Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights
The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights or EIPR (Arabic: المبادرة المصرية للحقوق الشخصية‎‎) is an independent Egyptian human rights organization,[2] established in 2002. It is a Cairo-based think tank.[3]
Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights
FieldsHuman rights, Advocacy
Structure and leadership
As of November 2020, Gasser Abdel Razek was EIPR's Executive Director,[4] Karim Ennarah was EIPR's Director of Criminal Justice and Mohammed Basheer was office manager.[2]
Creation and aims
The EIPR was created in 2002.[5]
EIPR aims to complement the work of other Egyptian human rights groups by focussing on human rights related to a person's "body, privacy and house".[5]
The EIPR uses "research, documentation, legal aid, strategic litigation and advocacy" on issues including prison conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic in Egypt, capital punishment in Egypt, attacks against LGBT rights in Egypt, and "foreign debt and sectarian violence".[6]
As of November 2020, EIPR worked on four main programs, covering "criminal justice; civil liberties; economic and social justice; and regional and international human rights mechanisms".[7][6]
The North African Litigation Initiative
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EIPR established its North African Litigation Initiative (NALI)[8] in 2010 to encourage NGOs and human rights defenders from North Africa to play a more active role within the African human rights system. The aim of NALI is to pressure North African governments to promote and protect the rights defined in the African Charter.
NALI provides technical and financial assistance to North African NGOs and human rights defenders who wish to litigate using the African human rights system, especially the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights.
November 2020
On 15 November 2020, the home of EIPR office manager Mohammed Basheer in Cairo was raided and he was detained by Egyptian security forces.[2] Gasser Abdel Razek, EIPR's Executive Director, interpreted the raid and detention as a response to European diplomats meeting with EIPR staff at the EIPR headquarters earlier in November. Razek stated, "The extreme sensitivity displayed in dealing with the visit is the bigger confession of how bad the human rights situation is in Egypt. ... We are dealing with new kinds of rights violations which were not present five or 10 years ago."[4]
EIPR Director of Criminal Justice, Karim Ennarah, was detained on 18 November in Dahab.[2] Executive director Gasser Abdel Razek was detained on 19 November at his home in Cairo.[9]
On 27 November 2020, the UN human rights experts called upon the Egyptian authorities to “immediately and unconditionally” release the detained human rights activists from the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, who were arrested within days after discussing human rights issues with foreign ambassadors and diplomats on 3 November.[10]
December 2020
On 3 December 2020, Abdel Razek, Ennarah, and Basheer were freed from Cairo's Tora Prison after an international outcry from prominent politicians and actors including Scarlett Johansson, and Antony Blinken.[11][12] On December 7th however the Egyptian court extended the detention of Patrick Zaki, who is also a student at the University of Bologna in Italy.[13]
On 18 December 2020, the European Parliament passed a resolution, citing the deteriorating human rights situation in Egypt. Approved with 434 votes, the resolution urged the member states to impose targeted restrictions against Egypt, particularly for its actions against the activists of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), who have reported frequent harassment by the Egyptian authorities.[14] [15]
See also
Human rights in Egypt
  1. ^ Kenneth Changpertitum (October 27, 2014). "Human rights organisations launch civil society awareness campaign". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d "Egypt arrests human rights group's staff in 'chilling escalation'". BBC News. 2020-11-18. Archived from the original on 2020-11-18. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  3. ^ Max Siegelbaum (February 10, 2015). "In Egypt, Police Are the Real Hooligans". Foreign Policy (blog). Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "EIPR: Staffer's arrest a direct response to meeting with diplomats". Mada Masr. 2020-11-16. Archived from the original on 2020-11-19. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  5. ^ a b "Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR)". ESCR-Net – International Network for Economic, Social & Cultural Rights. 2020. Archived from the original on 2020-11-21. Retrieved 2020-11-21.
  6. ^ a b "Crackdown on EIPR sparks international condemnation". Mada Masr. 2020-11-21. Archived from the original on 2020-11-21. Retrieved 2020-11-21.
  7. ^ "Who We Are". Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights. 2020. Archived from the original on 2020-11-21. Retrieved 2020-11-21.
  8. ^ Williams, Charles (2011-04-05). "Professor O'Brien addresses North African human rights lawyers in Tunisia". University of Notre Dame. Archived from the original on 2020-11-20. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  9. ^ Yee, Vivian (2020-11-19). "Egypt Arrests Human Rights Leader, Continuing Crackdown on Dissent". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2020-11-20. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  10. ^ "UN rights experts condemn retaliatory arrests of activists in Egypt". UN News. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  11. ^ "Egypt frees members of leading rights group". Reuters. 2020. Retrieved 2020-12-03.
  12. ^ "Hollywood star Scarlett Johansson calls on Egypt to release EIPR staff". Middle East Monitor. 2020-12-02. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  13. ^ "Rights group: Egyptian court extends activist's detention". AP NEWS. 2020-12-07. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  14. ^ "EU Parliament calls for action over Egypt's human rights abuses". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  15. ^ "European Parliament resolution of 18 December 2020 on the deteriorating situation of human rights in Egypt". European Parliament. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
Further reading
Soussi, Alasdair (July 2009). "Hossam Bahgat: Interview with Egyptian human rights activist". New Internationalist. Retrieved December 11, 2009.
External links
Last edited on 2 February 2021, at 03:05
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