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Fulbright Program
  (Redirected from Fulbright Commission)
"Fulbright" and "Fullbright" redirect here. For the senator, see J. William Fulbright. For the indie video game developer, see Fullbright (company).
The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright–Hays Program, is one of several United States Cultural Exchange Programs with the goal to improve intercultural relations, cultural diplomacy, and intercultural competence between the American people of the United States and other countries through the exchange of persons, knowledge, and skills. Via the program, competitively-selected American citizens including students, scholars, teachers, professionals, scientists and artists may receive scholarships or grants to study, conduct research, teach, or exercise their talents abroad; and citizens of other countries may qualify to do the same in the United States. The program was founded by United States Senator J. William Fulbright in 1946 and is considered to be one of the most widely recognized and prestigious scholarships in the world.[1] The program provides approximately 8,000 grants annually – roughly 1,600 to U.S. students, 1,200 to U.S. scholars, 4,000 to foreign students, 900 to foreign visiting scholars, and several hundred to teachers and professionals.[2]
Official Fulbright Program logo used since May 2019
The Fulbright Program is administered by cooperating organizations such as the Institute of International Education and operates in over 160 countries around the world.[3] The Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the U.S. Department of State sponsors the Fulbright Program and receives funding from the United States Congress via annual appropriation bills. Additional direct and in-kind support comes from partner governments, foundations, corporations, and host institutions both in and outside the U.S.[4] In 49 countries, a bi-national Fulbright Commission administers and oversees the Fulbright Program. In countries that have an active program but no Fulbright Commission, the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Embassy oversees the Fulbright Program. More than 370,000 people have participated in the program since it began; 60 Fulbright alumni have won Nobel Prizes; 88 have won Pulitzer Prizes.[5][6]
History
J. William Fulbright
The Fulbright Program's mission is to bring a little more knowledge, a little more reason, and a little more compassion into world affairs and thereby increase the chance that nations will learn at last to live in peace and friendship.[7]
— Senator J. William Fulbright
In 1945, Senator J. William Fulbright proposed a bill to use the proceeds from selling surplus U.S. government war property to fund international exchange between the U.S. and other countries. With the crucial timing of the aftermath of the Second World War and with the pressing establishment of the United Nations, the Fulbright Program was an attempt to promote peace and understanding through educational exchange. The bill devised a plan to forgo the debts foreign countries amassed during the war and in return for funding an international educational program. It was through the belief that this program would be an essential vehicle to promote peace and mutual understanding between individuals, institutions and future leaders wherever they may be.[8]
In August 1946, Congress created the Fulbright Program in what became the largest education exchange program in history. The program was expanded by the Mutual Educational And Cultural Exchange Act of 1961, known as Fulbright-Hays Act. It made possible participation in international fairs and expositions, including trade and industrial fairs; translations; funding for American studies programs; funds to promote medical, scientific, cultural, and educational research and development; and modern foreign language training.[9]
The program operates on a bi-national basis; each country has entered into an agreement with the U.S. government. The first countries to sign agreements were China in 1947 and Burma, the Philippines, and Greece in 1948.[8]
Program
Countries with active bilateral Fulbright Student and Fulbright Scholar programs with the US (as of 2020). Light shading indicates countries with just Fulbright Scholar programs.[10][11] (Mainland China and Hong Kong Fulbright programs were terminated by means of presidential executive order on July 13, 2020)[12]
  East Asia and the Pacific
  Europe and Eurasia
  Middle East and North Africa
  South and Central Asia
  Sub-Saharan Africa
  Western Hemisphere
Educational exchange can turn nations into people, contributing as no other form of communication can to the humanizing of international relations.[13]
— Senator J. William Fulbright
The Fulbright Program exchanges scholars and students with numerous countries in bilateral partnerships managed by commissions for each country. It provides funding for U.S. persons to visit other countries in the U.S. Student Program, U.S. Scholar Program, Teacher Exchange Program, and others, and enables foreign nationals to visit the United States in programs such as the Foreign Student Program, Visiting Scholar Program, Teacher Exchange Program.
Candidates recommended for Fulbright grants have high academic achievement, a compelling project proposal or statement of purpose, demonstrated leadership potential, and flexibility and adaptability to interact successfully with the host community.
Fulbright grants are awarded in almost all academic disciplines, except clinical medical research involving patient contact. Fulbright grantees' fields of study span the fine arts, humanities, social sciences, mathematics, natural and physical sciences, and professional and applied sciences.[14]
Student grants
Top 10 ProducersScholars(All-time)Scholars(Since 2005)
Harvard University1,437410
Yale University1,199372
University of California, Berkeley996306
Columbia University986327
University of Michigan-Ann Arbor931450
Princeton University882299
University of Wisconsin-Madison802225
Stanford University799289
University of Chicago758354
Brown University708391
Scholar grants
Teacher grants
Grants for professionals
Fulbright–Hays Program
Administration
The program is coordinated by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) of the U.S. Department of State under policy guidelines established by the Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board (FSB), with the help of 50 bi-national Fulbright commissions, U.S. embassies, and cooperating organizations in the U.S.[4]
The United States Department of State is responsible for managing, coordinating and overseeing the Fulbright program. Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs is the bureau in the Department of State that has primary responsibility for the administration of the program.
The Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board is a twelve-member board of educational and public leaders appointed by the President of the United States that determines general policy and direction for the Fulbright Program and approves all candidates nominated for Fulbright Scholarships.
Bi-national Fulbright commissions and foundations, most of which are funded jointly by the U.S. and partner governments, develop priorities for the program, including the numbers and categories of grants. More specifically, they plan and implement educational exchanges, recruit and nominate candidates for fellowships; designate qualified local educational institutions to host Fulbrighters; fundraise; engage alumni; support incoming U.S. Fulbrighters; and, in many countries, operate an information service for the public on educational opportunities in the United States.[20]
In a country active in the program without a Fulbright commission, the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Embassy administers the Fulbright Program, including recruiting and nominating candidates for grants to the U.S., overseeing U.S. Fulbrighters on their grant in the country, and engaging alumni.
Established in 1919 in the aftermath of World War I, the Institute of International Education was created to catalyze educational exchange. In 1946, the U.S. Department of State invited IIE to administer the graduate student component and CIES to administer the faculty component of the Fulbright Program—IIE's largest program to date.[21]
The Council for International Exchange of Scholars is a division of IIE that administers the Fulbright Scholar Program.
AMIDEAST administers Fulbright Foreign Student grants for grantees from the Middle East and North Africa, excluding Israel.
LASPAU: Affiliated with Harvard University[22] LASPAU brings together a valuable network of individuals, institutions, leaders and organizations devoted to building knowledge-based societies across the Americas. Among other functions, LASPAU administers the Junior Faculty Development Program, a part of the Fulbright Foreign Student Program, for grantees from Central and South America and the Caribbean.
World Learning administers the Fulbright Specialist Program.[23]
American Councils for International Education (ACTR/ACCELS) administers the Junior Faculty Development Program (JFDP), a special academic exchange for grantees from the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Southeast Europe.
The Academy for Educational Development administers the Fulbright Classroom Teacher Exchange Program and the Distinguished Fulbright Awards in Teaching Program.
Related organizations
The Fulbright Association is an organization independent of the Fulbright Program and not associated with the U.S. Department of State. The Fulbright Association was established on February 27, 1977, as a private nonprofit, membership organization with over 9,000 members. The late Arthur Power Dudden was its founding president. He wanted alumni to educate members of the U.S. Congress and the public about the benefits of advancing increased mutual understanding between the people of the United States and those of other countries. In addition to the Fulbright Association in the U.S., independent Fulbright Alumni associations exist in over 75 countries around the world.
The Fulbright Academy is an organization independent of the Fulbright Program and not associated with the U.S. Department of State. A non-partisan, non-profit organization with members worldwide, the Fulbright Academy focuses on the professional advancement and collaboration needs among the 100,000+ Fulbright alumni in science, technology and related fields. The Fulbright Academy works with individual and institutional members, Fulbright alumni associations and other organizations interested in leveraging the unique knowledge and skills of Fulbright alumni.
Bilateral commissions
The Fulbright Program has commissions in 49 of the over 160 countries with which it has bilateral partnerships. These foundations are funded jointly by the U.S. and partner governments. The role of the Fulbright Commissions is to plan and implement educational exchanges; recruit and nominate candidates, both domestic and foreign, for fellowships; designate qualified local educational institutions to host Fulbrighters; and support incoming U.S. Fulbrighters while engaging with alumni.[24] Below is a list of current commissions.
