File:The Bosses of the Senate by Joseph Keppler.jpg
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Joseph Keppler: The Bosses of the Senate   (
Joseph Keppler  (1838–1894) 
Alternative namesJoseph Keppler Sr.; Joseph Ferdinand Keppler
DescriptionAmerican cartoonist and caricaturist
father of Udo Keppler, who was known as Joseph Keppler (Jr.) after 1894
Date of birth/death1 February 1838 19 February 1894 
Location of birth/deathViennaNew York City
Work locationAustria, Italy, United States
Authority control
TitleThe Bosses of the Senate
DescriptionThe Bosses of the Senate, a cartoon by Joseph Keppler. First published in Puck 1889. (This version published by the J. Ottmann Lith. Co. and held by the
Date23 January 1889
MediumLithograph, colored
DimensionsHeight: 12 inches (30.48 cm) Width: 18.5 inches (46.99 cm)
"This frequently reproduced cartoon, long a staple of textbooks and studies of Congress, depicts corporate interests–from steel, copper, oil, iron, sugar, tin, and coal to paper bags, envelopes, and salt–as giant money bags looming over the tiny senators at their desks in the Chamber. Joseph Keppler drew the cartoon, which appeared in Puck on January 23, 1889, showing a door to the gallery, the "people’s entrance," bolted and barred. The galleries stand empty while the special interests have floor privileges, operating below the motto: "This is the Senate of the Monopolists by the Monopolists and for the Monopolists!"
Keppler’s cartoon reflected the phenomenal growth of American industry in the 1880s, but also the disturbing trend toward concentration of industry to the point of monopoly, and its undue influence on politics. This popular perception contributed to Congress’s passage of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act in 1890."
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current10:48, 27 February 2013
610 × 397 (361 KB)P. S. Burton{{Artwork |artist={{Creator:Joseph Ferdinand Keppler}} |title=''The Bosses of the Senate'' |description=''The Bosses of the Senate'', a cartoon by Joseph Keppler. First published in ''Puck'' 1889. (This version published by the J. Ottmann Lith. Co. and...
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Horizontal resolution39 dpc
Vertical resolution39 dpc
Software usedAdobe Photoshop 7.0
File change date and time10:33, 19 March 2004
Color spaceUncalibrated
IIM version2
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