is located in the northeastern part of New Jersey
. As of the 2019 Census estimate
, the county's population was 798,975, making it the state's third-most populous county,
an increase of 3.1% from the 2010 United States Census
, when its population was enumerated at 783,969,
in turn a decrease of 1.2% (9,664 fewer residents) from the 793,633 enumerated in the 2000 census
In 2010, the county dropped down to third-largest, behind Middlesex County
, and was one of only two counties in the state to see a decline between 2000 and 2010 (Cape May County
being the other).
Its county seat
the most populous city in the state. It is part of the New York Metropolitan Area
Interactive map of Essex County, New Jersey
Township of Millburn
The county is named after Essex
, a county in the East of England
Based on data from the 2010 census, Essex County is the 14th-most densely populated county in the United States, and was ranked second in the state after Hudson County
(which ranked sixth in the nation at 13,731.4 per square mile).
, with a population density of 11,458.3 people/square mile, is the largest municipality in the county both in terms of land area (24.19 square miles) and population (277,140), while Caldwell
is the smallest in terms of land area (1.17 square miles) and Essex Fells
has the smallest population (2,113).
Many of the county's smallest municipalities have population densities that are comparable to those of many big cities, and are well above the state's average which in turn is the highest in the nation.
Like many of the counties of Northern New Jersey
near New York City
—which tend to have sharp divides between relatively rich suburban neighborhoods and less wealthy, more densely populated cities nearby—the eastern region of Essex County tends to be poorer and more urbanized, while the western parts tend to be more affluent and suburban.
The wide area of Eastern Essex
has significant pockets of high population, high building density, high poverty, and high crime rates. Within this general area however are many stable, mixed and middle-income areas of diverse populations. For example, north and west sides of Newark
have well-kept suburban areas such as Vailsburg
and Forest Hill
. The east side of Newark is the Ironbound
, a working-class Brazilian
community. East Orange
has the Presidential Estate neighborhood full of large one family homes. Belleville
are suburbs with historic Italian
communities that, in spite of retaining a core Italian-American population, now have many immigrants from Latin America
. As of the 2000 Census, 36% of Nutley
residents indicated that they were of Italian ancestry, the 12th-highest of any municipality in the nation and third-highest in New Jersey
Beginning at about the turn of the century, this region led the state in the rebuilding and rehab of its housing stock. In the 2000s, Newark led the state in the issuance of building permits. Many reasons were cited: citywide incentives to encourage construction development, an improving local economy, the rising demand of low-cost housing so close to Manhattan. Newark has since then become one of the fastest growing cities in the entire Northeast,
and reported a gain in median income and drop in poverty rate.
This is a turnaround from the deterioration and abandonment experienced in the post-riot 1970s, 1980s and early part of the 1990s.
Crime in this part of the county has traditionally been among the highest in the state and the country as well, but recently has also seen significant declines, mirroring its large neighbor to the east, New York City.
By 2006, crime in Newark
had fallen 60% over the previous decade to its lowest levels in 40 years.
Neighboring East Orange has also experienced a decline in crimes, dropping 50% in the three years (2005 to 2007).
While crime rates have fallen significantly in these cities in recent years, they nonetheless remain high here compared to national crime statistics, as well as Irvington
, and Orange
. In 2008, Newark had 67 homicides, down from 105 in 2007 and the record of 161 murders set in 1981.
In contrast, Western Essex
tends to be more suburban and affluent. Within this region are some of the most diverse and racially integrated municipalities in the state and nation, including Montclair
, West Orange
, South Orange
. Many neighborhoods are well-known magnets for people moving from New York City, such as Glen Ridge
, Cedar Grove
, South Orange
and West Orange
. The communities of Livingston
, West Caldwell
, South Orange, Maplewood, Millburn
, North Caldwell
, and Essex Fells
are some of the wealthiest towns in the county. Short Hills
(in Millburn), South Orange and Livingston have large Jewish
communities. Short Hills has a popular upscale shopping mall, The Mall at Short Hills
located near affluent communities in Morris
As the poorest place in the county, Newark
has a median household income of $33,025 and a per capita income of $17,198;
at the other extreme, Essex Fells
, one of the wealthier places in the county and the 4th wealthiest municipality in the state, has a median household income of $174,432 and a per capita income of $89,316.
