Courthouse, Dubuque, IA
The city lies at the junction of Iowa, Illinois, and Wisconsin, a region locally known as the Tri-State Area
. It serves as the main commercial, industrial, educational, and cultural center for the area. Geographically, it is part of the Driftless Area
, a portion of North America that escaped all three phases of the Wisconsin Glaciation
Dubuque is a tourist destination featuring the city's unique architecture and river location. It is home to five institutions of higher education, making it a center for culture and learning.
Dubuque has long been a center of manufacturing, but the economy grew rapidly and diversified to other areas in the first years of the 21st century. By 2005, the city led the state and the Midwest
in job growth, ranking as the 22nd-fastest growing economy in the US.
Alongside industry, the city has large health care, education, tourism, publishing, and financial service sectors.
Spain gained control of the Louisiana Territory
west of the Mississippi River following the 1763 defeat of the French; the British took over all territory to the east.
The first permanent European settler in what is now Dubuque was Quebecois pioneer Julien Dubuque
, who arrived in 1785. In 1788, he received permission from the Spanish government and the local Meskwaki
American Indians to mine the area's rich lead
deposits. Control of Louisiana and Dubuque's mines shifted briefly back to France in 1800, then to the United States in 1803, following the Louisiana Purchase
. The Meskwaki continued to mine with the full support of the U.S. government until 1830 when the Meskwaki were illegally pushed out of the mine region by American prospectors.
The current City of Dubuque was named after Julien Dubuque, settled at the southern end of a large flat plain adjacent to the Mississippi River. The city was officially chartered in 1833, located in unorganized territory
of the United States. The region was designated as the Iowa Territory
in 1838 and was included in the newly created State of Iowa in 1846. After the lead resources were exhausted, the city became home to numerous industries. Dubuque became a center for the timber industry because of its proximity to forests in Minnesota and Wisconsin, and was later dominated by various millworking businesses. Also important were boat building
, and later, the railroad industry. In 1874, the Diamond Jo Line
moved its company headquarters to Dubuque.
Diamond Jo Line established a shipyard at Eagle Point in 1878. Just two years later, the company was the largest employer in Dubuque, putting 78 people to work, 75 of whom worked at the shipyard earning their collective $800–$1,000 per week in wages.
Between 1860 and 1880, Dubuque was one of the 100 largest urban areas in the United States.
Iowa's first church was built by Catholics
in 1833. Since then, Iowans have followed a variety of religious traditions.[page needed]
Beginning in the mid-19th century and into the early 20th century, thousands of poor German
and Irish Catholic
immigrants came to the city to work in the manufacturing centers. The city's large Roman Catholic
congregations led to its designation as the seat of the newly established Archdiocese of Dubuque
. Numerous convents, abbeys, and other religious institutions were built. The ethnic German and Irish descendants maintain a strong Catholic presence in the city. Nicholas E. Gonner (1835-1892), a Catholic immigrant from Pfaffenthal
, founded the Catholic Publishing Company of Dubuque, Iowa. His son Nicholas E. Gonner Jr. (1870-1922) took over in 1892, editing two German-language weeklies, an English-language weekly, and the Daily Tribune,
the only Catholic daily newspaper ever published in the United States.
Early in the 20th century, Dubuque was one of several sites of a brass era automobile
; like most others, it folded. Subsequently, Dubuque grew significantly, and industrial activity remained its economic mainstay until the 1980s. Tommy John
, who pitched for the Dubuque Packers
in 1961, recalled that the town was "about 98 percent Catholic" back then. "Dubuque was the epitome of small-town life," John wrote. "The people were friendly, everyone knew everybody else, and there wasn't a thing to do: no excitement, few restaurants or recreation choices, a decaying slum section. So we spent as much time as we could at the ball park...At certain times of the year, the fish flies fester in hordes like a biblical plague."
