Department of Agriculture (Philippines)
Department of Agriculture
Under United States administration
The first Filipino to head the Bureau under the American occupation is Adriano Hernandez, who was himself a practicing farmer.
The Bureau of Agriculture grew rapidly until it was abolished by the enactment of Act No. 2666, otherwise known as "An Act to Re-organize the Executive Department of the Government of the Philippine Islands," on November 18, 1916, and was implemented on January 1, 1917. This act provided for the establishment of the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources (DANR)
, which would take over direct executive control, direction, and supervision of the Bureaus of Agriculture, Forestry, Lands, Science, and Weather, as well as all matters concerning hunting
, fisheries, sponges
and other sea products, and such others as may be assigned to it by law.
By virtue of another reorganization act (through Act No. 4007
) in 1932, the DANR became the Department of Agriculture and Commerce
. The Bureau of Commerce, which used to be under the Department of Commerce and Communication, was placed under the reorganized Department.
In 1942, while the Commonwealth Government
was in exile, the Department was re-organized again, becoming the Department of Finance, Agriculture and Commerce
. Upon the resumption of the Commonwealth in February 1945, it became the Department of Justice, Agriculture and Commerce
, and then back to being the Department of Agriculture and Commerce
in December of the same year.
In 1947, it was renamed again as the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources
by virtue of Executive Order No. 94 by Pres. Manuel Roxas
The Bureau of Commerce, among others, was incorporated to the newly created Department of Commerce and Industry
On September 14, 1959, the DANR moved to its current building in Diliman, Quezon City
from the Agrifina Circle (now the Teodoro Valencia Circle) in Manila.
By virtue of Presidential Decree 461,
signed into law by Pres. Ferdinand Marcos
, the DANR was split in May 1974 into two departments: the Department of Agriculture
and the Department of Natural Resources (which later became the current DENR
After the shift to the parliamentary system in 1978, all departments were changed to ministries. Thus, the office became the Ministry of Agriculture and Food
until 1987, when the department was renamed again as the Department of Agriculture
, through Pres. Corazon Aquino
's Executive Order No. 116.
The same EO mandated the DA to promote agricultural development by providing the policy framework, public investment, and support services, which are needed for domestic and export-oriented business enterprises. Guided by the principle that agriculture is business, the DA implemented policy and institutional reforms that freed the agriculture markets, enabling farmers to enjoy higher farmgate prices. These reforms included the dismantling of agricultural monopolies
and the elimination of agricultural taxes. Reforms in the agricultural credit system, such as the phase-out of the direct lending scheme, was also initiated.
List of Secretaries of Agriculture
The Department is headed by the Secretary of Agriculture
, with the following undersecretaries and assistant secretaries:
- Undersecretary/Chief of Staff
- Undersecretary for Administration, Agribusiness and Marketing, and Regional Engagement
- Undersecretary for Finance
- Undersecretary for Field Operations
- Undersecretary for High Value Crops and Rural Credit
- Undersecretary for Policy, Planning, Research and Regulation
- Undersecretary for Special Concerns
- Assistant Secretary for Agribusiness
- Assistant Secretary for Administration
- Assistant Secretary for Field Operations
- Assistant Secretary for Finance
- Assistant Secretary for Fisheries
- Assistant Secretary for Regulations
- Assistant Secretary for the Visayas
- Assistant Secretary for Livestock
Under the Office of the Secretary are the following offices and services:
- Administrative Service
- Agribusiness and Marketing Assistance Service
- Field Operations Service
- Financial and Management Service
- Information and Communications Technology Service
- Internal Audit Service
- Legal Service
- Planning Service
- Policy Research Service
- Project Development Service
The DA is composed of eight bureaus,
The following agencies, corporations and councils are attached to the DA for policy and program coordination:
- ^ Aika Rey (January 8, 2020). "Where will the money go?". Rappler. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- ^ "Department of Agriculture – Mandate, Mission and Vision". Archived from the original on December 21, 2012. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- ^ a b c "Department of Agriculture – History". Archived from the original on December 28, 2012. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- ^ "Philippine Legislature Act No. 4007". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
- ^ "Executive Order No. 94, s. 1947". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- ^ "Presidential Decree No. 461". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- ^ "Executive Order No. 116". Chan Roblen Virtual Law Library. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- ^ "Executive Order No. 165, s. 2014". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved October 19, 2016.
- ^ Herrera, Christine F. (May 19, 2014). "Alcala loses Agri control". Manila Standard Today. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
- ^ "Directory – Department of Agriculture". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
- ^ "Philippine Center for Postharvest Development and Mechanization". Retrieved May 8, 2018.
Last edited on 29 April 2021, at 17:43
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