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Demographics of the State of Palestine
  (Redirected from Demographics of the Palestinian territories)
This article is about the demographic features of the population of the area which is commonly described as Palestinian territories and includes information on ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of that population.
Palestine population pyramid in 2020
According to a commonly used definition as relating to an application of the 1949 Armistice Agreement green line, the Palestinian territories have contributory parts of the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip.
The Palestinian National Authority, the United Nations Security Council,[1] the United Nations General Assembly,[2] the European Union,[3] the International Court of Justice,[4] and the International Committee of the Red Cross[5] use the terminology "Palestinian territories" or "occupied Palestinian territories". Israel refers to the administrative division encompassing Israeli-controlled Jewish-majority civilian areas of Area C of the West Bank, excluding East Jerusalem, as Judea and Samaria Area (Hebrew: אֵזוֹר יְהוּדָה וְשׁוֹמְרוֹן‎‎, Ezor Yehuda VeShomron).[6]
Overview
Detailed demographic map of the Palestinian territories of West Bank and Gaza Strip, as well as Israeli proper and the occupied Syrian Golan
The demographic statistics of the CIA World Factbook and the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics estimated that the collective Palestinian Arab population in the region of Palestine, including Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip, amounted to 5.79 million people in 2017.[7][8] Thereof, 2.16 million Arabs live in the West Bank, 1.84 million Arabs live in Israel, and 1.79 million Arabs live in the Gaza Strip.[7][8]
The demographic statistics of the CIA World Factbook and the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics estimated (2017) that the collective population in the Palestinian territories amounted to 4,543,126 people in 2017. Thereof, 2,155,743 Arabs live in the West Bank, 1,795,183 Arabs live in the Gaza Strip, and 391,000 Jews live in the West Bank.[8] Approximately 214,600 Jews live in East Jerusalem.[9] East Jerusalem, once administered by Jordan, came under Israeli occupation after the 1967 Six-Day War.[10] In the Palestinian territories, c. 86% of the population is Arab (predominantly Sunni), c. 13% is Jewish, other <1% (cf. Israel: Jewish 74%, Arab 21%, other 5%).[8]
According to the UN, the population in the State of Palestine was c. 4.9 million in 2017, resulting in an estimated population density of 817 capita per km2.[11] According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the number of Palestinians in the Palestinian Territory was 3,935,249 in 2009, resulting in a calculated population density of 654 capita per km2, of which 433 capita/km2 in the West Bank including Jerusalem and 4,073 capita/km2 in Gaza Strip.[12] In the mid-2009, the share of population less than 15 years was 41.9% and above 65 years 3%.[12]
Out of 224 listed countries and territories, the West Bank ranked 48th with a total fertility rate (TFR) of 3.2, and the Gaza Strip ranked 31st with a TFR of 3.97 according to the CIA World Factbook 2018.[13] In 2018, the West Bank had an estimated population growth rate of 1.81% (country comparison to the world: 56th) and the Gaza Strip had a population growth rate of 2.25% (35th).[14][15][16]
Population (mid-year, millions)[17][18][19]
YearWest BankGazaTotal
19700.690.341.03
19800.900.461.36
19901.250.651.90
20001.981.133.11
20102.521.604.12
20142.731.824.55
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
20062.51.54.0
20092.481.453.94
Source: Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
NamePopulation
(2017)
Area
(km2)
Pop. density
(capita per km2)
West Bank [20]2,747,9435,860469 [21]
Gaza Strip [14]1,795,1833604,987 [22]
Total4,543,1266,220730[23]
Palestinian territories[24]
YearPop.±% p.a.
19972,783,084—    
19982,871,568+3.18%
19992,962,226+3.16%
20003,053,335+3.08%
20013,138,471+2.79%
20023,225,214+2.76%
20033,314,509+2.77%
20043,407,417+2.80%
20053,508,126+2.96%
20063,611,198+2.94%
20073,719,189+2.99%
20083,825,512+2.86%
20093,935,249+2.87%
20104,048,403+2.88%
20114,168,860+2.98%
20124,293,313+2.99%
20134,420,549+2.96%
20144,550,368+2.94%
20154,682,467+2.90%
20164,816,503+2.86%
20174,952,168+2.82%
West Bank[24]
YearPop.±% p.a.
20122,649,020—    
20132,719,112+2.65%
20142,790,331+2.62%
20152,862,485+2.59%
20162,935,368+2.55%
20173,008,770+2.50%
Gaza Strip[24]
YearPop.±% p.a.
