Zakaria is the author of From Wealth to Power: The Unusual Origins of America's World Role
(Princeton, 1998), The Future of Freedom
(Norton, 2003), The Post-American World
(2008), and In Defense of a Liberal Education
(Norton, 2015). He co-edited The American Encounter: The United States and the Making of the Modern World
(Basic Books) with James F. Hoge Jr. His last three books have both been New York Times bestsellers and The Future of Freedom and The Post American World have both been translated into more than 25 languages. In 2011 an updated and expanded edition of The Post-American World
("Release 2.0") was published.
Zakaria was a news analyst with ABC
's This Week with George Stephanopoulos
(2002–2007) where he was a member of the Sunday morning roundtable. He hosted the weekly TV news show, Foreign Exchange with Fareed Zakaria
(2005–08). His weekly show, Fareed Zakaria GPS
(Global Public Square
), premiered on CNN
in June 2008.
It airs twice weekly in the United States and four times weekly on CNN International, reaching over 200 million homes. It celebrated its 10th anniversary on 5 June 2018, as announced on the weekly foreign affairs show on CNN.
In 2013, he became one of the producers for the HBO
, for which he serves as a consultant.
Zakaria self-identifies as a "centrist
though he has been described variously as a political liberal
or a radical centrist
. George Stephanopoulos
said of him in 2003, "He's so well versed in politics, and he can't be pigeonholed
. I can't be sure whenever I turn to him where he's going to be coming from or what he's going to say."
Zakaria wrote in February 2008 that "Conservatism grew powerful in the 1970s and 1980s because it proposed solutions appropriate to the problems of the age", adding that "a new world requires new thinking".
He supported Barack Obama during the 2008 Democratic primary campaign and also for president. In January 2009 Forbes
referred to Zakaria as one of the 25 most influential liberals in the American media
Zakaria has stated that he tries not to be devoted to any type of ideology, saying "I feel that's part of my job... which is not to pick sides but to explain what I think is happening on the ground. I can't say, 'This is my team and I'm going to root for them no matter what they do.'"
As a student at Yale University
in the mid-1980s, Zakaria opposed anti-apartheid divestment and argued that Yale should not divest from its holdings in South Africa
Zakaria "may have more intellectual range and insights than any other public thinker in the West," wrote David Shribman in The Boston Globe
In 2003, former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
told New York Magazine
that Zakaria "has a first-class mind and likes to say things that run against conventional wisdom."
However, in 2011, the editors of The New Republic
included him in a list of "over-rated thinkers" and commented, "There's something suspicious about a thinker always so perfectly in tune with the moment."
Zakaria's books include The Future of Freedom
and The Post-American World
. The Future of Freedom
argues that what is defined as democracy in the Western world is actually "liberal democracy
", a combination of constitutional liberalism
and participatory politics. Zakaria points out that protection of liberty and the rule of law actually preceded popular elections by centuries in Western Europe, and that when countries only adopt elections without the protection of liberty, they create "illiberal democracy
". The Post-American World
, published in 2008 before the financial crisis, argued that the most important trend of modern times is the "rise of the rest," the economic emergence of China, India, Brazil, and other countries.
From 2006, Zakaria has also criticized what he views as "fear-based" American policies employed not only in combating terrorism, but also in enforcing immigration and drug smuggling laws, and has argued in favor of decriminalization of drugs and citizenship for presently illegal immigrants to the United States of all backgrounds.
Referring to his views on Iran
, Leon Wieseltier
described Zakaria in 2010 as a "consummate spokesman for the shibboleths
of the [Obama] White House
and for the smooth new worldliness, the at-the-highest-levels impatience with democracy and human rights as central objectives of our foreign policy, that now characterize advanced liberal thinking about America's role in the world."
After the 9/11 attacks, in a Newsweek cover essay, "Why They Hate Us," Zakaria argued that Islamic extremism was not fundamentally rooted in Islam, nor could it be claimed a reaction to American foreign policy. He located the problem in the political-social-economic stagnation of Arab societies, which then bred an extreme, religious opposition. He portrayed Osama bin Laden as one in a long line of extremists who used religion to justify mass murder. Zakaria argued for an intergenerational effort to create more open and dynamic societies in Arab countries, and thereby helping Islam enter the modern world.
Zakaria initially supported the 2003 invasion of Iraq
He said at the time, "The place is so dysfunctional ... any stirring of the pot is good. America's involvement in the region is for the good."