RegionCountryCommission
East Asia and the Pacific AustraliaThe Australian-American Fulbright Commission
 Indonesia
American-Indonesian Exchange Foundation
 Japan
Japan-United States Educational Commission
 Korea
Korean-American Educational Commission
 MalaysiaMalaysian-American Commission on Educational Exchange
 New ZealandNew Zealand-United States Educational Foundation
 The PhilippinesPhilippine-American Educational Foundation
 Taiwan
Foundation for Scholarly Exchange
 Thailand
Thailand-U.S. Educational Foundation
Europe and Eurasia
 Austria
Austrian-American Educational Commission
 Belgium
Commission for Educational Exchange Between the United States, Belgium and Luxembourg
 BulgariaBulgarian-American Commission for Educational Exchange
 Czech Republic
J. William Fulbright Commission for Educational Exchange in the Czech Republic
 Denmark
Fulbright Denmark
 FinlandFulbright Finland Foundation
 France
Franco-American Commission for Educational Exchange
 GermanyGerman-American Fulbright Commission
 Greece
U.S. Educational Foundation in Greece
 HungaryHungarian-American Commission for Educational Exchange
 Iceland
Iceland-United States Educational Commission
 IrelandThe Ireland-United States Commission for Educational Exchange
 Italy
The U.S.-Italy Fulbright Commission
 Netherlands
Fulbright Commission the Netherlands
 Norway
U.S.-Norway Fulbright Foundation for Educational Exchange
 PolandPolish-U.S. Fulbright Commission
 Portugal
Commission for Educational Exchange Between the United States of America and Portugal
 Romania
Romanian-U.S. Fulbright Commission
 Slovak Republic
J. William Fulbright Commission for Educational Exchange in the Slovak Republic
 Spain
Commission for Cultural, Educational and Scientific Exchange Between the United States of America and Spain
 SwedenCommission for Educational Exchange between the United States and Sweden
 Turkey
Commission for Educational Exchange Between the United States of America and Turkey
 United KingdomThe United States-United Kingdom Fulbright Commission
Middle East and North Africa
 Egypt
The Binational Fulbright Commission in Egypt
 Israel
U.S.-Israel Educational Foundation (USIEF)
 JordanJordanian-American Commission for Educational Exchange (JACEE)
 Morocco
Moroccan-American Commission for Educational and Cultural Exchange
South and Central Asia
 India
United States-India Educational Foundation
   Nepal
Commission for Educational Exchange between the United States and Nepal (USEF/Nepal)
 Pakistan
United States Educational Foundation in Pakistan
 Sri LankaUnited States-Sri Lanka Fulbright Commission
Western Hemisphere ArgentinaCommission for Educational Exchange Between the United States and the Argentine Republic
 Brazil
Commission for Educational Exchange between the United States of America and Brazil
 CanadaFoundation for Educational Exchange Between Canada and the United States of America
 Chile
Commission for Educational Exchange Between the United States of America and Chile
 Colombia
Commission for Educational Exchange Between the United States of America and Colombia
 Ecuador
Commission for Educational Exchange Between the United States of America and Ecuador
 MexicoMexico-United States Commission for Educational and Cultural Exchange
 Peru
Commission for Educational Exchange Between the United States and Peru
 Uruguay
Fulbright Uruguay
J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding
The J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding is awarded by the Fulbright Association to recognize individuals or organisations which have made extraordinary contributions toward bringing peoples, cultures, or nations to greater understanding of others. Established in 1993, the prize was first awarded to Nelson Mandela.
PersonYearCountry
Nelson Mandela1993
 South Africa
Jimmy Carter1994 United States
Franz Vranitzky1995
 Austria
Corazon Aquino1996 Philippines
Václav Havel1997
 Czech Republic
Patricio Aylwin1998
 Chile
Mary Robinson1999 Ireland
Martti Ahtisaari2000 Finland
Kofi Annan2001
 Ghana
Sadako Ogata2002
 Japan
Fernando Henrique Cardoso2003
 Brazil
Colin Powell2004 United States
Bill Clinton2006 United States
Desmond Tutu2008
 South Africa
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation2010 United States
Médecins Sans Frontières2012
 France
Hans Blix2014 Sweden
Richard Lugar2016 United States
Angela Merkel2018 Germany
Notable alumni
Fulbright alumni have occupied key roles in government, academia, and industry. Of the more than 325,000 alumni:
The following list is a selected group of notable Fulbright grant recipients:
See also
References
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  2. ^ "Fulbright Scholar Program: About Us". Comparative and International Education Society. Archived from the original on June 21, 2017. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
  3. ^ "IIE Programs". Institute of International Education. Archived from the original on July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Fulbright Program Fact Sheet" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 23, 2014. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Notable Fulbrighters". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on May 20, 2017. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  6. ^ Morello, Carol (June 8, 2017). "That knock on a congressman's door could be a Fulbright scholar with a tin cup". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
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  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 5, 2016. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 13, 2019. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
  12. ^ "Trump targets Fulbright in China, Hong Kong". www.insidehighered.com​. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
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  14. ^ "Fields of Study/Project Topics". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on October 22, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
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  23. ^ fulbrightspecialist.worldlearning.org/
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  25. ^ "Heads of State/Government". www.State.Gov. US State Department. March 6, 2020. Archived from the original on July 21, 2019. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
  26. ^ Piccinnini, Douglas (2009). "Ashbery in Paris: Out of School". Jacket 2. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  27. ^ "Fernando Henrique Cardoso". Fulbright Association. Archived from the original on November 11, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
  28. ^ "Featured Fulbrighter – Kyle Carey". Fulbright Canada. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
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  30. ^ "ADJOURNMENT".
  31. ^ "Traps by Lenora Champagne". Old Stone House. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
  32. ^ "CHIALVO NAMED FELLOW OF THE AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY". Northwestern University. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
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  38. ^ "Arthur Emillien Deshaies". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Spartanburg, South Carolina. August 3, 2011. p. 4.
  39. ^ "Ashraf Ghani Fast Facts". CNN. December 30, 2019. Archived from the original on February 26, 2020. Retrieved February 25, 2020.
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External links
Directories of past grantees
Last edited on 19 May 2021, at 18:41
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