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Deputy prime minister
A deputy prime minister or vice prime minister is, in some countries, a government minister who can take the position of acting prime minister when the prime minister is temporarily absent. The position is often likened to that of a vice president, as both positions are "number two" offices, but there are some differences.
The states of Australia and provinces of Canada each have the analogous office of deputy premier. In the devolved administrations of the United Kingdom, an analogous position is that of the deputy First Minister, albeit the position in Northern Ireland has equivalent powers to the First Minister differing only in the titles of the offices. In Canada, the position of deputy prime minister should not be confused with the Canadian Deputy Minister of the Prime Minister of Canada, a nonpolitical civil servant position.
A deputy prime minister traditionally serves as acting prime minister when the prime minister is temporarily absent or incapable of exercising power. The deputy prime minister is often asked to succeed to the prime minister's office following the prime minister's sudden death or unexpected resignation, but that is not necessarily mandated by the constitution. This government position is often a job that is held simultaneously with another ministry, and is usually given to one of the most senior or experienced ministers of the cabinet. The holder of this office may also be deputy leader of the governing party, or perhaps the leader of the junior party of a coalition government.
Little scholarly attention has focused on deputy prime ministers, as they are sometimes less involved in the political power plays of government and more focus on the work at hand. A 2009 study in Political Science identified nine 'qualities' of deputy prime ministership: temperament; relationships with their Cabinet and caucus; relationships with their party; popularity with the public; media skills; achievements as deputy prime minister; relationship with the prime minister; leadership ambition; and method of succession.[1]
By contrast, the structure of the Government of Russia[2] and Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine provides for several deputy prime ministers or vice prime ministers.[3] In the case of the Russian government, the Prime Minister is responsible for defining the scope of the duties for each of their deputies,[4] who also may head a specific ministry: e.g. the former Minister of Finance of Russia, Alexey Kudrin, also serves as one of the deputies of the prime ministers or vice-premiers. One or two of these deputy prime ministers may hold the title of a First Deputy Prime Minister. Russian federal law indicates that in accordance with the order established in advance, one of the deputy prime ministers may temporarily substitute for the Prime Minister in their absence. Customarily, however, it is to one of the "First" Deputy Prime Ministers that the prime-ministerial duties may be delegated. At the same time, in the case of Prime Minister's resignation, the law allows the President of Russia to choose any of the current vice-premiers to serve as an acting Prime Minister until the confirmation of the new government.[5]
There is also the special case of Belgium: in the Federal Government of Belgium, a deputy prime minister not only replaces the prime minister in the case they are incapacitated, but also acts as the link between the government and their political party. In short, in Belgium, a Deputy prime minister is the voice of their political party in the federal government, and they are the voice of the government in their political party. The Prime minister and the deputy prime ministers form what is called the "inner cabinet" (kernkabinet; conseil des ministres restreint or kern), an instance where the most important political decisions are discussed and taken.

