Eutelsat - Wikipedia
Eutelsat S.A. is a European satellite operator. Providing coverage over the entire European continent, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and the Americas, it is the world's third-largest satellite operator in terms of revenues.[1]
Eutelsat S.A.
TypeSociété Anonyme
CAC Mid 60 Component
IndustryCommunications satellite
Founded1977; 44 years ago
HeadquartersParis, France
Key people
Rodolphe Belmer (CEO)
Eutelsat's satellites are used for broadcasting nearly 7,000 television stations, of which 1,400 are in high-definition television, and 1,100 radio stations to over 274 million cable and satellite homes. They also serve requirements for TV contribution services, corporate networks, mobile communications, Internet backbone connectivity and broadband access for terrestrial, maritime and in-flight applications. EUTELSAT is headquartered in Paris, France. Eutelsat Communications Chief Executive Officer is currently Rodolphe Belmer.[2]
In October 2017, EUTELSAT acquired NOORSAT, one of the leading satellite service providers in the Middle East, from Bahrain's Orbit Holding Group. NOORSAT is the premier distributor of Eutelsat capacity in the Middle East, serving blue-chip customers and providing services for over 300 TV channels almost exclusively from Eutelsat's market-leading the Middle East and North Africa neighbourhoods at 7/8° West and 25.5° East.[3]
European Telecommunications Satellite Organization membership
The European Telecommunications Satellite Organization (EUTELSAT) was originally set up in (1977; 44 years ago), by 17 European countries as an intergovernmental organisation (IGO). Its role was to develop and operate a satellite-based telecommunications infrastructure for Europe. The Convention establishing the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization EUTELSAT was opened for signature in July 1982 and entered into force on 1 September 1985.[4]
In 1982, EUTELSAT decided to start operations of its first TV channel (Sky Channel or Sky One) on the Orbital Test Satellite (OTS) in cooperation with European Space Agency (ESA). This was the first satellite-based direct-to-home TV channel launched in Europe. In 1983, EUTELSAT launched its first satellite to be used for telecommunications and TV distribution
Initially established to address satellite telecommunications demand in Western Europe, EUTELSAT rapidly developed its infrastructure to expand coverage to additional services (i.e. TV) and markets, such as Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, and the Middle East, the African continent, and large parts of Asia and the Americas from the 1990s.
EUTELSAT was the first satellite operator in Europe to broadcast television channels direct-to-home. It developed its premium neighbourhood of five Hot Bird satellites in the mid-1990s to offer capacity that would be able to attract hundreds of channels to the same orbital location, appealing to wider audiences for consumer satellite TV.
With the general liberalisation of the telecommunications sector in Europe, EUTELSAT's assets, liabilities and operational activities were transferred to a private company called Eutelsat S.A. established for this purpose in July 2001.[5] The structure role and activities of the new intergovernmental organisation EUTELSAT IGO evolved. To this day, the main purpose of EUTELSAT IGO has been to ensure that Eutelsat S.A. observes the Basic Principles set forth in the EUTELSAT Amended Convention entered into force in November 2002. These Basic Principles refer to public service/universal service obligations, pan European coverage by the satellite system, non-discrimination and fair competition.[6] The Executive Secretary of EUTELSAT IGO participates in all meetings of the Board of Directors of Eutelsat Communications S.A. and Eutelsat S.A. as an observer to the Board (censeur).[7]
In April 2005, the principal shareholders of Eutelsat S.A. grouped their investment in a new entity (Eutelsat Communications), which is now the holding company of the Group owning 95.2% of Eutelsat S.A. on 6 October 2005. Currently it owns 96.0% of Eutelsat S.A.[8]
On 31 July 2013, Eutelsat Communications announced the 100% acquisition of Satélites Mexicanos, S.A. de C.V. ("Satmex") for US$831 million in cash plus the assumption of US$311 million in Satmex debt, pending government and regulatory approvals.[9] The transaction was finalized on 2 January 2014. Based in Mexico, Satmex operates three satellites at contiguous positions, 113° West (Satmex 6), 114.9° West (Satmex 5) and 116.8° West (Satmex 8) that cover 90% of the population of the Americas.
In December 2015, the company announced a partnership [10] with Facebook to launch an internet satellite over Africa by 2016 where Facebook lease all of a satellite's high throughput Ka-band capacity, however, the satellite was destroyed during launch preparations.
