: العقيلة al-'Uqaylah) is a coastal city at the southern end of the Gulf of Sidra
in far western Cyrenaica
. In 1988 it was placed in Ajdabiya District
; it was in that district until 1995. It was removed from Ajdabiya District in 1995 but in 2001 it was placed back into Ajdabiya District.
In 2007, El Agheila was placed within the enlarged Al Wahat District
Over ten thousand inmates were kept at the concentration camp in El Agheila.
El Agheila is the site of the Roman fortified town of Anabucis
and its Greek precursor Automala
During the Italian occupation of Libya the town was the site of an Italian concentration camp
. The camp was just south of town and housed over 10,000 inmates. Thousands of the Bedouins starved to death in the camp run by the Italian colonial troops.
World War II
Operation Crusader 18 November 1941 - 31 December 1941 El Agheila is on the lower left (Click to enlarge)
Libyan civil war
During the Libyan Civil War
, the town was taken by anti-Gaddafi forces
in early March, retaken by forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi
in mid-March, and retaken again by NTC
forces in late March only to be once again taken by government forces a couple of days later. It was retaken a third time by anti-Gaddafi forces in August.
- ^ "الشعبيات بالجماهيرية" ("Districts of Libya") Website of the General People's Committee of Libya, from WebArchive dated 30 August 2006
- ^ Goodchild, R. G. (1951) "Boreum of Cyrenaica" The Journal of Roman Studies 41(1/2): pp. 11-16, p. 11
- ^ The site of Automala was found on a small promontory opposite the island of Bu Sceefa, a few kilometers west of el-Agheila. p. 16 of Goodchild, R. G. (1951) "Boreum of Cyrenaica" The Journal of Roman Studies 41(1/2): pp. 11-16
- ^ Ham, Anthony (2002). East of Tripoli - Medinat Sultan to Ajdabiyya: Al-'Aghela. London: Lonely Planet. p. 154. ISBN 0864426992.
Last edited on 5 February 2020, at 11:14
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