Lists of deputy prime ministers
StateOfficeOfficeholderAssumed office
 Albania
Deputy Prime MinisterErion Braçe17 January 2019
 ArmeniaDeputy Prime MinisterTigran Avinyan11 May 2018
Mher Grigoryan
 AustraliaDeputy Prime MinisterMichael McCormack26 February 2018
 Austria
Vice-ChancellorWerner Kogler7 January 2020
 BahamasDeputy Prime MinisterDesmond Bannister6 December 2020[6]
 Belgium
Deputy Prime MinisterPierre-Yves Dermagne1 October 2020
Sophie Wilmès
Georges Kilkinet
Vincent Van Peteghem
Frank Vandenbroucke
Petra De Sutter
Vincent Van Quickenborne
 BelizeDeputy Prime MinisterCordel Hyde16 November 2020
 Cambodia
Deputy Prime MinisterSar Kheng3 February 1992
Hor Namhong16 July 2004
Tea Banh16 July 2004
Bin Chhin5 September 2007
Yim Chhaily25 September 2008
Men Sam An25 September 2008
Ke Kim Yan12 March 2009
Prak Sokhonn6 September 2018
Aun Pornmoniroth6 September 2018
Chea Sophara6 September 2018
 CanadaDeputy Prime MinisterChrystia Freeland20 November 2019
 China
First Vice PremierHan Zheng19 March 2018
Second Vice PremierSun Chunlan
Third Vice PremierHu Chunhua
Fourth Vice PremierLiu He
 CroatiaDeputy Prime MinisterDamir Krstičević19 October 2016
Predrag Štromar9 June 2017
Davor Božinović19 July 2019
Zdravko Marić
 Czech Republic
First Deputy Prime MinisterJan Hamáček27 June 2018
Deputy Prime MinisterAlena Schillerová30 April 2019
Karel Havlíček30 April 2019
 East TimorDeputy Prime MinisterArmanda Berta dos Santos29 May 2020
Deputy Prime MinisterJosé Maria dos Reis24 June 2020
 Eswatini
Deputy Prime MinisterThemba N. Masuku[7]4 November 2018
 EthiopiaDeputy Prime Minister of EthiopiaDemeke Mekonnen21 September 2012
 FinlandDeputy Prime MinisterAnnika Saarikko10 September 2020
 GermanyVice-ChancellorOlaf Scholz14 March 2018
 Greece
Deputy Prime MinisterPanagiotis Pikrammenos9 July 2019
 HungaryDeputy Prime MinisterZsolt Semjén1 June 2010
Sándor Pintér18 May 2018
Mihály Varga18 May 2018
 India
Deputy Prime MinisterVacant (since 2004)N/A
 IrelandTánaisteLeo Varadkar27 June 2020
 Israel
Deputy Prime MinisterVacant (since 2013)N/A
Vice Prime MinisterVacant (since 2016)
 Italy
Deputy Prime MinisterVacant (since 2019)N/A
 JamaicaDeputy Prime MinisterHorace Chang7 September 2020
 Japan
Deputy Prime MinisterTarō Asō26 December 2012
 KazakhstanFirst Deputy Prime MinisterAlihan Smaiylov25 February 2019
Deputy Prime MinisterRoman Sklyar18 September 2019
Eraly Togjanov11 February 2020
 Lebanon
Deputy Prime MinisterZeina Akar21 January 2020
 Lesotho
Deputy Prime MinisterMathibeli Mokhothu21 May 2020
 LuxembourgDeputy Prime MinisterEtienne Schneider4 December 2013
 MalaysiaDeputy Prime MinisterVacant (since 24 February 2020)[8]N/A
 Malta
Deputy Prime MinisterChris Fearne17 July 2017
 Mauritius
Deputy Prime MinisterLouis Steven Obeegadoo25 June 2020
Vice Prime MinisterFazila Jeewa-Daureeawoo16 November 2017
 MontenegroDeputy Prime MinisterDritan Abazović4 December 2020
 Namibia
Deputy Prime MinisterNetumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah21 March 2015
   Nepal
Deputy Prime MinisterIshwar Pokhrel1 June 2018
 Netherlands
Deputy Prime MinisterHugo de Jonge26 October 2017
Kajsa Ollongren
Carola Schouten
 New ZealandDeputy Prime MinisterGrant Robertson6 November 2020
 Pakistan
Deputy Prime MinisterVacant (since 2012)N/A
 Papua New Guinea
Deputy Prime MinisterSam Basil1 October 2020
 PolandDeputy Prime MinisterJarosław Gowin16 November 2015
Piotr Gliński
Jacek Sasin4 June 2019
Jarosław Kaczyński6 October 2020
 Portugal
Deputy Prime MinisterVacant (since 2015)N/A
 Romania
Deputy Prime MinisterDan Barna23 December 2020
Deputy Prime MinisterKelemen Hunor23 December 2020
 Russia
First Deputy Chairman of the GovernmentAndrey Belousov21 January 2020