In December 2020, Eutelsat launched Eutelsat Konnect, a domestic broadband service targeting remote localities, in the United Kingdom with a planned subsequent launch across Europe.[11]
1/10 scale mockup of a Eutelsat W3 satellite, a Spacebus 4000C3 Image does NOT show W3B (for comparison actual W3B Photo)
Video ApplicationsProfessional Data NetworksBroadband Services
Direct broadcasting of TV and radioPrivate networksBackhauling and trunking
Cable & IPTV distributionData broadcastingVirtual Private Networks
Satellite newsgatheringBusiness TV, videoconferencingBroadband Internet access on the ground, at sea, in-flight
Programme exchangesMobile services (messaging, positioning)Multicasting and IP content distribution
Hybrid Satellite OTT Solutions
In September 2018, Eutelsat launched Eutelsat CIRRUS, a new turnkey content delivery solution[buzzword] which enables broadcasters to deliver content to satellite and OTT screens. Viewers can watch content on screens, phones and tablets, access multiple programmes, record and rewind and view detailed programme information.[12]
EUTELSAT sells capacity on 39 satellites located in geosynchronous orbit between 133° West and 174° East. On 1 March 2012, EUTELSAT changed the names of its satellites. The group's satellites mostly take the Eutelsat name, with the relevant figure for their orbital position and a letter indicating their order of arrival at that position. On 21 May 2014, Eutelsat Americas (formerly Satmex) aligned its satellite names with the Eutelsat brand.[13]
SatelliteCOSPAR IDLocationRegions servedLaunchComments
Eutelsat 3B2014-030A3°EEurope, Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, Brazil26 May 2014Entered service in July 2014 [14]
Eutelsat 5 West A2002-035A5°WEurope, Americas, Africa5 July 2002Formerly named Atlantic Bird 3 until March 2012, was also called Stellat 5
Eutelsat 5 West B2019-067A5°W9 October 2019
Eutelsat 7A2004-008A7°EEurope, Middle East, Africa16 March 2004Formerly named Eutelsat W3A until March 2012
Eutelsat 7B2013-022A7°EEurope, Middle East, Africa14 May 2013
Eutelsat 7C2019-034B7°EEurope, Middle East, Africa20 June 2019
Eutelsat 7 West A2011-051A7.3°WMiddle East, North Africa24 September 2011Formerly named Atlantic Bird 7 until March 2012
Eutelsat 8 West B2015-039A8°WAfrica, Middle EastAugust 2015
Eutelsat KA-SAT[15][16]2010-069A9°EEurope26 December 2010
Eutelsat 9B [17][18]2016-005A9°EEurope, North Africa, Middle East30 January 2016
Eutelsat 10A2009-016A10°EEurope, Africa, Middle East3 April 2009Formerly named Eutelsat W2A until March 2012; S-band payload not yet entered into service due to an anomaly.[19][20][21] Solaris Mobile filed the insurance claim and should be able to offer some, but not all of the services it was planning to offer.[22][23][24]
Eutelsat 12 West B2001-042A12.5° WestEurope, Americas25 September 2001Formerly named Atlantic Bird 2 until March 2012 and Eutelsat 8 West A until October 2015, when it was redeployed to 12,5° West.
HOT BIRD 13B [25]2001-011A13°EEurope, North Africa, Middle East5 August 2006Formerly named Hot Bird 8 until March 2012
HOT BIRD 13C2008-065D13°EEurope, Africa, Middle East20 December 2008Formerly named Hot Bird 9 until March 2012
HOT BIRD 13E [26]2006-007B13°EEurope, North Africa, Middle East11 March 2006Formerly named Eurobird 9A until March 2012; former Hot Bird 7A satellite / Eutelsat 9A
Eutelsat 16A2011-057A16°EEurope, Sub-Saharan Africa, Indian Ocean Islands7 October 2011Formerly named Eutelsat W3C until March 2012
Eutelsat 21B2012-062B21.5°EEurope, Middle East, North Africa, West Africa, Central Asia10 November 2012Fully operational since 19 December 2012.[27]
Eutelsat 33C [28]2001-011A33°EEurope8 March 2001Satellite is currently being redeployed at 33° East where it will be co-located with EUTELSAT 33B. Formerly named Eurobird 1 until March 2012 and Eutelsat 28A until July 2015
Eutelsat 33E2009-008B33°EEurope, South-West Asia12 February 2009Formerly Hot Bird 10 and Atlantic Bird 4A [29]
Eutelsat 36A2000-028A36°EAfrica, Russia24 May 2000Formerly named Eutelsat W4 until March 2012.
