Ross returned briefly to academia in the 1980s, serving as executive director of the Berkeley
program on Soviet international behavior from 1984 to 1986.
Middle East envoy
Ross was criticized by people on both sides of the conflict. Former Palestinian Foreign Minister Nabil Shaath
described him as being more "pro-Israeli than the Israelis."
Occasional references to his Jewish ancestry were brought up within the Arab world (although Ross maintains this was not a problem with other heads of state during negotiations), while some conservative Israelis branded him "self-hating"—each questioning his ability to be unbiased,
though Palestinians involved in the negotiation process would insist that his perceived lack of objectivity had little to do with his religion.
Describing Ross, Roger Cohen
wrote that "Balance is something this meticulous diplomat [Ross] prizes. But a recurrent issue with Ross, who embraced the Jewish faith after being raised in a non-religious home by a Jewish mother and Catholic stepfather, has been asked whether he is too close to the American Jewish community and Israel to be an honest broker with Iran or Arabs. Aaron David Miller
, after years of working with Ross, concluded in a book that he 'had an inherent tendency to see the world of Arab–Israeli politics first from Israel's vantage point rather than that of the Palestinians.' Another former senior State Department official, who requested anonymity ... told me, "Ross's bad habit is pre-consultation with the Israelis."
After leaving his position as envoy, Ross returned to the Washington Institute for Near East Policy as counselor and Ziegler Distinguished Fellow. He became chair of the Jerusalem-based think tank, the Jewish People Policy Planning Institute
, funded and founded by the Jewish Agency
Ross was a noted supporter of the Iraq war
and he signed two Project for a New American Century
(PNAC) letters in support of the war in March 2003.
However, he opposed some of the Bush Administration's policies for post-war reconstruction.
He also opposed Bush's policy of avoiding direct talks with Iran.
Obama Administration positions
According to The Wall Street Journal
, Ross, along with James Steinberg
and Daniel Kurtzer
, were among the principal authors of then-presidential candidate Barack Obama
's address on the Middle East to AIPAC
in June 2008.
It was viewed as the Democratic nominee's most expansive on international affairs.
Ross was appointed Special Advisor for the Persian Gulf and Southwest Asia to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
on February 23, 2009.
On June 25, 2009 the White House announced that Ross was leaving the State Department to join the National Security Council staff as a Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for the Central Region, with overall responsibility for the region. The Central Region includes the Middle East, the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan, Pakistan and South Asia.
reported that Ross's work as a Middle East aide in the Obama administration was burdened by tension with special envoy George Mitchell
, to the point that Ross and Mitchell sometimes refused to speak to each other. This report indicated that the tension was caused, at least in part, by Ross's occasional efforts to conduct negotiations with Israeli government officials without notifying Mitchell. For example, in both September and November 2010, Ross was said to have tried to persuade Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
to freeze settlement construction during negotiations with the Palestinian National Authority
, in exchange for unspecified private assurances and a major military arms transfer from the United States.
Palestinian officials reportedly viewed Ross as beholden to the Israeli government, and not as an honest broker or even-handed facilitator of negotiations. For a significant period, Ross refrained from meeting Palestinian Authority officials, while continuing to hold talks with Israeli officials during his visits to the region.
On November 10, 2011, Ross stepped down from his post in the Obama administration
He rejoined The Washington Institute as William Davidson Distinguished Fellow, Counselor, Irwin Levy Family Program on the U.S.-Israel Strategic Relationship. He currently serves on the advisory board for the non-profit America Abroad Media.
In 2006, he taught at Georgetown University
's Walsh School of Foreign Service
as a Distinguished Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy.
Ross's memoir of his experiences, The Missing Peace: The Inside Story of the Fight for Middle East Peace
tells his side of the story and outlines the key lessons to be drawn.
His 2007 book, Statecraft: And How to Restore America's Standing in the World,
criticizes the administration of President George W. Bush
for its failure to use the tools of statecraft to advance U.S. national interests. He advocates instead for a neoliberal foreign policy
which relies on a much broader and more effective use of statecraft.
While having worked under both Republican and Democratic administrations, Ross himself is a Democrat.
In February 2018, he penned an opinion piece in The Washington Post
strongly supportive of the Saudi crown prince Muhammad bin Salman
, calling him "a Saudi revolutionary" and stating that he saw "him as more like Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
—a leader who revolutionized Turkey
by taking away the power of the religious base and secularizing the country."
- Acting with Caution: Middle East Policy Planning for the Second Reagan Administration. Policy Papers #1. Washington Institute for Near East Policy. 1985. – the Washington Institute's first policy paper
- Reforming the Palestinian Authority: Requirements for Change. Policy Focus #43. Washington Institute for Near East Policy. August 2002.
- The Missing Peace: The Inside Story of the Fight for Middle East Peace. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. August 2004. ISBN 0-374-19973-6.
- Foreword for: Levitt, Matthew (May 1, 2006). Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-11053-7.
- Statecraft: And How to Restore America's Standing in the World. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. June 2007. ISBN 978-0-374-29928-6.
- Myths, Illusions, and Peace: Finding a New Direction for America in the Middle East, with David Makovsky, Viking, 2009, ISBN 0-670-02089-3 ISBN 978-0670020898.