20121,644,293—    
20131,701,437+3.48%
20141,760,037+3.44%
20151,819,982+3.41%
20161,881,135+3.36%
20171,943,398+3.31%
Vital statistics
UN estimates[25]
PeriodLive births per yearDeaths per yearNatural change per yearCBR1CDR1NC1TFR1IMR1
1950–195544 00019 00025 00046.720.026.77.38158.2
1955–196049 00019 00030 00046.718.528.27.38147.0
1960–196559 00019 00040 00052.516.835.78.00129.9
1965–197060 00016 00043 00052.514.038.58.00109.1
1970–197560 00014 00046 00046.611.235.47.6989.8
1975–198067 00013 00054 00047.88.938.97.5070.6
1980–198573 00011 00062 00044.66.837.87.0553.0
1985–199083 00011 00072 00045.15.539.66.4340.0
1990–1995107 00011 00096 00045.64.840.86.5932.9
1995–2000118 00012 000106 00042.04.137.95.7727.6
2000–2005122 00013 000109 00039.13.835.35.0524.6
2005–2010128 00014 000115 00035.93.632.34.6522.2
2010–2015144 00016 000128 0004.28
1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births
Births and deaths [26]
YearPopulation (x1000)Live birthsDeathsNatural increaseCrude birth rateCrude death rateRate of natural increaseTFR
2010137 08510 764126 2314.4
2011131 43011 333120 097
2012129 82611 676118 150
2013126 91211 013115 8994.1
Population pyramids[27]
Census (01/12/2007) (Data have not been adjusted for underenumeration. Excluding data from the parts of Jerusalem which were annexed by Israel in 1967.)
Census (01/12/2007) :
Age groupMaleFemaleTotal%
Total1 747 2841 696 5443 443 828100
0-4266 052253 883519 93515.10
5-9239 156227 724466 88013.56
10-14238 306227 967466 27313.54
15-19211 464202 975414 43912.03
20-24158 374151 561309 9359.00
25-29128 068124 159252 2277.32
30-34108 945106 343215 2886.25
35-3990 15586 905177 0605.14
40-4481 18675 328156 5144.54
45-4960 83256 748117 5803.41
50-5441 60641 69583 3012.42
55-5932 01130 99963 0101.83
60-6422 06025 76947 8291.39
65-6913 85319 84433 6970.98
70-7412 68916 62729 3160.85
75-798 59912 53621 1350.61
80-844 8616 88811 7490.34
85-892 3183 0265 3440.16
90-948711 1332 0040.06
95+4645971 0610.03
unknown25 41423 83749 2510.14
Age groupMaleFemaleTotalPercent
0-14743 514709 5741 453 08842.19
15-64934 701902 4821 837 18353.35
65+43 65560 651104 3063.03
Estimates (01/07/2013)
Estimates (01/07/2013) :
Age groupMaleFemaleTotal%
Total2 245 4002 175 1494 420 549100
0-4333 246319 213652 45914.76
5-9295 678283 886579 56413.11
10-14275 428263 679539 10712.20
15-19262 267251 710513 97711.63
20-24230 888221 790452 67810.24
25-29182 448174 730357 1788.08
30-34144 721138 652283 3736.41
35-39122 846119 333242 1795.48
40-44103 233100 276203 5094.60
45-4987 96982 580170 5493.86
50-5470 53565 239135 7743.07
55-5948 91246 91095 8222.17
60-6432 35333 58165 9341.49
65-6921 98526 41448 3991.09
70-7414 20119 83134 0320.77
75-799 34413 72823 0720.52
80+9 34613 59722 9430.52
Age groupMaleFemaleTotalPercent
0-14904 352866 7781 771 13040.07
15-641 286 1721 234 8012 520 97357.03
65+54 87673 570128 4462.91
Palestinian Central Bureau[28]
fertility rate (Gaza)birth rate (Gaza)death rate (Gaza)Natural change(Gaza)
199745.44.740.7
200044.54.340.2
200542.23.939.3
200936.94.132.8
20104.937.14.033.1
201137.23.934.3
201337.13.734.4
fertility rate (West Bank)birth rate (West Bank)death rate (West Bank)Natural change(West Bank)
199741.25.136.1
200038.84.634.2
200534.54.130.4
200930.14.425.7
20103.830.14.225.9
201130.14.126.0
201329.74.025.7
Life expectancy
Average life expectancy at age 0 of the total population.[29]
PeriodLife expectancy in
Years
PeriodLife expectancy in
Years
1950–195546.61985–199067.1
1955–196048.21990–199568.9
1960–196550.81995–200070.3
1965–197054.12000–200571.2
1970–197557.52005–201072.0
1975–198061.02010–201572.9
1980–198564.4
Demographics of the West Bank
Population pyramid Gaza Strip 2016
Population pyramid West Bank 2016
The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.
Population
Total 2,939,418 (July 2018 est.); 71.72% of the population is Arab (predominantly Sunni), 28.28% is Jewish[8] (cf. Israel: Jewish 74%, Arab 21%, other 5%; and Gaza: Arab 99%)[30]
Age structure
0–14 years: 36.1% (male 518,376/female 491,676)
15–24 years: 21.8% (male 302,474/female 289,852)
25–54 years: 34.5% (male 489,559/female 475,402)
55–64 years: 4.7% (male 68,317/female 64,233)
65 years and over: 3.5% (male 44,662/female 53,943) (2018 est.)
Population growth rate
1.81% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
26 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Mortality rate
3.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-4.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0–14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15–24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25–54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55–64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 13.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 15.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.4 years
male: 73.4 years
female: 77.6 years (2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.2 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Jewish population: 5.07 children born/woman (West Bank alone)[33]
Nationality
noun: Arabs: Palestinian
Ethnic groups
Palestinian Arab: 83%
Israeli Jewish and other: 17%
Religions
Muslim 80–85% (predominantly Sunni)
Jewish 12–14%
Christian 1.0–2.5%, (mainly Greek Orthodox)[8]
Other religious minorities include Palestinian Metawalis, Palestinian Druze and Palestinian Baha'is.