Eutelsat 36B2009-065A36°EEurope, Africa, Middle East, Russia24 November 2009Formerly named Eutelsat W7 until March 2012
Eutelsat 36C2015-082A36°ERussia, Africa2015
Eutelsat 36 West A2002-040A36.5°WEurope, Middle East, Americas28 August 2002Formerly named Atlantic Bird 1 until March 2012, and Eutelsat 12 West A
Eutelsat 48D2008-065B48°EAfghanistan, Central Asia20 December 2008Co-branded AFGHANSAT 1. Formerly named Eutelsat 28B until January 2014, Eutelsat 48B until August 2012, W2M until March 2012.[30]
Eutelsat 65 West A2016-014A65°WAmericas9 March 2016
Eutelsat 70B2012-069A70.5°EEurope, Middle East, Africa, Central Asia, South East Asia, Australia3 December 2012
Eutelsat 113 West A2006-020A113°WAmericas27 May 2006Formerly Satmex 6 until May 2014
Eutelsat 115 West B2015-010B114.9°WAmericas2 March 2015
Eutelsat 117 West A2013-012A116.8°WAmericas2013Formerly Satmex 8 until May 2014
Eutelsat 117 West B [31]2016-038B116.8°WAmericas15 June 2016Formerly Satmex 9
Eutelsat 172B2017-027A172°EAsia-Pacific1 June 2017
Eutelsat 174A2005-052A174°EAsia-Pacific29 December 2005Formerly EUTELSAT 172A, and GE-23 satellite
Eutelsat Konnect2020-005B7°EEurope, Africa17 January 2020First satellite to use Thales Alenia Space's all-electric Spacebus NEO platform
Rented capacity
SatelliteLocationRegions servedLaunch
EUTELSAT 28E28.2°EEurope29 September 2013
EUTELSAT 28F28.2°EEurope28 September 2012
EUTELSAT 28G28.2°EEurope27 December 2014
Express AT156°EEurope, Asia16 March 2014
Express AT2140°EEurope, Asia16 March 2014
SESAT 215°WEurope, Americas19 October 1999
Former satellites
SatelliteCOSPAR IDLocationLaunchedInclinedRetiredLostComments
EUTELSATI F-11983-058A13°E198319891996N/A
EUTELSAT I F-21984-081A7°E198419901993N/A
EUTELSAT I F-41987-078B7/13°E198719932002N/A
EUTELSAT I F-51988-063B10°E198819942000N/A
Eutelsat 2 F-11990-079B13°E199019992003N/A
Eutelsat 2 F-21991-003B10°E199120002005N/A
Eutelsat 2 F-31991-083A16°E199120002004N/A
Eutelsat 2 F-41992-041B7°E199220012003N/A
Hot Bird 11995-016B13°E1995200620072012
Eutelsat W21998-056A16°E1998N/A2010N/A
Eutelsat W3B [32]2010-056A16°E2010N/A2010N/A
Eutelsat W751997-049A4°E1997N/A2011N/AFormer Hot Bird 3 and Eurobird 4 satellite
Eurobird 4A2000-052A4°E2000N/A2012N/AFormer Eutelsat W1 satellite
Eutelsat 4B1998-057A4°E19982014N/AFormerly named Eurobird 2 until March 2012, now at 4E and called Eutelsat 4B
Eutelsat 16B1998-013A16°E19982015N/AFormerly named Eurobird 16 until March 2012; former Atlantic Bird 4 and Hot Bird 4 satellite
Eutelsat 16C2000-019A16°E20002018N/AFormerly named SESAT 1 until March 2012. Operated in inclined orbit at 16° East
Eutelsat 31A2003-043A31°E20032018N/AFormerly named Eurobird and Eutelsat 33A
Eutelsat 33B2002-051A33°E20022015N/AFormerly named Eutelsat W5 until March 2012; lost one of two solar panels 16 June 2008.[33] Now at 25° East and called Eutelsat 25C.