- Doomed to Succeed: The U.S.-Israel Relationship from Truman to Obama Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. October 2015 ISBN 978-0-37414-146-2
- Trump and the Middle East: Prospects and Tasks, Fathom, Winter 2016
- Critical Reflections on the Trump Peace Plan, Fathom, April 2019
Clayton E. Swisher
(2004), The Truth About Camp David: The Untold Story About the Collapse of the Middle East Peace Process
. New York: Nation Books.
- ^ Landler, Mark (2009-02-24). "Negotiator picked for post at U.S. State Dept". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- ^ Dennis Ross flies home to Bay Area to honor mom, jweekly.com, Retrieved 2016-12-19.
- ^ a b c d e f Washington Post "WhoRunsGov" profile on Dennis Ross Archived 2009-03-06 at the Wayback Machine, Accessed March 1, 2009.
- ^ a b c d e However, Ross reportedly did not obtain a PhD from the University of California."Dennis Ross". The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- ^ James Mann, Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush's War Cabinet, Viking, 2004, 79–81.
- ^ Aaron David Miller (2008). The Much Too Promised Land: America's Elusive Search for Arab-Israeli Peace. Random House. p. 239. ISBN 9780553904741. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- ^ Ross, Dennis (2005-06-01). The Missing Peace: The Inside Story of the Fight for Middle East Peace. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. p. 725. ISBN 9780374529802. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- ^ Quoted in Swisher, The Truth About Camp David, p. 32.
- ^ "Tired are the peacemakers: tales from the Arab-Israeli negotiating table" Archived 2006-02-15 at the Wayback Machine, Washington Monthly, September 2004.
- ^ Avi Shlaim, "The Lost Steps", The Nation, August 30, 2004.
- ^ Swisher, The Truth About Camp David, pp. 148–49.
- ^ Roger Cohen, "The making of an Iran Policy," The New York Times Magazine, July 30, 2009.
- ^ Ross: Risk of war, Ynet, June 7, 2002.
- ^ Dennis Ross on Fox News SundayArchived 2009-07-22 at the Wayback Machine, Fox News, April 21, 2002.
- ^ Project for a New American Century""Statement on Post-War Iraq," March 19, 2003". Archived from the original on August 12, 2007. Retrieved 2017-05-19. and ""Second Statement on Post-War Iraq," March 28, 2003". Archived from the original on August 12, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-07..
- ^ a b Obama's Conservative Mideast Pick, Massimo Calabresi, Time, 16 July 2008.
- ^ Obama's AIPAC speech. Text as prepared for delivery Archived 2008-10-02 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Obama's Mideast Experts Emphasize Talks", Jay Solomon, The Wall Street Journal, June 16, 2008; A7
- ^ U.S. State Department Press release.
- ^ Glenn Kessler, White House Makes it Official on Ross, The Washington Post, June 25, 2009.
- ^ a b "Obama's Mideast Envoy Steps Down Amid Stalled Peace Talks" Haaretz, 10 November 2011]
- ^ "President Obama's Mid-East adviser Dennis Ross resigns". BBC. 2011-11-10. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- ^ Dennis Ross, America Abroad Media
- ^ "Dennis Ross". School of Foreign Service. 2015. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
- ^ a b Clyne, Meghan. "Kalb Upbraids Harvard Dean Over Israel", New York Sun, March 21, 2006. Accessed August 17, 2007.
- ^ Frankel, Glen. "Book Review: So Close and Yet So Far," The Washington Post, August 22, 2004, BW06.
- ^ "Exhausted Are the Peacemakers," The New York Times Book Review, 2004.
- ^ Hirsch, Jordan. "Review of StatecraftArchived 2008-07-08 at the Wayback Machine," Columbia Current.
- ^ The Missing Peace, Dennis Ross interviewed by Nonna Gorilovskaya, Mother Jones October 20, 2004.
- ^ Dennis Ross. August 2004. The Missing Peace: The Inside Story of the Fight for Middle East Peace. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. ISBN 0-374-19973-6.
- ^ Dennis Ross tells 'Post' why Obama. The Jerusalem Post. Published Nov 1, 2008.
- ^ America should get behind Saudi Arabia's revolutionary crown prince, Dennis Ross, February 12, 2018, The Washington Post
- ^ Perelman, Marc (September 11, 2008). "Broad-Based Coalition Seeks To Prevent a Nuclear Iran". The Forward.
- ^ "Leadership". United Against Nuclear Iran.
- ^ "Leadership". Counter Extremism Project.
- ^ "Past Winners". Jewish Book Council. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Dennis Ross at IMDb
- Living the Peace Process, Interviewed by the Middle East Quarterly June 1996
- Council on Foreign Relations Panel Discussion: America and the World: Challenges Facing the Next Administration--Remarks by Ambassador Dennis Ross, October 13, 2004
- Questions for Dennis Ross: Handling Hamas, interviewed by Deborah Solomon, The New York Times February 5, 2006
- Dennis Ross: Myths, Illusions and Peace, The Economist, May 28, 2009
- Trump and the Middle East: Prospects and Tasks - Dennis Ross in BICOM-Jewish News UK panel discussion, November 30, 2016
Last edited on 13 May 2021, at 12:17
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