There are twenty-two districts of Libya
, known by the term shabiyah
, plural šaʿbiyyāt
). In the 1990s these replaced the older baladiyat
Historically the area of Libya was considered three provinces (or states), Tripolitania
in the northwest, Cyrenaica
in the east, and Fezzan
in the southwest. It was the conquest by Italy in the Italo-Turkish War
that united them in a single political unit. Under the Italians Libya was eventually divided into four provinces and one territory: Tripoli, Misrata, Benghazi, Derna, (in the north) and the Territory of the Libyan Sahara (in the south).
After the French and British occupied Libya in 1943, it was again split into three provinces: Tripolitania
in the northwest, Cyrenaica
in the east, and Fezzan-Ghadames
in the southwest.
Article 176 of the 1951 constitution of Libya
stated "The Kingdom of Libya shall be divided into administrative units in conformity with the law to be promulgated in this connection. Local and regional councils may be formed in the Kingdom. The extent of these units shall be determined by law which shall likewise organize these Councils." in exact quote.
After independence (1951), Libya was divided into three governorates
), matching the three provinces of before, but in 1963 it was divided into ten governorates. In 1983 a new system was introduced dividing the country into forty-six districts (baladiyat
). In 1987 this was reduced to twenty-five districts.
On 2 August 1995, Libya reorganized into thirteen districts (shabiyat
). In 1998 this was increased to 26 shabiyat districts. In 2001 it was increased to thirty-two districts plus three administrative regions. Finally in 2007 it was reduced to twenty-two districts.
, plural: شعبيات
) is a neologism
exclusive to Libya under Gaddafi
, in line with exclusive terms for republic (jamahiriya
), ministry (amanah) and embassy (people's-bureau). The term basically means a district, that is, a top level administrative division. Etymologically, it is an adjective meaning "of or pertaining to the people, popular".
In 2007 the current twenty-two districts (shabiya
) replaced the older thirty-two district system.
The current list is as following:
The current twenty-two district system in Libya (since 2007)
The 2001 reorganization of Libya into districts (shabiya
resulted in thirty-two districts and three administrative regions (المنطقة الإدارية):
The old thirty-two shabiyat system in Libya (2001–2007)
In 1998 Libya was reorganized into twenty-six districts which were: Butnan, Jafara, Jufra, Kufra, Marj, Murqub, Quba, Al Wahat, Bani Walid, Benghazi, Derna, Gharyan, Jabal al Akhdar, Murzuq, Misrata, Nalut, Nuqat al Khams, Sabha, Sabrata/Sorman, Sirte, Tarhuna/Msalata, Tripoli, Wadi al Hayaa, Wadi al Shatii, Yafran, and Zawiya
On 2 August 1995 Libya dropped the baladiyat system and reorganized into thirteen districts (shabiyat
). Among them were Butnan (formerly Tobruk), Jabal al Akhdar, Jabal al Gharbi, Zawiya, Benghazi, and Tripoli. However, there is not agreement about the other seven names.
(singular) or baladiyat
(plural), are Arabic
words used in many Arab countries to denote administrative divisions of the country. In Libya, the baladiyat system of districts was introduced in 1983 to replace the governorate system. Originally there were forty-six baladiyat districts,
but in 1988 that number was reduced to twenty-five baladiyat. The table hereunder lists the old twenty-five baladiyat in alphabetical order with a link to each one and numbered to be located on the map. Note that each district linked may be both a baladiyah and a shabiyah. The many changes may not always be reflected in the article.
Map showing subdivision of former governorates into the 25 baladiya
For 1995 data,  and  are the two different sources mentioned in the bibliography:
"The Europa World Year Book 2001" and "Ershiyi (21) Shiji Shijie Diming Lu", Beijing, 2001.
For 1988, name is provided if different from nowadays. As said above, AR stands for the three "Administrative Region" of 2001.
- ^ Pan, Chia-Lin (1949) "The Population of Libya" Population Studies, 3(1): pp. 100–125, p. 104
- ^ "Map of Libya 1943–1951" Zentrale für Unterrichtsmedien
- ^ شعبيات الجماهيرية العظمى – Sha'biyat of Great Jamahiriya Archived December 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, accessed 10 May 2009, in Arabic
- ^ :"Libya population statistics" (in English and Arabic). Geohive. Archived from the original on 15 October 2009. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- ^ a b c d "Districts of Libya". Statoids.com. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
- ^ Libyan General Information AuthorityArchived 2011-02-24 at the Wayback Machine accessed 22 July 2009
- ^ "الشعبيات بالجماهيرية" ("Districts of Libya") Website of the General People's Committee of Libya, from WebArchive dated 30 August 2006
- ^ "Districts of Libya:Alqtron Tjrhi" Website of the General People's Committee of Libya, in Arabic, from Web Archive dated 30 August 2006
- ^ "Districts of Libya:Mradq" Website of the General People's Committee of Libya, in Arabic, from Web Archive dated 30 August 2006
- ^ "Districts of Libya:Aljgbob" Website of the General People's Committee of Libya, in Arabic, from Web Archive dated 30 August 2006
- ^ "Libya" 2006 Statesman's Yearbook
- ^ "Districts of Libya". statoids.com. Retrieved 27 October 2009. and German wikipedia
- ^ Spanish, Italian, Polish and Portuguese wikipedias
Look up شعبية
in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Last edited on 2 March 2021, at 06:55
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