Essex County was the first county in the country to create a county park system (Essex County Park System
), to ensure that it did not lose all its land to development.
Essex Troop, New Jersey National Guard
Essex County Hall of Records
Thomas Edison Laboratory
Essex was originally formed as one of four administrative districts within Province of East Jersey
in 1675, together with Bergen
districts. Essex County was formed within East Jersey on March 7, 1683.
The county was named after the English county of Essex
. When the provinces of East Jersey and West Jersey were combined in 1702, the county boundaries were retained.
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the county had an area of 129.631 square miles (335.74 km2
), including 126.212 square miles (326.89 km2
) of land (97.4%) and 3.419 square miles (8.86 km2
) of water (2.6%).
The county rises from generally flat in the east to the twin ridges of the Watchung Mountains
in the western half, beyond which the land lowers again into the Passaic River
All of Essex County has a humid subtropical climate
) if the -3 °C isotherm is used. If the 0 °C isotherm is used, Cfa
only exists in eastern Newark and the rest of the county has a hot-summer humid continental climate
(Dfa). However temperatures do vary in various locations. In Newark, Eastern Essex County, and Southern/Southeastern Essex County, temperatures are relatively cool to hot, even in the winter months. Western Essex County has similar temperatures to Eastern Essex, but the elevation increase within the Watchung Mountains
allows for some minor differences. An example would be that in January on Interstate 280
it could be raining in East Orange
. Heading west on 280 there is a large hill that elevates from 150 feet (46 m) to 650 feet (200 m), a 500 feet (150 m) difference. At the top of the hill it could be snowing because of the 3 to 4 degree temperature differences.
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Newark have ranged from a low of 24 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −14 °F (−26 °C) was recorded in February 1934 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1993. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.99 inches (76 mm) in February to 4.76 inches (121 mm) in July.
In Roseland, average monthly temperatures range from 29.2 °F in January to 74.6 °F in July. 
The 2010 United States census
counted 783,969 people, 283,712 households, and 189,236 families in the county. The population density
was 6,211.5 per square mile (2,398.3/km2
). There were 312,954 housing units at an average density of 2,479.6 per square mile (957.4/km2
). The racial makeup was 42.59% (333,868) White
, 40.88% (320,479) Black or African American
, 0.39% (3,056) Native American
, 4.57% (35,789) Asian
, 0.04% (286) Pacific Islander
, 8.38% (65,687) from other races
, and 3.16% (24,804) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino
of any race were 20.30% (159,117) of the population.
Of the 283,712 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18; 40.1% were married couples living together; 20.6% had a female householder with no husband present and 33.3% were non-families. Of all households, 27.7% were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.29.
24.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.4 years. For every 100 females, the population had 92.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 88.6 males.
As of the 2000 United States Census
, there were 793,633 people, 283,736 households, and 193,507 families residing in the county. The population density
was 6,285 people per square mile (2,427/km2
). There were 301,011 housing units at an average density of 2,384 per square mile (920/km2
). The racial makeup of the county was 44.46% White
, 41.24% Black
or African American
, 0.23% Native American
, 3.71% Asian
, 0.05% Pacific Islander
, 6.88% from other races
, and 3.42% from two or more races. Essex county has the largest percentage of African Americans
in the state of New Jersey. 15.42% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
Among those residents listing their ancestry, 11.6% residents were of Italian
, 6.9% Irish
and 5.0% West Indian
There were 283,736 households, out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.30% were married couples
living together, 20.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.30.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $44,944, and the median income for a family was $54,818. Males had a median income of $41,374 versus $32,052 for females. The per capita income
for the county was $24,943. About 12.8% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.
The county has a substantial Italian
population, with significant percentages of residents (over 25%) in several communities, of the West Essex
area and northeastern district, mostly in the northern half of the county, being of Italian descent. This includes the communities of Belleville
(26.3%), Cedar Grove
(34.3%) and West Caldwell
Essex County is governed by a County Executive
and a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders
, who administer all county business. Essex joins Atlantic
counties as one of the five of 21 New Jersey counties with an elected executive.
