The flag of Yemen
: علم اليمن
) was adopted on May 22, 1990, the day that North Yemen
and South Yemen
were unified. The flag is basically the Arab Liberation Flag of 1952, introduced after the Egyptian Revolution of 1952
in which Arab nationalism
was a dominant theme. The Arab Liberation Flag served as the inspiration for the flags of both North and South Yemen prior to unification, as well as for the current flags of Egypt
According to the official description, the red stands for unity and the bloodshed of martyrs, the white for a bright future, and the black for the supposed dark past. The flag's design is also similar to that of the flag of the German Empire
, albeit inverted. The flag is identical to the flag of the Libyan Arab Republic
from 1969 to 1972.
After its independence from the Ottoman Empire
, the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen
used a red flag with a sword and stars for most of its existence, from 1927 to 1962. When it became the Yemen Arab Republic
in 1962, the flag used the Pan-Arab colors
. It used two green stars from September to November of that year, but was then changed to only use one green star in the center of the white band. The 1962 flag (with or without the star) is used by the supporters of the Houthi movement
in parts of North Yemen.
The South Arabian Peninsula Protectorate consists of states
located at the southern central tip of the Arabian Peninsula
) under protection agreements with Britain
. The states did not join the Federation of South Arabia. The protectorate became from southern Yemen after the Radfan uprising
and the coup against the Sultans of the provinces. Now it is part of the Republic of Yemen
The federalization of Yemen
or the Federal Republic of Yemen
was the final outcome of the National Dialogue Conference
, the Dialogue members also agreed that Yemen
would be transformed into a 6-region federal system.
The regions would be Azal in the North, and Saba
in the Center, and Tihama
in the West, and Aden and Jand in the South, and Hadramawt
in the East.
- ^ a b Smith, Whitney (February 16, 2001). "Flag of Yemen". Britannica. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
- ^ "Yemen to become six-region federation". Al Jazeera English. 10 Feb 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
Last edited on 6 April 2021, at 09:29
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