Deputy Chairman of the GovernmentViktoria Abramchenko21 January 2020
Dmitry Grigorenko21 January 2020
Marat Khusnullin21 January 2020
Alexey Overchuk21 January 2020
Yury Borisov18 May 2018
Yury Trutnev31 August 2013
Tatyana Golikova18 May 2018
Dmitry Chernyshenko21 January 2020
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
Deputy Prime MinisterShawn Richards22 February 2015
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Deputy Prime MinisterMontgomery Daniel7 November 2020
 SamoaDeputy Prime MinisterVacant (since 11 September 2020)[9][10]N/A
 Serbia
First Deputy Prime MinisterIvica Dačić27 April 2014
Deputy Prime MinisterRasim Ljajić27 July 2012
Zorana Mihajlović27 April 2014
Nebojša Stefanović11 August 2016
 Singapore
Deputy Prime MinisterHeng Swee Keat1 May 2019
 SloveniaDeputy Prime MinisterZdravko Počivalšek13 March 2020
Matej Tonin
Aleksandra Pivec
 Solomon IslandsDeputy Prime MinisterManasseh Maelanga[11]1 November 2019
 South Korea
Deputy Prime MinisterYoo Eun-hae2 October 2018
Hong Nam-ki10 December 2018
 Spain
Deputy Prime MinisterCarmen Calvo7 June 2018
 SwedenDeputy Prime MinisterMargot Wallström3 October 2014
Isabella Lövin25 May 2016
 Syria
Deputy Prime MinisterAli Abdullah Ayyoub2020
 Taiwan
Vice PremierShih Jun-ji8 September 2017
 Thailand
Deputy Prime MinisterPrawit Wongsuwan30 August 2014
Wissanu Krea-ngam
Jurin Laksanawisit10 July 2019
Anutin Charnvirakul
Don Pramudwinai12 August 2020
Supattanapong Punmeechaow
 TongaDeputy Prime MinisterSione Vuna Fa'otusia10 October 2019
 TuvaluDeputy Prime MinisterMinute Alapati Taupo20 September 2019
 United KingdomDeputy Prime MinisterVacant (since 2015)N/A
First Secretary of StateDominic Raab24 July 2019
 VanuatuDeputy Prime MinisterIshmael Kalsakau[12]21 April 2020
 Vietnam
First Deputy Prime MinisterTrương Hòa Bình9 April 2016
Deputy Prime MinisterPhạm Bình Minh13 November 2013
Vũ Đức Đam
Vương Đình Huệ9 April 2016
Trịnh Đình Dũng
Position abolished
Former countries
References
  1. ^ Steven Barnes, 'What About Me? Deputy Prime Ministership in New Zealand', Political Science, Vol. 61, No. 1, 2009, pp. 33-49
  2. ^ Article 110.2 of the Constitution of Russian Federation
  3. ^ Article 114 of the Constitution of Ukraine
  4. ^ "Article 25 of the Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of Russian Federation" from December 17, 1997". Constitution.garant.ru. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  5. ^ "Article 8 of the Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of Russian Federation". Constitution.garant.ru. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  6. ^ "PM announces Desmond Bannister as new Deputy Prime Minister, relaxation of measures for Christmas season". www.tribune242.com. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  7. ^ "eSwantini appoints King Mswati's daughter as ICT Minister". Africanews. 2018-11-04. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  8. ^​https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2020/02/24/king-consents-to-revoking-dpm-cabinet-line-up
  9. ^ "Samoa's Deputy Prime Minister Resigns from Cabinet". Samoa Global News. 2020-09-11. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  10. ^ "Samoa PM rules out appointing a deputy before elections". RNZ. 2020-09-17. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  11. ^ "Maelanga appointed Solomons' deputy PM". RNZ. 2019-11-01. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  12. ^ "Vanuatu's new PM appoints his new Cabinet". RNZ. 2020-04-21. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
Last edited on 12 May 2021, at 13:26
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