On 7 July 2012, the National Transitional Council
, in power since the Libyan Civil War
, supervised democratic elections
for a 200-member General National Congress
to replace the Council.
The assembly was to choose a prime minister and organize parliamentary
elections in 2013.
A process to write a constitution was also to be determined.
Unrest driven by armed militias, ethnic minority and radical groups undermined the process and the government for the years following the overthrowing of Muammar Gaddafi
. While internal apathy towards democratic reforms slowed the process, external bodies such as the European Union were still pressing for the establishment of a national dialogue to build consensus for the drafting of a new constitution to take place before the end of 2014.
Parliamentary elections were scheduled to be held on 25 June 2014 in a move aimed at stabilizing the country and quelling the unrest.
Libya's parliament consisted of a unicameral General People's Congress. Its members were elected indirectly through a hierarchy of people's committees.
Suffrage was 18 years of age; universal and technically compulsory.