He argued for a United Nations–sanctioned operation with a much larger force—approximately 400,000 troops—than was actually employed by the administration of President George W. Bush
. However, he soon became a critic. In addition to objecting to the war plan, he frequently criticized the way the Bush administration was running the occupation of Iraq
He argued against the disbanding of the army and bureaucracy yet supported the de-Baathification
He continued to argue that a functioning democracy in Iraq would be a powerful new model for Arab politics but suggested that an honest accounting would have to say that the costs of the invasion had been much higher than the benefits. He opposed the Iraq surge
in March 2007, writing that it would work militarily but not politically, still leaving Iraq divided among its three communities. Instead he advocated that Washington push hard for a political settlement between the Sunni Arabs, Shia Arabs, and Kurds, and begin a reduction in forces to only 60,000 troops.
He later wrote that the surge "succeeded" militarily but that it did not produce a political compact and that Iraq remains divided along sectarian lines, undermining its unity, democracy, and legacy.
Zakaria supported the April 2017 U.S. missile strike against a Syrian government–controlled airbase. Zakaria praised President Trump
's strike and said it was the moment "[he] became president of the United States."
In March 2021, Zakaria criticized the size of the U.S. military budget
, saying that "The United States’ F-35
fighter jet program, bedeviled by cost overruns and technical problems, will ultimately cost taxpayers $1.7 trillion. China will spend a comparable amount of money on its Belt and Road Initiative
...Which is money better spent?".
Honors and awards
In January 2010, Zakaria was given the Padma Bhushan
award by the Indian government for his contribution to the field of journalism.
He has served on the boards of the Council on Foreign Relations, Columbia University's International House, City College of New York's Colin Powell School for Civic and Global Leadership,
among others.
He was a trustee of Yale Corporation
, the governing body of Yale University
and the Trilateral Commission.
Role in the 2003 invasion of Iraq
In his 2006 book State of Denial
, journalist Bob Woodward
of The Washington Post
described a 29 November 2001, meeting of Middle East analysts, including Zakaria, that was convened at the request of the then Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz
. According to a story in The New York Times
on Woodward's book, the Wolfowitz meeting ultimately produced a report for President George W. Bush
that supported the subsequent invasion of Iraq
. Zakaria, however, later told The New York Times
that he had briefly attended what he thought was "a brainstorming session".
He was not told that a report would be prepared for the President, and in fact, the report did not have his name on it. The Times
issued a correction.
Debate on the Park51 Islamic Center
In 2010, in protest at the Anti-Defamation League
's opposition to the building of the Park51
mosque and Islamic cultural center two blocks from the World Trade Center site
, Zakaria returned the Hubert H. Humphrey First Amendment Freedoms Prize awarded to him by the ADL in 2005. He declared that the ADL's opposition to the mosque meant that he could not "in good conscience keep [the award] anymore". In support of his decision, he stated that the larger issue in the controversy is freedom of religion in America, even while acknowledging that he is not a religious person. He also wrote that a "moderate, mainstream version of Islam" is essential to winning the war on terror, and that moves like the ADL's make it harder for such a moderate version of Islam to emerge and thrive.
On 8 August 2010, edition of Fareed Zakaria GPS
, Zakaria addressed the issue, stating that in returning his award, he had hoped that the ADL would reconsider their stance.
Fareed Zakaria in 2013
Zakaria was suspended for a week in August 2012 while Time
and CNN investigated an allegation of plagiarism
involving a 20 August column on gun control with similarities to a New Yorker
article by Jill Lepore
. In a statement Zakaria apologized, saying that he had made "a terrible mistake."
Six days later, after a review of his research notes and years of prior commentary, Time
and CNN reinstated Zakaria. Time
described the incident as "isolated" and "unintentional"; and CNN "... found nothing that merited continuing the suspension...."
The controversy was reignited in September 2014, when Esquire
and The Week
magazines reported on allegations made in pseudonymous
initially added a blanket warning to its archive of articles penned by Zakaria, but after an investigation of his several hundred columns for the magazine, found improper citation in only seven.
Similarly, after allegations surfaced on Twitter regarding the originality of one of Zakaria's columns for Slate
, the online magazine appended a notice to the article indicating that, "This piece does not meet Slate’s editorial standards, having failed to properly attribute quotations and information...".
Editor-in-Chief Jacob Weisberg
, who had, months before, exchanged barbs with one of the aforementioned anonymous bloggers on Twitter
in defense of Zakaria,
maintained his original position that what Zakaria did was not plagiarism.
Corrections to selected Zakaria columns were also issued by The Washington Post
, which had responded to the initial allegations by telling the Poynter
media industry news site that it would investigate.
Later on the same day, 10 November, the Post
said that it had found "problematic" sourcing in five Zakaria columns, "and will likely note the lack of attribution in archived editions of the articles."
However, editors at The Washington Post
denied that Zakaria's errors constituted plagiarism.
Zakaria is a naturalized American citizen.
In 1997, Zakaria married Paula Throckmorton, a jewelry designer. The couple have three children. In July 2018, his wife filed for divorce.
He currently resides in the Upper West Side
in New York City.