The County Executive is elected by a direct vote of the electorate. Nine freeholders are elected to serve three-year concurrent terms of office. Five of the freeholders represent districts; four are elected from the county on an at-large basis. At an annual organization meeting, the freeholders choose a Freeholder President and Vice-President from among its members to serve one-year terms.
The executive's term ends on December 31, 2018. The current freeholders are all serving terms that end concurrently on December 31, 2018.
In 2016, freeholders were paid $37,249 and the freeholder president was paid an annual salary of $38,211; freeholder salaries were the second-highest in the state, behind Hudson County
the county executive was paid $161,615 in 2015.
- Freeholder President Brendan W. Gill (D, at-large; Montclair)
- Freeholder Vice President Wayne L. Richardson (D, District 2 – Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Newark)
- Tyshammie L. Cooper (D, District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; East Orange)
- Rufus I. Johnson (D, at large; Newark)
- Lebby C. Jones (D, at large; Irvington)
- Leonard M. Luciano (D, District 4 – Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell)
- Robert Mercado (D, District 1 – Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark)
- Carlos M. Pomares (D, District 5 – Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Bloomfield)
- Patricia Sebold (D, at large; Livingston)
The seat representing District 3 that had been held by Britnee Timberlake
became vacant following her resignation as a freeholder in January 2018 to take office in the New Jersey General Assembly
to replace Sheila Oliver
The freeholders appointed Janine Bauer in March to fill the vacant seat on an interim basis until the November general election.
Pursuant to Article VII Section II of the New Jersey State Constitution
, each county in New Jersey is required to have three elected administrative officials known as "constitutional officers." These officers are the County Clerk
and County Surrogate
(both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff
(elected for a three-year term).
Essex County's constitutional officers are:
The Acting Essex County Prosecutor
is Theodore N. Stephens II, who was appointed as acting prosecutor in September 2018. Stephens previously served as Essex County Surrogate from 2012 until his appointment as Acting Prosecutor.
Essex County constitutes Vicinage 5 of the New Jersey Superior Court
, which is seated at the Veterans' Courthouse in Newark, which also houses the Criminal Part; civil and probate cases are heard at both the historic Essex County Courthouse and at the Essex County Hall of Records, also in Newark, while family and chancery cases are heard at the Robert N. Wilentz Court Complex, also in Newark, with additional facilities in East Orange
. The Assignment Judge for the vicinage is Sallyanne Floria.
Senatorial elections results (Class II)
Senatorial elections results (Class I)
Four federal Congressional Districts
cover the county, including portions of the 7th, 8th, 10th and 11th Districts.
For the 117th United States Congress
. New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District
is represented by Tom Malinowski
, East Amwell Township
For the 117th United States Congress
, New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District
is represented by Albio Sires
, West New York
For the 117th United States Congress
, New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District
is represented by Donald Payne Jr.
For the 117th United States Congress
, New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District
is represented by Mikie Sherrill
The 22 municipalities of Essex County are represented by six separate legislative districts.
Gubernatorial elections results
In presidential elections, the county has long been Democratic and is typically the most Democratic county in the state. It was the only county in the state to be won by Walter Mondale
In the 2004 U.S. presidential election
, John Kerry
carried the county by a 41.6% margin over George W. Bush
, the highest winning margin in any county in New Jersey, with Kerry carrying the state by 6.7% over Bush.
In each of the last six elections the Democratic candidate received 69% or more of the county's vote.
As of August 1, 2020, there were a total of 547,263 registered voters in Essex County, of whom 281,782 (51.5%) were registered as Democrats, 54,396 (9.9%) were registered as Republicans and 205,878 (37.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 5,207 (1%) voters registered to other parties.
Presidential election results
Presidential election results
Essex County Police Academy
Law enforcement at the county level is provided by the Essex County Prosecutor's Office and the Essex County Sheriff's Office. The Essex County Police was completely absorbed by the sheriff's office by 2007. Essex County College
and its satellite locations are patrolled by the Essex County College Police Department.
Essex County has five public and five private institutions. Another private college closed in 1995.
