A dental consonant
is a consonant articulated
with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as /d/, /n/, /t/ and /l/ in some languages. Dentals are usually distinguished from sounds in which contact is made with the tongue
and the gum
ridge, as in English (see alveolar consonant
) because of the acoustic similarity of the sounds and the fact that in the Latin script
they are generally written using the same symbols (like t
For many languages, such as Albanian
is generally associated with more dental articulations of coronal consonants. Thus, velarized consonants, such as Albanian /ɫ/, tend to be dental or denti-alveolar, and non-velarized consonants tend to be retracted to an alveolar position.
/t/ and /d/ are denti-alveolar
while /l/ and /n/ are prototypically alveolar but assimilate to the place of articulation
of a following consonant. Likewise, Italian
/t/, /d/, /t͡s/, /d͡z/ are denti-alveolar ([t̪], [d̪], [t̪͡s̪], and [d̪͡z̪] respectively) and /l/ and /n/ become denti-alveolar before a following dental consonant.
Although denti-alveolar consonants are often described as dental, it is the point of contact farthest to the back that is most relevant, defines the maximum acoustic space of resonance and gives a characteristic sound to a consonant.
, the contact that is farthest back is alveolar or sometimes slightly pre-alveolar.
- ^ Recasens & Espinosa (2005:4)
- ^ Martínez-Celdrán, Fernández-Planas & Carrera-Sabaté (2003:257)
- ^ Rogers & d'Arcangeli (2004:117)
- ^ Real Academia Española (2011)
- ^ Ladefoged and Maddieson (1996),[page needed].
- Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-631-19815-4.
- Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 33 (2): 255–259, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001373
- Recasens, Daniel; Espinosa, Aina (2005), "Articulatory, positional and coarticulatory characteristics for clear /l/ and dark /l/: evidence from two Catalan dialects", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 35 (1): 1–25, doi:10.1017/S0025100305001878
- Rogers, Derek; d'Arcangeli, Luciana (2004), "Italian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 34 (1): 117–121, doi:10.1017/S0025100304001628
- Real Academia Española; Association of Spanish Language Academies (2011), Nueva Gramática de la lengua española (English: New Grammar of the Spanish Language), 3 (Fonética y fonología), Espasa, ISBN 978-84-670-3321-2
Last edited on 5 April 2021, at 23:19
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