As a graduate student, Zakaria fostered a love for cooking and credits chefs Jacques Pépin
and Julia Child
with his greater interest in food. Zakaria is a self-described secular and nonpracticing Muslim. He added: "My views on faith are complicated—somewhere between deism
. I am completely secular in my outlook." His ex-wife is a Christian and his three children have not been raised as Muslims.
- Ten Lessons for a Post-Pandemic World, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton & Company; 2020) ISBN 978-0-393-54213-4
- In Defense of a Liberal Education, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton & Company; 2015) ISBN 978-0-393-24768-8
- The Post-American World, Release 2.0, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton & Company; 2011) ISBN 0-393-08180-X
- The Post-American World, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton & Company; 2008) ISBN 0-393-06235-X
- The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton & Company; 2003) ISBN 0-393-04764-4
- From Wealth to Power, Fareed Zakaria, (Princeton University Press; 1998) ISBN 0-691-04496-1
- The American Encounter: The United States and the Making of the Modern World Essays from 75 Years of Foreign Affairs, edited by James F. Hoge and Fareed Zakaria, (Basic Books; 1997) ISBN 0-465-00170-X
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- ^ Intelligence 2 Ltd., America is to blame for Mexico's drug war, 1 December 2009, retrieved 24 April 2011
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- ^ Interview with Fareed Zakaria, Part 1, The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, 28 March 2006: "We are not going to deport them (illegal immigrants)—no democracy would... Most of these [illegal immigrants], almost all of them, couldn't do anything...that would break the law. The minute they do that, they would be deported."
- ^ Wieseltier, Leon (25 June 2010). "The realism of seeking democracy in Iran". The Washington Post. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
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- ^ Zakaria, Fareed (14 October 2001). "The Politics of Rage: Why Do They Hate Us?". Newsweek. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- ^ a b Zakaria, Fareed (3 April 2007). "The Surge That Might Work". Newsweek. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- ^ Fareed Zakaria (1 June 2003). "Giving Peace a Real Chance". Newsweek. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
- ^ "McCain's Downfall: Republican Foreign Policy". The Washington Post. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- ^ Fareed Zakaria (6 June 2009). "Zakaria: How to End in Iraq". Newsweek. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
- ^ "CNN's Fareed Zakaria: 'Donald Trump became president' last night". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
- ^ Zakaria, Fareed. "Opinion: The Pentagon is using China as an excuse for huge new budgets". The Washington Post.
- ^ 71st Annual Peabody Awards, May 2012
- ^ "rediff.com: Fareed Zakaria is India Abroad Person of the Year". Specials.rediff.com. 21 March 2009. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
- ^ Koch, Katie; Corydon Ireland; Alvin Powell; Colleen Walsh (24 May 2012). "Eight receive honorary degrees". Harvard Gazette. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
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- ^ Admin, Website (23 July 2015). "Colin L. Powell School Announces New Board of Visitors". www.ccny.cuny.edu. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
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- ^ ICFJ. "Fareed Zakaria and Two International Digital News Pioneers to Receive Prestigious Journalism Awards". International Center for Journalists. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- ^ Bosman, Julie (9 October 2006). "Secret Iraq Meeting Included Journalists". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 January 2007.
- ^ Quote: "An article in Business Day on Oct. 9 about journalists who attended a secret meeting in November 2001 called by Paul D. Wolfowitz, then the deputy secretary of defense, referred incorrectly to the participation of Fareed Zakaria, the editor of Newsweek International and a Newsweek columnist. Mr. Zakaria was not told that the meeting would produce a report for the Bush administration, nor did his name appear on the report."
- ^ Zakaria, Fareed (6 August 2010). "Build the Ground Zero Mosque". Newsweek. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- ^ Zakaria, Fareed (6 August 2010). "Fareed Zakaria's Letter to the ADL". Newsweek. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
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- ^ "6 of Zakaria's Washington Post pieces have originality issues, critics say". Poynter.org. 10 November 2014. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014.
- ^ "Post finds problematic sourcing in some Zakaria columns". The Washington Post. 10 November 2014.
- ^ Zakaria, Fareed (15 July 2001). "America Doesn't Need Crusades". Newsweek. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
- ^ Light, Mikey; Greene, Leonard (24 July 2018). "Wife of CNN 'GPS' host Fareed Zakaria suing for divorce after 21 years of marriage". Chicago Tribune.
- ^ a b Darrah, Paige (15 February 2019). "How Fareed Zakaria, CNN Host, Spends His Sundays". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 14 March 2019.
- ^ Zakaria, Fareed (10 December 2015). "I am a Muslim. But Trump's views appall me because I am an American". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 December 2015.
- ^ Zakaria, Fareed (12 December 2015). "Fareed's Take: Why Trump's rhetoric is dangerous". Fareed Zakaria GPS. CNN. Retrieved 13 December 2015.
Last edited on 14 May 2021, at 16:15
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