A series of changes in manufacturing and the onset of the "Farm Crisis" in the 1980s led to a large decline in the sector and the city's economy as a whole. In the 1990s, the economy diversified rapidly, shifting away from heavy industry.Tourism
, high technology
, and publishing
are now among the largest and fastest-growing businesses. Dubuque attracts well over 1,500,000 tourists annually, and the number continues to increase. The city has encouraged the development of the America's River Project's tourist attractions in the Port of Dubuque
, the expansion of the city's colleges, and the continued growth of shopping centers, such as Asbury Plaza.
Awards and recognition
Dubuque has received a number of awards and recognition for its redevelopment this century.[when?]
- 2001- First recipient of the Vision Iowa Grant, awarded $40 million to revitalize the Port of Dubuque.
- 2006- Urban Pioneer Award by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, in recognition of Dubuque's 20-year commitment to the revitalization of the city's center.
- 2006- Audrey Nealson Community Development Achievement Award, given by the National Community Development Association: The award recognized exemplary uses of Community Development Block Grant funds that best addressed the needs of low-income families and neighborhoods.
- 2006- Money Magazine identified Dubuque as having the shortest commute time, 11.8 minutes, of all U.S cities.
- 2007, 2008 and 2010- ranked among the "100 Best Communities for Young People" by the America's Promise Youth Foundation.
- April 2007- ranked 15th in the "Best Small Places For Business and Careers'" by Forbes magazine, climbing 60 spots from 2006.
- June 2007- All-America City Award, one of 10 cities recognized nationally
- June 2008- Named the "Most Livable" Small City by the United States Conference of Mayors.
- 2009- ranked the eighth-best small metro area to launch a small business by CNNMoney.com.
- 2009- received the United States Department of Commerce's Excellence in Economic Development Award for Excellence in Historic Preservation-led Strategies for its commitment to research-based, market-driven economic development.
- 2009- named one of America's Top 100 Places to Live by RelocateAmerica.com.
- 2009- received America's Crown Community Award from American City and Country Magazine for collaboration that resulted in IBM's decision to locate a new global technology service delivery center in Dubuque.
- In 2010- Forbes selected Dubuque as the best small city to raise a family in the country.
- In 2010- Forbes ranked Dubuque as the top community for job growth, up from 157th in 2009.
- 2010- Excellence in Economic Development Award, presented by the International Economic Development Council.
- 2010- Greater Dubuque Development was recognized by the Mid-American Economic Development Council for its programs in Business Retention and Expansion and Workforce Development.
- 2010- Third-most livable community in the world at the International Awards for Livable Communities.
- 2010- ranked seventh-best city in the U.S. for the economic growth of cities under 200,000 people, by Business Facilities Magazine.
- 2010- ranked the third-best city for job growth by careerbuilder.com.
- 2011- named one of the 10 smartest cities on the planet by Fast Company magazine. (Dubuque was the only city from the Western Hemisphere on the list.)
- 2011-2010 received the EPA's Drinking Water Safe Revolving Loan Fund Award for Sustainable Public Health Protection.
- 2012- Second All-America City Award, one of 10 cities recognized nationally.
- 2013- Third All-America City Award, one of 10 cities recognized nationally.
- 2014- USA Today named Dubuque the fourth-"Best American Riverfront."
- 2015- ASA D Northern National Men's Slow Pitch Champions: Kass & Co. team.
Aerial view of Dubuque and surrounding area
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of 31.22 square miles (80.86 km2
), of which 29.97 square miles (77.62 km2
) are land and 1.25 square miles (3.24 km2
) are covered by water.
Downtown Dubuque contains the city's central business district
and many of its government and cultural institutions. It is the center of Dubuque's transportation and commercial sectors and the hub of the various outlying districts and neighborhoods. It is in east-central Dubuque, along the Mississippi River, and includes the area north of Maus Park, south of 17th Street, east of the bluff line, and west of the river.
