These numbers are known as ʾarqām hindīyyah
) in Arabic. They are sometimes also called "Indic numerals" in English.
However, that is sometimes discouraged as it can lead to confusion with Indian numerals
, used in Brahmic scripts
Each numeral in the Persian variant has a different Unicode
point even if it looks identical to the Eastern Arabic numeral counterpart. However, the variants used with Urdu
, and other South Asian languages
are not encoded separately from the Persian variants.
- ^ U+0660 through U+0669
- ^ U+06F0 through U+06F9. The numbers 4, 5, and 6 are different from Eastern Arabic.
- ^ Same Unicode characters as the Persian, but language is set to Urdu. The numerals 4, 6 and 7 are different from Persian. On some devices, this row may appear identical to Persian.
Written numerals are arranged with their lowest-value digit to the right, with higher value positions added to the left. That is identical to the arrangement used for Western Arabic numerals
, even though Arabic script is read from right-to-left
Columns of numbers are usually arranged with the decimal points aligned.
Negative signs are written to the left of magnitudes, e.g. ٣− (−3).
In-line fractions are written with the numerator and denominator on the left and right of the fraction slash respectively, e.g. ٢/٧ (2/7).
The symbol ٫
is used as the decimal mark
, as in ٣٫١٤١٥٩٢٦٥٣٥٨ (3.14159265358).
Modern-day Arab telephone keypad with two forms of Arabic numerals: Western Arabic numerals on the left and Eastern Arabic numerals on the right
Eastern Arabic numerals remain strongly predominant compared to Western Arabic numerals in many countries to the East of the Arab world
, particularly in Iran
In Arabic-speaking Asia as well as Egypt
both kinds of numerals are used alongside each other with Western Arabic numerals gaining more and more usage, now even in very traditional countries such as Saudi Arabia
. The United Arab Emirates
uses both Eastern and Western Arabic numerals.
, Western Arabic numerals are more extensively used. Eastern numerals still continue to see use in Urdu
publications and newspapers, as well as signboards.[clarification needed]
In North Africa (excluding Egypt and Sudan), only Western Arabic numerals are now commonly used. In medieval times, these areas used a slightly different set (from which, via Italy
, Western Arabic numerals derive).
- ^ "Glossary of Unicode terms". Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- ^ "Glossary". Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- ^ Menninger, Karl (1992). Number words and number symbols: a cultural history of numbers. Courier Dover Publications. p. 415. ISBN 0-486-27096-3.
Last edited on 6 May 2021, at 21:51
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