- Essex County College – a two-year community college that offers A.A., A.S., and A.A.S. degrees, the school opened in 1968. The school's main campus is in the University Heights section of Newark, with a satellite campus in West Caldwell.
- Montclair State University – founded in 1908, the school serves more than 20,000 students at its campus covering Montclair, Little Falls and Clifton.
- New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) – located in Newark's University Heights section, the school was established in 1881 as Newark Technical School, the school has a total enrollment of 11,400 undergraduate and graduate students.
- Rutgers University–Newark – the school has an enrollment of 12,000 and dates back to the 1908 establishment of the New Jersey Law School which became a part of Rutgers University under legislation that incorporated the University of Newark into Rutgers.
- New Jersey Medical School – dates back to its establishment in Newark in 1956 as the Seton Hall College of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, and became part of Rutgers University in 2013.
Garden State Parkway southbound entering Essex County
Essex County also has four U.S. Routes that cross it. Route 1/9
and a freeway throughout their length in the county. They pass through Newark from Elizabeth
in Union County
in Hudson County
. It crosses over the Passaic River
on the Pulaski Skyway
, which bans trucks, so just before it leaves the county in the north Truck 1/9
splits for the traffic that is not allowed on the bridge. Truck 1/9
is also a freeway its entire length in the county. U.S. Route 22
eastern terminus is in Newark the only municipality it crosses in the county. It is a freeway along it route in Essex County. It connects Newark with points to the east. The last U.S. Route in the county is U.S. Route 46
, which passes through Fairfield
, where it is a major commercial road that parallels Interstate 80
Other highways in the county include:
Essex County has a large rail network, but most of the network is focused at commuting to Newark and New York City. All of the passenger rail lines in the county are electrified; although, not all trains that use the lines are electric, because they connect to non-electrified track.
Broad Street station of Newark Light Rail
The Newark City Subway is the only survivor of the many street car
lines that once crossed New Jersey, although it no longer uses street cars. It survived in part because it does not include street running
, instead following the abandoned Morris Canal
right of way before going underground. It has one station in Bloomfield and one in Belleville on the old Orange Branch of the New York & Greenwood Lake Service
of the Erie Railroad before entering Newark and turning onto the Morris Canal right of way. From there it follows Branch Brook Park before turning into downtown Newark as a subway. It has nine stops in Newark before terminating in Newark Penn Station.
The Broad Street Extension was built to provide connections between Newark Penn Station and Newark Broad Street Station and service to the waterfront of Newark. Leaving Penn Station, the line comes up from the subway and runs on streets or at grade for most of its length. It stops at NJPAC/Center Street
, Atlantic Street
, and Riverfront Stadium
before reaching Broad Street Station. From Broad Street it takes a different route stopping at Washington Park
and NJPAC/Center Street before arriving at Penn Station.
has two stations in the county, Newark Penn Station
and Newark Airport
, both on the Northeast Corridor
. Newark Penn Station
has service on the only high speed train
in the Western Hemisphere
, the Acela Express
, to Boston
, and Washington, D.C.
. Newark Penn Station
also offers services on the Cardinal
to New Orleans
; Keystone Service
; Northeast Regional
to Newport News
, and Lynchburg
; Silver Star
and Silver Meteor
; and Vermonter
to St. Albans
all with intermediate stops. Newark Airport
is served by Northeast Regional and Keystone Service trains.
Index map of Essex County Municipalities (click to see index key)
Interactive map of municipalities in Essex County
Municipalities in Essex County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area in square miles) are:
Other, unincorporated communities
in the county are listed next to their parent municipality. Most of these areas are census-designated places
that have been created by the United States Census Bureau
for enumeration purposes within a Township
. Other communities and enclaves that exist within a municipality are marked as non-CDP
next to the name.
The municipalities of western Essex County have discussed secession from the county, to create a new county or be annexed to Morris County
, spurred mainly by a belief that tax policy benefits the poorer, urban, eastern portions of the county at the expense of the wealthier, more suburban municipalities in the west of the county. From 2001 to 2003, Millburn
all held nonbinding ballot referendums on the issue. Then-Montclair
mayor Robert J. Russo gave a statement in 2003 about secession, "I've watched Essex County burden our people, with very little to show for it. We're fiscally conservative here and socially progressive -- and we're finally rebelling."
