Jordanians is descended from Bedouins
(of which, less than 1% live a nomadic lifestyle). Bedouin settlements are concentrated in the wasteland south and east of the country.
There is an Assyrian refugee population in Jordan. Many Assyrians have arrived in Jordan as refugees since the invasion of Iraq, making up a large part of the Iraqi refugees.
By the end of the 19th century, the Ottoman Authorities directed the Circassian immigrants to settle in Jordan. The Circassians are Sunni Muslims and are estimated to number 20,000 to 80,000 people.
There are about 10,000 Chechens estimated to reside in Jordan.
Jordan is a home to 2,175,491 registered Palestine refugees.
Out of those 2,175,491 refugees, 634,182 have not been given Jordanian citizenship.
Jordan also hosts around 1.4 million Syrian refugees
who fled to the country due to the Syrian Civil War
since 2011. About 31,163 Yemenis and 22,700 Libyan refugees live in Jordan as of January 2015.
There are thousands of Lebanese
refugees who came to Jordan
when civil strife and war
and the 2006 war
broke out in their native country. Up to 1 million Iraqis
came to Jordan following the Iraq War
In 2015, their number was 130,911. About 2,500 Iraqi Mandaean
refugees have been resettled in Jordan.
Health and education
Jordan prides itself on its health services, some of the best in the region.
Qualified medics, favourable investment climate and Jordan's stability have contributed to the success of this sector.
Jordan has a very advanced education system. The school education system comprises 2 years of pre-school education, 10 years of compulsory basic education, and two years of secondary academic or vocational education, after which the students sit for the General Certificate of Secondary Education Exam (Tawjihi
Scholars may attend either private or public schools.
Access to higher education is open to holders of the General Secondary Education Certificate, who can then choose between private Community Colleges, public Community Colleges or universities (public and private). The credit-hour system, which entitles students to select courses according to a study plan, is implemented at universities. The number of public universities has reached (10), besides (17) universities that are private, and (51) community colleges. Numbers of universities accompanied by significant increase in number of students enrolled to study in these universities, where the number of enrolled students in both public and private universities is estimated at nearly (236) thousand; (28) thousand out of the total are from Arab or foreign nationalities.
Source: UN World Population Prospects
The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook
, unless otherwise indicated.
10,086,876 (According to the Population Clock as of February 14, 2018).
- at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
- 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
- 15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
- 25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
- 55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
- 65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
- total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
- 0-14 years: 34.68% (male 1,827,554/female 1,726,691)
- 15-24 years: 20.07% (male 1,103,042/female 953,704)
- 25-54 years: 37.36% (male 2,073,211/female 1,755,290)
- 55-64 years: 4.44% (male 236,435/female 218,469)
- 65 years and over: 3.45% (male 174,470/female 179,203) (2017 est.)
Structure of the population 
Structure of the population (01.10.2004) (Census)
Structure of the population (31.12.2013) (Estimates) (Excluding foreigners, including registered Palestinian): refugees. :
- total: 22.5 years
- male: 22.9 years
- female: 22 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate
2.05% (2017 est.)
23.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
3.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
urban population: 84.1% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization
: 1.26% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Maternal mortality rate
58 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
- total population: 80.18 years
- male: 78.82 years
- female: 81.61 years (2012 est.)
- total population: 74.8 years
- male: 73.4 years
- female: 76.3 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.19 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Fertility Rate (The Demographic Health Survey) 
Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and CBR (Crude Birth Rate):
Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) by nationality
7.5% of GDP (2014)
2.65 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
1.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
15–24 years (in 2015):
- Total: 99.23%
- Male: 99.11%
- Female: 99.37%
15 years and older (in 2015):
- Total: 98.01%
- Male: 98.51%
- Female: 97.49%
One World Values Survey
reported 51.4% of Jordanians responded that they would prefer not to have neighbors of a different race.
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Last edited on 19 April 2021, at 01:15
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