The town is divided in two by the dry river of Saguia el-Hamra
. On the south side is the old lower town, constructed by Spanish colonists. A cathedral from that era is still active; its priests serve this city and Dakhla
or El Aaiún
are respectively the French and Spanish transliterations of the Maghrebi Arabic name Layoun
, which means "the springs", in reference to the oases that furnish the town's water supply.
The town was the scene of the Zemla Intifada
that occurred on June 17, 1970 that culminated in a massacre, resulting in the deaths ranging from 2 to 11 people.
Laayoune has a population of 217,732
and is the largest city in Western Sahara. It is a growing economic hub.
Economy and status
The city is a hub for fishing and for phosphate
mining in the region.
In 2010, the country was negotiating a new fishing agreement with Europe over offshore fishing.
There is a Spanish international school, Colegio Español La Paz
, owned by the Spanish government. It occupies a 17,000-square-metre (180,000 sq ft) property. In 2015 the parents' association, Asociación de Madres, Padres y Tutores de Alumnos del Colegio Español La Paz (AMPA), asked for the establishment of secondary education so their children would not have to go to Las Palmas
to continue their education.
On 18 December 2019, Comoros
became the first nation to open a consulate in Laayoune in support of Moroccan claims to Western Sahara.
In January 2020, Gabon
opened a consulate general in Laayoune.
Later on, São Tomé and Príncipe
the Central African Republic
, Ivory Coast
the United Arab Emirates
also opened consulates in Laayoune.
Mosque of Moulay Abd el Aziz
Avenue Makkah al-Mukarramah
Monumental arch near the airport
Road To Laayone Port, the roads are well developed.
A Royal Air Maroc At Hassan I Airport.
Laayoune bus station.
Twin towns and sister cities
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Last edited on 7 June 2021, at 16:27
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