West Essex Regional School district takes up four towns. Roseland, Essex Fells, North Caldwell, and Fairfield. The district makes up the middle and high school; the elementary schools are in the four separate towns and include grades Pre-K to 6. West Essex Middle School (WEMS) hold grades 7–8, and the high school hold grades 9-12. The other schools districts in Essex County is the same as a regular district. The elementary, middle, and high schools are in the same town.
- Anderson Park Montclair
- Becker Park, Roseland
- Branch Brook Park, Newark / Belleville (the country's oldest county park)
- Brookdale Park, Montclair / Bloomfield
- Crane House Site Boulder Monument, corner of Valley Road and Claremont Ave, Montclair; formerly the smallest park in the world, now #2.
- Eagle Rock Reservation, West Orange / Montclair
- Glenfield Park, Montclair / Glen Ridge
- Grover Cleveland Park, Caldwell / Essex Fells
- Hilltop Reservation, Caldwell / Cedar Grove / North Caldwell / Verona
- Irvington Park, Irvington
- Ivy Hill Park, Newark
- Kip's Castle Park, Verona / Montclair
- Mills Reservation, Cedar Grove / Upper Montclair
- Orange Park, Orange / East Orange
- South Mountain Reservation, West Orange / South Orange / Millburn / Maplewood
- Vailsburg Park, Newark
- Thomas Edison National Historical Park, West Orange
- Verona Park, Verona
- Watsessing Park, Bloomfield / East Orange
- Weequahic Park, Newark
- West Essex Park, West Caldwell / Roseland
- West Side Park, Newark
- Yanticaw Park, Nutley
Other points of interest
- ^ a b c d Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 125. Accessed June 6, 2012.
- ^ a b New Jersey County Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017.
- ^ QuickFacts - Essex County, New Jersey; New Jersey; United States, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 24, 2018.
- ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018 - 2018 Population Estimates Archived February 13, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 24, 2018.
- ^ GCT-PEPANNCHG: Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: July 1, 2016 to July 1, 2017 - State -- County / County Equivalent from the 2017 Population Estimates for New Jersey Archived February 13, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 24, 2018.
- ^ a b c d e DP1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 25, 2016.
- ^ a b c d e DP-1 – Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2012.
- ^ NJ Labor Market Views Archived 2013-09-20 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, March 15, 2011. Accessed October 4, 2013.
- ^ a b New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts; 2010 Census of Population and Housing, p. 6, CPH-2-32. United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed August 29, 2016.
- ^[lwd.dol.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/industry/incpov/highcnty.xls 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes available for 3113 counties in the United States: 2015], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 24, 2017.
- ^ Local Area Personal Income: 2015 Archived October 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Accessed October 24, 2017.
- ^ "250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes of the 3113 Counties in the United States, 2009". Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2011., Bureau of Economic Analysis, backed uo by the Internet Archive as of July 22, 2011. Accessed September 9, 2012.
- ^ Kane, Joseph Nathan; and Aiken, Charles Curry. The American Counties: Origins of County Names, Dates of Creation, and Population Data, 1950–2000, p. 95. Scarecrow Press, 2005. ISBN 0810850362. Accessed January 21, 2013.
- ^ Staff. "Census 2010 data show population and diversity trends" Archived October 5, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, USA Today. Accessed October 4, 2013. Click on "Population per Square Mile" to sort counties nationwide by descending population density."
- ^ a b GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County – County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2012.
- ^ Italian Communities Archived 2007-05-12 at the Wayback Machine, EPodunk. Accessed October 4, 2013.
- ^ Roberts, Sam. "Biggest Urban Growth Is in South and West", June 28, 2007. Accessed November 13, 2007.
- ^ Census data for Newark, New Jersey, accessed November 14, 2006
- ^ Newark city, New Jersey – Fact Sheet – American FactFinder
- ^ a b Wang, Katie. "County reports largest drop is in violent crime", The Star-Ledger, October 17, 2007. Accessed November 13, 2007. "For the second year in a row, overall crime in Essex County dropped by 10 percent, according to the annual crime statistics released by the State Police yesterday. The county saw the biggest drops in violent crime in 2006, particularly in robberies and aggravated assaults. Those incidents dropped by 6 percent and 7 percent respectively."