The area is made up of several distinct neighborhoods, each of which has a unique history and character. These include Cable Car Square/Cathedral Square, the Central Business District, Jackson Park/Upper Main, Lower Main, and the Warehouse District. The Warehouse District in particular has experienced massive renovations and an influx in new businesses after a plethora of investments since 2005.
Another area of note downtown is the Port of Dubuque
, which has had massive new investment and construction since the December 2002 opening of the Grand Harbor Resort and Waterpark.
The downtown area includes a number of significant buildings, many of them historic, such as the Shot Tower,
St. Raphael's Cathedral,
and the Dubuque County Courthouse,
reflecting the city's early and continuing importance to the region.
Dubuque's North End area was first settled in the late 19th century by working-class German immigrants. The German-American community sought to establish German Catholic churches separate from the Irish Catholic
churches downtown and in the South End. The area retains its working-class roots and is home to some of Dubuque's largest factories.
The North End is roughly defined, but generally includes the territory north of 17th Street and east of North Grandview Avenue and Kaufmann Avenue. The area is made up of two main hills (west of Central Avenue, and west of Lincoln Avenue), and two main valleys, the Couler Valley (between the two hills), and the "Point" neighborhood, adjacent to the Mississippi River. It is home to Dubuque's two main cemeteries, Linwood Cemetery
(established for Protestants
), and Mt. Calvary Cemetery (established for Catholics
Other important sites in the North End include:
The South End was traditionally the Irish American
neighborhood, and became known as Little Dublin. It centered around southern portions of Downtown Dubuque. Remnants of Irish culture still survive, with Irish pubs such as Murph's South End Tap and The Lift, and stores such as Shamrock Imports still operating. Irish culture
in Dubuque also revolves around the city's Irish Catholic churches, St. Columbkille's, St. Patrick's
, and St. Raphael's Cathedral
The South End is now much larger, including all the land south of Dodge Street
, east of Fremont Avenue, and north of the Key West
area. It has many of the city's "old money" neighborhoods, especially along South Grandview and Fremont Avenues and around the Dubuque Golf & Country Club. Many South End neighborhoods have a more spacious and park-like appearance, contrasting with the more urban North End.
Other important sites in the South End include:
Dubuque's West End is a large, mostly suburban
area settled almost entirely after the Second World War
. Development was spurred by the onset of the massive baby-boom
generation and sharply higher demand for new housing. Expansion began with the construction of the John Deere Homes in the Hillcrest Park neighborhood, which were financed by Deere & Company
for its workers. Soon after, many large shopping centers
were built, including Plaza 20, and the then-largest enclosed shopping mall in Iowa, Kennedy Mall
The area continues to expand rapidly, with new subdivisions and shopping centers stretching out for miles from downtown. The West End is not clearly defined, but is generally considered to include all the suburban-style growth west of North Grandview Avenue, the University of Dubuque
, and the Valentine Park neighborhood. The area is home to a wide variety of mostly middle-class neighborhoods and city parks, but also includes many of the city's largest schools, industrial parks, and all its large shopping centers. The area's expansion has also led to rapid growth in suburban Asbury
and exurban Peosta, Iowa
, both of which adjoin the West Side. The west side has also been acknowledged by a viral YouTube video named Rappin' for Jesus
, where a church named the "West Dubuque Second Church of Christ" was mentioned. Both the video and church were made up, and the video was labeled as a hoax.
Other important sites in the West End include:
- Resurrection Catholic Church
- Veterans Memorial Park
- Wacker Plaza
- Wahlert High School
- Warren Plaza
- Kennedy Mall
Dubuque has a humid continental climate
), which gives it four distinct seasons. The weather is not as extreme as that in other parts of the Midwest, such as Minnesota or Wisconsin. Spring is usually wet and rainy, summers are sunny and warm, autumn is mild, and winters are typically cloudy and snowy.
Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
- The Dubuque Arboretum and Botanical Gardens have won a number of awards.
