is an online open access repository
where researchers can preserve and share their research outputs, including figures, datasets, images, and videos.
It is free to upload content and free to access, in adherence to the principle of open data
. Figshare is one of a number of portfolio businesses supported by Digital Science
Figshare was launched in January 2011 by Mark Hahnel
and has been supported by Digital Science
since a January 2012 relaunch.
Hahnel first developed the platform as a personal custom solution for the organization and publication of diverse research products generated in support of his PhD
in stem cell
In January 2013, Figshare announced a partnership with PLOS
to integrate Figshare data hosting, access, and visualization with their associated PLOS articles.
In September 2013, the service launched a hosted institutional repository
In December 2013, they announced integration with ImpactStory
to support the collection of altmetrics
Researchers can upload all of their research outputs to Figshare, thus making them publicly available. Users can upload files in any format,
and items are attributed a DOI
. The current 'types' that can be chosen are figures, datasets, media (including video), papers (including pre-prints), posters, code, and filesets (groups of files).
All files are released under a Creative Commons license
, CC-BY for most files and CC0 (public domain) for datasets.
Figshare allows researchers to publish negative data.
The withholding of negative publications is a widely known phenomenon that leads to a significant bias, often referred to as the file drawer effect
By encouraging publishing of figures, charts, and data, rather than being limited to the traditional entire 'paper', knowledge can be shared more quickly and effectively. Figshare also tracks the download statistics for hosted materials, acting in turn as a source for altmetrics
The main hosting mechanism for the platform is Amazon S3
, with CLOCKSS
serving as an additional host for public content.
Both of these resources support backup and preservation via a distributed cloud computing