- ^ Total Crime Rate for US Cities, 1995: Population 40,000+, accessed November 14, 2006
- ^ Crime in the Cities, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 14, 2006
- ^ Jones, Richard G. "The Crime Rate Drops, and a City Credits Its Embrace of Surveillance Technology", The New York Times, May 29, 2007. Accessed November 11, 2007.
- ^ Lueck, Thomas J. "As Newark Mayor Readies Crime Fight, Toll Rises", The New York Times, January 8, 2007. Accessed October 6, 2007. "For all of 2006, the police said, Newark had 104 homicides, far below its record of 161 in 1981, but more than in any other year since 1995."
- ^ About Us, The Mall at Short Hills. Accessed May 10, 2015.
- ^ "Census.gov". Accessed June 11, 2018.
- ^ "Census.gov" . Accessed June 11, 2018.
- ^ Accomando, Peter R. and Liebau, Michelle M. "Essex County park system celebrates 100 years of beauty and service", Parks and Recreation, March 1995. Accessed May 26, 2007. "This picturesque scheme amid the bustling cityscape of Newark is Branch Brook Park, the largest park in Essex County and the first county park in the United States."
- ^ Parrillo, Rosemary. "The Locations", The Star-Ledger, March 4, 2001. Accessed October 4, 2013.
- ^ Saputo, Rocco. "Essex County - Top 9 Activities". New Jersey 101.5. Townsquare Media, Inc. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
- ^ "Thomas A. Edison Laboratories, Main Street & Lakeside Avenue, West Orange, Essex County, NJ". Library of Congress. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
- ^ "Essex County Holiday House Tour". MyVeronaNJ.com. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
- ^ "Port Elizabeth / Port Newark Remediation Dredging". JayCashman.com. Archived from the original on October 28, 2018. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
- ^ "Essex County Public and Private Airports, New Jersey". TollFreeAirline.com. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
- ^ Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Counties, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 10, 2015.
- ^ New Jersey County High Points, Peakbagger.com. Accessed October 4, 2013.
- ^ a b Monthly Averages for Newark, New Jersey, The Weather Channel. Accessed August 25, 2014.
- ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- ^ Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108–109. United States Census Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- ^ U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Jersey's 2010 Census Population Totals, United States Census Bureau, February 3, 2011. Accessed June 6, 2012.
- ^ "Jewish Population in the United States, 2002" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 13, 2006. Retrieved November 28, 2007., National Jewish Population Survey. Accessed May 11, 2006.
- ^ a b c "DP-1" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 10, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2016., United States Census Bureau, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 6, 2008. Accessed October 4, 2013.
- ^ DP-2 – Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) – Sample Data for Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
- ^ DP-3 – Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000 from Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) – Sample Data for Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
- ^ QT-P13 – Ancestry: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) – Sample Data for County Subdivisions in Essex County, New JerseyArchived 2020-02-14 at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
- ^ Local Area Gross Domestic Product, 2018, Bureau of Economic Analysis, released December 12, 2019. Accessed December 12, 2019.
- ^ Rinde, Meir. "Explainer: What's a Freeholder? NJ's Unusual County Government System", NJ Spotlight, October 27, 2015. Accessed October 26, 2017. "Five counties -- Atlantic, Bergen, Essex, Hudson, and Mercer -- opted for popularly elected county executives in addition to freeholder boards."
- ^ Definition of a Freeholder Archived 2007-08-23 at the Wayback Machine, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed October 22, 2017.
- ^ a b County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed March 8, 2018.
- ^ Definition of a Freeholder, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed September 25, 2017.
- ^ Gallo Jr., Bill. "Which N.J. county freeholders are paid the most?", NJ.com, March 11, 2016. Accessed October 25, 2017. "Freeholder president: $38,211; Other freeholders: $37,249"
- ^ Lagerkvist, Mark. "Double-dipping tricks cost millions in NJ's Essex County; To find double-dippers in New Jersey's Essex County, taxpayers only need look up. Three top county officials have pocketed more than $2.8 million in retirement pay in addition to their six-figure salaries.", New Jersey Watchdog, August 31, 2015. Accessed October 26, 2017. "'Joe D,' as he is widely known, gets two checks for one job – $161,615 in salary as county executive plus $68,861 from pension as retired county executive."