- The Dubuque County Courthouse, with its Beaux-Arts architecture, is on the register.
- The Five Flags Theater was built in 1910, and is on the National Historic Landmark Registry.
- The Fourth Street Elevator (also known as the Fenelon Place Elevator) is in downtown Dubuque. The shortest and steepest railroad in existence, it takes passengers up and down one of the large bluffs that dominate the city.
- The Grand Opera House, a large, grandiose theatre downtown, is one of the epicenters of Dubuque's theatre scene. Designed by Willoughby J. Edbrooke, it was erected in 1890.
- The Julien Dubuque Bridge is a National Historic Landmark.
- Linwood Cemetery is noted for a number of famous people buried there.
- The Shot Tower, which was used to produce lead shot and is one of the few such towers left, is also a national historic landmark.
Dubuque has a number of notable parks, particularly Eagle Point Park
and the Mines of Spain State Recreation Area.
The arts organization Voices Productions spearheaded a project to incorporate large murals by street artists Gaia (artist)
, Werc and Gera and others in downtown Dubuque. So far over 30 murals have been painted. The original concept for the project was developed by Sam Mulgrew, Gene Tully and Wendy Rolfe.
Dubuque is also home to the 2015 ASA D Northern National champions, Kass & Co. Kass & Co. went 6–0 on the weekend of September 5 and 6 and won the championship game pretty easily with a final score of 30–4 in 5 innings. Even after he ran into the fence on a 600 foot home run by the opposing team, later described as "Pure stupidity", Dan Lucey declared "This is a great day for Dubuque, Iowa.” 
Dubuque's daily newspaper, the Telegraph Herald
, had a daily circulation of nearly 31,000 as of January 27, 2007.
Other papers and journals operating in the city include Tri-State Business Times
(monthly business paper), 365ink Magazine
(biweekly alt/cultural magazine), Julien's Journal
(monthly lifestyle magazine
), the Dubuque Advertiser
(advertisement paper), and the "Tri-States Sports Look" (local sports publication).
AM radio stations
FM radio stations
- WGLR 97.7 "97.7 Country", country
- WVRE 101.1 "The River", country
- KSUI 101.7 "Classical Music and More", Iowa Public Radio
- KXGE 102.3 "Eagle 102", classic rock
- WJOD 103.3 "New Country 103", country
- KLYV 105.3 "Today's Hit Music Y105", Top 40
- KIYX 106.1 "Superhits 106", classic hits
- WPVL 107.1 "Xtreme 107.1", Top 40
- WDBQ-FM 107.5 "Q107.5", classic hits
- KLCR "Loras College Radio", college radio
Dubuque and surrounding areas are in the Cedar Rapids
/Dubuque broadcast media market, which is monitored by the A.C. Nielsen Company
for audience research data for advertisers. For years, Dubuque had a local TV news station, KFXA/KFXB Fox 28/40
. In 2004, that station became an affiliate
. Dubuque-based TV news is now on KWWL-TV7
(Waterloo), and KCRG-TV
9 (Cedar Rapids
); both operate news bureaus in the city and cover most of its major stories. Since the closing of KFXA/KFXB, KWWL has captured a majority of Dubuque's local news market.
Dubuque in film
Several movies have been filmed in and around Dubuque, including:
For many years, Dubuque's economy was centered on manufacturing
companies such as Deere and Company
and Flexsteel Industries. While industry still plays a major role in the city, the economy has diversified a great deal in the last decade. Health care, education, tourism, publishing, and financial services are all important sectors of the city's expanding business climate. Several major companies are either headquartered in Dubuque or have a significant presence in the city.
Dubuque's largest employers include:
In recent years, Dubuque's economy has grown very rapidly. In 2005, the city had the 22nd-highest job growth rate in the nation,
far outpacing the rest of Iowa. This was a level of growth similar to those of Austin, Texas
, and Orlando, Florida
, among others. The city created over 10% of the new jobs in Iowa in 2005,
and the number of jobs in Dubuque County reached new all-time highs, with over 57,000 people working in nonfarming jobs. Many new and existing businesses have announced significant expansion plans, including Sedgwick CMS, McGraw-Hill Higher Education, Deere and Company, Cottingham & Butler, Quebecor World Inc.