Eutelsat 115 West A1998-070A114.8°W19982015N/AFormerly Satmex 5 until May 2014
Eutelsat 48A1996-067A48°E21 November 19962017N/AFormerly named Eutelsat W48 until March 2012; former Hot Bird 2 and Eurobird 9 satellite; operating in inclined orbit.
Eutelsat 25B2013-044A25.5°E29 August 1998Eutelsat's share in the satellite sold to Es'hailSat in 2018.[34]
Spaceflight portal
(in French and English) Guy Lebègue, (trad. Robert J. Amral), «Eutelsat II: OK For West-to-East Service!», in Revue aerospatiale, n° 73, November 1990
  1. ^ "World Teleport Association publishes top operator rankings for 2016". Satellite Evolution Group. 9 January 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Communications Executive Committee". Eutelsat. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Eutelsat consolidates its presence in Middle East with the acquisition of Noorsat". Eutelsat. 17 October 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  4. ^ Convention Establishing the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization
  5. ^ "Restructuring | EUTELSAT igo". EUTELSAT IGO. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  6. ^ EUTELSAT Amended Convention
  7. ^ "Eutelsat Group | EUTELSAT igo". EUTELSAT IGO. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  8. ^ "CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AT 30 JUNE 2009" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
  9. ^ de Selding, Peter B. (1 August 2013). "Eutelsat's Satmex Acquisition Expands Satellite Fleet Operator's Global Reach". SpaceNews.
  10. ^ "Facebook plans satellite "in 2016"".
  11. ^ Woods, Ben (13 December 2020). "French satellite firm looks to muscle in on Britain's broadband market". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  12. ^ "Eutelsat takes a further step in the integration of satellite into the IP ecosystem with the launch of Eutelsat CIRRUS". Eutelsat. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  13. ^ "Eutelsat Americas aligns satellite". Archived from the original on 22 May 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
  14. ^ "Eutelsat 3b satellite fully fire". Archived from the original on 10 August 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  15. ^ de Selding, Peter B. "Russian Rocket Launches Communications Satellite". Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  16. ^ Jonathan Amos (26 December 2010). "Ka-Sat net-dedicated spacecraft lifts off". BBC News.
  17. ^ "Proton-M wyniósł na orbitę satelitę Eutelsat 9B - Altair Agencja Lotnicza". Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  18. ^ "Nowy satelita Eutelsat trafi na orbitę w styczniu | DEFENCE24". Archived from the original on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  19. ^ "SES - Global Satellite Services Provider - Your Satellite Company". 4 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  20. ^ "Press releases -". Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  21. ^ "Welcome to EchoStar Mobile Online » EchoStar Mobile" (PDF). Solaris Mobile. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  22. ^ "SES - Global Satellite Services Provider - Your Satellite Company". 4 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  23. ^ "Press releases -". Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  24. ^ "Welcome to EchoStar Mobile Online » EchoStar Mobile" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  25. ^ "Display: HOT BIRD 8 2001-011A". NASA. 10 February 2021. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
    This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  26. ^ "Display: 2006-007B". NASA. Retrieved 5 March 2008.
    This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  27. ^ Paoli-Lebailly, Pascale. "Eutelsat 21B satellite in full commercial service". Rapid TV News. Archived from the original on 17 November 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  28. ^ "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2006-032A". NASA. Retrieved 5 March 2008.
  29. ^ "Hot Bird 8, 9, 10 → Eutelsat Hot Bird 13B, 13C, 13D/ Atlantic Bird 4A/ Eutelsat 3C/ Eutelsat Hotbird 13D". 20 December 2008. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  30. ^ Julian Clover. "In orbit failure for Eutelsat W2 replacement". Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  31. ^ Mission events timeline for Falcon 9’s launch for ABS and Eutelsat Spaceflight Now Retrieved 15 June 2016
  32. ^ "Ariane Launch Report; Eutelsat declares craft total loss after propellant leak". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  33. ^ "Thales Alenia Space statement concerning Eutelsat W5". Thales. 3 September 2008. Archived from the original on 4 June 2009.
  34. ^ "Disposal of Eutelsat's interest in EUTELSAT 25B satellite" (Press release). Eutelsat. 9 August 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
External links
Last edited on 20 April 2021, at 06:19
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