- ^ Essex County Executive, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed March 8, 2018.
- ^ Mazzola, Jessica. "Political power player to seek 5th term", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, December 8, 2017. Accessed March 8, 2018. "Essex County Executive Joseph DiVincenzo is looking for another four years.The Democratic heavy hitter is expected to announce Monday his reelection bid to a fifth term in the county's top seat."
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- ^ Johnson, Brent. "Meet Lt. Gov. Sheila Oliver's replacement in the N.J. Assembly", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, January 29, 2018. Accessed March 8, 2018. "Britnee Timberlake, previously New Jersey's only black female county freeholder director, is now the newest member of the state Assembly. Timberlake, 31, was sworn in Monday to fill the state Assembly seat vacated by Sheila Oliver, who earlier this month became the first black woman to assume statewide office in Garden State history when she took over as lieutenant governor.... Timberlake, an East Orange resident, had to resign her freeholder post to serve in the Assembly."
- ^ Staff. "South Orange Resident Janine Bauer Appointed Essex County Freeholder", The Village Green of Maplewood and South Orange, April 8, 2018. Accessed June 10, 2018. "The Essex County Democratic Committee recently affirmed South Orange Democratic Party Chair Janine Bauer as a temporary Freeholder Board replacement for Assemblywoman Britnee Timberlake. Bauer was sworn in in early March."
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- ^ Public Safety Archived 2018-09-06 at the Wayback Machine, Essex County College. Accessed March 7, 2018.
- ^ About, Essex County College. Accessed November 29, 2015. "The main campus is located in the heart of University Heights in Newark, New Jersey. Our urban campus covers three city blocks and houses high tech classrooms with advanced teaching modalities and state-of-the-art laboratories. We also have the West Essex campus located in West Caldwell, New Jersey, which meets the educational and training needs of people who live and work in the western part of Essex County."
- ^ At a Glance, Montclair State University. Accessed November 29, 2015.
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- ^ School Profile 2009–2010, East Orange Campus High School. Accessed November 29, 2015. "East Orange Campus High School was opened in 2002, resulting from the merging of the former Clifford Scott High School and East Orange High School. The school is located in the largest building of the refurbished campus of Upsala College and has been expanded to accommodate increased demand for enrollment."
- ^ Essex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
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- ^ Annual Notice of Board Meetings, NJ Transit. Accessed October 22, 2017. "Unless otherwise indicated, meetings will be held at NJ TRANSIT's Corporate Headquarters in Newark, New Jersey. The meetings will convene at 9:00 a.m. in the Board Room at NJ TRANSIT's Headquarters, One Penn Plaza East, Ninth Floor, Newark, New Jersey."
- ^ Essex County System Map, NJ Transit. Accessed October 22, 2017.
- ^ Northeast Corridor, NJ Transit. Accessed June 20, 2014.
- ^ North Jersey Coast Line, NJ Transit. Accessed June 20, 2014.
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- ^ Newark Light Rail System Map, NJ Transit. Accessed June 20, 2014.
- ^ PATH System Map, Port Authority Trans-Hudson. Accessed June 20, 2014.
- ^ AirTrain Newark, Newark Liberty International Airport. Accessed June 20, 2014.
- ^ Home Page, Essex County Airport. Accessed June 20, 2014.
- ^ Home Page, Port Newark Container Terminal. Accessed June 20, 2014.
- ^ GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County – County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 25, 2014.
- ^ Pearce, Jeremy. "In Essex County, Secession Gathers Momentum", The New York Times, September 7, 2003. Accessed September 23, 2016. "Montclair and Roseland both have decided to test the winds for revolution. In November, each community plans to put the secession issue before the public, in the form of a nonbinding referendum. Two years ago, Millburn posed a similar question and was bowled over at the response: 88 percent of voters agreed that the town should take steps toward leaving Essex for neighboring Morris County."
- ^ Essex County parks history, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed August 23, 2007.
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