Gafsa is the capital of the southwest of Tunisia and is both a historical oasis and home to the mining industry of Tunisia. The city had 111,170 inhabitants at the 2014 census, under the ruling of the mayor, Malek Necibi.
The city lies 369 km (229 mi) by road southwest of Tunis
. Its geographical coordinates are 34°25′N 8°47′E
The city of Capsa belonged to King Jugurtha
, who deposited his treasures there. It was captured by Gaius Marius
in 106 BC and destroyed, later becoming reestablished under the Punic-style magistracy of sufetes
before being granted the status of a Roman colonia
Capsa was an important city of Roman Africa
near the Fossatum Africae
Roman cisterns are still evident in the city ruins
conquered the Roman city and ruled it until the death of Genseric
(477). The Berbers then occupied it, making it the capital of a Romano-Berber kingdom
until subjected to Byzantium
under Justinian I
(527–565). He made Capsa the capital of the province of Byzacena
. The Duke of Byzacena resided there. In 540, the Byzantine governor general Solomon
built a new city wall, naming the city Justiniana Capsa.
Historians such as Camps and Laverde consider Gafsa the place in North Africa where African Romance
last survived, until the 13th century, as a spoken language.
Al Yacoubi reports that this time its inhabitants were considered Romanized Berber and Al-Idrissi says they continued to speak an African Latin and part of them remained faithful to the Christian religion.
Map showing Capsa
Extant documents give the names of a few of the bishops of Capsa.
In the 3rd century, Donatulus took part in the council that Saint Cyprian
convoked in Carthage
in 256 to discuss the problem of the lapsi
In the 5th century, at the joint Council of Carthage (411)
attended by Catholics
, Gams and Morcelli say Capsa was represented by the Donatist Donatianus, and that it had no Catholic bishop.
According to the more recent Mesnage, Donatianus was instead the Donatist bishop of Capsus in Numidia, and Capsa in Byzacena was represented by the Catholic Fortunatus and the Donatist Celer, whom the earlier sources attributed to Capsus.
All three sources agree in attributing to Capsa the Vindemialis who was one of the Catholic bishops whom Huneric summoned to Carthage in 484
and then exiled. However, the latest editions of the Roman Martyrology
, which commemorates Vindemialis on 2 May, call him bishop of Capsus in Numidia.
In the Second World War, Gafsa suffered heavy bombardment
from both the German
and Italian side and the Allies. Part of its Kasbah
On 27 January 1980, a group of dissidents armed and trained by Libya
occupied the city to contest the régime
of Habib Bourguiba
. 48 people were killed in the battles.
The Gafsa region has had an active political voice throughout its history, and various events there have shaped its political developments in the various phases of modern Tunisia.
In 2008, Gafsa was the center of riots directed against the government of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
. The government was swift and brutal in its suppression of the uprising, but this movement has since been credited with sowing the first seeds of the Jasmine Revolution
that removed Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
from power three years later, igniting the Arab Spring
across much of North Africa and the Middle East.
In 2014, a lake
suddenly appeared around 25 kilometers from the town. The cause of the lake's formation is currently unknown.
El Kawafel Sportives de Gafsa (Arabic: القوافل الرياضية بقفصة, often referred to as EGSG) is the main football club of Gafsa.
- Radio Gafsa (governmental) | Frequencies : 87.8 FM, 93.5 FM and 91.8 FM,
- Mines FM or Sawt Elmanajem (private) | Frequencies : 90.9 FM
and other government and private Tunisian radios broadcast in Gafsa as Shems FM, RTCI, Youth Radio, Culture Radio, Zitouna, and the National Radio.
Twin towns — Sister cities
- ^ "Recensement de 2004 (Institut National de la Statistique – Tunisie)". ins.nat.tn. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2016-03-27.
- ^ Paul Lachlan MacKendrick, The North African Stones Speak (UNC Press Books, 1 Dec. 2000).
- ^ a b Siméon Vailhé, "Capsa" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1908)
- ^ Ilẹvbare, J.A. (June 1974). "The Impact of the Carthaginians and the Romans on the Administrative System of the Maghreb Part I". Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria. 7 (2): 187–197. JSTOR 41857007.
- ^ a b Trudy Ring, Robert M. Salkin, Sharon La Boda International Dictionary of Historic Places: Middle East and Africa, Volume 4 (Taylor & Francis, 1994) p312.
- ^ History of Gafsa (in French) Archived 2014-05-15 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ a b c J. Mesnage, L'Afrique chrétienne, Paris 1912, pp. 69–70
- ^ a b Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 464
- ^ a b Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, Brescia 1816, pp. 118–119
- ^ Martyrologium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2001 ISBN 978-1274930071)
- ^ "The Last Christians Of North-West Africa: Some Lessons For Orthodox Today". orthodoxengland.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-03-27.
- ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 838
- ^ "Gafsa Beach: Mysterious Lake Discovered in Drought-Stricken Tunisia Could be 'Radioactive'". uk.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2016-03-27.
- ^ Vacca, Maria Luisa. "Comune di Napoli -Gemellaggi" [Naples – Twin Towns]. Comune di Napoli (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2013-07-22. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- ^ "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
- ^ "Données normales climatiques 1961-1990" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
- ^ "Les extrêmes climatiques en Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
- ^ "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
- ^ "Gafsa Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2015-01-24.
The Station ID for Gafsa is 64545111.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gafsa
Last edited on 22 March 2021, at 21:01
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.