, and Namasco.
Dubuque Metropolitan Area
Dubuque is the primary city in the Dubuque Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). It is at the junction of four major highways and two major railroads. Its location along the river has formed the city into a major Midwestern hub. The Dubuque area
is the general area encompassing Dubuque, Iowa. The MSA proper includes Dubuque County exclusively and unofficially includes: Jackson County, Iowa
, Jo Daviess County, Illinois
, and Grant County, Wisconsin
. The official population of the Dubuque County was 93,653 as of the 2010 population estimates.
If unofficial counties are included, the area's population is nearly 200,000.
- Platteville is the largest city in Grant County and southwest Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin-Platteville (UWP), is there. About 10,000 people call Platteville home. It is considered a micropolitan area.
- Galena is renowned as a quaint mid-America town with boutiques and hundreds of shops along main street that was home to Ulysses S. Grant and eight other Civil War Union generals. The shops include furniture shops, candy shops, bed and breakfast establishments, bars, and gift shops. The town sits along the Galena River, which runs to the Mississippi River. Galena's population ranges between 3,500 and 4,000, making it easily the largest city in Jo Daviess County, Illinois. Illinois's highest point, Charles Mound, is 11 miles northeast of Galena.
- East Dubuque is sometimes called the Illinois Bar Capital. The population is only around 2,000, but there are at least 50 bars in and around East Dubuque. Most East Dubuquers work in Galena or Dubuque.
- Asbury is the second-largest city in Dubuque County, with a population of 5,451 as of a 2016 special census, surpassing Dyersville. It is a prime and vital suburb of the Dubuque area.
As of the census
of 2010, there were 57,637 people, 23,506 households, and 13,888 families residing in the city. The population density
was 1,923.2 inhabitants per square mile (742.6/km2
). There were 25,029 housing units at an average density of 835.1 per square mile (322.4/km2
). The racial makeup of the city was 91.7% White
, 4.0% African American
, 0.3% Native American
, 1.1% Asian
, 0.5% Pacific Islander
, 0.6% from other races
, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic
people of any race were 2.4% of the population.
There were 23,505 households, of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples
living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.9% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.92.
The median age in the city was 38 years. 21.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 13% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.9% were from 45 to 64; and 16.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 57,686 people, 22,560 households, and 14,303 families residing in the city. The population density
was 2,178.2 people per square mile (841.1/km2
). There were 23,819 housing units at an average density of 899.4 per square mile (347.3/km2
). The racial makeup of the city was 96.15% White
, 1.21% Black
or African American
, 0.19% Native American
, 0.68% Asian
, 0.11% Pacific Islander
, 0.69% from other races
, and 0.96% from two or more races. 1.58% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 22,560 households, out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples
living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.99.
Age spread: 23.6% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,785, and the median income for a family was $46,564. Males had a median income of $31,543 versus $22,565 for females. The per capita income
for the city was $19,616. About 5.5% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.
Since its founding, Dubuque has had, and continues to have, a strong religious tradition. Local Catholic
settlers established what would become the first Christian church in Iowa, St. Raphael's Cathedral
, in 1833. The city also played a key role in the expansion of the Roman Catholic Church
into the Western United States, as it was the administrative center for Catholics in what is now Iowa
, North Dakota
, and South Dakota
. Many important Catholic religious leaders have lived in Dubuque, including its first bishop Mathias Loras
, Father Samuel Mazzuchelli
, Clement Smyth
, and Mother Mary Frances Clarke
. Roman Catholic
parishes around the city include Saint Raphael's Cathedral
, Saint Mary's
, Sacred Heart
, Holy Ghost
, Saint Patrick's
, Saint Joseph the Worker
, Resurrection, Saint Columbkille's and Saint Anthony's.
