is a city in Washington County, Oregon
, United States, 25 miles (40 km) west of Portland
. Originally a small farm town, it is now primarily a commuter town
in the Portland metro area. Settled in the 1840s, the town was platted in 1850, then incorporated in 1872, making it the first city in Washington County. The population was 21,083 at the 2010 census, an increase of 19.1% over the 2000 figure (17,708).
Forest Grove, 1909
Pacific Avenue, circa 1920
Prior to the 1840s when Euro-Americans settled the area, the Atfalati
band of the Kalapuya
Native American tribe lived on the Tualatin Plains
in what is now Forest Grove.
In 1841, Alvin T.
and Abigail Smith were among the earliest to use the Oregon Trail
and settled on what was first known as West Tualatin Plain.
They overwintered with Henry Harmon Spalding
, arriving in what is now Forest Grove in the fall. Intending to be missionaries, they found little potential as most of the natives had succumbed to European diseases. Smith served as the community's first postmaster beginning on February 1, 1850, and his log cabin served as the post office.
According to Oregon Geographic Names
, the name Forest Grove was selected on January 10, 1851, at a meeting of the trustees of Tualatin Academy
(later known as Pacific University). Resident and school trustee J. Quinn Thornton
suggested the name, which he also had used for the name of his homestead.
The name referred to a grove of oak trees that still stand on what is now the campus of the university.
Previous post offices in the area were called Tuality Plains and Tualatin, with Forest Grove adopted on December 31, 1858.
The city was platted in 1850.
In 1860, the population reached 430, but declined to 396 in 1870.
Forest Grove was incorporated by the state in 1872, the first in the county.
In 1880, the now Chemawa Indian School
opened in the city to train Native Americans, but moved to Salem in 1884. The city started the Fire Department
The population reached nearly 1,300 in 1900.
In November 1908, the Oregon Electric Railway
(OE) began serving the city,
and in January 1914, competitor Southern Pacific
(SP) followed suit, opening its own line, separate from OE's.
Both railroads provided freight
and passenger service, SP's passenger service being known as the Red Electric
. A company called the Forest Grove Transportation Company operated local streetcar
service that linked downtown to Carnation, Oregon
, where the Oregon & California Railroad built its depot, but the service lasted only from 1906–11.
The Red Electric passenger service to Forest Grove ended in 1929 and Oregon Electric's ceased in 1932.
Forest Grove is located on the western edge of the Portland metropolitan area and the Willamette Valley
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of 5.88 square miles (15.23 km2
), of which 5.74 square miles (14.87 km2
) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2
) is water.
One of the largest Giant Sequoia
trees of the state of Oregon can be found in Forest Grove.
The 120-foot (36-meter) flagpole on Pacific Avenue between Maple and Laurel streets, looking west.
As of the census
of 2010, there were 21,083 people, 7,385 households, and 4,871 families residing in the city. The population density
was 3,673.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,418.2/km2
). There were 7,845 housing units at an average density of 1,366.7 per square mile (527.7/km2
). The racial makeup of the city was 78.8% White
, 0.8% African American
, 1.1% Native American
, 2.6% Asian
, 0.3% Pacific Islander
, 12.5% from other races
, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 23.1% of the population.
There were 7,385 households, of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples
living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.0% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.31.
The median age in the city was 32.7 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 13.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 22.2% were from 45 to 64; and 12.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 17,708 people, 6,336 households, and 4,131 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,850.5 people per square mile (1,486.3/km2
). There were 6,702 housing units at an average density of 1,457.3 per square mile (562.5/km2
). The racial makeup of the city was 81.46% White, 0.43% African American, 0.89% Native American, 2.11% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 11.39% from other races, and 3.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.31% of the population.
There are 6,336 households, out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the city the population was spread out, with 27.4% under the age of 18, 13.4% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,135, and the median income for a family was $47,733. Males had a median income of $36,139 versus $25,703 for females. The per capita income
for the city was $16,992. About 10.4% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.
Entrance to Pacific University
Forest Grove is within the TriMet district
, and public transit
service is provided by TriMet's bus
line 57-TV Highway/Forest Grove, which operates seven days a week.
Line 57 connects the city with Hillsboro
, via the Tualatin Valley Highway
, and links Forest Grove with the Portland region
's light rail system (MAX)
in Hillsboro. Yamhill County Transit Area (YCTA) bus line 33-Hillsboro/MAX also stops in Forest Grove weekdays, at the intersection of Pacific Avenue & Highway 47
(Quince Street), and runs from Hillsboro to Gaston
, Cove Orchard, Yamhill
via Highway 47, where riders can transfer to other YCTA buses running throughout Yamhill County
Forest Grove also has a free, non-profit bus service provided by Ride Connection called "GroveLink," which goes through the suburban areas of the city.
In the 1990s, filming for the television show, Nowhere Man
, took place in Forest Grove numerous times. In 2015, an episode of The Librarians
was filmed at Pacific University and two other sites in Forest Grove. The city's historic Forest Theater hosted a free public screening of the episode at the same time it aired on TV .
- ^ "Peter Truax". Democratic Party of Oregon. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- ^ a b c d e f g h "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
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- ^ a b c d Historic Landmarks Board: History.Archived 2011-10-02 at the Wayback Machine City of Forest Grove. Retrieved on December 5, 2008.
- ^ a b c d e Conway, Anne Kopel (July 20, 2000). "Then & Now Forest Grove". The Oregonian.
- ^ "Incorporation dates". Communities. The Hillsboro Argus. October 19, 1976. p. 21.
- ^ "Fire Department". Departments. City of Forest Grove. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- ^ a b c d Thompson, Richard (2008). Willamette Valley Railways. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 29, 32, 59 and 77. ISBN 978-0-7385-5601-7.
- ^ Thompson, Richard. "Forest Grove streetcar system". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
- ^ "Will We Ever Know What Was Causing Mystery Noise in This Oregon Town?". NBC News. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
- ^ Holley, Peter. "Listen to the mysterious nocturnal noise baffling experts and terrifying an Oregon community". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
- ^ Gilman, Elias. "Forest Grove". The Oregon Encyclopedia.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- ^ "Giant sequoias trees in Oregon". Retrieved May 19, 2010.
- ^ "Climate Summary for Forest Grove, Oregon". Weatherbase.
- ^ "FOREST GROVE, OR (352997)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
- ^ "TriMet line 57 map and schedule".
- ^ (PDF)https://web.archive.org/web/20141014001604/http://www.yctransitarea.org/pdf/north.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-14. Missing or empty |title= (help)
- ^ Rios, Edwin (September 15, 2014). "Forest Grove City Council race: Ron Thompson calls for Grovelink funding, downtown development". The Oregonian. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
- ^ "Forest Grove Sister City Nyuzen, Japan". forestgrove-or.gov. City of Forest Grove. Retrieved 2021-05-06.
- ^ Forest Grove grave draws 'Little House' lovers in Portland Tribune
- ^ "Free screening of 'The Librarians' episode filmed in Forest Grove at Forest Theater". Oregon Live. The Oregonian. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
- Smith, Alvin T. Original diaries at Pacific University Archives
- Drury, Clifford Merrill. 'Henry Harmon Spalding: Pioneer of Old Oregon." Caxton Printers, Caldwell, ID, 1936.
Last edited on 15 June 2021, at 04:26
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