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Ettajdid Movement
The Ettajdid Movement (Movement for Renewal ; Arabic: حركة التجديد‎‎, Ḥarakat et-Tajdīd ; French: Mouvement Ettajdid), also referred to simply as Ettajdid, was a centre-left secularistpolitical party in Tunisia, active from 1993 to 2012.
Ettajdid Movement
حركة التجديد
French nameMouvement Ettajdid
Former first secretaryAhmed Brahim
Founded23 April 1993
Dissolved1 April 2012
Preceded byTunisian Communist Party
Merged intoSocial Democratic Path
Headquarters6 rue de Métouia
Tunis
NewspaperAttariq al Jadid
IdeologySecularism[1]
Democratic socialism[2]
Social liberalism[2]
Political positionCentre-left[3][4][5]
National affiliationDemocratic Modernist Pole
Website
ettajdid.org
History and profile
Ettajdid evolved out of the old Tunisian Communist Party when it abandoned its former ideology in 1993. During the Ben Ali rule it was one of the legal, although oppressed opposition parties. After the Tunisian revolution of 2011, it became part of the Democratic Modernist Pole alliance and in 2012 it merged into the Social Democratic Path. It was led by its First Secretary Mohamed Harmel from its creation until 2007 and then by Ahmed Brahim until its dissolution.
Adopting its new name and abandoning communism in April 1993, the party adopted a social economic programme, and it was legalised in November 1993. In the 1994 election, the party won four seats. This increased to five in 1999, before falling to three in the 2004 election and to two in 2009, making it the smallest of the seven parties represented in the Tunisian parliament.
After massive protests in January 2011, Ettajdid gained a post for Ahmed Brahim as Minister of Higher Education.[6] For the Constituent assembly election, Ettajdid formed a strongly secularist alliance called Democratic Modernist Pole (PDM), of which it was the mainstay.[7][8]
On 1 April 2012, it merged with the Tunisian Labour Party and some individual members of the Democratic Modernist Pole to form the Social Democratic Path.[9]
Ettajdid published Attariq al Jadid (New Path).[10]
Electoral history
Presidential elections
Election dateParty candidateVotes%Result
2004Mohamed Ali Halouani42,2130.95%Lost
2009Ahmed Brahim74,2571.57%Lost
Chamber of Deputies elections
ElectionParty leaderVotes%Seats+/–
1994Mohamed Harmel11,2990.4%4 / 1634
19995 / 1821
200443,2681.74%3 / 1822
2009Ahmed Brahim22,2060.50%2 / 2141
Footnotes
  1. ^ Marks, Monica (26 October 2011), "Can Islamism and Feminism Mix?", New York Times, retrieved 28 October 2011
  2. ^ a b Fisher, Max (27 October 2011), "Tunisian Election Results Guide: The Fate of a Revolution", The Atlantic, retrieved 28 October 2011
  3. ^ Ryan, Yasmine (14 January 2011). "Tunisia president not to run again". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  4. ^ Chebbi, Najib (18 January 2011). "Tunisia: who are the opposition leaders?". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  5. ^ "Tunisia seeks to form unity cabinet after Ben Ali fall". BBC News. 16 January 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  6. ^ "Tunisia forms national unity government amid unrest". BBC. 17 January 2011. Retrieved 18 January 2011.
  7. ^ Chrisafis, Angelique (19 October 2011), "Tunisian elections: the key parties", The Guardian, retrieved 24 October 2011
  8. ^ Bollier, Sam (9 Oct 2011), "Who are Tunisia's political parties?", Al Jazeera, retrieved 21 October 2011
  9. ^ Ghribi, Asma (2 April 2012), Fusion of Centrist Parties to Create a New Force in Tunisian Politics, Tunisia-live, archived from the original on 2 January 2014, retrieved 6 November 2013
  10. ^ "Tunisia's Media Landscape" (Report). International Media Support. June 2002. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
External links
Official website
Last edited on 28 January 2021, at 14:22
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