Since the 1870s the religious character of the area has been shaped by the Roman Catholic Church
. In 2010, Catholic adherents who regularly attended services made up about 53% of Dubuque County residents.
This contrasts with Iowa as a whole, which was about 17% Catholic in 2010.
The city proper is home to 52 different churches (11 Catholic, 40 Protestant
, 1 Orthodox
), 1 Jewish synagogue, and 1 mosque.
In addition to churches, 5 religious colleges, 4 area convents
, and a nearby abbey
add to the city's religious importance. Most of non-Catholic population in the city belongs to various Protestant denominations
. Dubuque is home to three theological seminaries: St. Pius X Seminary
, Minor (College) Seminary for Roman Catholic men discerning a call to ordained priesthood, the University of Dubuque Theological Seminary, with the Presbyterian Church USA, and the Wartburg Theological Seminary, with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. These latter two institutions train both lay and ordained ministers for placements in churches nationwide.
Dubuque is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dubuque
, which directly administers 1/3 of Iowa's territory for the church, and is the head of the Ecclesiastical Province of Dubuque, the entire state of Iowa.
Law and government
Dubuque has been using its city-owned Community Broadband Network
to become a smart city
. In 2014, city government officials created four apps
to monitor data related to water use, electricity use, transit patterns, and waste recycling efforts. The City of Dubuque Sustainability Coordinator, Cori Burbach, stated this was "for educating citizens and implementing behavior changes that they control based on the data these applications provide". However, Dubuque has been reaching the limits of its network and lack sufficient services from giant providers.
Policy and financial decisions are made by the city council, which serves as the city's legislative
body. The council comprises[when?]
, Roy D. Buol
, who serves[when?]
as its chairman, 4 ward
-elected members, and 2 at-large
members. The city council members are[when?]
: Brent M. Shaw (Ward 1), Luis Del Toro (Ward 2), Kate M. Larson (Ward 3), Jake A. Rios (Ward 4), Ric W. Jones (at-large), and David T. Resnick (at-large).
The city council meets at 6 P.M. on the first and third Mondays of every month in the council chamber of the Historic Federal Building. The city is divided into 4 electoral wards and 21 precincts, as stated in Chapter 17 of the Dubuque City Code.
For most of its history, the people in Dubuque have been mostly Democratic
. This was due to the large numbers of working-class people and Catholics
living in the city.
At times, Dubuque was called "The State of Dubuque" because the political climate in Dubuque was very different from the rest of Iowa.
For the most part, Dubuque has maintained itself as a Democratic stronghold, even in recent years.[when?]
The front of Emmaus Bible College
Dubuque is the health care
center of a large region covering eastern Iowa, northwestern Illinois
, and southwestern Wisconsin. On March 15, 2012, the Commonwealth Fund released its first Scorecard on Local Health System Performance; it ranked Dubuque second in the nation.
The city is home to two major hospitals
that, together, have 421 beds. Mercy Medical Center - Dubuque
is the largest hospital in the city with 263 beds,
and one of only three in Iowa to achieve "Magnet Hospital" status. Magnet Hospitals must meet and maintain strict standards, deeming them some of the best medical facilities in the country.
Mercy specializes in various cardiac
-related treatments, among other things, and is affiliated with Trinity Health, one of the largest Catholic
health delivery system in the United States.
Dubuque's other hospital is The Finley Hospital
, which is a member of UnityPoint Health
's network of hospitals. Finley is JCAHO
accredited, and as of 2007 had 158 beds.
It is unofficially Dubuque's "cancer hospital," as it has significant oncology
-related facilities, including the Wendt Regional Cancer Center.
The hospital campus has expanded in recent years,[when?]
with the construction of several new buildings.