Languages
Arabic, English (compulsory in schools, widely[quantify] spoken by Palestinians), and Hebrew (spoken by Israeli Jews in the West Bank, and spoken by many[quantify] Palestinians) are commonly known.
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.9%
male: 98.6%
female: 95.2% (2016 est.)
Demographics of the Gaza Strip
The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.
Population
Current: 1,836,713 (July 2018 est.)[34]
In 2010 approximately 1.6 million Palestinians lived in the Gaza Strip,[35] almost 1.0 million of them UN-registered refugees.[36]
The Strip's population has continued to increase since that time, one of the main reasons being a total fertility rate of 4.24 children per woman (2014 est). In a ranking by total fertility rate, this places Gaza 34th of 224 regions.[37]
Age structure
0–14 years: 44.1% (male 415,746/female 394,195)
15–24 years: 21.3% (male 197,797/female 194,112)
25–54 years: 28.5% (male 256,103/female 267,285)
55–64 years: 3.5% (male 33,413/female 30,592)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 24,863/female 22,607) (2018 est.)
Population growth rate
2.25% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
30.5 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Mortality rate
3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0–14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15–24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25–54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55–64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total population: 16/1,000 live births
male: 17.1/1,000 live births
female: 14.9/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.4 years
male: 72.7 years
female: 76.2 years (2018 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.97 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Palestinians
adjective: Palestinian
Ethnic groups
Arab (Palestinian) 98.7%
Religions
Sunni Muslim 98–99%, Arab Christians 0.2% (2,000 to 3,000 est.), other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0% (2012 est.).[38][39]
Languages
Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.9%
male: 98.6%
female: 95.2% (2016 est.)
See also
References
  1. ^ Resolution 446, Resolution 465, Resolution 484, among others
  2. ^ "Applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem, and the other occupied Arab territories". United Nations. 17 December 2003. Archived from the original on 3 June 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2006.
  3. ^ "EU-Settlements Watch" (PDF). 1 February – 31 July 2002.
  4. ^ "Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory". International Court of Justice. 9 July 2004. Archived from the original on 28 August 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2006.
  5. ^ "Conference of High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention: statement by the International Committee of the Red Cross". International Committee of the Red Cross. 5 December 2001. Archived from the original on 7 February 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2006.
  6. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Israel 2012" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 December 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Population of Israel on the Eve of 2018 - 8.8 Million". Press Release. Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 31 December 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "CIA – The World Factbook: West Bank". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  9. ^ jerusalem.muni.il (PDF). 2017 http://en.jerusaleminstitute.org.il/.upload/jerusalem/Jeruslaem%20Facts%20and%20Trends%202018-%202.Population.pdf​. Missing or empty |title= (help)[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ Ian S. Lustick, "Has Israel Annexed East Jerusalem?", Middle East Policy, Vol. V, No. 1, pp. 34-45, January 1997; accessed 25 November 2014.
  11. ^ "State of Palestine - General Information". data.un.org. United Nations. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  12. ^ a b Palestine in Figures 2009 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, May 2010
  13. ^ "COUNTRY COMPARISON :: TOTAL FERTILITY RATE". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  14. ^ a b "Middle East :: WEST BANK". The World Fact Book. CIA. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Middle East :: GAZA STRIP". The World Fact Book. CIA. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  16. ^ "COUNTRY COMPARISON :: POPULATION GROWTH RATE". The World Fact Book. CIA. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  17. ^ US Census Bureau International ProgramsArchived 2013-10-14 at the Wayback Machine International Data Base IDB West Bank and Gaza
  18. ^ Palestinians in figures 2009 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics May 2010
  19. ^ Palestinians at the End of Year 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  20. ^ "Middle East :: GAZA STRIP". The World Fact Book. CIA. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  21. ^ cf. South Korea 507 capita per km2
  22. ^ cf. Hong Kong 6,544 capita per km2
  23. ^ cf. Guernsey 965 capita per km2 and Taiwan 650 cap. per km2
  24. ^ a b c Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  25. ^ World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision Archived May 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^​http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/vitstats/serATab3.pdf
  27. ^ "Demographic Yearbook". UN Data. United Nations. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  28. ^ [1]
  29. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
  30. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook: Israel". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2018-03-08.
  31. ^ "West Bank settler population surged during Trump era, report says". Times of Israel. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  32. ^ "Settlement population growth slows for 10th straight year". Retrieved 2019-12-04.
  33. ^ [2] Israeli CBS 2011 data
  34. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  35. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2011-09-27.
  36. ^ "UNRWA: Palestine refugees". Un.org. Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
  37. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2011-09-27.
  38. ^ Middle East Christians: Gaza pastor BBC News, 21 December 2005
  39. ^ "Middle East :: Gaza Strip — the World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency".
External links
Last edited on 1 May 2021, at 18:24
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