Among other health care facilities, the city is home to two major outpatient clinics. Medical Associates Clinic
is the oldest multi-specialty group practice clinic in Iowa, and currently operates two major outpatient clinics
in Dubuque, its "East" and "West" campuses. It is affiliated with Mercy Medical Center — Dubuque, and also operates its own HMO
, Medical Associates Health Plans.
Affiliated with the Finley Hospital is Dubuque Internal Medicine, which as of 2007 was Iowa's largest internal medicine
group practice clinic.
Dubuque is served by four U.S. Highways
) and one state highway
). Highway 20 is the city's busiest east–west thoroughfare, connecting to Rockford
) and Chicago
to the east, over the Julien Dubuque Bridge
. In the west, it connects to Waterloo
. Highways 151 and 61 run north–south through the city, with a shared expressway
for part of the route. Highways 52 and 61 both connect Dubuque with the Twin Cities
) to the north, with 61 connecting to Davenport
), and 52 connecting to Bellevue
to the south and then Clinton
via U.S. Route 67
. Highway 151 connects Dubuque with Madison, Wisconsin
) (via the Dubuque–Wisconsin Bridge
) to the northeast and Cedar Rapids
to the southwest. Dubuque has four-lane, divided highway connections with Cedar Rapids, Davenport, Madison, and Waterloo.
Iowa State Highway 3
begins in Dubuque, connecting the city with central and western Iowa. The four-lane divided
Northwest Arterial (former Iowa State Highway 32
) acts as a beltway for parts of the North End and West Side, connecting Highways 3 and 20. Less than two miles (3.2 km) from the junction of the Northwest Arterial and Highway 20, the Southwest Arterial is a 6.1-mile (9.8 km) expressway carrying Highway 52 southeast from Highway 20 to Highways 151 and 61 near Key West
and the Dubuque Regional Airport.
The Dubuque Regional Airport
The Dubuque Regional Airport has reported steadily increasing passenger numbers over the years, and, until recently,[when?]
had service from three different carriers prior to 9/11. In early November 2007, it was announced that October 2007 was the best month ever for American Eagle airline at the Dubuque Regional Airport, according to Robert Grierson, Dubuque Regional Airport manager: "We had 4,510 total revenue passenger enplanements; that is a record for American Eagle in Dubuque. American Eagle averaged a 79.82 percent enplanement load factor. Load factors are determined by how many revenue passengers were on the plane versus how many seats are available."
Currently, a $23 million new terminal
is being built to modernize and expand the airport.
Improvements include a larger terminal, new access road, and expanded aviation parking.
The new terminal at the Dubuque Regional Airport was expected to open in 2016.
In Dubuque, public transportation is provided by the city transit division The Jule
The Jule operates multiple bus routes and on-demand paratransit
Minibus service throughout the city.
The routes are based out of one or more of the three transfer locations and run in 30-minute loops. These loops serve neighborhoods, shopping areas, medical offices, and industrial parks and provide connections to other areas of the city with the 15-minute cross-town Express route. The system's three major transfer stations are Downtown Intermodal (9th & Elm St), Midtown (North Grandview & University Avenues), and the West End (Kennedy Circle/John F. Kennedy Road).
- ^ "List of Incorporated Cities" (PDF). Iowa Secretary of State. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
- ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
- ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ suburbanstats.org. "Current Dubuque, Iowa Population, Demographics and stats in 2017, 2018". SuburbanStats.org. Retrieved 2018-11-02.
- ^ a b "Dubuque Job Growth Ranking". Archived from the original on February 18, 2007. Retrieved February 5, 2007.
- ^ "Newspaper article about Meskwaki (Fox) Indians being removed from the Galena territory". Indianapolis Democrat (p. 2). September 25, 1830. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
- ^ "Reynolds, Joseph "Diamond Jo"". Biographical Dictionary of Iowa. University of Iowa. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- ^ "Diamond Jo Line". Encyclopedia Dubuque. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
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Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Dubuque
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